Pink Lady (duo)
Pink Lady (ピンク・レディー, Pinku Redī) are a Japanese female pop music duo of the late 1970s and early 1980s, featuring Mie (Mitsuyo Nemoto, born March 9, 1958) and Kei (Keiko Masuda, born September 2, 1957). In Japan, they are remembered for a run of pop-chart hits from roughly 1976 to 1979, but in the United States, they are best known for their short-lived 1980 NBC TV variety show Pink Lady, later released on DVD under the title Pink Lady and Jeff.
|Origin||Aoi-ku, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan|
Pink Lady is one of only two Japanese artists to have reached the Billboard Top 40, hitting No. 37 with the single "Kiss in the Dark"; the other was Kyu Sakamoto with the original Japanese-language version of "Sukiyaki". They are also the first Japanese act to have ever performed in Seoul, South Korea, in November 1980.
In June 1979, Billboard magazine stated the duo had sales of over US$72 million in Japan, and stated in September 1980 that Pink Lady's singles had grossed over US$40 million, their album releases over US$25 million, and their TV appearances, such as commercials and product sponsorship, near US$35 million—a combined total exceeding US$100 million.
Mitsuyo Nemoto and Keiko Masuda were childhood friends who grew up and attended school together in Japan's Shizuoka Prefecture. In 1973, they attended the Yamaha Music School in Hamamatsu. In May 1974, the duo formed a folk group called "Cookie" (クッキー, Kukkī) and passed Yamaha's "Challenge on Stage" (チャレンジ・オン・ステージ, Charenji on Sutēji) audition. Nemoto and Masuda first appeared in March 1976 on NTV's prime-time TV talent show Star Tanjō! ("A Star Is Born"), performing a cover of Pīman's 1974 song "Heya wo Dete Kudasai" (部屋を出て下さい, "Please Leave the Room"). They were showcased as a cute, fresh-faced folk duo dressed in bib overalls. The duo's performance earned them a contract with Victor Entertainment. They were also affiliated with the talent management firm T&C Music (T&C ミュージック, Tī ando Shī Myūjikku), which gave them a makeover to compete with the teen trio Candies. Songwriter/producer Shunichi Tokura named the duo "Pink Lady" after the cocktail, while Yū Aku was assigned to write lyrics for their songs. Tokura and Aku previously composed hit songs for Linda Yamamoto and Finger 5. Hajime Doi supervised the duo's dance choreography while Yōko Noguchi designed their costumes. In addition, Nemoto and Masuda took the stage names of "Mie" (ミー, Mī, sometimes spelled "Mii") and "Kei" (ケイ), respectively. By the time the girls re-appeared on the show five months later, their image had completely changed - they were now dressed in slinky, beaded, short-skirted white dresses, performing upbeat pop tunes.
Peak of popularityEdit
Pink Lady epitomizes the Japanese concept of the pop-star "idol" (アイドル, Aidoru), singing catchy, hook-filled pop songs, often with a disco flavor (in later years especially), and performing almost perfectly synchronized dances to accompany their songs. They made their debut in August 1976 with the single "Pepper Keibu", which peaked at No. 4 on Oricon's charts. From 1976 to 1979, Pink Lady had a streak of nine No. 1 hits starting with "S.O.S."; five of which were consecutive million-selling singles according to Oricon; these include "Nagisa no Sindbad", "Wanted," "UFO" (their biggest-selling single, with 1.95 million copies sold), "Southpaw, and "Monster". This record was held until February 1983, when Seiko Matsuda's "Himitsu no Hanazono" became her 10th consecutive No. 1 single. With their 1978 single "Chameleon Army", Pink Lady stayed at Oricon's No. 1 position for a combined total of 63 weeks - a record they held until B'z achieved a total of 64 weeks in January 2015 with their single "Uchōten". The duo became commercial pitchwomen for various products, ranging from shampoo to radios to children's books to ramen noodles. Just about every product Pink Lady endorsed enjoyed a massive uptick in sales. As one example, Ito En's business skyrocketed when the duo said on TV that they lost weight after drinking 10 cups of oolong tea a day, triggering a massive demand and prompting Ito En to order 5,000 tons of oolong tea in 1979 and revolutionize the sales of canned oolong tea a year later.
