2021 Albanian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 25 April 2021.[1] It took place during the COVID-19 epidemic.

2021 Albanian parliamentary election
Albania
← 2017 25 April 2021 Next →

140 seats in the Parliament of Albania
71 seats needed for a majority
Turnout46.29% Decrease
Party Leader % Seats +/–
PS Edi Rama 48.67 74 0
PD–AN[a] Lulzim Basha 39.43 59 +13
LSI Monika Kryemadhi 6.81 4 -15
PSD Tom Doshi 2.25 3 +2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Zgjedhjet e përgjithshme 2021 (harta qarqeve).svg
Largest political party by county.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Edi Rama Edi Rama
PS
Edi Rama
PS
Edi Rama

BackgroundEdit

In the previous parliamentary elections in 2017,[2] the Socialist Party won a majority with 74 of the 140 seats. In second place was the Democratic Party with 43 seats.

Electoral systemEdit

The 140 members of Parliament were elected in twelve multi-member constituencies based on the twelve counties by open list using proportional representation (using a 1% national electoral threshold) with seats allocated using the d'Hondt method.[3][4] Significant changes to the electoral system were made a year before the 2021 elections by the Albanian parliament by amending several articles of the constitution. The ruling Socialist Party was accused by the united opposition, which two years earlier had left parliament and had not participated in the 2019 local elections, of violating the electoral law agreement they had previously agreed on.[5] The majority defended itself by saying that the changes were made as a request of public opinion for the opening of the lists of deputies so that each voter chooses his preference. And that with the new system, Albania introduces a system well known and implemented by some European countries, such as Croatia, Slovenia, the Netherlands or Estonia, and moving away from the old system that was unique in its kind and that is not applied elsewhere - even though a number of European countries use closed-list proportional representation.[6]

Demographic changes led to some changes in the number of seats for some constituencies; Tirana gained two seats, while Dibër and Gjirokastër both lost a seat.[7]

# County Registered voters 2021 Seats
1 Berat 184,612 7
2 Dibër 132,858 5
3 Durrës 359,832 14
4 Elbasan 349,144 14
5 Fier 405,955 16
6 Gjirokastër 124,224 4
7 Korçë 286,166 11
8 Kukës 83,808 3
9 Lezhë 168,975 7
10 Shkodër 273,801 11
11 Tirana 911,573 36
12 Vlorë 319,744 12
Source: KQZ.gov.al (List of voters)

Contesting partiesEdit

A total of 46 political parties, of which 5 parties are running for the first time, are registered with the Central Election Commission.[8] In the elections of April 25, 2021, voters will have the opportunity to choose between 12 electoral subjects, of which 3 are coalitions, while in some constituencies five independent candidates also participate.[9] The largest opposition party, the PD, formed the Partia Demokratike – Aleanca për Ndryshim (PD-AN) coalition by joining forces with twelve smaller parties. The LSI, also in opposition, formed a coalition of its own called Shqipëria – Shtëpia Fituese (ShQF). While the ruling party PS, decided to run in the elections alone but with the inclusion of some candidates of other allied parties.

Name Abbr. Ideology Political position Leader
Social Democratic Party PSD Social democracy Centre-left Tom Doshi
National Front Party PBK Right-wing populism Far-right Adriatik Alimadhi
Albanian Democratic Movement Party PLDSH Liberal conservatism Centre-right Myslim Murrizi
Democratic Conviction BD Liberal conservatism Centre-right Astrit Patozi
People's Union Alliance Coalition ABEOK Liberal conservatism Kujtim Gjuzi
Socialist Movement for Integration LSI Social democracy Centre-left Monika Kryemadhi
Nisma Thurje NTH Anti-corruption Centre Endrit Shabani
New Movement Party LRE Arian Galdini
Democratic Party – Alliance for Change PD–AN Liberal conservatism Centre-right Lulzim Basha
New Democracy Alliance Party ADR Edmond Stojku
Movement for Change LN Liberal conservatism Centre-right Jozefina Topalli
Socialist Party of Albania PS Social democracy Centre-left Edi Rama

