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Legislative elections in Albania

  (Redirected from Elections in Albania)

Regular elections in Albania are mandated by the Constitution and legislation enacted by Parliament. The Parliament (Kuvendi) has 140 members elected for four-year terms.[1] The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.[2][3]

This electoral system replaced a mixed-member system in November 2008.[4] Under the old system, 100 members were elected directly in single member constituencies with approximately equal numbers of voters. 40 were elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking. The total number of deputies of a party or a party coalition was to be, to the closest possible extent, proportional to the valid votes won by that party or coalition on the national scale in the first round of elections. Parties that received less than 2.5% and coalitions that received less than 4% of the valid votes on the national scale in the first round of elections did not benefit from the respective multi-name list.

The change was criticised by the smaller parties, but supported by the two main parties. It was considered an important step towards Albania's European integration. Other changes included limiting the prosecutor general's term to five years, forcing an early election in case of a no-confidence vote and reducing the majority required to elect the president from three-fifths to half the MPs.[5]

The president is elected by parliament.

Albania has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and several other parties that are electorally successful.

Contents

Latest electionEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Socialist Party of Albania 761,951 48.34 74 +9
Democratic Party of Albania 454,349 28.82 43 –7
Socialist Movement for Integration 224,967 14.27 19 +3
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity 75,591 4.80 3 –1
Libra Party 19,666 1.25 0 New
Social Democratic Party of Albania 14,986 0.95 1 +1
New Democratic Spirit 5,112 0.32 0 0
Republican Party of Albania 3,821 0.24 0 –3
Sfida për Shqipërinë 3,523 0.22 0 New
Social Democracy Party of Albania 2,526 0.16 0 0
Christian Democratic Party of Albania 2,516 0.16 0 –1
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority 2,283 0.14 0 0
People's Alliance for Justice 1,490 0.09 0 New
Communist Party of Albania 1,026 0.07 0 0
Albanian Democratic Christian Union 910 0.06 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 765 0.05 0 0
Democratic Alliance Party 538 0.03 0 0
National Arbnore Alliance 353 0.02 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 32,188
Total 1,608,561 100 140 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,452,324 46.80
Source: CEC (99.65% of polling stations reporting)

Past electionsEdit

e • d Summary of the 28 June 2009 Assembly of Albania election results
Coalitions Votes % Seats
Total "Alliance for Changes" (Center - Right) 712745 46.92 70
Total "Unification for Changes" (Center - Left) 688748 45.34 66
Total "Socialist Alliance" (Progressive Left) 84407 5.56 4
Total "Pole of Freedom" (Conservatism) 27655 1.82 0
Law and Justice Party of Albania (Partia Ligj dhe Drejtësi) PLiDr 4865 0.32 0
Independent (Abdullah Adil Omurri) PAVARUR 756 0.05 0
Total (turnout: %) 1519176 100.00 140
Source: CEC
e • d Summary of the 3 July 2005 Assembly of Albania election results
Parties Votes PR % Seats
Constituencies PR Total
Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë) 104,796 7.67 56 0 56
Socialist Party of Albania (Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë) 121,412 8.89 42 0 42
ALDM-National Front (Partia Balli Kombëtar Shqiptar) 457,143 33,46 0 18 18
ALDM-Republican Party of Albania (Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë) - 11 11
ALDM-New Democratic Party (Partia Demokrate e Re) - 4 4
ALDM-Christian Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokristiane e Shqipërisë) - 2 2
ALDM-Liberal Democratic Union (Bashkimi Liberal Demokrat) - 1 1
ALDM-Democratic National Front Party (Partia Ballik Kombëtar Demokrat) - - -
ALDM-Albanian Democratic Union Party (Partia e Bashkimit Demokrat Shqiptar) - - -
ALDM-Human Rights Liberation Movement (Lëvizja për të Drejtat dhe Liritë e Njeriut) - - -
Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë) 174,103 12.74 0 7 7
Socialist Movement for Integration (Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim) 114,798 8.40 1 4 5
Environmentalist Agrarian Party (Partia Agrare Ambientaliste) 89,635 6.56 - 4 4
Democratic Alliance Party (Partia Aleanca Demokratike) 65,093 4.76 - 3 3
Social Democracy Party of Albania (Partia Demokracia Sociale e Shqipërisë) 57,998 4.25 - 2 2
Unity for Human Rights Party (Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut) 56,403 4.13 - 2 2
Non-partisans     1 1
Total 1,366,226 100.0 100 40 140
Source: OSCE[dead link] The candidates of the Alliance for Freedom, Justice and Welfare (Aliansa për Liri, Drejtësi dhe Mirëqenie;;, Republican Party of Albania and allies) supported the candidates of the PDS in the constituencies, as did some of the informal PS allie with the PS candidates. Given the number of irregularities in the first ballot, re-elections were held in two constituencies in Shkodra and Lushnja on 21 August. These results have been included.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1998 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA" (PDF). osce.org. p. 12. The Assembly consists of 140 deputies. One hundred deputies are elected directly in single member electoral zones with an approximately equal number of voters. Forty deputies are elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking
  2. ^ http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=3
  3. ^ "PART XII ALLOCATION OF SEATS". THE ELECTORAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA (English translation by OSCE) (pdf). p. 140. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Ex-communist Albania changes voting system in constitutional shake up - International Herald Tribune

External linksEdit