The peak of Pink Lady's popularity was in 1978, during which they headlined a concert at Korakuen Stadium in Tokyo with over 100,000 fans in attendance. In addition, they made their first concert appearance in the United States (at the Tropicana in Las Vegas), and starred in their first major full-length motion picture titled Pink Lady no Katsudō Daishashin (ピンク・レディーの活動大写真, Pinku Redī no Katsudō Daishashin, lit. Pink Lady's Big Motion Picture). The duo also traveled to Greece to film a TV special and have photos taken for a special photobook. Furthermore, they became cartoon stars with the airing of Pink Lady Monogatari: Eiko no Tenshi-tachi (ピンク・レディー物語 栄光の天使たち, The Story of Pink Lady: Angels of Splendid Fame), a 35-episode anime television series directed by Katsuhiko Taguchi and aired on Tokyo 12 Channel. The series was commissioned by T&C Music, with animation production by Toei Animation. Voice actresses Michiko Nomura and Junko Hori voiced Mie and Kei respectively. Pink Lady won the Grand Prix at two of Japan's most prestigious music awards, the 20th Japan Record Awards and All Japan Popular Music Awards.
Between 1977 and 1979, Pink Lady hosted nine television programs between four networks, ranging from children's shows to variety shows and game shows. Because many of these shows aired on the same day, Mie and Kei had to commute from one network to another, with both of them having an average daily sleep time of 45 minutes. The duo's hectic schedule created the term "Busy as Pink Lady" (ピンク・レディー並みの忙しさ, Pinku Redī Nami no Isogashi-sa) in Japan's entertainment world.
Pink Lady's net worth at the time was estimated to be between ¥20 billion and ¥50 billion, but T&C Music initially paid Mie and Kei ¥300,000 per month each on their first year; afterwards, their salary was raised to ¥3 million per month. As for the rest of the profits, it was reported that T&C Music was a subsidiary of a secret firm run by a Yakuza syndicate, which collected 70% of the earnings.
However, New Year's Eve 1978 represented the beginning of a downturn for Pink Lady. Mie and Kei turned down an invitation to perform on NHK's long-running annual New Year's Eve television music program Kōhaku Uta Gassen (Red and White Song Battle) to host their own TV special Pink Lady: 150 Minutes of Sweat and Tears on New Year's Eve!! (ピンク・レディー汗と涙の大晦日150分!!, Pinku Redī Ase to Namida no Ōmisoka Hyakugojū-bu!!) on NTV. Their decision backfired, as Kohaku garnered ratings nine times higher than Pink Lady's show. In addition, T&C Music announced that they had invited students from a school for the blind to the studio for the taping of the show, but the school denied that any such arrangement had been made. Critics accused Pink Lady of using blind children to promote their own TV special. The duo were not invited to perform again on Kōhaku the following year, and in fact did not perform on the annual special until 1988 - well after the duo had disbanded.
In May 1979, Pink Lady performed a charity concert at the Osaka Expo '70 Stadium in front of 200,000 spectators, of which all profits went to UNICEF. It was the biggest event of its kind up until then.
Pink Lady in the United StatesEdit
In the beginning of 1979, Pink Lady focused on the American market. Mie and Kei appeared as guest stars on a Leif Garrett TV special that spring, performing what was to be their first American single, a disco tune called "Kiss in the Dark," recorded phonetically in English and released by Curb Records, followed by an entire English-language album (a collection of disco tunes and ballads, including a cover of The Left Banke's 1966 classic "Walk Away Renée"). When "Kiss in the Dark" debuted on the Billboard charts that summer, Pink Lady became the first Japanese recording act to chart in America since Kyu Sakamoto hit No. 1 with "Sukiyaki" 16 years earlier. "Kiss In The Dark" reached No. 37 on Billboard's Top 40, (No. 49 on the Cash Box magazine chart). Their U.S. album reached the highest position of No. 205, according to Billboard.
