People's Committee of North Korea

The People's Committee of North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl: 북조선인민위원회) was a provisional government governing the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula from 1947 until 1948.

People's Committee of North Korea

북조선인민위원회
1947–1948
Anthem: Aegukka
애국가
"Patriotic Song"
Location of northern Korea
Location of northern Korea
StatusUnitary Marxist–Leninist provisional government
CapitalPyongyang
Common languagesKorean
Religion
Cheondoism, Shamanisma
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist provisional government
Chairman 
• 1947–1948
Kim Il-sung
LegislaturePeople's Assembly
Historical eraCold War
• Established
22 February 1947
9 September 1948
CurrencyKorean yen[2]
(1946–1947)
North Korean won
(1947–1948)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional People's Committee of North Korea
North Korea
People's Committee of North Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
북조선인민위원회
Hancha
北朝鮮人民委員會
Revised RomanizationBukjoseon Inmin Wiwonhoe
McCune–ReischauerPukchosǒn Inmin Wiwŏnhoe

Established on 21 February 1947 as the successor of the de facto provisional government of the Provisional People's Committee of North Korea, the provisional government was pro-Soviet and ideologically communist. It functioned alongside the Soviet Civil Administration, which served in an advisory role to the provisional government. The committee oversaw the transition towards a communist state in the Soviet-occupied northern Korea known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, which was established on 9 September 1948.

OrganizationEdit

The People's Committee of North Korea was organized during the first session of the People's Assembly of North Korea held on 21–22 February 1947. The session decided to transfer the power of the Provisional People's Committee of North Korea to the People's Committee of North Korea, and elected Kim Il-sung as its chairman based on the proposal of the Democratic National United Front head Choe Yong-gon.

The People's Assembly gave authorization to Kim Il-sung to organize the People's Committee.

Position Name Affiliation
Chairman Kim Il-sung Workers' Party of North Korea
Vice Chairmen Kim Chaek Workers' Party of North Korea
Hong Ki-ju Democratic Party
Secretary General Han Pyong-ok Workers' Party of North Korea
Planning Department Jong Jun-taek Workers' Party of North Korea
Industry Department Ri Mun-hwan Independent
Internal Affairs Department Pak Il-u Workers' Party of North Korea
Foreign Affairs Department Ri Kang-guk Workers' Party of South Korea
Finance Department Ri Pong-su Workers' Party of North Korea
Transportation Department Ho Nam-hui Independent
Agriculture and Forestry Department Ri Sun-gun Workers' Party of North Korea
Postal Service Department Ju Hwang-sop Chondoist Chongu Party
Commerce Department Jang Si-u Workers' Party of North Korea
Health Department Ri Tong-yong Democratic Party
Education Department Han Sol-ya Workers' Party of North Korea
Labor Department O Ki-sop Workers' Party of North Korea
Justice Department Choe Yong-dal Workers' Party of North Korea
Public Censorship Department Choe Chang-ik Workers' Party of North Korea
Executive Bureau Jang Jong-sik Workers' Party of North Korea
Propaganda Bureau Ho Jong-suk Workers' Party of North Korea
Food Policy Bureau Song Pong-uk Workers' Party of North Korea
General Affairs Bureau Kim Jong-ju Chondoist Chongu Party

DissolutionEdit

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was proclaimed on September 9, 1948, effectively dissolving the provisional government. Soviet forces departed from North Korea in 1948.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Worldstatesmen.org - Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
  2. ^ Cho, Lee-Jay; Kim, Yoon Hyung (1995). Economic systems in South and North Korea: the agenda for economic integration. Korea Development Institute. p. 161. ISBN 978-89-8063-001-1.