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The Soviet Civil Administration (SCA) functioned as the occupying government of northern Korea from October 3, 1945 until the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948 although it governed concurrently after the setup of the Provisional People's Committee for North Korea in 1946. It was the administrative structure that the Soviet Union used to govern what would become North Korea following the division of Korea. Terentii Shtykov was the main proponent of setting up a centralized structure to coordinate Korean People's Committees. The setup was officially recommended by General Ivan Chistyakov and headed by General Andrei Romanenko in 1945 and General Nikolai Lebedev in 1946.[4]

Soviet Civil Administration

Советская гражданская администрация
소비에트 민정청
Flag of SCA
Location of northern Korea
Location of northern Korea
StatusMilitary occupation
Official languagesRussian, Korean
GovernmentMilitary occupation
• 1945–1946
Andrei Alekseevich Romanenko[2]
• 1946
Nikolai Georgiyevich Lebedev [ru][3]
3 October 1945
February 1946
9 September 1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Korea under Japanese rule
Provisional People's Committee for North Korea
Today part ofNorth Korea
South Korea
Soviet Civil Administration
소비에트 民政廳
Revised RomanizationSobieteu Minjeongcheong
McCune–ReischauerSobiet'ŭ Minjŏngch'ŏng

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ North Korean History through the Lens of Soviet Power
  2. ^ Andrei Alekseevich Romanenko, Russian: Андрей Алексеевич Романенко
  3. ^ Nikolai Georgiyevich Lebedev, Russian: Николай Георгиевич Лебедев
  4. ^ Armstrong, Charles K. (2013-04-15). The North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950 (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University) (Kindle Location 154-155, 1367). Cornell University Press. Kindle Edition.