Afterwards, the duo appeared with comedian Jeff Altman in the variety show Pink Lady and Jeff, a mixture of musical numbers and sketch comedy. The fact that Mie and Kei knew very little English limited their potential as comedians, and also caused them a great amount of stress, since both were essentially forced to memorize dialogue neither could understand. On top of that, they were forbidden to perform any of their Japanese hits until late in the show's short run, being forced to struggle through English-language disco and pop hits such as "Yesterday" and "Knock on Wood." Pink Lady and Jeff lasted only six weeks in prime time on NBC before being pulled off the air, and to this day is celebrated by many as one of the worst television shows in history, as well as single-handedly killing off the variety show format that had been a staple of American television since its early days. Frustrated by their show's failure, Pink Lady returned to Japan and never again attempted a run at the U.S. market. The albums and singles they released in America are now out of print, and one of the only ways for U.S. fans to get hold of Pink Lady's music is through Japanese imports.
Decline, disbandments, and reunionsEdit
Pink Lady's lack of visibility at home while they were filming their variety show in Hollywood, as well as the decline of disco music, hurt their record sales even in Japan. Tokura sued T&C Music for unpaid royalties totaling to US$17,700 after the management firm lost millions of dollars on investing in Pink Lady and Jeff. In addition, Kei was in a publicized affair with singer Goro Noguchi since 1979. This affair angered the duo's management, who forced her to choose between her career and her relationship with Noguchi. Kei chose to become engaged to Noguchi. On September 1, 1980, the duo held a press conference at the Akasaka Prince Hotel to announce their disbandment within six months. Four years and seven months after their formation, Pink Lady performed their final concert at Korakuen Stadium on March 31, 1981 before going their separate ways. T&C Music went bankrupt shortly after the duo's disbandment. Following their breakup, Mie and Kei pursued separate careers as solo singers and actresses. Kei's engagement to Noguchi was broken when he had an affair with actress Keiko Saito.
The duo reunited in 1984 to release the album Suspense under VAP Records and perform some reunion concerts before once again disbanding. Pink Lady's second reunion occurred in 1989 for the 40th Kōhaku Uta Gassen; they also performed in the 41st installment of the New Year's Eve special a year later before going their separate ways for a third time. In 1990, the duo were featured in a TV special where Mie visited Kei in Paris before they took a train to Rome and Milan. This special coincided with the release of Kei's French-language album Simples Confidences (released in Japan as Voice Cologne).
In 1996, to commemorate their 20th anniversary, Pink Lady reunited for a third time to release the compilation Pink Lady Best Selection and "Pink Eyed Soul", their first new single in 12 years. To celebrate the new millennium, the duo performed in the 51st Kōhaku Uta Gassen in 2000 and became the most featured act in the New Year's special. Following the performance, they disbanded once again.
In 2003, Pink Lady made a fourth reunion following the immense popularity of the pachinko game CR Pink Lady (CRピンク・レディー, CR Pinku Redī) a year earlier. In addition, Mie and Kei earned royalties of ¥100 million each after the pachinko game sold over 100,000 units. They announced a series of nationwide tours beginning with Pink Lady Typhoon ~Again~ Pink Lady Memorial Concert -Japan Tour 2003- (PINK LADY TYPHOON〜AGAIN〜ピンク・レディー メモリアル・コンサート -JAPAN TOUR 2003-). In 2004, the duo hosted the tour Pink Lady Memorial Concert Vol. 2: Monster Panic (ピンク・レディー メモリアル・コンサートVol.2 モンスターパニック), as well as doing collaboration performances with Morning Musume and SMAP. In 2005, the duo announced their farewell tour in Japan, titled Pink Lady Memorial Concert Vol. 3: Last Tour Unforgettable Final Ovation (ピンク・レディー メモリアル・コンサートVol.3 LAST TOUR Unforgettable Final Ovation). That same year, they released two choreography DVDs for all their singles up to "Chameleon Army".
In October 2007, Pink Lady sued Kobunsha for ¥3.7 million after the publisher's magazine Josei Jishin used photos of the duo on an article on dieting through dancing without their permission. The case was rejected by the Tokyo District Court. In February 2012, the Supreme Court rejected the duo's appeal based on the right of publicity.
