Patrick Joseph McGoohan (//; March 19, 1928 – January 13, 2009) was an Irish-American actor, director, screenwriter, and producer of film and television. Born in the United States to Irish emigrant parents, he was raised in Ireland and England. He began his career in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and rose to prominence for his role as secret agent John Drake in the ITC espionage programme Danger Man (1960–1968). He then produced and created The Prisoner (1967–1968), a surrealistic television series in which he starred as Number Six, an unnamed British intelligence agent who is abducted and imprisoned in a mysterious coastal village. Beginning in the 1970s, McGoohan maintained a long-running association with Columbo, writing, directing, producing and appearing in several episodes. His notable film roles include Dr. Paul Ruth in Scanners (1981) and King Edward I in Braveheart (1995). He was a BAFTA Award and two-time Primetime Emmy Award winner.
|Died||January 13, 2009 (aged 80)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Nationality||Irish and American|
|Children||3, including Catherine|
Patrick Joseph McGoohan was born in the Astoria neighbourhood of New York City's Queens borough on March 19, 1928, the son of Irish Catholic, immigrant parents Rose (née Fitzpatrick) and Thomas McGoohan. Shortly after he was born, the family moved back to Ireland, where they lived in the Mullaghmore area of Carrigallen.
Seven years later, they moved to England and settled in Sheffield. McGoohan attended St Marie's School, then St Vincent's School, and De La Salle College, all in Sheffield. During World War II, he was evacuated to Loughborough, where he attended Ratcliffe College at the same time as future actor Ian Bannen. McGoohan excelled in mathematics and boxing, and left school at the age of 16 to return to Sheffield, where he worked as a chicken farmer, bank clerk, and lorry driver before getting a job as a stage manager at Sheffield Repertory Theatre. When one of the actors became ill, McGoohan stood in for him, which launched his acting career.
Orson Welles was so impressed by McGoohan's stage presence ("intimidated", Welles would later say) that he cast him as Starbuck in his York theatre production of Moby Dick—Rehearsed. Welles said in 1969 that he believed McGoohan "would now be, I think, one of the big actors of our generation if TV hadn't grabbed him. He can still make it. He was tremendous as Starbuck", and "with all the required attributes, looks, intensity, unquestionable acting ability and a twinkle in his eye."
McGoohan's first television appearance was as Charles Stewart Parnell in "The Fall of Parnell" for You Are There (1954). He had an uncredited role in The Dam Busters (1955), standing guard outside the briefing room. He delivered the line, "Sorry, old boy, it's secret—you can't go in. Now, c'mon, hop it!", which was cut from some prints of the movie.
He also had small roles in Passage Home (1955), The Dark Avenger (1955) and I Am a Camera (1955). He could also be seen in Zarak (1956) for Warwick Films. On TV he was in "Margin for Error" in Terminus (1955), guest starred on The Adventures of Sir Lancelot and Assignment Foreign Legion, and The Adventures of Aggie. He played the lead in "The Makepeace Story" for BBC Sunday Night Theatre (1955). He also appeared in Welles' film of Moby Dick Rehearsed.
He did Ring for Catty on stage in 1956.
While working as a stand-in during screen tests, McGoohan was signed to a contract with the Rank Organisation. They put him in mostly villainous parts: High Tide at Noon (1957), directed by Philip Leacock; Hell Drivers (1957), directed by Cy Endfield, as a violent bully; and the steamy potboiler The Gypsy and the Gentleman (1958), directed by Joseph Losey.
He had good roles on TV in anthology series such as Television Playwright, Folio, Armchair Theatre, ITV Play of the Week and ITV Television Playhouse. He was given a leading role in Nor the Moon by Night (1958), shot in South Africa. After some clashes with the management, the contract was dissolved. He then did some TV work, winning a BAFTA in 1960.
His favourite part for the stage was the lead in Ibsen's Brand, for which he received an award. He also played the role in a (still extant) BBC television production in August 1959. Michael Meyer, who translated the stage version, thought McGoohan's performance was the best and most powerful he'd ever seen. It was McGoohan's last stage appearance for 28 years.
Production executive Lew Grade soon approached McGoohan about a television series where he would play a spy named John Drake. Having learned from his experience at Rank, McGoohan insisted on several conditions: All the fistfights should be different; the character would always use his brain before using a gun; and—much to the executives' horror—no kissing. The show debuted in 1960 as Danger Man, a half-hour programme geared toward American audiences. It did fairly well, but not as well as hoped.
Production lasted a year and 39 episodes. After the first series was over, an interviewer asked McGoohan if he would have liked it to continue. He replied, "Perhaps, but let me tell you this: I would rather do twenty TV series than go through what I went through under that Rank contract I signed a few years ago and for which I blame no one but myself."
