Q27 (New York City bus)

The Q27 bus route constitutes a public transit line in Queens, New York City, running primarily along 46th Avenue, Rocky Hill Road and Springfield Boulevard between a major bus-subway hub in Flushing and Cambria Heights. The route is operated by MTA Regional Bus Operations under the New York City Transit brand.

q27
q27
Main St 39th Av td (2019-05-26) 02.jpg
A Flushing-bound Q27 turning onto 39th Avenue from Main Street
Overview
SystemMTA Regional Bus Operations
OperatorNew York City Transit Authority
GarageQueens Village Depot
VehicleOrion VII NG HEV
Nova Bus LFS
Began service1926
2001 (Q27 limited-stop service)
Route
LocaleQueens
Communities servedFlushing, Auburndale, Bayside, Oakland Gardens, Hollis Hills, Queens Village, Cambria Heights
Landmarks servedFlushing Cemetery, Queensborough Community College, Alley Pond Park
StartFlushing – Main Street & 39th Avenue / Flushing–Main Street station
Via46th Avenue, 47th Avenue, Rocky Hill Road, 48th Avenue, Springfield Boulevard
EndCambria Heights – Springfield Boulevard & 119th Avenue
Queens Village – Springfield Boulevard & Jamaica Avenue (part-time)
Length9.7 mi (15.6 km)
Other routesQ26 46th Avenue/Hollis Court Boulevard
Service
Operates24 hours[1]
Annual patronage3,508,874 (2021)[2]
TransfersYes
TimetableQ27
← Q26  {{{system_nav}}}  Q28 →

Service on the route that became the Q27 started in October 1928. Operated by the North Shore Bus Company until 1947, it originally went from Flushing to the Rosewood section of Bayside. Buses were extended to Queens Village in 1950, then to Merrick Boulevard in 1956; a further extension to 233rd Street in 1957 was short-lived. Rush hour peak-direction limited-stop service along the Q27 route was introduced in September 2001, and the route was extended from Queens Village to Cambria Heights in 2004 to replace Q83 service on Springfield Boulevard.

Route description and serviceEdit

The Q27 begins at the New York City Subway's Flushing–Main Street station at Main Street and 39th Avenue. Service heads south via Main Street and then via Kissena Boulevard until Holly Avenue, where it turns northeast. Buses continue east as the street becomes 46th Avenue at Parsons Boulevard and Hollis Court Boulevard at Utopia Parkway. Service then diverges onto 47th Avenue until just east of Francis Lewis Boulevard, where buses continue onto Rocky Hill Road. After the Clearview Expressway Service Road, Rocky Hill Road becomes 48th Avenue. Buses turn south at 216th Street and continue until Luke Place. Buses then turn onto Luke Place and continue east via 56th Avenue. On weekdays between 7 a.m. and 11 p.m., buses continue via 56th Avenue and loop into Queensborough Community College before returning west via 56th Avenue and onto Springfield Boulevard. At other times, buses directly turn south onto Springfield Boulevard. Buses continue along Springfield Boulevard, heading south on Francis Lewis Boulevard, then east along 120th Avenue and north along Springfield Boulevard to the terminal at 119th Avenue. Northbound buses head north along Springfield Boulevard and follow the same route as southbound service until 39th Avenue and Main Street. Buses then head east along 39th Avenue, and north on 138th Street to the terminal at 37th Avenue. Buses, out of service, turn west on 37th Avenue and south along Main Street to start southbound service.[1][3]

In addition, there are a few supplemental bus service variants that operate on school days. Between 1 p.m. and 3 p.m., additional service runs from a terminal at 58th Avenue and Springfield Boulevard to the Q27's two terminals in Flushing and Cambria Heights. Between 3:30 p.m. and 4 p.m., some trips originate at Hillside Avenue and 231st Street, run west via Hillside Avenue to Springfield Boulevard, and continue to the Q27's southern terminal.[1][4] In addition, three Q27 buses operate from 32 Av and Corporal Kennedy Street between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m. and continue to the route's southern terminal.[3][5]

