Marshal of Italy

Marshal of Italy (Italian: Maresciallo d'Italia) was a rank in the Royal Italian Army (Regio Esercito). Originally created in 1924 by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini for the purpose of honoring Generals Luigi Cadorna and Armando Diaz, the rank was granted to several other general officers from 1926 to 1943. The rank was the highest in the Italian Army prior to the creation of the rank of First Marshal of the Empire in 1938. The rank of Marshal of Italy was abolished in 1946 with the creation of the Italian Republic. The equivalent Royal Navy (Regia Marina) rank was Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio), while the equivalent Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) rank was Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria).[1]

Marshal of Italy
Maresciallo d'Italia (Italian)
Flag of four star general of Italy.svg
Army rank flag
Italy-Army-WW2-OF-10.svg
Marshal of Italy sleeve rank insignia (1933–45)
Country Kingdom of Italy
Service branch Royal Italian Army
 Regia Aeronautica
Formation4 November 1924
Abolished18 January 1947
Next higher rankFirst Marshal of the Empire
Next lower rankArmy general
Equivalent ranksGrand admiral

The rank was formally abolished on 18 January 1947 by the Provisional Head of State Enrico de Nicola.[2]

Lists of the Marshals of ItalyEdit

Portrait Name Date of promotion Defence branch
Cadorna, LuigiLuigi Cadorna
(1850–1928)
4 November 1924  Royal Italian Army
Diaz, ArmandoArmando Diaz
(1861–1928)
4 November 1924  Royal Italian Army
Revel, PaoloPaolo Thaon di Revel
(1859–1948)
4 November 1924  Royal Italian Navy
AostaHRH The Duke of Aosta
(1869–1931)
25 June 1926  Royal Italian Army
Badoglio, PietroPietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
25 June 1926  Royal Italian Army
Caviglia, EnricoEnrico Caviglia
(1862–1945)
25 June 1926  Royal Italian Army
Giardino, GaetanoGaetano Giardino
(1864–1935)
25 June 1926  Royal Italian Army
Giraldi, GuglielmoGuglielmo Pecori Giraldi
(1856–1941)
25 June 1926  Royal Italian Army
Balbo, ItaloItalo Balbo
(1896–1940)
13 August 1933  Royal Italian Air Force
Bono, EmilioEmilio De Bono
(1866–1944)
16 November 1935  Royal Italian Army
Graziani, RodolfoRodolfo Graziani
(1882–1955)
9 May 1936  Royal Italian Army
Cavallero, UgoUgo Cavallero
(1880–1943)
1 July 1942  Royal Italian Army
Bastico, EttoreEttore Bastico
(1876–1972)
12 August 1942  Royal Italian Army
PiedmontHRH The Prince of Piedmont
(1904–1983)
29 October 1942  Royal Italian Army
Messe, GiovanniGiovanni Messe
(1883–1968)
12 May 1943  Royal Italian Army

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Page Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine of the Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) home site - www.esercito.difesa.it.
  2. ^ "DECRETO LEGISLATIVO DEL CAPO PROVVISORIO DELLO STATO 18 gennaio 1947, n. 66 - Normattiva". www.normattiva.it. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  3. ^ "Le Insegne di grado dal 1945 al 1972". esercito.difesa.it (in Italian). Italian Army. Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2022.