Pakistan Aeronautical Complex

The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) (Urdu: پاکستان ایروناٹیکل کمپلیکس‎) is a Pakistan-based major aerospace, defence contractor under managed and controlled as a military corporation that produces aerial systems for both military and civilian usage, situated in Kamra, Attock District.[1]

Pakistan Aeronautical Complex
Native name
پاکستان ایروناٹیکل کمپلیکس
State-owned company
FoundedKamra, Punjab, Pakistan 1971
Area served
Key people
Air Marshal Syed Noman Ali
Production output
Military Aircraft
ServicesAircraft maintenance
Aircraft MLU systems
Aircraft design, R&D
OwnerMinistry of Defence Production
(Primary owner; other ownership)
ParentPakistan Air Force
SubsidiariesAir Weapons Complex

Founded in 1971 by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), the PAC designs, develops, and build aircraft and avionics systems for the Inter–Services of the country; it also provides its services for civilian aircraft.[2] In addition, the PAC performs local maintenance and works on the aircraft MLU systems of foreign-built military and civilian aircraft. It is solely owned by the Pakistan Air Force as its corporate interests and its corporate appointments are directly made by the Chief of air staff from the Air HQ of the Pakistan Air Force.[2]

Mainly focusing on avionics, aviation, and high-tech electronics, the PAC also manufactures military systems for the Pakistan Army and Navy, which are listed as "valued customers".[3] Many of these products are specially suited for the Pakistan Armed Forces needs, while others are also marketed to foreign militaries. While it collaborated with several countries corporate organisations, the PAC often jointly works with the Turkish TAI and the Chinese CATIC.[4] Its aircraft have been exported to Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.[5][6][7]


A F-16A at the PAC, the F-16s are maintained at the PAC.

Since 1947, the Pakistan Air Force operated largely dependent on foreign suppliers, fighter jets and aircraft had to be sent abroad for desired inspection, development, and to produce parts to maintain the fighter aircraft in service, causing the downsizing of the air force.[1]

After consultation from the PAF's commanders at AHQ at the Pindi Cantt, the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) was established in 1973 in Kamra with Aircraft Rebuild Factory first being functional.[8][9] PAC was established by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) as part of the new defence policy introduced in 1972; the PAC represents wide range of corporate revenue of the air force while fulfilling the national security needs of the country.[1] The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex started with three main Ministry of Defence projects designated P-721, P-741 and P-751.[8] The first two digits show the year of project approval and launch, the third digit is a serial designator.[8]

Since 1980s–90s, PAC functions include licensed-built Mirage-III, Mirage-5, and the F-16s as well as building the F100 engines for the F-16s under license from Pratt & Whitney.[10]

A retired Pakistan Air Force F-6 on display

Aircraft Rebuild FactoryEdit

Aircraft Rebuild Factory (ARF), formerly known as F-6 Rebuild Factory (F-6RF) and P-721, is primarily dedicated to the overhaul and parts manufacture of Chinese aircraft in service with the Pakistan Air force (PAF). The factory is capable of overhauling and parts manufacturing for the Shenyang F-6 (now retired by the PAF), Nanchang A-5 (also retired by the PAF) and F-7 combat aircraft, as well as the Shenyang FT-5 and FT-6 jet trainer aircraft. ARF is also capable of manufacturing Drop Tanks and harnesses of aircraft.

Mirage Rebuild FactoryEdit

The Mirage Rebuild Factory (MRF), formerly known as P-741, is dedicated to the overhaul of French origin military aircraft in service with the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), the Dassault Mirage III and Mirage V combat aircraft. Overhaul and manufacturing services were used by other countries with French Mirage aircraft in service. The Mirage III and Mirage 5 are under license and built at the PAC factory. This factory also grew to service and overhaul the Pratt & Whitney F100 turbofan engines belonging to the F-16 Fighting Falcon combat aircraft of the PAF. Due to lack of budget for replacing outdated aircraft, the MRF was devoted to domestically overhauling them, which according to claims, saved the country billions of dollars.[11]

Aircraft Manufacturing FactoryEdit

Two JF-17 multi-role fighters during a flypast performance in Islamabad on 23 March 2007, assembled by PAC earlier that month. Serial production of the fighter at AMF began on 30 June 2009.
An MFI-395 Super Mushshak, produced at AMF, on display at the IDEAS 2008 defence exhibition in Karachi, Pakistan.

Aircraft Manufacturing Factory (AMF), formerly known as P-751, is dedicated to heavy military aircraft manufacturing. The MFI-17 Mushshak basic trainer aircraft built under license for use by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and Pakistan Army aviation wing. This factory project managed the aircraft modification and development venture that resulted in the MFI-395 Super Mushshak basic trainer, based on the MFI-17 Mushshak. Development of the K-8 Karakorum (also known as Hongdu JL-8) intermediate/advanced jet trainer was done in co-operation with Hongdu Aviation Industry Group of China, with AMF manufacturing parts for the aircraft. The JF-17 multi-role combat aircraft (also known as FC-1), a joint project between China and Pakistan, is now being manufactured by AMF. The MFI-17, MFI-395, K-8 and JF-17 are now in service with the (PAF). AMF also designs and manufactures unmanned aerial vehicles for uses such as target practice.

Manufacture of sub-assemblies for the JF-17 light-weight multi-role fighter began on 22 January 2008, while serial production of the fighter began on 30 June 2009.