McGoohan appeared in Two Living, One Dead (1961), filmed in Sweden. He starred in two films directed by Basil Dearden: All Night Long, an updating of Othello, and Life for Ruth (both 1962). He also starred in an adaptation of The Quare Fellow (1962) by Brendan Behan.
McGoohan was one of several actors considered for the role of James Bond in Dr. No. While McGoohan, a Catholic, turned down the role on moral grounds, the success of the Bond films is generally cited as the reason for Danger Man being revived. (He was later considered for the same role in Live and Let Die, but turned it down again.)
McGoohan spent some time working for Disney on The Three Lives of Thomasina (1963) and The Scarecrow of Romney Marsh (1963). An English vicar Dr. Syn (Patrick McGoohan) becomes a scarecrow on horseback by night to thwart King George III's taxmen.
Return of Danger ManEdit
After he had also turned down the role of Simon Templar in The Saint, Lew Grade asked McGoohan if he wanted to give John Drake another try. This time, McGoohan had even more say about the series. Danger Man (US: Secret Agent) was resurrected in 1964 as a one-hour programme. The scripts now allowed McGoohan more range in his acting. Because of the popularity of the series, he became the highest-paid actor in the UK, and the show lasted almost three more years.
After shooting the only two episodes of Danger Man to be filmed in colour, McGoohan told Lew Grade he was going to quit for another show.
In the face of McGoohan's intention to quit Danger Man, Grade asked if he would at least work on "something" for him. McGoohan gave him a run-down of what would later be called a miniseries, about a secret agent who resigns suddenly and wakes up to find himself in a prison disguised as a holiday resort. Grade asked for a budget, McGoohan had one ready, and they made a deal over a handshake early on a Saturday morning to produce The Prisoner.
In addition to being the series's star, McGoohan was its executive producer, forming Everyman Films with producer David Tomblin, and also wrote and directed several episodes, in some cases using pseudonyms. The originally commissioned seven episodes became seventeen.
The title character, the otherwise-unnamed "Number Six", spends the entire series trying to escape from a mysterious prison community called "The Village", and to learn the identity of his nemesis, Number One. The Village's administrators try just as hard to force or trick him into revealing why he resigned as a spy, which he refuses to divulge. The filming location was the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, which was featured in some episodes of Danger Man.
During production of The Prisoner, MGM cast McGoohan in an action film, Ice Station Zebra (1968), for which his performance as a tightly wound British spy drew critical praise.
After the end of The Prisoner, he presented a TV show, Journey into Darkness (1968–69). He was meant to follow it with the star part of Dirk Struan in an expensive adaptation of the James Clavell best-seller Tai-Pan but the project was cancelled before filming. Instead he made The Moonshine War (1970) for MGM.
McGoohan played James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray in Mary, Queen of Scots (1971). He directed Richie Havens in a rock-opera version of Othello, titled Catch My Soul (1974), but disliked the experience.
McGoohan received two Emmy Awards for his work on Columbo, with his long-time friend Peter Falk. McGoohan said that his first appearance on Columbo (episode: "By Dawn's Early Light", 1974) was probably his favourite American role. He directed five Columbo episodes (including three of the four in which he appeared), one of which he also wrote and two of which he also produced. McGoohan was involved with the Columbo series in some capacity from 1974 to 2000; his daughter Catherine McGoohan appeared with him in his final episode, "Ashes to Ashes" (1998). The other two Columbo episodes in which he appeared are "Identity Crisis" (1975) and "Agenda For Murder" (1990).
As he had done early in his career with the Rank Organisation, McGoohan began to specialise in villains, appearing in A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe (1975), Silver Streak (1976) and The Man in the Iron Mask (1977).
He had the lead in a Canadian film, Kings and Desperate Men; then had support parts in Brass Target (1978) and the Clint Eastwood film Escape from Alcatraz (1979), portraying the prison's warden.
In 1980 he appeared in the UK TV film The Hard Way.
In 1985 he appeared on Broadway for his only production there, starring opposite Rosemary Harris in Hugh Whitemore's Pack of Lies, in which he played another British spy. He was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as Best Actor for his performance.
McGoohan starred in The Best of Friends (1991) for Channel 4, which told the story of the unlikely friendship between a museum curator, a nun and a playwright. McGoohan played George Bernard Shaw alongside Sir John Gielgud as Sydney Cockerell and Dame Wendy Hiller as Sister Laurentia McLachlan. In the United States, the drama was shown by PBS as part of Masterpiece Theatre.
Also in this period he featured as King Edward I in Braveheart (1995), which won five Academy Awards. It seemed to revitalise McGoohan's career: he was then seen as Judge Omar Noose in A Time to Kill (1996) and in The Phantom (also 1996), a cinema adaptation of the comic strip.
