Pope Francis and LGBT topics

Prior to Jorge Bergoglio taking the papal name of Pope Francis, Bergoglio as a cardinal strongly opposed same-sex marriage[1] and the same-sex marriage bill that Argentina senate debated in 2010 but he supported civil unions for gay couples.[2][3][4] As Pope Francis, after his election in 2013, he has repeatedly spoken about the need for the Catholic Church to welcome and love all people regardless of sexual orientation. However, Pope Francis has also had gestures in the opposite direction,[5] such as blessing a gay couple in July 2015 to later have Ciro Benedettini, the Vatican Spokesperson, asserting that in no way is the letter "meant to endorse behaviors and teachings unfit to the Gospel".[6] Pope Francis also met with Kim Davis[7] (a county clerk who defied a U.S. federal court order to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples), to which later the Vatican clarified that this meeting "does not endorse Davis's views."[5][8]

Speaking about gay people in 2013, Pope Francis said, "the key is for the church to welcome, not exclude, and show mercy, not condemnation."[9] He said, "If a person is gay and seeks God and has good will, who am I to judge?" "The problem", he continued, "is not having this orientation. We must be brothers".[10][11] The pope has reiterated the Catholic Church's teaching on homosexuality, including its position on marriage. He has also been outspoken on the need to be compassionate towards LGBT+ people, and was named the Person of the Year by the LGBT magazine The Advocate. In 2019, Pope Francis reiterated that Catholic teaching states that homosexual tendencies "are not a sin".[12]

In the documentary Francesco, which was released in October 2020, Pope Francis expressed support for same-sex civil unions. The pope said that "homosexuals have a right to be a part of the family. [...] They're children of God and have a right to a family. Nobody should be thrown out, or be made miserable because of it."[13] He voiced support for same-sex civil union laws again in September 2021, saying "if they want to spend their lives together, a homosexual couple, nations have the possibility civilly to support them, to give them safety with regards to inheritance and health."[14]

In February 2023, Pope Francis said that criminalization of same-sexual acts in several countries in Africa and Asia is wrong, a sin and an injustice.[15][16]

Archbishop of Buenos Aires edit

Before he became pope and while serving as Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio reportedly privately urged his fellow Argentine bishops in 2010 to signal the Church's public support for civil unions, as a compromise response to calls for same-sex marriage. Fellow bishops rejected the idea.[17] Other sources both support and deny this account.[18][19] At that time Argentina already permitted civil unions, and was debating a bill to allow same-sex couples to marry and adopt children.

On June 22, 2010, in a letter to the Carmelite Nuns of Buenos Aires, Bergoglio had very strong language against the bill, mentioning that "what is at stake here is the identity and survival of the family", pointing out that "here also is the envy of the Devil, by which sin entered into the world, which cunningly seeks to destroy the image of God" with respect to gay marriage. In that same letter, Bergoglio urged not to "be naïve", since the bill was not "a simple political struggle [but] [...] the destructive attempt toward God's plan" and "a 'movement' of the father of lies". Finally, Bergoglio closes the letter asking the Carmelite Nuns for prayers so that senators voting for the bill were not "moved by error or by situations of opportunity, but according to the natural law and the law that God points out to them" and so that they did "the greater good for the country".[1]

Publicly, Bergoglio strongly opposed the bill,[2][3] warning it could lead to a situation that could "seriously harm the family" and deprive children of the developmental supports of both their father and mother.[2][20][21] After L'Osservatore Romano reported this, several priests expressed their support for the law and one was defrocked.[22] Observers believe that the church's opposition and Bergoglio's language worked in favor of the law's passage and that in response, Catholic officials adopted a more conciliatory tone in later debates on social issues such as parental surrogacy.[23]

In a 2010 book written with Rabbi Abraham Skorka, Bergoglio also spoke of same-sex marriage as "a weakening of the institution of marriage, an institution that has existed for thousands of years and is 'forged according to nature and anthropology.'"[24]