On September 1, 2010, Pink Lady held a press conference at Victor Studios to proclaim: "No more disbandments!" (解散やめ！, Kaisan yame!) and announce their comeback by releasing a specialized photo-book titled Heibon Premium: We Are Pink Lady (平凡Premium We are ピンク・レディー). Innovation, a two-disc album with re-recorded versions of their past hits, was released in December of that same year. A concert tour was followed in March 2011, which marked the 30th anniversary since their first official disbandment in 1981.
On December 30, 2017, Pink Lady appeared at the 59th Japan Record Awards to pay tribute to Yū Aku, who posthumously received the Special Award for the 50th anniversary of his songwriting career. They performed a medley of "Pepper Keibu", "Wanted" and "UFO" in the show. A year later, the duo appeared at the 60th Japan Record Awards to pay tribute to Keizō Takahashi, who hosted the 20th Japan Record Awards ceremony where "UFO" won the Japan Record Award. For this event, they performed a medley of "UFO", "S.O.S.", "Nagisa no Sindbad", and "Southpaw".
On December 13, 2019, Pink Lady released the song "Meteor" for the anime film Yo-kai Watch Jam the Movie: Yo-Kai Academy Y - Can a Cat be a Hero?. This was the duo's first new single in over 15 years. Also in the same month, the duo's 12 albums released from 1977 to 1979 were remastered in digital format and distributed to various subscription services.
During Pink Lady's reunion in 1996, Dentsu and Hakuhodo created Pink Lady X (ピンク・レディーX, Pinku Redī Ekkusu), a next generation duo which consisted of Sayaka (Asuka Tsutsui) (さやか（筒井明日）, Sayaka (Tsutsui Asuka)) and Chizuru (Chizuru Soya) (ちずる（征矢千鶴）, Chizuru (Soya Chizuru)). This incarnation was not recognized by the original duo. Pink Lady X renamed themselves PLX and released three singles before disbanding a year later.
Pink Lady's music has been used as background music in several anime series (aside from the aforementioned Angels of Splendid Fame biographical series), including Lupin III Part II, His and Her Circumstances, Alice SOS, Natsu no Arashi!, and Gun Sword.
On August 1, 2008, Pink Lady were portrayed by Morning Musume members Ai Takahashi as Mie and Risa Niigaki as Kei in the NTV special Hitmaker: The Yū Aku Story (ヒットメーカー 阿久悠物語, Hittomēkā Aku Yū Monogatari).
In 2009, the Yū Aku tribute album Bad Friends was released, featuring covers of Pink Lady's songs by Anna Tsuchiya & Mari Natsuki, Watarirouka Hashiritai 7, Checkicco, Yu Takahashi & Nana Yanagisawa, and many more.
In 2011, the Japanese music program Music Station listed Pink Lady in their Top 50 Idols of All-time based on their sale figures supplied by Oricon. The duo were placed no. 15, with sales exceeding 13,000,000. Billboard, however, states they sold over 15 million singles and 2.25 million albums.
In 2014, Tokura introduced the 14-member tribute group Pink Babies (ピンク・ベイビーズ, Pinku Beibīzu) as part of his "Pan-Pacific Project". Pink Babies released their covers of "Nagisa no Sindbad", and "UFO", as well as a music video for "Wanted" before disbanding in 2017. On September 3, 2018, seven of the original members reunited for one night only for the NHK BS Premium special Kokoro no Kajin-tachi (こころの歌人たち, Singers of the Heart), which aired on September 30.
