Q25 and Q34 buses

  (Redirected from Q25 (New York City bus))

The Q25 and Q34 bus routes constitute a public transit line in Queens, New York City. The south-to-north route runs primarily on Parsons Boulevard and Kissena Boulevard, serving two major bus-subway hubs: Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–Jamaica and Flushing–Main Street. The Q25 terminates in College Point, and the Q34 in Whitestone, both in northern Queens.

q25, q34
College Point – Jamaica
Whitestone – Jamaica
MTA Bus Company New Flyer C40LF (2011).jpg
A Q25 bus in Kew Gardens Hills.
SystemMTA Regional Bus Operations
OperatorMTA Bus Company
GarageCollege Point Depot
VehicleNew Flyer C40LF CNG
Began service1928 (Q25)
1933 (Q34)
2007 (Q25 Limited)
Communities servedCollege Point, Whitestone, Flushing, Queensboro Hill, Pomonok, Kew Gardens Hills, Hillcrest, Briarwood, Jamaica
StartCollege Point, Queens – Poppenhusen Avenue and 119th Street (Q25)
Whitestone, Queens – Willets Point Boulevard and 149th Street (Q34)
ViaKissena Boulevard, Parsons Boulevard
EndJamaica, Queens – Sutphin Boulevard and 94th Avenue, Jamaica station
Length8.4 miles (13.5 km) (Q25)[1][2]
7.2 miles (11.6 km) (Q34)[2][3]
Other routesQ17 Kissena Blvd/Horace Harding Expwy/188th Street
Q65 College Pt Blvd/164th Street
Operates24 hours (Q25)[note 1][note 2][4]
Annual patronageQ25: 3,430,519 (2020)[5]
Q34: 871,986 (2020)[5]
← Q24
 {{{system_nav}}}  Q26
Q35 →

The Q25 and Q34 were originally operated by Queens-Nassau Transit Lines, Queens Transit Corporation, and Queens Surface Corporation from the 1930s to 2005; they are now operated by MTA Regional Bus Operations under the MTA Bus Company brand.

Route description and serviceEdit

A Jamaica Station-bound Q34 bus on Parsons Boulevard in Jamaica.

The Q25's northern terminal is at Poppenhusen Avenue and 119th Street in College Point. The bus then travels east and south via 127th Street, Ulmer Place, and Linden Place, before it merges with the Q34 at 32nd Avenue. It then turns west onto Northern Boulevard, and then south onto Main Street in Downtown Flushing (which hosts Flushing Chinatown). The route passes the Flushing–Main Street terminal of the IRT Flushing Line (7 and <7>​ trains), where over a dozen bus lines terminate. The LIRR Port Washington Branch also stops here, at the Flushing–Main Street station. It then turns southeast onto Kissena Boulevard, running the entire distance of the street between Main Street and Parsons Boulevard, and then turns south via Parsons Boulevard. The routes proceed south to Jamaica Avenue, then west to Sutphin Boulevard, terminating at Sutphin Boulevard and 94th Avenue underneath the Jamaica station for the LIRR and AirTrain JFK. This terminal is shared with the parallel Q65 route, which serves 164th Street. Between the Whitestone Expressway and Jamaica, the Q25 employs limited-stop service, making intermittent stops primarily at major intersections and points of interest. Local stops are served by the regular Q25 and the Q34.[4][6]

The only difference in the routes is north of Linden Place, where the Q34 diverges. The Q34 begins at the intersection of Willets Point Boulevard and 149th Street in Whitestone, and continues down Willets Point Boulevard when it merges onto Union Street, where it briefly shares 1 stop with the Q44 SBS and 2 stops with the Q20A/Q20B. It would then turn on various local streets, serving the Mitchell-Gardens and the Linden Towers apartment complexes before merging with the Q25 at Linden Place.The Q34 does not operate during late nights or weekends.[4][6]

The average daily ridership for the Q25 on weekdays in 2014 was 19,567, the ridership on Saturday was 13,359 and the ridership on Sunday was 10,225. The average daily ridership for the Q34 in 2014 was 7,218.[6][7][8][9][10]