On the need to welcome LGBT people edit

Pope Francis has repeatedly spoken about the need for the church to welcome and love all people, regardless of their sexual orientation. Speaking about gay people in 2013, he said that "the key is for the church to welcome, not exclude and show mercy, not condemnation."[9] In July of that year, he said "If someone is gay and is searching for the Lord and has good will, then who am I to judge him? The Catechism of the Catholic Church explains this in a beautiful way, saying [...]: 'no one should marginalize these people for this, they must be integrated into society.'"[25][10][11]

Several LGBT groups welcomed the comments, noting that this was the first time a pope had used the word "gay" in public, and had also accepted the existence of gay people as a recognizable part of the Catholic Church community.[26] In October 2016, Francis said that "When a person [who is gay] arrives before Jesus, Jesus certainly will not say, 'Go away because you are homosexual.'"[27][28]

According to two gay rights activists, Marcelo Márquez and Andrés Albertsen, Bergoglio expressed support for the spiritual needs of "homosexual people" and willingness to support "measured actions" on their behalf in private conversations with them.[29]

In April 2018 Pope Francis met with Juan Carlos Cruz, a survivor of sexual abuse by Chilean priest Fernando Karadima.[30] Cruz discussed with Francis in detail how his sexual orientation was used by Latin American media and news outlets to discredit his report of abuse and label him as a pervert and liar.[31] In a private conversation between the two, Francis reportedly said to Cruz, who identifies as homosexual, in regards to his sexuality, "You know Juan Carlos, that does not matter. God made you like this. God loves you like this. The Pope loves you like this and you should love yourself and not worry about what people say."[32][33][34][35]

These remarks have been seen as an encouraging change of tone from the papacy, so much so that the American LGBT magazine The Advocate named Pope Francis their Person of the Year for 2013.[36][37]

In a press statement issued on 27 August 2018, Pope Francis declared that homosexuality is not an illness.[38][39][40]

In September 2020 Pope Francis told some 40 Italian parents of LGBT children in a brief encounter that "God loves their children as they are" and that "the church loves their children as they are because they are children of God."[41]

In a January 2023 interview with the Associated Press, Pope Francis condemned "unjust" laws that criminalize homosexuality and said the Catholic Church should do more to oppose such laws. He called on bishops who support laws criminalizing homosexuality to undergo a "process of conversion" and to do more to welcome LGBT people into the church.[42] Francis was asked by the Catholic media Outreach to clarify his position after this interview, due to the fact that in said interview Francis had implied being homosexual was a sin. The pope responded to its editor James Martin, in a 27 January a letter, in which the pope stated among other things: "When I said it is a sin, I was simply referring to Catholic moral teaching, which says that every sexual act outside of marriage is a sin".[43] In June 2023 in a letter to the Outreach conference he wrote to Martin thanking him for “all the good you are doing,” and “I send my best regards to the members of the meeting at Fordham University,” “Thank you for delivering it to them. In my prayers and good wishes are you and all who are working at the Outreach Conference.”[44]

Defending Catholic teaching on sexual orientation edit

When speaking to Spanish journalist Jordi Evole on April 1, 2019, Pope Francis noted how Catholic teaching states that homosexual "tendencies are not sin. If you have a tendency to anger, it's not a sin. Now, if you are angry and hurt people, the sin is there." When Evole asked if it was a "rarity" to parents to have a homosexual child, the Pope stated "In theory no [...] But I'm talking about a person who is developing, and parents start to see strange things [...] Please consult, and go to a professional, and there you will see what it is and may not be homosexual, that is due to something else."[12]

Televised meeting with Stephen K. Amos edit

On April 19, 2019, Pope Francis appeared on the last episode of the BBC2 three-episode miniseries Pilgrimage: The Road to Rome, which featured eight celebrities as they traveled a section of the Via Francigena, the ancient pilgrimage route from Canterbury to Rome. In this episode, he met with gay comedian Stephen K. Amos—who was one of the show's participants—and told him that with regards to his sexual orientation: "it doesn't matter who you are or how you live your life, you do not lose your dignity".[45]