(ペッパー警部, Peppā Keibu, "Inspector Pepper")
|Victor Entertainment||4||1976 August 25|
|1976 November 25|
(カルメン'77, Karumen Nana-jū Nana)
|1977 March 10|
|4||"Nagisa no Sindbad"
(渚のシンドバッド, Nagisa no Shindobaddo, "Sindbad of the Beach")
|1977 June 10|
|5||"Wanted (Shimei Tehai)"
(ウォンテッド (指名手配), Uonteddo (Shimei Tehai), "Wanted (Fugitive Warrant)")
|1977 September 5|
|1977 December 5|
|1978 March 25|
|1978 June 25|
(透明人間, "Invisible Person")
|1978 September 9|
(カメレオン・アーミー, Kamereon Āmi)
|1978 December 5|
|4||1979 March 9|
|12||"Pink Typhoon (In the Navy)"
(ピンク・タイフーン (In the Navy), Pinku Taifūn (In za Nebī))
|6||1979 May 1|
|13||"Nami Nori Pirates"
(波乗りパイレーツ, Nami Nori Pairētsu, "Surfing Pirates")
|4||1979 July 5|
|14||"Kiss in the Dark"
(キッス・イン・ザ・ダーク, Kissu in za Dāku)
|19||1979 September 4|
|15||"Monday Mona Lisa Club"
(マンデー・モナリザ・クラブ, Mandē Mona Riza Kurabu)
|14||1979 September 9|
|16||"Do Your Best"||36||1979 December 5|
|17||"Ai Giri Giri"
(愛・GIRI GIRI, "Last Minute Love")
|58||1980 March 5|
(世界英雄史, "World History of Heroes")
|45||1980 May 21|
|48||1980 September 21|
(リメンバー (フェーム), Rimenbā (Fēmu))
|86||1980 December 5|
|21||"Last Pretender"||81||1981 January 21|
|22||"OH!"||46||1981 March 5|
(不思議LOVE, Fushigi Rabu, "Magical Love")
|VAP||N/A||1984 June 21|
|24||"Pink Eyed Soul"||Victor Entertainment||N/A||1996 November 21|
|25||"Terebi ga Kita Hi"
(テレビが来た日, "The Day the TV Came")
|Teichiku Records||183||2003 May 5|
|Victor Entertainment||N/A||2019 December 13|
|1||"Kiss in the Dark"||Curb Records/Elektra Records||37||1979 January 3|
|2||"Dancing in the Halls of Love"||Elektra Records||N/A||1979 August|
(ペッパー警部, Peppā Keibu, Inspector Pepper)
|Victor Entertainment||2||1977 January 25|
|2||Hoshi kara Kita Futari
(星から来た二人, Two People from the Stars)
|10||1978 November 5|
|3||Magical Music Tour
(ピンク・レディーの不思議な旅, Pinku redī no Fushigi na Tabi, Pink Lady's Magical Journey)
|27||1979 February 5|
|4||Suspense ~Pink Lady Again~||VAP||N/A||1984 June 21|
|1||Challenge Concert||Victor Entertainment||1||1977 June 5|
|2||Summer Fire '77||2||1977 September 10|
|3||Bye Bye Carnival||5||1978 March 5|
|4||America! America! America!||6||1978 June 25|
|5||'78 Jumping Summer Carnival||23||1978 September 5|
|6||Live in Budoukan||24||1979 February 5|
|7||Sayonara Pink Lady at Kohrakuen Stadium
(さよならピンク・レディー, Sayonara Pinku Redī)
|N/A||1981 December 5|
|1||Pink Lady no Katsudō Daishashin
(ピンク・レディーの活動大写真, Pinku Redī no Katsudō Daishashin, Pink Lady's Big Motion Picture)
|Victor Entertainment||43||1978 December 25|
|1||Kiss in the Dark
Pink Lady in USA
|Elektra Records (U.S.)
