Pohořelice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpoɦor̝ɛlɪtsɛ]; German: Pohrlitz) is a town in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,300 inhabitants.

Pohořelice
Town square
Town square
Flag of Pohořelice
Coat of arms of Pohořelice
Pohořelice is located in Czech Republic
Pohořelice
Pohořelice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°58′52″N 16°31′28″E / 48.98111°N 16.52444°E / 48.98111; 16.52444Coordinates: 48°58′52″N 16°31′28″E / 48.98111°N 16.52444°E / 48.98111; 16.52444
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictBrno-Country
First mentioned1222
Government
 • MayorMiroslav Novák
Area
 • Total43.05 km2 (16.62 sq mi)
Elevation
181 m (594 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total5,312
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
691 23
Websitewww.pohorelice.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Nová Ves and Smolín are administrative parts of Pohořelice.

GeographyEdit

Pohořelice is located about 23 kilometres (14 mi) south of Brno. It lies on the Jihlava River. It is situated in the Dyje–Svratka Valley. There are two large fish ponds in the municipal territory, Vrkoč and Starý. They are among the largest ponds in Moravia. The largest Moravian pond, Novoveský, is located near Nová Ves just across the municipal border.

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Pohořelice is from 1222. It was a royal town until 1512, when it was acquired by Vilém II of Pernštejn. He and his descendants focused on the economic development of the town and they began to establish ponds. Pohořelice became a centre of grain growing, viticulture and fish farming.[2]

In the 18th century, the Pohořelice estate was owned by the Dietrichstein family. The town experienced construction development, especially thanks to the construction of the road from Brno to Vienna in 1727.[2]

After World War II there was an internment camp in the town for ethnic Germans, as a part of the Brno death march.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18693,553—    
18804,170+17.4%
18904,372+4.8%
19004,434+1.4%
19104,444+0.2%
YearPop.±%
19214,658+4.8%
19305,225+12.2%
19503,534−32.4%
19613,836+8.5%
19704,085+6.5%
YearPop.±%
19804,554+11.5%
19914,378−3.9%
20014,362−0.4%
20114,667+7.0%
20215,261+12.7%
Source: Censuses[3][4]

EconomyEdit

Viticulture has a long tradition here. Pohořelice lies in the Mikulovská wine sub-region.

SightsEdit

 
Leopoldsruhe manor house

The landmark of Pohořelice is the Church of Saint James the Great. It is a three-nave Gothic church, which was gradually built from 1290 to 1580. Renaissance modifications were made in 1668.[5]

A baroque monument is the Paar's Manor House in the centre of the town. it was built at the end of the 17th century. Today the building belongs to the school complex.[6]

Leopoldsruhe is a Baroque hunting manor house, built for Leopold of Dietrichstein in 1747. It is an architecturally valuable monument.[7]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Pohořelice is twinned with:[8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Pohořelice. Retrieved 2021-11-13.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Brno-venkov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 9–10.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Kostel sv. Jakuba Staršího v Pohořelicích" (in Czech). CzechTourism. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  6. ^ "Paarův zámeček" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  7. ^ "Lovecký zámeček Leopoldsruhe" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  8. ^ "Pohořelický zpravodaj červenec-srpen 2019" (PDF) (in Czech). Město Pohořelice. August 2019. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved 2021-11-13.

External linksEdit