Also, five independent candidates are participating in the elections as Elton Debreshi in Dibër County, Pal Shkambi in Shkodër County and three who are supported by the Vetëvendosje as Boiken Abazi in Tirana County, Iljaz Shehu in Lezhë County and Kreshnik Merxhani in Gjirokastër County.[9]

Opinion pollsEdit

NationwideEdit

Pollster Date Sample PS PD LSI PDIU PSD Other parties Lead
Piepoli + Report TV 24–27 November 2020 500 53 – 59% 30 – 34% 2 – 4% 1 – 3% 5 – 7% +20%
MRB + Euronews Albania 22 December 2020 – 13 January 2021 1.600 41.8% 28.2% 10.3% 1.5% 2.1% 13.6%
NOTO Sondaggi + Ora News 10 January – 19 January 2.000 42 – 46% 33 – 37% 9 – 13% 1 – 3% 6 – 10% +5%
Flame Tree Advisors + Syri TV 8 January – 22 January 1.000 38.2% 33.6% 10.7% 2.5% 2.8% 4.6%
Piepoli + Report TV 19 January – 22 January 900 48 – 52% 31 – 35% 4 – 8% 2 – 4% 1 – 9% +13%
MRB + Euronews Albania 25 January – 12 February 1.600 39.9% 30.6% 9.1% 1.6% 1.8% 9.3%
IPSOS + Top Channel 10 February – 16 February 1.527 49.5% 39.3% 5.1% 0.2% 0.8% 5% 12.2%
Piepoli + Report TV 18 February 800 47 – 51% 33 – 37% 4 – 8% 2 – 4% 2 – 12% +10%
Flame Tree Advisors + Syri TV 1 February – 20 February 1.000 38.5% – 40.1% 33.9% – 36.8% 8.9% – 9.2% 2.2% – 2.5% 1.5% – 4.6% +1.7%
NOTO Sondaggi + Ora News 23 February 2.000 41 – 45% 34 – 38% 8 – 12% 1 – 3% 7 – 11% +3%
GeoCartography + T7&GE 24 February – 8 March 3.778 45.25% 42.55% 8.8% 3.54% 2.7%
MRB + Euronews Albania 25 February – 9 March 1.600 41.3% 30.8% 7.6% 1.3% 1.1% 10.5%
IPSOS + Top Channel 3 March – 9 March 1.519 48.7% 40.6% 4.6% 0.9% 5.1% 8.1%
Piepoli + Report TV 17 March 1000 47 – 51% 37 – 41% 4 – 8% 0 – 2% 1 – 10% +6%
Flame Tree Advisors + Syri TV 12 March – 18 March 1.000 38.9% 38.5% 9.2% 1.4% 0.4%
NOTO Sondaggi + Ora News 12 March – 22 March 2.000 44.5 – 48.5% 41 – 45% 6 – 10% 0 – 2% 0 – 2% +1%
Piepoli + Report TV 23 March – 28 March 1000 47 – 51% 38 – 42% 4 – 8% 0 – 2% 0 – 8% +5%
MRB + Euronews Albania 17 March – 31 March 2.500 43% 35.4% 5.2% 3.8% 7.6%
IPSOS + Top Channel 29 March – 31 March 1.513 48.4% 39.3% 5% 1.7% 5.5% 9.1%
NOTO Sondaggi + Ora News 6 April 2.000 44 – 48% 42 – 46% 6 – 10% 0 – 1% 0 – 3% +1%
Smith Research & Consulting 27 March – 9 April 1.000 42.5% 44.7% 11.3% 1.5% 2.2%
MRB + Euronews Albania 1 April – 15 April 2.700 43% 36.8% 5.8% 3% 6.2%
NOTO Sondaggi + Ora News 16 April – 19 April 2.000 43.5 – 47.5% 42.5 – 46.5% 4 – 7.5% 0 – 2% 1 – 5% +1%
Flame Tree Advisors + Syri TV 19 April 1.000 42.1% 47.1% 9.4% 1.3% 5%
IPSOS + Top Channel 18 April – 20 April 1.029 48.1% 43.6% 3.6% 0.8% 3.4% 4.5%
Smith Research & Consulting 23 April 1.000 42.4% 46.1% 10.4% 1.1% 3,7%