LGBT families and children edit

On 26 August 2018, in the plane in the return journey from Ireland to Rome,[46] Pope Francis said that homosexual people existed in the whole history of humankind. He also said Catholic parents should talk with their homosexual children and that they should not be "throw[n] out" of the family.[47][48][49][50] In the retranscription of the Pope's statement the following day, the sentence "When it [homosexuality] shows itself from childhood, there is a lot that can be done through psychiatry, to see how things are. It is something else if it shows itself after 20 years" was removed from the official transcription; an official from the Vatican stated it was done in order not to change "the thoughts of the Holy Father".[51][52][46]

Francis has also spoken of the importance of education in the context of the difficulties now facing children, indicating that the Church had a challenge in not being welcoming enough of children brought up in a multiplicity of household arrangements, specifically including the children of gay couples.[53] He mentioned as an example a case of a child with a mother living in a lesbian relationship:

"I remember the case of a very sad little girl who finally confided to her teacher the reason for her state of mind: 'my mother's fiancée doesn't like me'. [...] How can we proclaim Christ to these boys and girls? How can we proclaim Christ to a generation that is changing? We must be careful not to administer a vaccine against faith to them."[54][55]

After Italian tabloids suggested his comments indicated a shift towards accepting civil unions for gay couples, the Director of the Holy See Press Office said the pope was talking only about the difficulties of children in non-traditional families, not making a declaration on the debate in Italy concerning gay unions.[56][57][58]

Teaching on marriage edit

Francis has taught that "Marriage is between a man and a woman. Secular states want to justify civil unions to regulate different situations of cohabitation, pushed by the demand to regulate economic aspects between persons, such as ensuring health care. It is about pacts of cohabitating of various natures, of which I wouldn't know how to list the different ways. One needs to see the different cases and evaluate them in their variety."[59] Some interpreted this as suggesting that the Catholic Church could tolerate some types of non-marital civil unions, but the Vatican later clarified that was not Francis' intention.[60][61]

In February 2015, Francis encouraged people in Slovakia, who were considering limiting marriage to opposite sex couples, to "continue their efforts in defense of the family, the vital cell of society."[62][63] At the start of 2014, Bishop Charles J. Scicluna of Malta reported that in a private conversation held with Pope Francis in December 2013, the pope said that gay marriage was "an anthropological regression."[24]

The New York Times considers that Bergoglio may have supported gay unions in Argentina only as a negotiated compromise, but that his context as a Pope is very different.[17] In 2015, Pope Francis declared that "the family is threatened by growing efforts on the part of some to redefine the very institution of marriage" and suggested that same-sex marriage "disfigures God's plan for creation."[64][65]

On September 25, 2023, Pope Francis indicated it may be possible to conduct "forms of blessing, requested by one or more persons, that do not convey a mistaken concept of marriage".[66]

Civil unions edit

In an earlier 2019 interview for the Mexican broadcaster Televisa, the pope endorsed for same-sex couples "convivencia civil" (in Spanish); this remark aired only later for the film Francesco in October 2020 in which the expression was translated to "civil union" in the subtitles of the film. This has been picked up by the media as Pope Francis supporting same-sex civil union.[67][13][68][69][70] Some Spanish-speaking Catholic priests said the translation was inaccurate. Archbishop Víctor Manuel Fernández of La Plata, long-time theological advisor of Pope Francis, has defended that the two expressions "unión civil" and "ley de convivencia civil" are often used interchangeably in Argentina when speaking about laws, and designate a civil union.[71][68]

The film Francesco uses three different passages of the original interview from February 2019, only two of which aired in May on the Mexican channel: "Homosexuals have a right to be a part of the family." "They are children of God and have the right to a family. Nobody should be thrown out or be made miserable because of it". "What we have to create is a civil union law. That way they are legally covered. I stood up for that."[72] The last passages had been cut from public releases at the time.[73][74][69][70] However, Vatican later stated that his comments were taken out of context with two comments to two different questions at different times spliced together in a very misleading way.[75]

