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The Port Washington Branch is an electrified two-track rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. It branches north from the Main Line at Winfield Junction, just east of the Woodside station in the New York City borough of Queens, and runs roughly parallel to Northern Boulevard past Mets-Willets Point (Citi Field), Flushing, Murray Hill, Broadway, Auburndale, Bayside, Douglaston, Little Neck, and then crosses into Nassau County for stops in Great Neck, Manhasset, and Plandome before terminating at Port Washington.[1][2]

Port Washington Branch
Bombardier M7 7799 enters Flushing.jpg
Port Washington Branch train enters the Flushing Main Street station.
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
SystemLong Island Rail Road
StatusOperational
LocaleQueens and Nassau County, New York, USA
TerminiWoodside
Port Washington
Stations13
Services
Daily ridership46,808 (average weekday, 2006)
Operation
Opened1854 (as Flushing Railroad)
OwnerLong Island Rail Road
Operator(s)Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification750 V (DC) Third rail
Route map

Amtrak & NJ Transit
to New Jersey via Northeast Corridor
0.0 mi
0 km
Penn Station
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NJ Transit Amtrak
East River Tunnels
under East River
Main Line
to Long Island City
Amtrak & Northeast Corridor
to Boston via Hell Gate Bridge
4.9 mi
7.9 km
Woodside
"7" train
Winfield Junction
station closed 1929
Main Line
toward Jamaica
Elmhurst
closed 1985
Corona
closed 1963
West Flushing
closed 1869
8.6 mi
13.8 km
Mets–Willets Point
(
events
only
) "7" train
Whitestone Branch
closed 1932
Zone 1
Zone 3
9.5 mi
15.3 km
Flushing–Main Street
"7" train
10.3 mi
16.6 km
Murray Hill
11.1 mi
17.9 km
Broadway
11.7 mi
18.8 km
Auburndale
12.6 mi
20.3 km
Bayside
13.9 mi
22.4 km
Douglaston
14.5 mi
23.3 km
Little Neck
Zone 3
Zone 4
15.7 mi
25.3 km
Great Neck
Manhasset Viaduct
17.2 mi
27.7 km
Manhasset
18.3 mi
29.5 km
Plandome
19.9 mi
32 km
Port Washington
Distances are from Pennsylvania Station

The Port Washington Branch is the only LIRR branch to not serve Jamaica, a major LIRR transportation hub, as it branches off the Main Line several miles northwest of that station.

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

 
Port Washington Station from the corner of Main Street and Haven Avenue in Port Washington, New York.

The line has two tracks from Woodside to Great Neck and one track from east of Great Neck past Manhasset and Plandome stations to Port Washington. This often causes slight delays during two-way rush hour operations. A second track cannot be added through Manhasset and Plandome due to the proximity of businesses to the narrow right-of-way in Manhasset, and the fact that the trestle between Great Neck and Manhasset (the Manhasset viaduct, constructed 1898) has only one track.[3]

To reduce delays on the heavily used line, most peak-hour east-bound trains (weekday afternoons/evenings) are either local from Penn Station to Great Neck (making all stops in between the two) or express from Penn Station to Port Washington (making stops only at Great Neck, Manhasset, Plandome, and Port Washington, although some trains make their first stop at Bayside). A mix of local and express peak-hour trains go west on weekday mornings.

Extra service is offered during the U.S. Open tennis tournament and for New York Mets home games, both of which are held in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park. These trains stop at a special Mets–Willets Point station between Woodside and Flushing Main Street.

The route also runs along a high train trestle over the marshes at the southern end of Manhasset Bay. The bridge stands 181 feet (55 m) tall and runs 678 feet (207 m) across the bay, offering a view of the Manhasset Bay. Scenes from the silent film serial "The Perils of Pauline" are said to have been shot on the trestle.[4]

 
Winfield Junction
 
Manhasset Valley bridge, viewed from East Shore Road
 
Manhasset Valley bridge, viewed from below

There is only one grade crossing, Little Neck Parkway at Little Neck Station.

HistoryEdit

The Port Washington Branch was built by the Flushing Railroad, in 1854 from Hunters Point in Long Island City to Flushing, before the LIRR opened its line to Long Island City. It was the first non-LIRR line on Long Island. The company was reorganized in 1859 as the New York and Flushing Railroad, and established a subsidiary known as the North Shore Railroad to extend the line from Flushing to Great Neck in 1866.

Originally intending to run further east to Roslyn, Oyster Bay, and even Huntington, the NY&F's plans were thwarted by the LIRR who reached those destination first, as well as poor service and competition with the 1868-established Flushing and North Side Railroad. In 1869, the New York State Legislature authorized the Flushing and North Side to buy the New York and Flushing east of the LIRR crossing at Winfield Station, while the segment between Hunters Point and Winfield was acquired by the South Side Railroad of Long Island until it was abandoned for passenger service east of what was to become the former Laurel Hill Station in 1875. Part of the right-of-way ran through what is today the Mount Zion Jewish Cemetery in Maspeth.[5]

By 1874, all branches of the Flushing and North Side Railroad, including the Main Line to Great Neck were incorporated into the Flushing, North Shore and Central Railroad, which included the Central Railroad of Long Island. Two years later, it would become part of the Long Island Rail Road, which closed the line east of Flushing in 1881 and reopened it a year later as subsidiary known as the Long Island City and Flushing Railroad. The LIC&F was merged with the LIRR on April 2, 1889.[6]


Despite a failed attempt to extend the line from Great Neck to Roslyn in 1882, wealthy Port Washington residents persuaded the LIRR to bring the terminus to their hometown in 1895. This required the construction of the Manhasset Viaduct over the marshes at the southern end of Manhasset Bay, which was authorized by an LIRR subsidiary called the Great Neck and Port Washington Railroad.[7] According to Manhasset's website, "in 1897, a contract was given to the Carnegie Steel Company and a subsidiary, the King Iron Company, undertook the job of constructing the bridge." The trestle bridge cost about $60,000, and the first train to cross it was on June 23, 1898. The GN&PW was disestablished as a subsidiary in 1902, and that segment simply became part of the Port Washington Branch.

