PAC MFI-17 Mushshak
The PAC MFI-17 Mushshak (Urdu: مشاق) (English: Proficient) is a license-built fixed-gear basic trainer aircraft used by the Pakistan Army, Pakistan Air Force & Pakistan Air Scouts. An improved version of the Saab Safari, the MFI-17 is manufactured in Kamra, Pakistan by Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC). As of 2006, 80 aircraft had been manufactured. Built to Mil-Spec and fully aerobatic, it is used for training, towing and other ground support roles. An upgraded version, the PAC Super Mushshak, has also been produced by PAC.
|MFI-17 Mushshak |
|A PAC MFI-17 Mushshak in flight|
|Role||Basic training aircraft, Light attack aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Pakistan Aeronautical Complex|
|Primary users||Pakistan Air Force & Pakistan Air Scouts|
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Royal Saudi Air Force
|Developed from||Saab Safari|
The MFI-15 Safari and MFI-17 Supporter were created from Saab's adaptation of the MFI-9 Junior for basic training for civil and military operators. In 1968 Saab began work on its MFI-15, based on the MFI-9 but with some design changes. Foremost of the changes in the Saab built MFI-15 prototype was the 120 kW (160shp) Lycoming IO-320 piston engine. Like the MFI-9, the MFI-15 retained the unusual braced, mid-mounted and slightly forward-swept wing and rearward-hinged canopy, offering good all-around vision. The prototype made its maiden flight on June 11, 1969. Follow-up testing of the MFI-15 resulted in a more powerful IO-360 engine, while the horizontal tail was relocated to prevent it being damaged by thrown up debris. The first flight of this modified form was in February 1971.
Sold as the MFI-15 Safari, most went to civil customers, however Sierra Leone and Norway took delivery of Safaris for military pilot training. To improve the Safari's military market appeal, Saab developed the MFI-17 Supporter, fitted with six underwing hardpoints for light and practice weaponry, giving it weapons training and light COIN capabilities. First flight was on July 6, 1972. Important were Denmark and Zambia. Production ended in the late 1970s after about 250 Safaris and Supporters had been built, mostly for civil customers.
Pakistan has taken delivery of 18 Supporters, while 92 have been assembled locally by PAC from knocked down kits and a further 149 were built locally by PAC. It is named Mushshak ("Proficient") in Pakistani service. In 1981, Pakistan acquired sole manufacturing rights of the Supporter. The development of the MFI-395 in 1995 initiated by the then-managing director of AMF, Air Cdr Muhammad Younas. The aircraft was built by upgrading the MFI-17 with an advanced 260 hp engine, electrical instruments, dual flight control systems and a Bendix RSA fuel injection system.
Fitted with an American 260 hp engine, cockpit air conditioning, electrical instruments, and electric/manual elevator and rudder trim, the aircraft has been developed to meet FAR part 23 certification in normal, utility and aerobatics categories. It has a spacious side-by-side cockpit allowing good contact between the pilot and the co-pilot/observer or between the student and the instructor.
Pakistan Aeronautical Complex unveiled a light attack variant of the Super Mushshak in March 2019. The aircraft is capable of launching Barq laser-guided and anti-tank missiles. The Super Mushshak is in use by Pakistan Air Force, Turkish Air Force and briefly by Nigerian Air Force.
- Nigerian Air Force – 10 delivered as of January 2018. Nigeria temporarily operated four Pakistani Air Force Super Mushshaks for early training.
- Approximately 337 operational with the Pakistan Armed Forces - 217 with Pakistan Army, 120 Super Mushshak with Pakistan Air Force (4 Super Mushshak were loaned temporarily to Nigeria)
Specifications (MFI-17 Mushshak)Edit
- Crew: 2-3
- Length: 7 m (23 ft 0 in)
- Wingspan: 8.85 m (29 ft 0 in)
- Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
- Wing area: 11.9 m2 (128 sq ft)
- Airfoil: NACA 23012 mod
- Empty weight: 646 kg (1,424 lb) equipped
- Max takeoff weight: 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) normal
- 1,125 kg (2,480 lb) utility
- 900 kg (1,984 lb) aerobatic
- Powerplant: 1 × Textron Lycoming IO-360-A1B6 4-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 149 kW (200 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed Hartzell HC-C2YK-4F/FC7666A-2, 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) diameter constant-speed metal propeller
- Maximum speed: 236 km/h (147 mph, 127 kn) at sea level and 1,125 kg (2,480 lb)
- Cruise speed: 210 km/h (130 mph, 110 kn)
- Stall speed: 100 km/h (62 mph, 54 kn)
- Never exceed speed: 365 km/h (227 mph, 197 kn) at 1,125 kg (2,480 lb)
- Endurance: 5 hours 10 minutes at 65% power, at sea level, with 10% fuel reserve
- Service ceiling: 4,100 m (13,500 ft)
- g limits:
- +4.4 -1.76 (utility MTOW)
- +6 -2 (aerobatic MTOW)
- Rate of climb: 5.2 m/s (1,020 ft/min)
- Time to altitude: 1,830 m (6,004 ft) in 9 minutes 18 seconds
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