People's Assembly of North Korea

The People's Assembly of North Korea (Korean북조선인민회의) was the unicameral legislature of the People's Committee of North Korea. It consisted of 237 deputies elected during a meeting of the provincial, city and county people's committees, political parties and social organizations of North Korea held from 17-20 February 1947. [1]

People's Assembly of North Korea

북조선인민회의
Structure
Seats237
NKPeoplesAssembly 1947.svg
Political groups
  Independent (91)
Elections
Indirect election
Last election
17-20 February 1947
Meeting place
Pyongyang

It held its first session on 21-22 February 1947 and held its last session on 9-10 July 1948 after which it was replaced by the Supreme People's Assembly of the newly-created Democratic People's Republic of Korea. [1]

HistoryEdit

On 13 November 1946, the Provisional People's Committee of North Korea held elections for the provincial, city and county people's committees, which were the first elections held in North Korea.

On 17-20 February 1947, representatives from the provincial, city and county people's committees in North Korea, along with representatives from political parties and social organizations, held a meeting to organize the People's Assembly of North Korea by electing 237 deputies. [1]

The People's Assembly of North Korea held its first session on 21-22 February 1947, which organized the People's Committee of North Korea with Kim Il-sung as chairman. [1]

The People's Assembly would go on to have an additional four regular sessions and one extraordinary session. It mostly worked on preparations for the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. [1]

Its fifth and last regular session was held on 9-10 July 1948, which led to the implementation of the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the decision to hold elections for the Supreme People's Assembly on 25 August 1948. [1]

Election and membershipEdit

The People's Assembly of North Korea was elected through an indirect election by representatives from the provincial, city and county people's committees, political parties and social organizations across North Korea in a meeting held on 17-20 February 1947.

There were 1,159 representatives who attended the meeting. [2] The representatives of the people's committees at all levels in the meeting were chosen on the basis of one representative per three people's committee deputies. Each political party and social organization sent five representatives to the meeting. [3]

The representatives of the meeting then elected a committee that would screen the nominations for candidacy in the People's Assembly. It was a 15-member committee consisting of Kim Il-sung (as chairman of the Pyongyang people's committee), six chairmen of the provincial people's committee, three political party representatives and four social organization representatives. [1] This committee then chose 237 candidates on the basis of 1 candidate per five meeting representatives. [3] The 237 candidates were then elected by all representatives present at the meeting.

The 237 elected deputies of the People's Assembly consisted of 86 deputies from the Workers' Party of North Korea, 30 deputies from the Korean Democratic Party, 30 deputies from the Chondoist Chongu Party, and 91 independent deputies. [1]

Among the 237 elected People's Assembly deputies were 52 workers, 62 peasants, 56 office clerks, 36 intellectuals, 7 businessmen, 10 traders, 4 craftsmen, and 10 religious people. [1]

PowersEdit

The People's Assembly of North Korea exercised legislative powers and was the highest state power institution of the People's Committee of North Korea. It exercised the following powers during its existence:

  • Elect the chairman of the People's Committee of North Korea.
  • Elect the head of the Supreme Court.
  • Elect the head of the Supreme Prosecutors Office.
  • Decide on foreign trade.
  • Protect national security.
  • Adopt the people's economic plan.
  • Approve the state budget.
  • Create and change administrative areas.
  • Release decisions on implementing amnesties.

When the People's Assembly of North Korea is on recess, its powers are exercised on its behalf by the Standing Committee of the People's Assembly of North Korea.

SessionsEdit

The People's Assembly of North Korea met in regular session once every three months. A total of five regular sessions and one extraordinary session were held during the existence of the assembly.

Session Duration Decisions
1st 21-22 February 1947
  • Approved the report "On reviewing the work of the Provisional People's Committee of North Korea.
  • Elected Kim Il-sung as chairman of the People's Committee.
  • Authorized Kim Il-sung to organize the People's Committee.
  • Elected the Standing Committee of the People's Assembly.
  • Approved the "Regulations on the People's Committee of North Korea".
  • Approved the "Regulations on the Court of North Korea and the Prosecutors Office of North Korea.
  • Elected the head of the Supreme Court.
  • Appointed the head of the Supreme Prosecutors Office.
  • Discussed and decided on bills.
2nd 15-16 May 1947
  • Discussed and decided on the comprehensive budget of North Korea.
  • Decided on the approval of the “Ordinance on the comprehensive budget of North Korea for 1947”
  • Decided on the approval of the “Ordinance on changing the administrative areas of counties in South Pyongan Province.
  • Adopted the decision on the supplemental election of judges to the Supreme Court of North Korea.
  • Elected judges to the Supreme Court.
3rd 18-19 November 1947
  • Discussed and decided on organizing a committee for enacting the provisional constitution of Korea.
  • Discussed and decided on drafting a provisional constitution of Korea.
  • Approved the proposal of the Standing Committee of the People's Assembly on preparing the provisional constitution of Korea.
  • Organized the committee for enacting the provisional constitution of Korea.
  • Adopted the decision on delegating the drafting of the provisional constitution of Korea to the next People's Assembly.
  • Adopted the approved decisions of the Standing Committee of the People's Assembly and the People's Committee of North Korea after the 2nd session of the People's Assembly.
4th 6-7 February 1948
  • Kim Il-sung delivered the report "On the review of the fulfillment of the plan of 1947 and the people's economic development plan of 1948".
  • Discussed and approved the decision on the 1948 comprehensive budget.
  • Discussed the report of the committee for enacting the provisional constitution of Korea.
Extraordinary 28-29 April 1948
  • Reviewed the results of the work of popular discussion on drafting the constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
  • Approved the decision on endorsing the original draft of the constitution.
5th 9-10 July 1948
  • Kim Il-sung delivered the report "On the implementation of the constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea".
  • Decided on holding an election of the Supreme People's Assembly on 25 August 1948.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "People's Assembly of North Korea". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 10 January 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Establishment of the People's Committee of North Korea". National Institute of Korean History. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Organization and Role of the People's Committee of North Korea". National Institute of Korean History. Retrieved 11 January 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)