Q27 limited-stop service operates between 6:30 a.m. and 9:20 a.m. in both directions, and to Cambria Heights between 5 p.m. and 8:50 p.m. The northbound Q27 Limited makes limited stops along the entire route; however, southbound Limited-stop service makes all local stops south of Springfield Boulevard and 58th Avenue. During middays and weekends, alternate buses originate/terminate at Jamaica Avenue.[1][4]

HistoryEdit

Start of serviceEdit

Service on the route that became the Q27 was started in October 1928 by the Z & M Coach Company to connect the subway in Flushing, at Main Street and Amity Street, to the Rosewood section of Bayside. The owner of the company, Fred M. Zander, was fined $25 twice in November for operating the route without a license. He continued operating the service despite the order to stop service until he obtained a permit for it.[6] Rosewood residents banded together to raise money and hire the bus like a taxi to allow service to continue.[7] The bus route was supported by the Rosewood Improvement Association and the East Flushing Civic Association.[8] The route originally operated between Flushing and the Horace Harding Expressway,[9] and was known as the Flushing–Rosewood route.[10]

In 1931, the New York City Board of Estimate was deciding which bus route franchises would be given to which private operators. Along with thirty other bus routes, the Q27 was tentatively assigned to the North Shore Bus Company as part of Zone B, one of four bus zones in the borough, which covered Flushing and northern Queens.[10] Z & M obtained a one-year franchise to the route on December 30, 1932. On May 2, 1933, the New York State Transit Commission granted the company a certificate of public convenience and necessity for the route for the duration of the franchise. The New York City government granted the company another franchise for the route on April 26, 1935, for a period beginning at the end of the first contract, and ending no later than December 31, 1938. At public hearings at the Transit Commission to obtain certification for the franchise, it was found that Z & M operated the Q26 route at a fare greater than provided for in the franchise contract. The hearings closed on June 18, and the Transit Commission gave Z & M an opportunity to revise the franchise with New York City. On October 4, 1935, the Board of Estimate adopted a resolution giving the company a 90-day extension from October 23 to get the franchise certified. On January 29, 1936, the Transit Commission declined to certify the route as the extension expired.[11]

On November 9, 1936, the operation of the route was transferred to the North Shore Bus Company.[12] On March 30, 1947, North Shore Bus was taken over by the New York City Board of Transportation (later the New York City Transit Authority) since it could not operate on the mandated five-cent fare and went bankrupt, its former routes were turned over to city operation.[13][14][15]

Service extensionsEdit

Alternate buses were extended south along Springfield Boulevard to Queens Village station of the Long Island Rail Road on April 30, 1950. This change had been approved by the New York City Board of Estimate on April 4.[16]

On October 30, 1951, the Oakland Terrace Civic Association requested that the NYCBOT extend the Q27 to Little Neck via Horace Harding Boulevard to serve newly developed areas. The Q27 ran from Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue, via Kissena Boulevard, Holly Avenue, 46th Avenue, 47th Avenue, 216th Street and Springfield Boulevard to Queens Village station. The extension, which was supported by the transit committee of the Flushing Chambers of Commerce, would have been made either as a shuttle route, or through the diversion of some Q27 trips.[17]

On January 22, 1957, service was extended on a 90-day trial basis by 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Queens Village LIRR station to the intersection of Springfield Boulevard and Merrick Boulevard, as part of a series of citywide bus changes. The change was approved by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) on November 29, 1956.[18] On June 30, 1957,[19] service was extended on a 60-day trial basis by 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Springfield Boulevard and Merrick Boulevard to Merrick Boulevard and 233rd Street. The extension was made to encourage more people to use the bus route. Ridership on the temporary extension to Springfield Boulevard and Merrick Boulevard was low, with revenues averaging 23 cents per mile, lower than the 80 cents per mile needed to break even.[20] On August 26, 1957, the NYCTA announced that service would resume terminating at Springfield Boulevard and Merrick Boulevard on September 8, since it was losing $120 a day on the extension to 233rd Street.[21]