In September 2021, Pope Francis expressed support for same-sex civil unions, saying that "same-sex civil unions are good and helpful to many".[76]

Amoris Laetitia edit

Francis presided over the 2014 Synod on the Family, the first assembly of the Synod to explicitly examine the issue of pastoral care for people in same-sex civil unions and marriages.[77][78] The synod's working document called for less judgment towards people that are gay and more understanding towards same-sex couples in civil unions or marriages, as well as an equal welcome for children of such couples (including conferring baptism), while still rejecting the validity of same-sex marriage itself.[79][80] However, the final report failed to contain the proposed language as it did not receive the necessary two-thirds support of attending bishops.[81]

In the post-synodal apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia, issued in 2016, Francis encouraged better understanding from all members of the church on the acceptance of gay people, without suggesting any specific doctrinal changes. Instead, he reiterated the need for every person to be respected regardless of their sexual orientation, and to be free from threats of aggression and violence. He avoided any recognition of unions between same sex couples, but rather maintained that these were not equal to heterosexual unions. Some parts of the media interpreted his remarks as more moderate on the issue of homosexuality than that taken by church leaders in previous years.[82]

Transgender issues, gender theory edit

Francis supports transgender Catholics inclusion in the Church, but calls gender transitioning a sin and strongly criticizes gender theory, comparing it to nuclear arms.[83]

On 2 October 2016, Pope Francis spoke in favor of pastoral care for and including transgender Catholics in the church, stating priests should "accompany them spiritually" and that they should never be turned away, even if they have undergone sex transition and sex-reassignment operations.[84] He spoke out against "gender theory"—the idea that "denies the difference and reciprocity in nature of a man and a woman and envisages a society without sexual differences, thereby eliminating the anthropological basis of the family"[85]—being taught in schools.[86][87] He referred to it as "ideological colonization" and said it was a threat to traditional marriage and is destructive to children.[86][87] New Ways Ministry and DignityUSA, two dissenting LGBT Catholic advocacy groups, both spoke out against Pope Francis's statements regarding gender identity, calling it "dangerous ignorance" of the issue.[88]

Francis once held an audience with a Spanish transgender man, who had transitioned from female to male, and his wife.[89]

Pope Francis in April 2020 was also welcoming and assisting Latin American transgender prostitutes who because of COVID-19 pandemic no longer had "customers on the street".[90][91]

In August 2020 Pope Francis encouraged the Argentinian Carmelite nun Sister Mónica Astorga Cremona who opened a safe home for transgender women despite the opposition of her diocese and community, described as the first permanent residence in the world dedicated to vulnerable transgender people. He reportedly told her that transgender people are "the lepers of today".[92] Francis also sent a hand-written note to Cremona: "God, who didn't attend seminary and didn't study theology, will reward you generously. I pray for you and your daughters".[92] Michael Coren described the move as "Pope Francis's monumental support of trans community".[93]

Gay clergy edit

In the 2018 book The Strength of a Vocation, Pope Francis is quoted as saying that gay clergy "is a very serious issue" that "influences the life of the church" and is therefore something he is "concerned about".[94] He further goes on to say "In consecrated and priestly life, there's no room for that kind of affection. Therefore, the church recommends that people with that kind of ingrained tendency should not be accepted into the ministry or consecrated life."[94] Pope Francis expanded on this in an interview in December 2018, suggesting that gay priests must commit to the same standards of celibacy as their heterosexual counterparts.[95]

Other edit

During his 2015 visit to the United States, Francis held a private meeting with Kim Davis, a county clerk from Kentucky who had gained international attention after defying a federal court order requiring that she issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[96][97][98][99][100] The Vatican press office shortly after issued a statement saying that the pope was unaware of her situation and the meeting was not to be considered an endorsement.[101][102] The only audience given by Francis while in Washington was with an Argentine former student, Yayo Grassi, who is openly gay, and his same-sex partner of 19 years.[102][103][104]

Francis has suggested that he believed a "gay lobby" existed within the Vatican itself, in remarks during a meeting held in private with Catholic religious from Latin America in 2013. He was reported to have promised to see what could be done to address the issue.[105]

