Pava (now Fazilnagar) was a city in ancient India, at the time of Mahavira and Gautama Buddha. It was a city of the Mallas which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagama and staying at Cunda's mango grove. Pava is located about 15 kilometres east of Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Cunda lived in Pava and invited the Buddha to a meal, which proved to be his last. It was on this occasion that the Cunda Sutta was preached. From Pava the Buddha journeyed on to Kushinagar, crossing the Kakkuttha River on the way
According to the Sangiti Sutta, at the time the Buddha was staying at Pava, the Mallas had just completed their new Mote hall, Ubbhataka, and, at their invitation, the Buddha consecrated it by first occupying it and then preaching in it. After the Buddha had finished speaking, Sariputta recited the Sangiti Sutta to the assembled monks.
Pava was also a centre of Jainism and, at the time mentioned above, Mahavira had just died at Pava and his followers were divided by bitter wrangles. Cunda Samanuddesa was spending his rainy season at Pava, and he reported to the Buddha, who was at Samagama, news of the Nirgranthas’ quarrels.
- SNA.i. 159
- D.ii.126 ff.; Ud.viii.5; the road from Pava to Kushinagar is mentioned several times in the books Vin.ii.284; D.ii.162.
- D.ii.117f; M.ii.243f
- D.ii.167; Bu.xxviii.3
pava is now named as Fazilnagar. It has become centre of education, health and job. - maps.google
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