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Pannonia Inferior, lit. Lower Pannonia, was a province of the Roman Empire. Its capital was Sirmium. It was one on the border provinces on the Danube. It was formed in the year 103 AD by Emperor Trajan who divided the former province of Pannonia into two parts: Pannonia Superior and Pannonia Inferior. The province included parts of present-day states of Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The province was bordered to the east a Sarmatian tribe - the Iazyges. Later, the Vandals appeared to the north-east.

Provincia Pannonia Inferior
Province of the Roman Empire

103–3rd century
 

Location of Lower Pannonia
Pannonia Inferior (125 AD)
Capital Aquincum and Sirmium[1]
History
 •  Established 103
 •  Reorganized 3rd century
Today part of  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 Hungary
 Serbia

Contents

SettlementsEdit

 
Pannonia Inferior

Major settlements in Pannonia Inferior included:

Aftermath and legacyEdit

The province was yet again split during the reign of the tetrarchs into two more provinces, Pannonia Valeria in the north, with the new provincial capital at Sopianae, and Pannonia Secunda in the south with Sirmium as the provincial capital. In the Frankish period, in the 9th century, Lower Pannonia was a duchy that spanned from the Drava to the Sava.

List of Roman governorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation, Taylor & Francis, page 381.
  2. ^ Unless otherwise noted, governors from 69 to 137 are taken from Werner Eck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", Chiron, 12 (1982), pp. 281-362; 13 (1983), pp. 147-237
  3. ^ Unless otherwise noted, governors from 149 to 182 are taken from Géza Alföldy, Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter der Antoninen (Bonn: Rudolf Habelt Verlag, 1977), pp. 250-252

External linksEdit