In October 2015, priest and Vatican theologian Krzysztof Charamsa was stripped of his posts after announcing he was in a homosexual relationship.[106][107]

In relation to reports that a Vatican official whom he had recently promoted had had a homosexual relationship, the pope drew a distinction between sins, which can be forgiven if repented of, and crimes, such as sexual abuse of minors.[10][11]

In May 2022 James J. Martin sent three questions to the Pope about the relation of the LGBT community with the Church. The Pope answered the three questions, declaring that God "does not disown any of his children", advising LGBT people to read the Acts of the Apostles to "find the image of the living Church", and explaining that some LGBT Catholics suffered not 'rejection of the church' itself but instead rejection by 'people in the church'. He additionally praised the work of Martin.[108]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Bergoglio, Jorge Mario (June 22, 2010). "Same-sex Marriage: The Letter from Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. to the Carmelite Nuns of Buenos Aires" (PDF). Roman Catholic Church in the state of Hawaii.
  2. ^ a b c Pentin, Edward (8 July 2010). "Cardinal Bergoglio Hits Out at Same-Sex Marriage". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Clashing Pope Francis, Argentine president meet in Vatican". CBC News. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  4. ^ Horowitz, Jason (2020-10-21). "In Shift for Church, Pope Francis Voices Support for Same-Sex Civil Unions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  5. ^ a b Goldhill, Olivia (3 October 2015). "Confused about the pope's thoughts on gay rights? No wonder". Quartz. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  6. ^ "The Vatican is in damage-control mode after the Pope sent his blessings to a same-sex family". finance.yahoo.com. 29 August 2015. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  7. ^ Ed Payne and Daniel Burke (30 September 2015). "Kim Davis met with Pope Francis". CNN. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  8. ^ "Statement regarding a meeting of Pope Francis and Mrs. Kim Davis at the Nunciature in Washington, DC (Fr F. Lombardi, Director of the Press Office of the Holy See)". press.vatican.va. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  9. ^ a b "Pope Francis: Church Cannot Be 'Obsessed' With Gays, Abortion Ban" in Fox News Latino, 19 September 2013
  10. ^ a b c Lizzie Davis, "Pope Francis signals openness towards gay priests", in The Guardian, 29 July 2013
  11. ^ a b c "Pope Francis: Who am I to judge gay people?". BBC News. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  12. ^ a b Inés San Martín (April 1, 2019). "Pope Francis says homosexual tendencies are 'not a sin.'". Crux Now. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  13. ^ a b Horowitz, Jason (2020-10-21). "Pope Francis, in Shift for Church, Voices Support for Same-Sex Civil Unions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  14. ^ "Pope: No same sex marriage, but uphold other rights". AP NEWS. 2021-09-15. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  15. ^ "Legale Sünde – Der Papst und die Entkriminalisierung von Homosexualität". www.katholisch.de (in German). Retrieved 2023-02-27.
  16. ^ Pullella, Philip (2023-02-06). "Pope Francis says laws criminalising LGBT people are a 'sin' and an injustice". Reuters. Retrieved 2023-02-27.
  17. ^ a b Romero, Simon; Schmall, Emily (19 March 2013). "On Gay Unions, a Pragmatist Before He Was a Pope". New York Times. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Claims that Pope supported gay civil unions disputed". Catholic News Agency. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  19. ^ Allen, Jr., John L. (12 April 2013). "Hard questions about Francis in Argentina and a lesson from Chile". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  20. ^ Feder, J. Lester (13 March 2013). "Pope Francis Brings Lessons of Argentina's Marriage Fight To Rome". Buzzfeed. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  21. ^ McClam, Erin (13 March 2013). "Meet the new pope: Francis is humble leader who takes the bus to work". NBC News.
  22. ^ "El cura suspendido: "A la Iglesia le preocupa más la cama de los argentinos que su mesa" (in Spanish). Perfil. 13 July 2010. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  23. ^ De Vedia, Mariano (16 July 2010). "La carta de Bergoglio, un error estratégico" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  24. ^ a b Edward Pentin, "Pope Repeats that Same-Sex 'Marriage' is 'Anthropological Regression'" in National Catholic Register, 3 January 2014.