Victor Entertainment (Japan)
|30||1979 June 1 (U.S.)|
1979 September 5 (Japan)
|2||We Are Sexy||Victor Entertainment||52||1979 December 1|
|3||INNOVATION||89||2010 December 1|
|1||Best Hits Album
(ベスト・ヒット・アルバム, Besuto Hitto Arubamu)
|Victor Entertainment||1||1977 December 5|
|2||Best Hits Album
(ベスト・ヒット・アルバム, Besuto Hitto Arubamu)
|3||1978 December 5|
|34||1979 June 1|
|4||Turning Point||52||1980 December 5|
|5||Pink Lady||25||1981 March 21|
|6||Pink Lady History||N/A||1990 December 1|
|7||Best One||N/A||1993 December 1|
|8||Pink Lady Twin Best||N/A||1995 June 28|
|9||Pink Lady Best Selection||N/A||1996 December 18|
|10||Original Karaoke Collection||N/A||2004 July 21|
|11||MEGA HITS!!||N/A||2006 February 22|
|12||Yū Aku Works
(ピンク・レディー 「阿久 悠 作品集」, Pink Redī: Aku Yū Sakuhin-shū)
|N/A||2008 March 26|
|13||Golden Best: Complete Single Collection||N/A||2009 December 16|
|1||BLOOD NEW||Victor Entertainment||N/A||1987 December 1|
|2||Remixes||N/A||1990 December 5|
|3||RARE TRAX||N/A||2006 January 21|
|1||Bad Friends||Pony Canyon||N/A||2009 December 16|
- Pink Lady Platinum Box (ピンク・レディー プラチナ・ボックス, Pinku Redī Purachina Bokkusu) (2006) - #73
- Released to commemorate the duo's 30th anniversary, this boxed set contains four CDs and two DVDs.
- Pink Lady Original Album Collection Box (2006)
- Singles Premium (2011) - #215
- Released to commemorate the duo's 35th anniversary, this boxed set contains 23 CDs and two DVDs.
- Shabon-tama Holiday (シャボン玉ホリデー, Shabon-tama Horidē, Soap Bubble Holiday) (NTV, 1976 October 9 - 1977 March 26)
- Yanmar Family Hour Fly! Son Goku (ヤンマーファミリーアワー 飛べ!孫悟空, Yanmā Famirī Awā Tobe! Son Gokū) (TBS, 1977 October 11 - 1979 March 27)
- Ki ni Naru Kisetsu (気になる季節, Anxious Season) (TV Asahi, 1977 October 16 - 1978 March 26)
- 24 Hour Television: Love Saves the Earth (24時間テレビ 「愛は地球を救う」, Nijū-yo Jikan Terebi `Ai wa Chikyū wo Sukuu') (NTV, 1978 August 26 - 1979 August 25)
- Hello! Pink Lady (ハロー! ピンク・レディー, Harō! Pinku Redī) (Tokyo 12 Channel, 1978 April 6 - September 28)
- This Is Pink Lady (ディス・イズ・ピンク・レディー, Disu Izu Pinku Redī) (Tokyo 12 Channel, 1978)
- Run! Pink Lady (走れ!ピンク・レディー, Hashire! Pinku Redī) (TV Asahi, 1978 October 5 - 1979 March 29)
- NTV's The Hit! Pink Hyappatsu Hyakuchū (NTVザ・ヒット! ピンク百発百中!, NTV Za Hitto! Pinku Hyappatsu Hyakuchū, NTV's The Hit! Pink Bullseye) (NTV, 1978 October 11 - 1979 September 26)
- UFO Seven Daibōken (UFOセブン大冒険, Yūfō Sebun Daibōken, UFO Seven's Big Adventure) (TBS, 1978 April 6 - September 28)
- Tamarima Seven Dai Hōsō! (たまりまセブン大放送!, Tamarima Seven's Big Broadcast!) (TBS, 1978 October 24 - 1979 June 26)
- Pink Lady: 150 Minutes of Sweat and Tears on New Year's Eve!! (ピンク・レディー汗と涙の大晦日150分!!, Pinku Redī Ase to Namida no Ōmisoka Hyakugojū-bu!!) (NTV, 1978 December 31)
- The Chance! (ザ・チャンス!, Za Chansu!) (TBS, 1979 April 10 - 1980 February)
- Pink Lady and Jeff (NBC, 1980 March 1 - April 4)
- Forever '84 Pink Lady ~How Are You?~ (Forever'84 Pink Lady～お元気でした？～, Fōebā Hachijū-yo Pinku Redī ~Ogenki Deshita?~) (TBS, 1984 September 9)
Kōhaku Uta Gassen appearancesEdit
|Year / Broadcast||Appearance||Song||Appearance order||Opponent|
|1977 (Shōwa 52) / 28th||Debut||"Wanted (Shimei Tehai)"||2/24||Kariudo|
|1989 (Heisei 1) / 40th||2||Hit Medley ("Pepper Keibu"/"UFO"/"Southpaw")||Part 1||N/A|