Changes in the 1980sEdit

On September 26, 1982, wheelchair-accessible buses began operating on the Q27 and seventeen other city bus routes.[22] Between 1980 and 1985, buses were rerouted off Parsons Boulevard between 46th Avenue and Kissena Boulevard, the path it shared with the Q26, onto Holly Avenue and Kissena Boulevard.[23][24]

Introduction of limited-stop serviceEdit

Rush hour peak-direction limited-stop service along the Q27 route was introduced in September 2001, to speed up bus service.[25] Service on the route would not be increased, but alternate trips would only make limited stops at major traffic generators between the terminal in Flushing and Springfield Boulevard and Horace Harding Expressway. South of there, all trips would make local stops. Limited-stop service would run to Flushing between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m., and to Queens Village between 5 p.m. and 8:15 p.m. The change was made because 30% of riders used the route to get to the subway in Flushing.[26] Limited service was expected to save riders up to five minutes of travel time. The service change was cost neutral, with the potential to be revenue generating as faster service could potentially attract more riders. An alternate proposal that the New York City Transit Authority considered was only implementing limited service along 46th Avenue, the section of the route shared with the Q26.[27] Q27 buses began serving Queensborough Community College on September 9, 2002; previously, the closest Q27 stop was 0.25 miles (0.40 km) from the campus.[28]

On January 4, 2004, service was extended to 120th Avenue and Springfield Boulevard in Cambria Heights to replace Q83 service on Springfield Boulevard between Murdock Avenue and Queens Village LIRR station.[29][30][31]

Overnight trips were extended from Queens Village to Cambria Heights on January 6, 2013, as part of a series of service enhancements made by New York City Transit.[32][33] The route's northern terminal was shifted from Main Street and 39th Avenue to 39th Avenue and 138th Street in August 2014.[34]: 139–142 

Bus redesignEdit

In December 2019, the MTA released a draft redesign of the Queens bus network.[35][36] As part of the redesign, the 46th/47th/48th Avenue section of the Q27 would have been replaced by an "intra-borough" route called the QT15, which would have run from Queensborough Community College to College Point, taking over part of the Q65 in College Point. The Springfield Boulevard corridor would have been served by a "neighborhood" route called the QT71, running from Bay Terrace to Springfield Gardens.[37] The redesign was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City in 2020,[38] and the original draft plan was dropped due to negative feedback.[39]