  25. ^ "Press Conference of Pope Francis during the return flight". Holy See. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  26. ^ McGarry, Patsy (6 August 2013). "Irish gay group praises Pope Francis's airborne comments". Irish Times. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  27. ^ Pullella, Philip (2016-10-02). "Pope says respect gays and transsexuals, questions gender theory". Reuters. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  28. ^ Squires, Nick (4 October 2016). "Pope Francis says transsexuals and gay people should be embraced by the Catholic Church". The Telegraph.
  29. ^ Romo, Rafael, and Rodriguez, Jose Manuel, "Behind closed doors, pope supported civil unions in Argentina, activist says", CNN, 21 March 2013, Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  30. ^ "Pope Francis reportedly tells gay man: "God made you like this and he loves you"". CBS News. 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  31. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (2018-05-20). "Pope to Gay Man: 'God Made You Like This'". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  32. ^ Gallagher, Delia (2018-05-21). "Pope Francis tells gay man: 'God made you like that'". CNN. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  33. ^ "Pope Francis tells gay man: 'God made you like this' | World news". The Guardian. 20 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  34. ^ Emma Sarran Webster (2018-05-21). "Pope Francis Reportedly Told a Gay Man "God Made You Like This"". Teen Vogue. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  35. ^ "LGBT community cheers Pope Francis' 'God made you like this' remark". America Magazine. 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  36. ^ Grindley, Lucas (16 December 2013). "The Advocate's Person of the Year 2013". The Advocate Magazine. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  37. ^ Squires, Nick (10 March 2014). "Pope says Catholic Church should not dismiss gay marriage". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  38. ^ Spiegel.de: Vatikan zieht umstrittene Äußerung zu homosexuellen Kindern zurück
  39. ^ Tagesspiegel.de:Vatikan ändert Papst-Zitate zu homosexuellen Neigungen von Kindern
  40. ^ Deutschlandfunk.de: Vatikan relativiert Papst-Äußerungen zu Homosexualität Archived 2018-08-29 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 28 August 2018.
  41. ^ "Pope Francis to parents of L.G.B.T. children: 'God loves your children as they are.'". America Magazine. 17 September 2020.
  42. ^ Povoledo, Elisabetta (2023-01-25). "Pope Francis Says Homosexuality Is Not a Crime". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-01-25.
  43. ^ "Pope Francis clarifies comments on homosexuality: 'One must consider the circumstances.'". Outreach. 2023-01-27. Retrieved 2023-02-02.
  44. ^ Pope Francis sends greetings to this year’s Outreach conference for LGBTQ Catholics
  45. ^ Collins, Charles (20 April 2019). "Pope Francis tells gay man 'you do not lose your dignity' on BBC show". cruxnow.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  46. ^ a b "Vatican erases pope's remarks about psychiatric help for gay children". the Guardian. Agence France-Presse. 2018-08-28. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  47. ^ "Papst auf Irland-Reise: Eltern sollen ihre homosexuellen Kinder nicht verurteilen". RP ONLINE (in German). 27 August 2018. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  48. ^ "The Latest: Pope: parents of gay kids shouldn't condemn them". AP NEWS. 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  49. ^ Ap (2018-08-27). "Pope: parents of gay kids shouldn't condemn them". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  50. ^ "Apostolic Visit to Ireland: Press Conference on the return flight from Dublin to Rome (Papal flight, 26 August 2018) | Francis". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2020-10-21. There have always been homosexuals and persons with homosexual tendencies. Always. The sociologists say, but I don't know if it's true, that at times of epochal change certain social and ethical phenomena increase, and that this would be one of them. This is the opinion of some sociologists. Your question is clear: what would I say to a father who sees his son or daughter has that tendency. I would tell him first of all to pray. Pray. Don't condemn, [but] dialogue, understand, make room for his son or daughter. Make room for them to say what they have to say. [...] And if you, as a father or mother, can't deal with this on your own, ask for help, but always in dialogue, always in dialogue. Because that son and daughter has a right to family, and their family is this family, just as it is. Do not throw them out of family.
