The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë, PS or PSSh) is a centre-left, social-democratic political party in Albania. The major left-wing party in the country, it was founded on 13 June 1991. The PS is an associate of the Party of European Socialists and a member of the Socialist International, and holds pro-European views.
|Leader of the Parliamentary Group||Taulant Balla|
|Founded||13 June 1991|
|Preceded by||Party of Labour of Albania|
|Headquarters||Sheshi Austria 4, 1001 Tirana|
|Newspaper||Zëri i Popullit|
|Youth wing||Euro-Socialist Youth Forum|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (associate)|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|Slogan||Për Shqipërinë që duam ("For the Albania that We Want")|
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The PS' predecessor, the Party of Labour of Albania (PPSh), was formed in November 1941, and has been known as the PS since 1991, when it survived in the wake of the dramatic changes that had taken place in Albania since 1989. The PPSh, the only ruling party since the end of World War II, was the most rigid Communist party in Europe under its founder and longtime leader Enver Hoxha. Hoxha's successor Ramiz Alia was forced to introduce limited reforms in the late 1980s. On 11 December 1990, Alia announced that the PPSh had given up its monopoly of power. The PPSh won the 1991 Albanian Constitutional Assembly election, the first free elections held in the country in almost 80 years. By this time, it was no longer a Marxist–Leninist party. At an extraordinary congress on 10–13 June 1991, the PPSh voted to change its name to the PS in an effort to survive in the new system.
Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected the new chairman. Nano helped to reform the old Communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. On 10 October 2005, Nano resigned as the chairman of the PS after losing the 2005 Albanian parliamentary election, and was succeeded by Edi Rama.
In its 2013 party platform, the party has pledged to replace the flat tax with more progressive tax, and also supports universal health care. Party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights in Albania. The party is also pro-European, supports the accession of Albania to the European Union, NATO membership, and considers Kosovo "Albania's main strategic partner and ally".
|No.||President||Born–died||Term start||Term end||Time in office|
|1||Fatos Nano||(born 1952)||13 June 1991||10 October 2005||14 years, 119 days|
|2||Edi Rama||(born 1964)||10 October 2005||Incumbent||16 years, 103 days|
- "European Election Watch Albania". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
- "Baza sukseseve të Partisë Socialiste janë: fryma, organizmi dhe lidershipi". Socialist Party of Albania. 12 June 2021. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
- "Albania opposition protests again, calls for new election". CityNews Vancouver. 2 June 2019.
The centre-right Democratic Party-led opposition supporters gathered Sunday at the main government building accusing centre-left Socialist Party Prime Minister Edi Rama of corruption and links to organized crime.
- "Albania protests: Smoke bombs and firecrackers thrown at police as demonstrations turn violent". The Independent. 3 June 2019.
Prime Minister Edi Rama has faced repeated calls to stand down in recent months over claims that his centre-left Socialist Party is corrupt and has links to organised crime.
- "Will the Presence of Iran's MEK Threaten Albania's Already Shaky Stability?". World Politics Review. 18 July 2019.
Rama’s center-left Socialist Party holds a majority in Parliament, while the opposition is made up of parties to his left and right.
- Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 605. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (April 2021). "Albania". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- "AP Interview: Albania PM says opposition ruining EU chances". Associated Press. 22 June 2019.
Edi Rama, also leader of the ruling left-wing Socialist Party, also told The Associated Press in an interview Friday he was determined the June 30 municipal elections would be held despite opposition unrest since mid-February.
- "Albanian Socialists Pledge Reforms, Jobs After Election Win Confirmed". Voice of America. 27 July 2017.
Albania's left-wing Socialist Party appears headed for a new governing mandate.
- "Socialists win majority in Albania general election". Independent.ie. 27 June 2017.
Albania's left-wing Socialist Party has secured a second mandate in a general election, winning a majority of seats in parliament, nearly complete results showed on Tuesday.
- Elsie, Robert (2010), Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 422.
- "Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Party of European Socialists. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Full list of member parties and organisations". Socialist International. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "The Albanian Electoral Systems since 1990" (PDF). Albanian Elections Observatory Brief (1). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Elsie, pxliii
- Nano, Rexhina. "Te jetosh kohen", pp. 230.
- "Fitorja dhe sfidat e Edi Ramës" [Victory and challenges of Edi Rama] (in Albanian). BBCAlbanian.com. 10 October 2005.
- "KUJDES SHËNDETËSOR UNIVERSAL – Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Rama pret përfaqësuesit e LGBT: Po bashkëjetesës, por jo martesave". www.panorama.com.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2017-07-28.
- "CILËSI DHE RITËM NË PROCESIN E INTEGRIMIT NË BE". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "RESPEKTIM I ANGAZHIMEVE NË NATO". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "PARTNERITET STRATEGJIK ME KOSOVËN". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "National results of the 2009 parliamentary election (party list)" (PDF). ShtetiWeb.org.
- Media related to Socialist Party of Albania at Wikimedia Commons