Two other early 20th-century stations built on the Port Washington Branch were in Auburndale (1901) and Plandome (1909). The branch was electrified from the main line to Winfield Junction by June 23, 1910, to Whitestone Junction onto the Whitestone Branch to Whitestone Landing Station by October 22, 1912, and to its terminus in Port Washington by October 21, 1913.[8] In 1910, the Public Service Commission approved the LIRR's application to eliminate grade crossings along the line. These projects were prerequisites for the extension of the line's second track to Great Neck and Whitestone and the electrification of the line.[9]:21–22

Grade crossing elimination projects took place during the 1910s and 1920s in Queens and Nassau County. These grade elimination projects included unique station reconstruction in places such as Murray Hill which had a station house built over the tracks and Great Neck which had an elaborate plaza built around it. In 1929, the station at Winfield Junction was eliminated, making Woodside Station the transfer point between Main Line and Port Washington Branch trains.

Despite the elimination of the Whitestone Branch in 1932, as well as Flushing Bridge Street station, Flushing station kept the name "Flushing-Main Street Station." A new station was built just in time for the 1939 New York World's Fair then reused for the United Nations, and then the 1964 New York World's Fair and simultaneously Shea Stadium, for which it would be renamed in 1966. This was the last station to be built on the line. By 1985, when Elmhurst station closed, Shea Stadium station would also become the westernmost station on the line before the junction of the Whitestone Branch and Main Line.

StationsEdit

Zone Station name Miles (km)
from NYP[10]
Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / Notes
1 For continuing service west of Woodside, see City Terminal Zone
Woodside   4.9 (7.9) 1869[11]   LIRR: City Terminal Zone
  NYC Subway:   ​ (at 61st Street–Woodside)
  NYCT Bus: Q18, Q32, Q53 SBS
  MTA Bus: Q70 SBS to LGA
Winfield 1854 1929
Main Line (City Terminal Zone) diverges
Elmhurst 1855 1985 Originally Newtown
Corona 1853 1964 Originally Fashion Race Course, then West Flushing
West Flushing 1854
Mets–Willets Point
(limited service)
8.6 (13.8) 1939   NYC Subway:   ​ (at Mets–Willets Point)
  NYCT Bus: Q48
Originally World's Fair, then United Nations, then World's Fair, then Shea Stadium
Former Whitestone Branch diverges
3 Flushing–Main Street   9.1 (14.6) 1854[11]   NYC Subway:   ​ (at Flushing–Main Street)
  NYCT Bus: Q12, Q13, Q15, Q15A, Q16, Q17, Q19, Q20A / Q20B, Q26, Q27, Q28, Q44 SBS, Q48, Q50, Q58
  MTA Bus: Q25, Q34, Q65, Q66
  NICE Bus: n20G
Originally Flushing
Murray Hill 10.2 (16.4) 1889   NYCT Bus: Q12. Q15, Q15A, Q28
  NICE Bus: n20G
Broadway   11.0 (17.7) 1866[11]   NYCT Bus: Q12, Q13, Q28
  MTA Bus: QM3
  NICE Bus: n20G
Originally Flushing–Broadway
Auburndale   11.7 (18.8) 1901   NYCT Bus: Q12, Q13, Q28, Q76
  MTA Bus: QM3
  NICE Bus: n20G
Bayside   12.6 (20.3) 1886[11]   NYCT Bus: Q12, Q13, Q28
  MTA Bus: QM3
  NICE Bus: n20G
Originally Bay Side
Douglaston   13.9 (22.4) 1866[11]   NYCT Bus: Q12
  MTA Bus: QM3
  NICE Bus: n20G
Originally Little Neck
Little Neck   14.5 (23.3) 1870[11]   NYCT Bus: Q12, Q36
  MTA Bus: QM3
  NICE Bus: n20G
Queens / Nassau county line
4 Great Neck   15.7 (25.3) 1866[11]   NICE Bus: n20G, n20H, n21, n25, n26, n57, n58
Originally Brookdale
Manhasset Viaduct
Manhasset   17.2 (27.7) 1899   NICE Bus: n20H, n21
Plandome   18.3 (29.5) 1909
Port Washington   19.9 (32.0) 1898   NICE Bus: n23

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MTA LIRR - LIRR Map". mta.info.
  2. ^ LIRR Port Washington Branch Timetable
  3. ^ Image of single track across Manhasset Viaduct
  4. ^ King Bridge Company Manhasset viaduct
  5. ^ 1924 Long Island Railroad Corporate Blueprint (Arrt's Arrchives)
  6. ^ "Corporate Succession Long Island Railroad". pennsyrr.com.
  7. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-81, "Long Island Railroad, Manhasset Bridge, Manhasset Shore Road Vicinity, Flower Hill, Nassau County, NY", 1 photo, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page
  8. ^ "LIRR Branch Notes". trainsarefun.com.
  9. ^ The Long Island Railroad Twenty-Ninth Annual Report For The Year Ending December 31st, 1910. Long Island Railroad Company. 1911.
  10. ^ Station pages linked from LIRR Stations
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part Two: The Flushing, North Shore & Central Railroad, © 1963

External linksEdit