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The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Korea, also known as the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, DFRF, or the Fatherland Front, formed on 22 July 1946,[1] is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK). It was initially called the North Korean Fatherland United Democratic Front.[2]

Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
조국통일민주주의전선
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoguk tong(-)il minju juui jeonseon
McCune–ReischauerChoguk t'ongil minju chuŭi chŏnsŏn

Initially 72 parties and social organizations,[3] from both the North and the South, comprised the front.[4] Today it has 24 members.[3] The three political parties of North Korea—the WPK, the Korean Social Democratic Party, and the Chondoist Chongu Party—all participate in the front.[5] The four most important mass organizations—the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League, Socialist Women's Union of Korea, General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, and Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea—are also members.[6][7] The Young Pioneer Corps is also a member.[8]

All candidates for elective office must be members of the front, and are elected by it; mass meetings are held to decide which candidates will be nominated and their names can go on the ballot paper only with the approval of the meeting.[9] In practice, however, the minor parties and mass organizations in the front are completely subservient to the WPK.[10] The WPK is thus able to predetermine the composition of the Supreme People's Assembly (SPA).

There is an ostensible South Korean counterpart for the DFRF, known as the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front, which operates in North Korea.

The current President and Secretary General of the Central Committee of the DFRF is Pak Myong-chol.[11] Other people on its presidium include Ri Kil-song and Kim Wan-su.[12]

Contents

MembersEdit

Political partiesEdit

Organization Emblem Foundation Seats in the SPA (2014) Ref
Workers' Party of Korea   29 July 1946 670 [13][14]
Korean Social Democratic Party   3 November 1945 50 [15][14]
Chondoist Chongu Party   18 February 1946 22 [16][14]

Other organizationsEdit

Organization Emblem Foundation Ref
Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League   17 January 1946 [17]
Socialist Women's Union of Korea   18 November 1945 [18]
General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea   30 November 1945 [19]
Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea   31 January 1946 [19]
Korean Children's Union   6 June 1946 [20]
Korean Journalists' Union 10 February 1946 [21][22]
Korean Federation of Literature and Arts 25 March 1946 [21][23]

Electoral historyEdit

Supreme People's AssemblyEdit

Election year Turnout Seats
1948 99.97%
572 / 572
1957 99.99%
215 / 215
1962 100%
383 / 383
1967 100%
457 / 457
1972 100%
541 / 541
1977 100%
579 / 579
1982 100%
615 / 615
1986 100%
655 / 655
1990 99.78%
687 / 687
1998 99.85%
687 / 687
2003 99.9%
687 / 687
2009 99.98%
687 / 687
2014 99.97%
687 / 687

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". Naenara.kp. 2004. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008.
  2. ^ Andrei N. Lankov (2001). "The Demise of Non-Communist Parties in North Korea (1945–1960)". jhu.edu. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b 조국통일민주주의전선(조국전선) - 개요. nk.chosun.com (in Korean). 30 October 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Korea". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). 1970–1979. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Marxism, Socialism and Communism: Economic, Philosophical, Political and Sociological Theories, Concepts, Institutions and Practices. Macmillan International Higher Education. 1981. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-349-05806-8.
  6. ^ Scalapino, Robert A.; Chun-yŏp Kim (1983). North Korea Today: Strategic and Domestic Issues. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Korean Studies. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-912966-55-7.
  7. ^ Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. Singapore: CQ Press. p. 3330. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  8. ^ "Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (DPRK) - Organizations". Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (PDF). Constitutional and Parliamentary Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2006.
  10. ^ Savada, Andrea Matles. "Mass Organizations." North Korea: A country study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1993.
  11. ^ "Vietnam's Party, State delegation visits DPRK". Nhân Dân. NDO/VNA. 10 September 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  12. ^ "National Foundation Day Marked". KCNA Watch. Uriminzokkiri. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  13. ^ Lanʹkov, Andreĭ Nikolaevich (2002). From Stalin to Kim Il Song: The Formation of North Korea, 1945-1960. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-85065-563-3.
  14. ^ a b c "IPU PARLINE Database: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui". Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  15. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 1128.
  16. ^ Tertitskiy, Fyodor (26 November 2014). "Being a minor party in the North: In a totalitarian regime, what do N. Korea's other political blocs do?". NK News. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  17. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 391.
  18. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 390.
  19. ^ a b North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 389.
  20. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 929.
  21. ^ a b 조국통일민주주의전선(祖國統一民主主義戰線). Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  22. ^ Lent, John A. (1982). Newspapers in Asia: Contemporary Trends and Problems. Heinemann Asia. p. 127. ISBN 978-962-225-079-6.
  23. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 1121.

Works citedEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Kim Il-sung (1981). "On the Formation of the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland: Report Delivered at the Sixth Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of North Korea, June 11, 1949". Works. 5. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 311616915.