Early operationEdit

Q25 service began in 1928, under the operation of the Flushing Heights Bus Company.[11] This route was formally known as Route Q-25, Flushing-Jamaica via Parsons Boulevard Line.[12] On May 25, 1933, Queens–Nassau Transit received a one-year franchise for route "Q-34" from Flushing to College Point.[13] The route began service in April 1933.[11]

In 1931, the Board of Estimate was deciding which bus route franchises would be given to which operators. Along with thirty other bus routes, the Q25 was tentatively assigned to the North Shore Bus Company.[14] On April 20, 1933, the New York State Transit Commission (NYSTC) granted the Flushing Heights Bus Company a certificate of convenience and necessity for operation of a Flushing-Hillcrest route via Parsons Boulevard. While the company had sought a route between Flushing and Jamaica, it was restricted on its southern end to 75th Avenue and Parsons Boulevard due to the opposition of the New York and Queens Transit Corporation, which operated a competing trolley route along 164th Street.[15]

The North Shore Bus Company acquired the franchises to the Flushing Heights Bus Corporation routes on September 22, 1935.[16][17] North Shore expected to get the franchises for both the Q17 and Q25, which were then operated by Flushing Heights. North Shore was only allowed to keep the Q17 route, and as compensation, the city assured them of a new route between Flushing and Jamaica via Main Street. This route would go into service when a bridge was built to carry Main Street over the Grand Central Parkway; this route is today's Q44.[18][19] In 1935, the southern terminal of the Q25 was at Parsons Boulevard and 75th Avenue. The Flushing–Hillcrest Civic Association called for the route to be extended to Jamaica Avenue.[20]

The original Q25 terminus was in Flushing, and the original Q34 was the College Point segment of the Q25. The Q25 was combined with the then-Q34 route into College Point, and the Q34 was later rerouted to its current alignment in Whitestone and then extended along the Q25 route.[21] On July 16, 1937, Queens–Nassau Transit combined the Q25 and the Q34 to become the Q25-34 operating from College Point to Jamaica.[22] At this point, buses used the Q25/34 designation.[23] Toward College Point, the buses would use the sign Q25/34, and toward Jamaica the signs would use Q34/25. The Roosevelt Avenue short-turns would use Q25, while the through buses to College Point would use Q34.[citation needed]

In 1940, Queens-Nassau Transit applied to the NYSTC for permission to modify its franchise for the Q25 so it could make a slight adjustment to its route. The adjustment would reroute most Q25 buses to stay on Parsons Boulevard. This would eliminate the detour in Hillcrest of buses turning off of Parsons Boulevard at Goethals Avenue, then moving onto 164th Street, and then finally onto the Grand Central Parkway service road before moving back onto Parsons Boulevard.[24] This change was to be made to provide transportation to the new Triboro Hospital for Tuberculosis. The NYSTC approved the request on July 16, 1940, but the change did not yet take effect since the hospital was not yet open.[12]

On March 12, 1945, the New York State Public Service Commission granted Queens-Nassau Transit Lines permission to discontinue a section of the Q25 along 88th Avenue between 153rd Street and the old trolley right-of-way.[25] The Linden Towers branch of the Q34 (also designated Q25-Q34)[26] started in 1961 to 139th Street and 28th Road. In 1970, it was extended to 149th Street & Willets Point Blvd.[26] In the early 1990s, the Q25/34 was split into the Q25 and the Q34 easing the confusion of the riders.[citation needed]

The southern terminus for the Q25 and Q34 moved from 160th Street and Jamaica Avenue to Parsons Boulevard and Jamaica Avenue in 2004.[27]

MTA takeoverEdit

On February 27, 2005, the MTA Bus Company took over the operations of the Queens Surface routes, part of the city's takeover of all the remaining privately operated bus routes.[28][29] Under the MTA, the Q25, Q34, and Q65 were extended from Jamaica Avenue to the Jamaica LIRR station on Sutphin Boulevard in April 2006.[11][30][31]

