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The Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea, also known as the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, DFRF, or the Fatherland Front, formed on 22 July 1946,[1] is a North Korean popular front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK). It was initially called the North Korean Fatherland United Democratic Front.[2]

Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea

조국통일민주주의전선
Supreme LeaderKim Jong-un
President and Secretary GeneralPak Myong-chol
FounderKim Il-sung
Founded1946; 73 years ago (1946)
HeadquartersPyongyang
IdeologyPro-North Korean government
Juche
Songun
Political positionFar-left
Supreme People's Assembly
687 / 687
Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
조국통일민주주의전선
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoguk tong(-)il minju juui jeonseon
McCune–ReischauerChoguk t'ongil minju chuŭi chŏnsŏn

Initially 72 parties and social organizations,[3] from both the North and the South, comprised the front.[4] Today it has 24 members.[3] The three political parties of North Korea—the WPK, the Korean Social Democratic Party, and the Chondoist Chongu Party—all participate in the front.[5] The four most important mass organizations—the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League, Socialist Women's Union of Korea, General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, and Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea—are also members.[6][7] The Korean Children's Union is also a member organization.[8]

All candidates for elective office must be members of the front, and are elected by it; mass meetings are held to decide which candidates will be nominated and their names can go on the ballot paper only with the approval of the meeting.[9] In practice, however, the minor parties and mass organizations in the front are completely subservient to the WPK.[10] The WPK is thus able to predetermine the composition of the Supreme People's Assembly (SPA).

There is an ostensible South Korean counterpart for the DFRF, known as the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front, which operates in North Korea.

The current President and Secretary General of the Central Committee of the DFRF is Pak Myong-chol.[11] Other people on its presidium include Ri Kil-song and Kim Wan-su.[12]

Contents

MembersEdit

Political partiesEdit

Party Korean name Ideology Supreme People's Assembly Government
Workers' Party of Korea 조선로동당 Juche
Songun
607 / 687
government
Korean Social Democratic Party 조선사회민주당 Social democracy (de jure)
50 / 687
government
Chondoist Chongu Party 천도교청우당 Cheondoist interests
22 / 687
government

The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland also includes the following organisations:

Electoral historyEdit

Supreme People's Assembly electionsEdit

Supreme People's Assembly
Election % Seats +/–
1948 98.49%
572 / 572
  572
1957 99.92%
215 / 215
  357
1962 100%
383 / 383
  168
1967 100%
457 / 457
  74
1972 100%
541 / 541
  84
1977 100%
579 / 579
  38
1982 100%
615 / 615
  36
1986 100%
655 / 655
  40
1990 100%
687 / 687
  32
1998 100%
687 / 687
 
2003 100%
687 / 687
 
2009 100%
687 / 687
 
2014 100%
687 / 687
 
2019 100%
687 / 687
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". Naenara.kp. 2004. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008.
  2. ^ Andrei N. Lankov (2001). "The Demise of Non-Communist Parties in North Korea (1945–1960)". jhu.edu. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b 조국통일민주주의전선(조국전선) - 개요. nk.chosun.com (in Korean). 30 October 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Korea". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). 1970–1979. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Marxism, Socialism and Communism: Economic, Philosophical, Political and Sociological Theories, Concepts, Institutions and Practices. Macmillan International Higher Education. 1981. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-349-05806-8.
  6. ^ Scalapino, Robert A.; Chun-yŏp Kim (1983). North Korea Today: Strategic and Domestic Issues. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Korean Studies. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-912966-55-7.
  7. ^ Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. Singapore: CQ Press. p. 3330. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  8. ^ "Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (DPRK) - Organizations". Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (PDF). Constitutional and Parliamentary Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2006.
  10. ^ Savada, Andrea Matles. "Mass Organizations." North Korea: A country study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1993.
  11. ^ "Vietnam's Party, State delegation visits DPRK". Nhân Dân. NDO/VNA. 10 September 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  12. ^ "National Foundation Day Marked". KCNA Watch. Uriminzokkiri. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

Works citedEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Kim Il-sung (1981). "On the Formation of the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland: Report Delivered at the Sixth Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of North Korea, June 11, 1949". Works. 5. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 311616915.