|1990 (Heisei 2) / 41st||3||Pink Lady Medley ("S.O.S."/"Nagisa no Sindbad"/"Wanted (Shimei Tehai)"/"2-nen me no Jinx")||11/29||Tama|
|2000 (Heisei 12) / 51st||4||Special Medley Pink Lady 2000 ("Pepper Keibu"/"UFO"/"Southpaw")||21/28||ALICE|
- Pink Lady no Katsudō Daishashin (ピンク・レディーの活動大写真, Pink Lady's Big Motion Picture) (Toho, 1978 December 16)
- Pink Lady to Haruyasumi (ピンク・レディーと春休み, Pink Lady Spring Break) (Toei, 1979 March 17)
- Pīman 80 (ピーマン80, Pīman Hachi-jū) (Toho, 1979 September 8)
- Pink Lady Forever: Budokan Live (ピンク・レディ FOREVER 武道館ライブ, Pinku Redī Fōebā: Budōkan Raibu) (1984)
- All About Pink Lady ~From Star Tanjō to Sayonara Pink Lady~ (ピンク・レディーのすべて〜スター誕生からさよならピンク・レディーまで〜, Pinku Redī no Subete ~Star Tanjō kara Sayonara Pink Lady made~) (1990 October 5)
- Now in Los Angeles (1991 March 21)
- Pink Eyed Soul (1997 January 1)
- Saikai Pink Lady (再会 Pink Lady, Saikai Pinku Redī, Pink Lady Reunion) (1997 September 19)
- Pink Lady & Jeff 1 (2001 June 26)
- Pink Lady & Jeff 2 (2001 June 26)
- Pink Lady & Jeff (2001 October 9)
- Pink Lady Complete Choreography Master DVD Vol. 1 (ピンク・レディー フリツケ完全マスターDVD vol.1, Pinku Redī Furitsuke Kanzen Masutā DVD vol. 1) (2004 July 9)
- Pink Lady Complete Choreography Master DVD Vol. 2 (ピンク・レディー フリツケ完全マスターDVD vol.1, Pinku Redī Furitsuke Kanzen Masutā DVD vol. 2) (2004 September 18)
- Memorial Concert Vol. 3: Pink Lady Last Tour UNFORGETTABLE FINAL OVATION (メモリアル・コンサートVol.3 PINK LADY LAST TOUR Unforgettable Final Ovation) (2005 August 25)
- Pink Lady in Yoru no Hit Studio ~ Fuji TV Hizō Eizō-shū (ピンク・レディー IN 夜のヒットスタジオ〜フジテレビ秘蔵映像集〜) (2011 May 27)
- Concert Tour 2011 "Innovation" (2011 December 28)
- Campion, Chris (2007-09-21). "Unsung Heroes No.2 - Pink Lady". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
- Billboard Magazine, June 16, 1979. "Pink Lady Invited". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Billboard Magazine, June 23, 1979. "Pink Lady Ends Drouth". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Billboard Magazine, March 2011. "Billboard Japan Music Awards Name Exile Artist of the Year". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Billboard Magazine, September 20, 1980. "Pink Lady Pair Set to Dissolve, Go Solo". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Hoover, William (2011). Historical Dictionary of Postwar Japan. Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 200, 201.
- "Profile". JVCKenwood Victor Entertainment. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
- "ピーマン(ぴーまん)ディスコグラフィ". Idol.ne.jp. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
- "気分は主演女優！「ピンク・レディー」は乙女心をくすぐるカクテル". Tanoshii Osake. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
- Cooper, Kim (2001). Bubblegum Music is the Naked Truth. Feral House. p. 179.
- "ピンク・レディー". Oricon. Retrieved 2020-02-27.
- 音楽CD検定公式ガイドブック下巻. レコード検定協議会. p. 136.
- "B'z break records and top Oricon chart with their 1st single in 2 years and 9 months". Tokyo Hive. 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
- "「伊藤園」を日本一へと導いた、3つの出会いの物語". Business Network Lab. 2018-08-10. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
- Billboard Magazine, May 26, 1979. "Artists and Producers Strive for Inroads Overseas". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
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