  51. ^ "Vatikan relativiert Papst-Äußerungen zu Homosexualität". Deutschlandfunk. 2018-08-28. Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  52. ^ "Vatican tries to clarify Pope's suggestion that parents of gay children should get them psychiatric help". The Independent. 2018-08-28. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  53. ^ "Vatican denies pope is open to recognition of gay civil unions". Reuters. 5 January 2014.
  54. ^ Full text of the report, p. 14 Archived 9 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ Jimmy Akin, "What did Pope Francis say about the children of homosexual couples? 8 things to know and share" in National Catholic Register, 4 January 2014
  56. ^ 5 January 2014, Vatican denies pope is open to recognition of gay civil unions, Reuters
  57. ^ Pullella, Philip (5 January 2014). "Vatican denies pope is open to recognition of gay civil unions – World News". NBC News. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  58. ^ Kington, Tom (5 January 2014). "Vatican says pope's comments on gay couples don't mark policy change". Los Angeles Times.
  59. ^ "Transcript: Pope Francis' March 5 interview with Corriere della Sera". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  60. ^ "Catholic News Service, 5 March 2014". Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  61. ^ Thomas Reese, "Vatican spokesman clarifies pope on civil unions" in National Catholic Reporter, 6 March 2014
  62. ^ J Lester Feder (5 February 2015). "Pope Endorses Referendum Denying Marriage And Adoption Rights To Same-Sex Couples". Buzzfeed.
    As quoted by Ring, Trudy (5 February 2015). "Pope Has Kind Words for Backers of Anti-Equality Measures in Slovakia". The Advocate.
  63. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (6 February 2015). "Pope Francis Backs Slovakia's Referendum Against Same-Sex Marriage, Adoption Rights". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  64. ^ Tufft, Ben (18 January 2015). "Pope Francis warns that same-sex marriage 'threatens the family' and 'disfigures God's plan for creation'". The Independent. London.
  65. ^ Richinick, Michele (16 January 2015). "Pope Francis suggests gay marriage threatens traditional families". MSNBC.
  66. ^ Pope Francis responds to dubia submitted by five cardinals, 2 October 2023
  67. ^ "Pope Francis calls for civil union law for same-sex couples, in shift from Vatican stance". Catholic News Agency. 21 Oct 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  68. ^ a b "Argentine archbishop and Pope Francis advisor says 'civil union' not mistranslated in documentary". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  69. ^ a b Winfield, Nicole (2020-10-22). "Plot thickens over origins of pope's civil union endorsement". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2020-10-22.
  70. ^ a b Winfield, Nicole; Verza, Maria (2020-10-22). "Mexico broadcaster: Pope's civil union quote not broadcast". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  71. ^ "Convivencia, unión civil son lo mismo para Papa Francisco, dice Arzobispo asesor - ACI Prensa". www.aciprensa.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  72. ^ "Pope Francis' homosexuality comments heavily edited in documentary, Vatican has no comment on civil unions". Catholic News Agency. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  73. ^ "Context of pope's 'civil union' documentary comment reported". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  74. ^ "Pope's civil union comments appear to be taken out of context". National Catholic Reporter. 2020-10-22. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  75. ^ James, Lee (2 November 2020). "Vatican breaks silence, explains Pope Francis' civil union comments". nbcnews.com. NBC News. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  76. ^ "Same-sex civil unions 'good and helpful to many', says Pope Francis". euronews. 2021-09-16. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  77. ^ "Preparatory Document: Pastoral Challenges to the Family in the Context of Evangelization, III Extraordinary General Assembly, 5 November 2013". www.vatican.va.