On 20 August 2009 the PAF announced that it would begin production of its own unmanned aerial vehicles in collaboration with Italian company Selex Galileo. Production of the UAV, named Falco, was to begin soon.[12] An earlier opportunity to manufacture a fighter aircraft was lost when the Pakistan Air Force abandoned Project Sabre II in 1987, a joint effort by Pakistan, China and Grumman Aerospace that would have seen AMF manufacturing a re-designed Chengdu F-7 variant.

Avionics Production Factory (APF)Edit

Avionics production Factory (APF), formerly known as Kamra Avionics and Radar Factory (KARF) was initiated as Radar Maintenance Centre (RMC) in 1983 to overhaul and rebuild ground-based radar systems. In 1989, RMC was expanded to become Kamra Radar & Avionics Factory (KARF). APF has the facilities to assemble and overhaul airborne as well as ground-based radar systems, electronics and avionics. the ISO 9002 certified facility among PAC, the factory was involved in upgrading the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) Chengdu F-7P interceptor fleet by replacing the original Italian built FIAR Grifo-7 radar with the more capable FIAR Grifo-7 mk-II radar, which was assembled under licence by APF. More recently, radar production involved the license assembly of the latest upgrade variant of the FIAR Grifo-7, the Grifo-7MG radar, which arms the Chengdu F-7PG combat aircraft of the PAF. In mid-2009 it was reported that APF personnel had completed training on printed circuit board assembly machines supplied by US company APS Novastar, which would be used to make circuit boards for combat aircraft avionics.[13]

As PAC's capabilities become competitive in the region, commercial ventures from national and international companies are also being undertaken.

Project AzmEdit

On 7 July 2017 the Pakistan Air Force announced the development of a fifth-generation fighter jet technology's, a stealth medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (MALE UAV) and munitions and a smart longer range surface to air missile systems SAM missile systems under the banner of Project Azm (resolve or determination).[14][15][16][17][18] Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman stated that the design phase for the MALE UAV was in its final stages.[14][18]


The new JF-17 multi-role fighter, displayed at the IDEAS 2008 Defense Exhibition in Karachi, Pakistan and currently under production by PAC


Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)Edit

  • Ababeel Aerial Drone – A small arms target designed for target practice use by operators of small arms, machine guns. Also used to train operators for the larger and faster Baaz Aerial Drone. Can be very effective for recce missions.[20]
  • Baaz Aerial Drone – A recoverable aerial target designed for use with air defence guns and surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems. It has a very high rate of accuracy[21]
  • Galileo Falco – A surveillance UAV, production began in August 2009 under license of Selex ES of Italy.[22][23]

Consumer ElectronicsEdit


  • Aircraft Manufacturing
  • Airborne Systems
  • Aircraft Overhaul
  • Avionics Overhaul
  • Engine Overhaul
  • Radar Overhaul
  • Component Overhaul


  1. ^ a b c "History of PAC". PAC. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b Introduction of PAC. "Introduction of PAC". Introduction of PAC. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Customers of PAC". Customers of PAC. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  4. ^ PAC. "Collaboration". PAC collaboration. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Nigeria to buy 10 Super Mushshak from Pakistan – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 22 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Qatar to buy Super Mushshak – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Kamra – Our Valued Customers". Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Singh, RSN (2005). Asian strategic and military perspective. New Delhi: Lancer Publishers & Distributors. ISBN 817062245X. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  9. ^ Singh, R.S.N. (2008). The military factor in Pakistan. New Delhi: Frankfort, IL. ISBN 0981537898. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  10. ^ Staff writer. "MIRAGE REBUILD FACTORY". MIRAGE REBUILD FACTORY. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  11. ^ AFP (29 April 2018). "Thrifty at 50: How the Pakistan Air Force keeps ageing Mirages flying".
  12. ^ Malik, Sajjad (21 August 2009). "Pak version of drones 'whirrs' into production". Daily Times. Retrieved 21 August 2009.
  13. ^ "" (PDF).
  14. ^ a b Khan, Bilal (6 July 2017). "Pakistan Announces 5th-Gen Fighter And Medium-Altitude Long-Endurance UAV Programs". QUWA. QUWA. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  15. ^ Master, Web (6 July 2017). "PAF establishes Aviation City at Aeronautical Complex Kamra". The Nation. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  16. ^ Desk, Web (6 July 2017). "Groundbreaking ceremony of Aviation City held in Kamra". The News International. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  17. ^ Khan, Bilal (9 July 2017). "Reviewing Pakistan's Goals For The Kamra Aviation City Initiative". QUWA Defence News and Analysis Group. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  18. ^ a b "Pakistan To Develop Long Endurance Attack Drone". Defence 8 July 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Kamra - JF-17 Thunder Aircraft". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  20. ^ [1] Archived 14 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ [2] Archived 14 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Pakistan Air Force Begins Production of Falco UAV". Airforce Technology. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  23. ^ "Pakistan to begin co-production of Falco UAV". 26 August 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  24. ^ Brummitt, Chris. "Guns and Androids: Pakistan Air Force Making iPads." Associated Press. 17 February 2012.
  25. ^ Brummitt, Chris. "Guns and Androids: Pakistan Air Force Making iPads." Associated Press. 17 February 2012.
  26. ^
  27. ^

External linksEdit