A revised plan was released in March 2022.[40] Under the new plan, the Q27 would become a "limited-stop" route and would be extended to College Point, using the existing Q65 route. Starting at 110th Street and 14th Avenue, the Q27 would travel on College Point Boulevard, Northern Boulevard, Main Street, and Kissena Boulevard. Within Flushing, the Q27 would then be rerouted onto Sanford Avenue and Parsons Boulevard before continuing along its existing route on 46th Avenue. The Q27's southern terminus would be truncated to Oakland Gardens, with the remaining section on Springfield Boulevard being served by the Q26. A new "local" route, the Q78, would also run on Springfield Boulevard, connecting Bay Terrace to the north with John F. Kennedy International Airport to the south. The Q78 would use Springfield Boulevard for most of its route, except north of 48th Avenue, where it would use Bell Boulevard.[41]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q27 bus schedule" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Q27 Cambria Heights - Flushing". bustime.mta.info. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Queens Bus Map November 2018". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  5. ^ "MTA Queens GTFS Latest (3 January 2020) Stops BELL BL/NORTHERN BL". transitfeeds.com. January 3, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  6. ^ "Unlicensed Bus Line Again Draws $25 Fine. Zander Ordered to Stop Until Authorized". Brooklyn Times Union. November 16, 1928. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  7. ^ "Bus Operator Fined $25. Flushing Firm Head Ran Unlicensed Car, Police Charge". Brooklyn Times Union. November 17, 1928. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  8. ^ "Civics Support Independent Bus: Rosewood and East Flushing Vote to Back Zander's Line". Brooklyn Times Union. November 9, 1928. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  9. ^ The City of New York, Plaintiff-Appellant, against Bee Line, Inc., Defendant-Appellant. Court of Appeals of the State of New York. 1935. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Pick Tentative Bus Operators; Queens Objects". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 19, 1931. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  11. ^ Sixteenth Annual Report For the Calendar Year 1936. Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division Transit Commission. 1937. pp. 61, 62.
  12. ^ State of New York Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division Transit Commission Eighteenth Annual Report For The Calendar Year 1938. New York State Transit Commission. February 14, 1939. p. 608. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  13. ^ "City Takes Over Bus Line: O'Connor Selected to Operate North Shore System" (PDF). The New York Times. March 30, 1947. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  14. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  15. ^ "120-Passenger Vehicles Added For Next Week: 10 City Lines Will Have All New Equipment by Wednesday" (PDF). Fultonhistory.com. Long Island Star-Journal. December 31, 1948. p. 2. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  16. ^ "Buses to Run Sunday On New Q-31A Route" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. April 25, 1950. p. 5. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  17. ^ "Bus Extension Asked for Thousands in New Area" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. October 30, 1951. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
  18. ^ "TA Shuffles Bus Setup for Speed". New York Daily News. November 30, 1956. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  19. ^ "New Queens Buses to Make Riders Comfy". New York Daily News. August 25, 1957. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  20. ^ "Bus Route Extended To Boost Revenue". New York Daily News. June 25, 1957. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  21. ^ "Buses Returning To Old Terminal". New York Daily News. August 27, 1957. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  22. ^ Liff, Mark (September 23, 1982). "More buses OK for wheelchairs". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  23. ^ Queens Bus Map 1980. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 1980.
  24. ^ Queens Bus Map 1985. New York City Transit Authority. 1985.
  25. ^ El-Ghobashy, Tamer (July 5, 2001). "Express-ly For Flushing: Q27 buses will start faster rush service". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  26. ^ El-Ghobashy, Tamer (July 5, 2001). "Q27 buses will start faster rush service". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  27. ^
  28. ^ Bashinsky, Ruth (September 10, 2002). "Q27 Bus Rolls Onto Campus For First Time". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  29. ^ Dentch, Courtney (January 8, 2004). "Enhanced service begins on Q27 in Queens Village". TimesLedger. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  30. ^ Woodberry, Warren, Jr. (January 16, 2004). "Bus Cut With Little Warning, Riders Say". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  31. ^
  32. ^ "Bus Service Enhancements Set to Begin". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2013. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  33. ^ "Planned Service Changes". April 14, 2013. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  34. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting July 2014" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  35. ^ Acevedo, Angélica (December 17, 2019). "MTA gives 'sneak peek' of transformative Queens bus network redesign plan". QNS.com. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  36. ^ "MTA Unveils Draft Proposal to Redesign Bus Network in Queens". Spectrum News NY1 | New York City. December 31, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  37. ^ "Draft Plan, Queens Bus Network Redesign". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  38. ^ "Queens bus network redesign remains on hold amid COVID-19 pandemic: MTA". QNS.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2020. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  39. ^ Duggan, Kevin (December 15, 2021). "MTA to release 'totally redone' Queens bus network redesign draft in early 2022". amNewYork. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  40. ^ Duggan, Kevin (March 29, 2022). "FIRST ON amNY: MTA reveals new Queens bus redesign draft plan". amNewYork. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  41. ^ "Draft Plan, Queens Bus Network Redesign". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 2022. Retrieved January 1, 2020.

External linksEdit

Route map:

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