Paulina Ana María Zapata Portillo

Paulina Ana María Zapata Portillo (22 June 1915 – 28 February 2010), daughter of General Emiliano Zapata, was a suffragist who fought for the vote for Mexican women and was the first female federal representative from the state of Morelos.

Anita Zapata
Born
Paulina Ana María Zapata Portillo

(1915-06-22)22 June 1915
Died28 February 2010(2010-02-28) (aged 94)
NationalityMexican
Occupation(s)politician, feminist, suffragette
Years active1935–1961
Known for1st female federal delegate from Morelos

BiographyEdit

Zapata was born on 22 June 1915 in Izucar de Matamoros,[1] Puebla, Mexico, to Emiliano Zapata[2] Salazar and Petra Portillo Torres.[1] Because her father was murdered when she was four and the family was persecuted by his enemies, Anita was taken to live with family members in Chietla, Puebla.[citation needed]

When she was aged 20, Anita began working for feminist causes and joined the Unión de Mujeres Americanas (Union of American Women),[citation needed] which had been founded in 1934 by Margarita Robles de Mendoza.[3] The UMA Chapter of Morelos was founded in 1935 with Zapata as its president. She organized women to fight for the vote in Morelos, recruited women from Guerrero to join and served as the president of the Puebla chapter as well as the Morelos chapter. She also joined the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR) (the precursor to PRI) and fought for the vote from within the ranks of the party,[citation needed] becoming president of the Asociación Nacional Femenina Revolucionaria[4] the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)'s women's affiliate.[5]

In 1946, she married Manuel Manrique, with whom she had seven children:[1] Isaías Manuel, Beatriz Ofelia, María del Carmen, Julieta Ana María (Fanny), Lina Martha, and twins Hermenegildo and Justino. Zapata served in many local political organizations, as treasurer of the ejido of Cuautla, as the land grant beneficiary of Cuautla, as municipal councilor and municipal trustee.[4] From 1958 to 1961, she served as the first female federal representative from the state of Morelos[citation needed] as a PRI representative in the XLIV Federal Legislature.[citation needed]

Zapata died on 28 February 2010, in Cuautla, Morelos, Mexico.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Magdaleno Vega, Francisco (6 February 2012). "Paulina Ana María Zapata Portillo Ce – Acatl Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl Heroe Cultural Morelense" (PDF). Memoria de Enero del 2009 a Enero del 2012 (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Instituto Mexicano De Ciencias Y Humanidades: 143. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b "La hija del general Emiliano Zapata murió el domingo en Cuautla" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: CNN Mexico. EFE. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  3. ^ Jaiven, Ana Lau (Spring 2009). "Entre ambas fronteras: la búsqueda de la igualdad de derechos para las mujeres". Politica y Cultura (31): 235–255. ProQuest 207355842.
  4. ^ a b Baltazar, Fernando (1 March 2010). "Murió Ana María Zapata Portillo, última sobreviviente reconocida por El Caudillo" (in Spanish). Morelos, Mexico: La Jornada Morelos. Archived from the original on 3 March 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  5. ^ Soler, Dolores Sǹchez (2003). La educacin̤ superior y el desarrollo local (in Spanish). Mex̌ico: ANUIES. p. 71. ISBN 978-9-707-04052-6. Retrieved 1 August 2015.