Preliminary resultsEdit

The first exit-poll, from Euronews, suggested the victory of the Socialist Party tightly, projecting the 46% of the votes to Rama's candidacy, while the Democratic Party the 42%.[10] On 27 April, Rama claimed "the most beautiful victory" and thanking "for trusting me to lead a third term".[10]

On 28 April, 10 members of the Democratic Party's leadership called for Lulzim Basha's resignation as leader, alleging "The loss of the elections of 25 April 2021 by the Democratic Party has its responsibilities and first of all the chairman Lulzim Basha! He, among other things, has extinguished the democratic dream of hundreds of thousands of Albanians, losing two pairs of general elections, delivering the central government, the local government and the opposition in the hands of Edi Rama. Therefore, we demand the immediate and irrevocable resignation of the chairman of the Democratic Party, Lulzim Basha, the secretary general and the vice-chairmen."[11] That same day, the candidate for the Social Movement for Integration Monika Kryemadhi congratulated "the oligarchs and the gangs, [because they are] the real winners" and apologized for the wrong electoral strategy, while accusing that vote buying took place in Durrës, Korçë and Berat.[12]

 
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Socialist Party of Albania768,13448.67740
Democratic Party – Alliance for Change622,18739.4359+13
Socialist Movement for Integration107,5386.814–15
Social Democratic Party of Albania35,4752.253+2
Nisma Thurje10,2170.650New
Democratic Conviction8,2390.520New
Movement for Change7,0540.450New
Albanian Democratic Movement Party4,7050.300New
New Movement Party3,7670.240New
New Democracy Alliance Party3,2320.200New
Albanian National Front Party1,9460.120New
People's Union Alliance Coalition1,3760.090New
Independents4,2470.270New
Total1,578,117100.001400
Valid votes1,578,11795.00
Invalid/blank votes83,0595.00
Total votes1,661,176100.00
Registered voters/turnout3,588,86946.29
Source: KQZ

MPsEdit

 PS (52.9%) 

Berat County
Blendi Klosi
Bardhyl Kollçaku
Hatixhe Konomi
Nasip Naço
Fadil Nasufi
Dibër County
Lavdrim Krrashi
Aurora Mara
Durrës County
Jurgis Çyrbja
Milva Ekonomi
Lefter Koka
Ilir Ndraxhi
Edi Rama
Rrahman Rraja
Klodiana Spahiu
Alban Xhelili
Elbasan County
Besion Ajazi
Taulant Balla
Luan Duzha
Saimir Hasalla
Evis Kushi
Florenc Spaho
Dasantila Tahiraj
Klevis Xhoxhi
Fier County
Ismet Beqiraj
Erion Braçe
Lindita Buxheli
Bujar Çela
Antoneta Dhima
Petro Koçi
Tatiana Piro
Gramoz Ruçi
Baftjar Zeqaj
Gjirokastër County
Bledar Çuçi
Laert Duraj
Mirela Kumbaro
Korçë County
Blerina Gjylameti
Niko Peleshi
Ilirian Pendavinji
Ilir Topi
Olta Xhaçka
Enslemvera Zake
Kukës County
Gerta Duraku
Lezhë County
Shpresa Marnoj
Eduard Ndreca
Lindita Nikolla
Shkodër County
Benet Beci
Edona Bilali
Paulin Sterkaj
Tiranë County
Arben Ahmetaj
Belinda Balluku
Alqi Bllako
Luljeta Bozo
Klotilda Bushka
Najada Çomo
Etilda Gjonaj
Toni Gogu
Ogerta Manastirliu
Ulsi Manja
Arben Pëllumbi
Orlando Rakipi
Xhemal Qefalia
Eduard Shalsi
Elisa Spiropali
Ermonela Valikaj
Etjen Xhafaj
Fatmir Xhafaj
Vlorë County
Anila Denaj
Damian Gjiknuri
Niko Kuri
Ilir Metaj
Teuta Ramaj
Pranvera Resulaj
Vullnet Sinaj
Anduel Tahiraj

 PD-AN (42.1%) 