  78. ^ "Vatican launches world survey on modern family life". BBC News. 5 November 2013.
  79. ^ Vatican: Church should be less judgemental of gays, 26 June 2014.
  80. ^ "Vatican softens tone toward gays and lesbians".
  81. ^ "Catholic synod: Pope Francis setback on gay policy". BBC News. 18 October 2014.
  82. ^ Sinclair, Harriet (8 April 2016). "Eagerly anticipated document from Pope Francis outlines church's views on gay marriage and abortion".
  83. ^ "Francis strongly criticizes gender theory, comparing it to nuclear arms". National Catholic Reporter. 2015-02-13. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  84. ^ Cindy Wooden (2 October 2016). "Gay & Transgender People Deserve Pastoral Care, Pope Says". Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on 4 October 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  85. ^ "Male and Female" (PDF).
  86. ^ a b Nicole Winfield (2 October 2016). "Pope Francis Urges Pastoral Care For Gay & Transgender People, Draws Line Between Ministry and Indoctrination". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  87. ^ a b John Newsome (4 October 2016). "Pope warns of 'ideological colonization' in transgender teachings". CNN. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  88. ^ Mike McPhate (3 August 2016). "Pope Francis Remarks Disappoint Gay and Transgender Groups". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  89. ^ "Pope Francis Says Jesus Would Not Abandon Transgender People". The Advocate. 3 October 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  90. ^ Parke, Caleb (2020-05-01). "Pope gives aid to transgender prostitutes with no 'customers'". Fox News. Retrieved 2020-12-21. Pope Francis assisted a group of transgender prostitutes who were struggling financially amid the coronavirus pandemic in Italy, according to an Italian newspaper.
  91. ^ "Coronavirus, una comunità trans chiede aiuto in chiesa e interviene l'elemosiniere del Papa. Il parroco: "Persone sole, ma con molta fede"". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 2020-04-29. Retrieved 2020-12-21.
  92. ^ a b "Pope Francis encourages nun helping trans community in Argentina". America Magazine. 26 August 2020.
  93. ^ "Pope Francis's monumental support of trans community". The Star. 23 August 2020.
  94. ^ a b "Gay people should not join Catholic clergy, Pope Francis says". Agence France-Presse reported in The Guardian. 2 December 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  95. ^ NRC:Pope to gay priests: Be celibate or get out Decemb 2018
  96. ^ Payne, Ed; Burke, Daniel (2 October 2015). "Pope's meeting with Kim Davis not an endorsement, Vatican says". CNN. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  97. ^ Goodstein, Laurie (30 September 2015). "Kim Davis, Kentucky County Clerk, Met Pope Francis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  98. ^ Eversley, Melanie; Bacon, John (30 September 2015). "Vatican confirms pope met with Kim Davis". USA Today. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  99. ^ Chappell, Bill (30 September 2015). "Kim Davis And Pope Francis Had A Private Meeting in D.C." NPR. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  100. ^ Green, Emma (30 September 2015). "Why Did Pope Francis Meet With Kim Davis, the Gay-Marriage-Protesting Clerk From Kentucky?". The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  101. ^ Holy See Press Office issues statement on Pope's meeting with Kim Davis Archived 2015-11-03 at the Wayback Machine, Vatican Radio (2 October 2015).
  102. ^ a b Yardley, Jim; Goodstein, Laurie (2 October 2015). "Pope Francis' Meeting Wasn't an Endorsement of Kim Davis's Views, Vatican Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  103. ^ Burke, Daniel (2 October 2015). "Pope held private meeting with same-sex couple in U.S." CNN. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  104. ^ Green, Emma (2 October 2015). "Before Kim Davis, the Pope Hung Out With a Gay Couple". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  105. ^ "Pope Francis 'confirms Vatican gay lobby and corruption'". BBC News. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  106. ^ Wyatt, Caroline Gay priest decries 'inhuman' treatment of homosexual Catholics, 23 October 2015; https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34654581
  107. ^ Philipson, Alice (28 October 2015). "Church Makes Life Hell For Homosexuals Says Priest". The Telegraph.
  108. ^ "Pope to LGBT Catholics: 'God is Father who does not disown any of his children'". Vatican News. 9 May 2022.

External links edit