In 2000, he reprised his role as Number Six in an episode of The Simpsons, "The Computer Wore Menace Shoes". In it, Homer Simpson concocts a news story to make his website more popular, and he wakes up in a prison disguised as a holiday resort. Dubbed Number Five, he meets Number Six, and later betrays him and escapes with his boat; referencing his numerous attempts to escape on a raft in The Prisoner, Number Six splutters "That's the third time that's happened!"
McGoohan's name was linked to several aborted attempts at producing a new film version of The Prisoner. In 2002, Simon West was signed to direct a version of the story. McGoohan was listed as executive producer for the film, which never came to fruition. Later, Christopher Nolan was proposed as director for a film version. However, the source material remained difficult and elusive to adapt into a feature film. McGoohan was not involved in the project that was ultimately completed. A reimagining of the series was filmed for the AMC network in late 2008, with its broadcast taking place during November 2009.
McGoohan married actress Joan Drummond on May 19, 1951. They had three daughters, Catherine (born 1952), Anne (born 1959), and Frances (born 1961). For most of the 1960s they lived in a secluded detached house on The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London. They settled in the Pacific Palisades district of Los Angeles in the mid-1970s. Catherine later became an actress.
|1955||The Dark Avenger||English soldier||Uncredited|
|1955||The Dam Busters||RAF guard||Uncredited|
|1955||I Am a Camera||Swedish water therapist|
|1957||High Tide at Noon||Simon Breck|
|1957||Hell Drivers||G. 'Red' Redman|
|1958||The Gypsy and the Gentleman||Jess|
|1958||Nor the Moon by Night||Andrew Miller|
|1961||Two Living, One Dead||Erik Berger|
|1962||All Night Long||Johnny Cousin|
|1962||Life for Ruth||Doctor James 'Jim' Brown|
|1962||The Quare Fellow||Thomas Crimmin|
|1963||The Three Lives of Thomasina||Andrew McDhui|
|1963||Dr. Syn, Alias the Scarecrow||Dr. Christopher Syn|
|1968||Ice Station Zebra||David Jones|
|1970||The Moonshine War||Frank Long|
|1971||Mary, Queen of Scots||James Stuart|
|1974||Catch My Soul||—||Director|
|1975||A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe||Major Cabot|
|1976||Silver Streak||Roger Devereau|
|1977||The Man in the Iron Mask||Fouquet|
|1978||Brass Target||Colonel Mike McCauley|
|1979||Escape from Alcatraz||Warden|
|1981||Scanners||Doctor Paul Ruth|
|1981||Kings and Desperate Men||John Kingsley||Filmed in 1977|
|1985||Baby: Secret of the Lost Legend||Doctor Eric Kiviat|
|1995||Braveheart||Longshanks, King Edward I|
|1996||The Phantom||Phantom's Dad|
|1996||A Time to Kill||Judge Omar Noose|
|1997||Hysteria||Dr. Harvey Langston|
|2002||Treasure Planet||Billy Bones||Voice (final film role)|
|1955||The Vise||Tony Mason||1 episode ("Gift from Heaven")|
|1958||The Vise||Vance||1 episode ("Blood in the Sky")|
|1958||Armchair Theatre||Jack 'Pal' Smurch||1 episode ("The Greatest Man in the World")|
|1959||Brand||Priest Brand||Henrik Ibsen play|
|1961||Armchair Theatre||Nicholai Soloviov||1 episode ("The Man Out There")|
|Danger Man||John Drake||86 episodes. Also directed three episodes.|
|1963||Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color||Doctor Christopher Syn/
Scarecrow of Romney Marsh
|1967–68||The Prisoner||Number Six||17 episodes. Also directed five episodes.|
|1969||Journey into Darkness||Host||Made-for-TV film|
|1974||Columbo||Colonel Lyle C. Rumford||1 episode ("By Dawn's Early Light")|
|1975||Nelson Brenner||1 episode ("Identity Crisis"). Also directed.|
|1976||—||1 episode ("Last Salute to the Commodore") – director|
|1977||Rafferty||Doctor Sid Rafferty||13 episodes. Also directed one episode.|
|1980||The Hard Way||John Connor||Made-for-TV film|
|1983||Jamaica Inn||Joss Merlyn|
|1985||American Playhouse||Chief magistrate||3 episodes ("Three Sovereigns for Sarah" parts I, II & III)|
|1987||Murder, She Wrote||Oliver Quayle||1 episode ("Witness for the Defense")|
|1990||Columbo||Oscar Finch||1 episode ("Agenda for Murder"). Also directed.|
|1998||Columbo||Eric Prince||"Ashes to Ashes". Also directed.|
|2000||Columbo||—||1 episode ("Murder with Too Many Notes") – director|
|2000||The Simpsons||Number Six||1 episode ("The Computer Wore Menace Shoes")|
- 1960: BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor – Won
- 1975: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series (for Columbo: By Dawn's Early Light) – Won
- 1990: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series (for Columbo: Agenda for Murder) – Won
- "Patrick McGoohan". The Daily Telegraph. January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- Langley, R: Patrick McGoohan. Tomahawk Press, 2007.