Berat County
Kasëm Mahmutaj
Tomor Alizoti
Dibër County
Kreshnik Çollaku
Xhelal Mziu
Dhurata Tyli (Çupi)
Durrës County
Merita Bakiu
Oerd Bylykbashi
Agron Duka (PAA)
Edi Paloka
Andia Ulliri (PLL)
Ferdinand Xhaferaj
Elbasan County
Flutura Açka
Gazment Bardhi
Luçiano Boçi
Lefter Gështenja
Zheni Gjergji
Dashnor Sula
Fier County
Enkelejd Alibeaj
Nustret Avdulla (PDIU)
Luan Baçi
Eralda Bano (Tase) (PR)
Ilda Dhori
Saimir Korreshi
Gjirokastër County
Tritan Shehu
Korçë County
Seladin Jakupllari
Sorina Koti
Bledjon Nallbati
Ervin Salianji
Edmond Spaho
Kukës County
Isuf Çelaj
Flamur Hoxha
Lezhë County
Agron Gjekmarkaj
Mark Marku
Lindita Metaliaj (PR)
Kastriot Piroli
Shkodër County
Greta Bardeli
Helidon Bushati
Zef Hila
Emilja Koliqi
Ramadan Likaj
Tiranë County
Lulzim Basha
Sali Berisha
Mesila Doda
Vangjel Dule (PBDNJ)
Grida Duma
Shpëtim Idrizi (PDIU)
Belind Këlliçi
Fatmir Mediu (PR)
Flamur Noka
Orjola Pampuri
Alfred Rushaj
Agron Shehaj
Dashamir Shehi (LZhK)
Jorida Tabaku
Albana Vokshi
Vlorë County
Arbi Agalliu
Bujar Leskaj
Fation Veizaj
Ina Zhupa

 LSI (2.9%) 

Fier County
Monika Kryemadhi
Shkodër County
Agron Çela
Tiranë County
Erisa Xhixho
Petrit Vasili

 PSD (2.1%) 

Shkodër County
Gledis Çeliku
Meri Markiçi
Tiranë County
Gertjan Deda

Notes:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alliance led by PD. The other members are PDIU, PR, PAA, LZHK, PDK, FRD, PBKD, PBDNJ, BLD, PBD, PLL, PKD

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Zgjedhjet parlamentare në Shqipëri do të mbahen më 25 prill 2021". trt.net.tr (in Turkish). 7 September 2020. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Presidenti Nishani e dekreton: 25 qershori data e zgjedhjeve parlamentare". gsh.al (in Albanian). 21 May 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Broshurë Informative: mbi proceset zgjedhore Parlamentare dhe Lokale në Shqipëri, mbi partitë politike, legjislacionin, rekomandimet e OSBE/ODIHR (1991-2020)" [Information Booklet on Parliamentary and Local Electoral Processes in Albania, on Political Parties, Legislation, OSCE / ODIHR Recommendations (1991-2020)] (PDF). Instituti i Studimeve Politike (in Albanian). 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Explaining Albania: Electoral Code Changes Approved in Parliament, Here's What will Happen". Exit - Explaining Albania. 5 October 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Albanian Opposition Vows Not to Recognize Unilateral Changes Made to Constitution". Exit - Explaining Albania. 30 July 2020. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Kodi Zgjedhor, Rama: Nesër votohet në Parlament, PS-ja ka qenë shërbëtore e përulur". Gazeta Mapo. 4 October 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  7. ^ Harta e re elektorale, një mandat më pak Kukësit, Korçës e Beratit Archived 8 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine Shqiptarja, 3 December 2016
  8. ^ "Regjistri i partive politike të regjistruara në KQZ për Zgjedhjet për Kuvend të datës 25 Prill 2021" (PDF). Central Election Commission. May 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 April 2021.
  9. ^ a b "25 Prilli, 12 subjekte politike dhe 5 kandidatë të pavarur janë pjesë e garës". Gazeta Koha Jone. 18 March 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  10. ^ a b Semini, Llazar (25 April 2021). "Exit polls: Tight race in Albania's parliamentary vote". Association Press.
  11. ^ "10 anëtarë të kryesisë i kërkojnë Bashës dorëheqjen". Televizioni Klan. 28 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Kryemadhi i kërkon falje Metës: Djegia e mandateve, strategji e gabuar për zgjedhjet". Televizioni Klan. 28 April 2021.