On July 9, 2007, Q25 limited-stop service was introduced, skipping stops between Flushing-Main Street and Jamaica during rush hours.[32][33] In 2009, the northbound stop of the Q34 was relocated form eastbound Willets Point Boulevard at 149th Street to a location nearby on eastbound 25th Avenue at 149th Street where curb space was available. This was done in response to community requests to address buses that were double parking during their recovery times. The turnaround path was changed to utilize 25th Avenue to northbound 150th Street to westbound Willets Point Boulevard.[3]

In 2014, the Parsons/Kissena corridor along with the Main Street corridor and 164th Street corridor were evaluated for a potential Select Bus Service (SBS) route between Flushing and Jamaica.[34][35] The Q65 Limited (164th Street) was not selected for conversion; the Q25 Limited and Q44 Limited (Main Street) underwent further studies in 2015.[1][36] The Q44 became the Q44 SBS on November 29, 2015.[37] It was originally expected that the Q25 Limited would be implemented as an SBS service in 2017.[38][39][40] However, implementation was later delayed, and the MTA announced in late 2017 that a Flushing-to-Jamaica SBS route, roughly along the Q25 and Q34 corridor, would be implemented within the next ten years.[41]

In September 2016, in response to community requests, the Q34's Whitestone terminus was slightly revised and the turnaround travel path of the bus was revised to avoid a residential street. The northbound travel path of the Q34 now travels east onto 31st Road and continue northbound on 139th Street to return to 28th Road instead of going on 138th Street and the Whitestone Expressway service road. One lightly used bus stop at 137th Street and 29th Road in Flushing was discontinued. Annual operating costs would decrease by $12,700.[3] The community requested that the Q34 be removed from 25th Avenue, which abuts Leonardo Ingravallo Playground and the Memorial Field of Flushing ballfields to the south, and residential homes to the north. The Q34's last northbound stop and its layover was relocated to Willets Point Boulevard at 149th Street, and the turnaround was restored to its pre-2009 routing, running via Willets Point Boulevard, turning right on 24th Road, and turning left around a traffic island to westbound Willets Point Boulevard. The last northbound stop was relocated within the same intersection, and the turnaround path was reduced by approximately 1,000 feet.[3]

In December 2019, the MTA released a draft redesign of the Queens bus network.[42][43] As part of the redesign, the Q25 and Q34 buses would have been replaced by an "intra-borough" route, the QT16. The route would have traveled between Cross Island Parkway and Clintonville Street in Beechhurst, Queens, to the north and Downtown Jamaica to the south, using Union Street and Kissena and Parsons Boulevards.[44] The redesign was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City in 2020,[45] and the original draft plan was dropped due to negative feedback.[46] A revised plan was released in March 2022.[47] As part of the new plan, the Q34 would be eliminated. The Q25's northern end would be truncated to Linden Place in Whitestone; service to College Point would be replaced by an extension of the Q17 bus. The Q25 would also be extended south along Merrick Boulevard to the intersection with Springfield Boulevard in Springfield Gardens, Queens. The Q25 would provide local service for the Q4, Q5, Q85, and Q86 buses, which would run nonstop along Merrick Boulevard.[48]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Q25 Limited Runs During Rush Hours
  2. ^ Q34 operates weekday only, and doesn't run during late nights