- "BFI retrospective", The Irish Post; retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Langley, Roger Patrick McGoohan: Danger Man or Prisoner?, pp. 12–13. Tomahawk Press, 2007. Second revised updated edition, Escape Books, 2017.
- Hope-Wallace, Philip (February 18, 1955). "Another New Play in London: 'Serious Charge'". The Manchester Guardian. p. 7.
- Fay, Gerard (June 18, 1955). "Wellesian Version of 'Moby Dick': A Sea Charade". The Manchester Guardian. p. 5.
- Jonathan Roenbaum (ed.), Orson Welles and Peter Bogdanovich, This Is Orson Welles (Da Capo Press, New York, 1992 [rev. 1998 ed.]) p. 4
- Cassin, B. I Never Had a Proper Job. Liberties Press, 2012.
- Langley, R. Patrick McGoohan, pp. 41–42. Tomahawk Press, 2007.
- (Lyric, Hammersmith.) Ring for Catty by Patrick Cargill and Jack Beale. (Lyric, Shaftesbury Avenue) Hartley, Anthony. The Spectator; London 196.6661 (24 February 1956): p. 248.
- Patrick McGoohan Picture Show; London 70.1823 (March 8, 1958): 8.
- "Love under an African moon". The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 26, no. 21. October 29, 1958. p. 73. Retrieved October 15, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "BAFTA award in 1960", BAFTA, Retrieved February 1, 2015
- ""World Theatre" Brand (TV Episode 1959)". IMDb.com. Internet Movie Database.
- Michael Meyer, Not Prince Hamlet
- "'Prisoner' Star Patrick McGoohan Dies". CBS News. January 14, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
- Vincent Cosgrove, 2007. "Odds Are He Will Live on Disc Tomorrow," The New York Times, April 15. Retrieved 4-7-10.
- "'Danger Man'". The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 29, no. 7. July 19, 1961. p. 21. Retrieved October 15, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Why Danger Man scared me", Photoplay, April 1961, p. 14.
- Time & Tide. Vol. 46. Time and Tide Publishing Company. 1965. p. 66.
Danger Man, McGoohan put a new spin on the secret agent formula by refusing to allow his character, John Drake, ... The show's success made McGoohan Britain's highest-paid TV actor
- "Dangerman". The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 33, no. 5. June 30, 1965. p. 17. Retrieved October 15, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Martin Jackson "Danger Man To Quit", Daily Express, April 16, 1966, p. 12. Jackson states: "Now McGoohan has put up a new TV idea to ATV's managing director Lew Grade." He said: "It is another adventure series but a very different sort of character. It promises to be very exciting. Mr. Grade said: Mr. McGoohan is coming to see me tomorrow to discuss the details. We hope to start work on the new series in October."
- "The Prisoner Puzzle (with Patrick McGoohan)". YouTube. Retrieved January 23, 2014.[dead YouTube link]
- McGoohan wrote "Free for All" as Paddy Fitz, and directed "Many Happy Returns" and "A Change of Mind" as Joseph Serf. He also wrote "Once Upon A Time" and "Fall Out" using his own name.
- "MGM Won't Drop Plans for 'Tai-Pan'". Los Angeles Times. July 29, 1968. p. g15.
- Katelan, Jean-Yves (October 1995). "Le Prisonnier au cinema". Premiere (223): 26. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
- TV.com. "Rafferty". TV.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "Margaret Trudeau ..." The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 46, no. 18. October 4, 1978. p. 12. Retrieved October 15, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Pack of Lies (original Broadway play)". IBDB.com. Internet Broadway Database.
- Bennetts, Leslie (December 26, 1984). "McGoohan to Star in 'Pack of Lies'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
The McGoohans, who live in Pacific Palisades, Calif
- Sellers, Robert (January 16, 2009). "Patrick McGoohan: Actor who created and starred in the cult 1960s television series 'The Prisoner'". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 25, 2022. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Dalton, Andrew. "'Prisoner' actor Patrick McGoohan dies in LA". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2012 – via Internet Archive.
- Langley, Roger; Falk, Peter (2007). Patrick McGoohan: Danger Man or Prisoner?. Tomahawk Press. ISBN 978-0-9531926-4-9.
- Booth, Rupert (2011). Not a Number: A life. Supernova Books. ISBN 978-0-9566329-2-0.