  1. ^ a b "Flushing To Jamaica Select Bus Service: January 22, 2015: Public Open House" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. January 22, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting September 2013" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 25, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting June 2016" (PDF). www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 17, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 7, 2016. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q25/Q34 bus schedule" (PDF)."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Northeast Queens Bus Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  8. ^ Urbitran Associates, Inc (May 2004). "NYCDOT Bus Ridership Survey and Route Analysis Final Report: Chapter 3 Transit System Characteristics" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  9. ^ Urbitran Associates, Inc (May 2004). "NYCDOT Bus Ridership Survey and Route Analysis Final Report: Chapter 4 Operating and Financial Performance" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  10. ^ "Appendix B: Route Profiles" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  12. ^ a b Transit Commission (Metropolitan Division—Department of Public Service) Annual Report For The Year Ended December 31, 1940. New York State Transit Commission. 1941. pp. 106, 154.
  13. ^ "Full text of 'State of New York Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division: Fourteenth Annual Report For the Calendar Year 1934'"". archive.org. New York State Department of Public Service. February 14, 1935. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  14. ^ "Pick Tentative Bus Operators; Queens Objects". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 19, 1931. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "9 Queens Bus Line Permits Granted: 6 Companies Receive Them—Transit Commission Order Protects Trolleys". Brooklyn Times Union. April 20, 1933. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  16. ^ Sixteenth Annual Report For the Calendar Year 1936. Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division Transit Commission. 1937. p. 535.
  17. ^ "North Shore Company Takes Over Rival's Routes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 24, 1935. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  18. ^ "Survey Shows Commuters in Zone B Want More Buses Run in Rush Hours: North Shore Passengers Praise Equipment as Improvement" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. April 7, 1937. p. 2. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  19. ^ "Franchise Hearing: Motor Omnibus Lines, Queens" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. December 4, 1936. p. 28. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  20. ^ "Ask Extension of Bus Route". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 22, 1935.
  21. ^ "Queens – Nassau Map". Photobucket. Queens – Nassau Transit Lines. 1939–1940. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  22. ^ "Summer City Hall Linked By Buses: Queens-Nassau Transit to Start Jamaica to College Point Route". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 15, 1937. p. 32. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  23. ^ "North Shore Residents! it's easy to get to GERTZ" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. April 16, 1940. p. 5. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  24. ^ "Transit Appeal Carried Over to July 8 by Fertig". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 3, 1940. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  25. ^ "Bus Victory Scored in Maspeth; State Orders Full Service Restored" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. March 12, 1945. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "1975 Queens Bus Map". wardmaps.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1975. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  27. ^ Hirshon, Nicholas (March 2, 2006). "BIZ DRIVEN AWAY. BUS REROUTE HURTS SALES, SAY JAMAICA MART OWNERS". Daily News (New York). Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  28. ^ Silverman, Norman (July 26, 2010). "The Merger of 7 Private Bus Companies into MTA Bus" (PDF). apta.com. American Public Transportation Association, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  29. ^ Woodberry, Jr., Warren (February 24, 2005). "MAJOR BUS CO. TO JOIN MTA". Daily News (New York). Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  30. ^ "The MTA 2006 ANNUAL REPORT: Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended December 31, 2006 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended December 31, 2006" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  31. ^ "April 2006 Q25/Q34 Timetable" (PDF). www.mta.info. MTA Bus. April 14, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2006. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  32. ^ "2007 Annual Report: Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended December 31, 2007" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 31, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  33. ^ "MTA Bus Service Changes". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2007. Archived from the original on July 8, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  34. ^ "Flushing to Jamaica Select Bus Service Stakeholder Meeting June 11, 2014" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. June 11, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  35. ^ Toure, Madina (January 22, 2015). "NE Queens leaders wary of Select Bus Service proposal". timesledger.com. Times Ledger. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  36. ^ "Flushing to Jamaica Select Bus Service Public Workshop October 7, 2014" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  37. ^ "Effective November 29: Q44 Select Bus Service". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  38. ^ "Northeast Queens Bus Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  39. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2015" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  40. ^ "MTA 2017 Preliminary Budget July Financial Plan 2017 –2020 Volume 2" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
  41. ^ Barca, Christopher (October 26, 2017). "City plans more SBS routes for Queens". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  42. ^ Acevedo, Angélica (December 17, 2019). "MTA gives 'sneak peek' of transformative Queens bus network redesign plan". QNS.com. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  43. ^ "MTA Unveils Draft Proposal to Redesign Bus Network in Queens". Spectrum News NY1 | New York City. December 31, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  44. ^ "Draft Plan, Queens Bus Network Redesign". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  45. ^ "Queens bus network redesign remains on hold amid COVID-19 pandemic: MTA". QNS.com. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  46. ^ Duggan, Kevin (December 15, 2021). "MTA to release 'totally redone' Queens bus network redesign draft in early 2022". amNewYork. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  47. ^ Duggan, Kevin (March 29, 2022). "FIRST ON amNY: MTA reveals new Queens bus redesign draft plan". amNewYork. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  48. ^ "Draft Plan, Queens Bus Network Redesign". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 2022. Retrieved January 1, 2020.

External linksEdit

Route map:

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