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The Shenyang J-5 (Chinese: 歼-5) (NATO reporting name Fresco[2]) is a Chinese-built single-seat jet interceptor and fighter aircraft, license version of the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17.[1] The J-5 was exported as the F-5[3] and was originally designated Dongfeng-101 (East Wind-101) and also Type 56 before being designated J-5 in 1964.[1]

J-5
Shenyang J-5.jpg
Shenyang J-5
Role Fighter aircraft
National origin People's Republic of China
Manufacturer Shenyang Aircraft Corporation[1]
First flight 19 July 1956[1]
Introduction 1956
Retired 1992 (China)
Status Trainers in service
Primary users People's Liberation Army Air Force (historical)
North Korean air force
Pakistan Air Force (historical)
Vietnam People's Air Force (historical)
Produced 1956-1969
Number built 1,820+[1]
Developed from Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17

The MiG-17 was license-built in China and Poland into the 1960s. The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) obtained a number of Soviet-built MiG-17 Fresco-A day fighters, designated J-4 in the early 1950s. To introduce modern production methods to Chinese industry the PLAAF obtained plans for the MiG-17F Fresco-C day fighter in 1955, along with two completed pattern aircraft, 15 knockdown kits, and parts for ten aircraft. The first Chinese-built MiG-17F, (serialed Zhong 0101),[1] produced by the Shenyang factory, performed its initial flight on 19 July 1956 with test pilot Wu Keming at the controls.[1]

Plans were obtained in 1961 for the MiG-17PF interceptor and production began, as the J-5A (F-5A),[1] shortly afterwards. At this time the Sino-Soviet split occurred, causing much disruption to industrial and technical projects, so the first J-5A did not fly until 1964, when the type was already obsolete. A total of 767 J-5s and J-5As had been built when production ended in 1969.[1]

The Chinese also built a two-seat trainer version of the MiG-17, designated the Chengdu JJ-5 (Jianjiji Jiaolianji - Fighter Trainer - FT-5),[1] from 1968, by combining the two-seat cockpit of the MiG-15UTI, the VK-1A engine of the J-5, and the fuselage of the J-5A. All internal armament was deleted and a single Nudelman-Richter NR-23 23 mm cannon was carried in a ventral pack. Production of the JJ-5 reached 1,061 when production ceased in 1986, with the type exported to a number of countries.[1]

Contents

Operational historyEdit

 
Albanian Air Force FT-5

The J-5 and JJ-5 saw widespread use by the PLAAF until supplanted by a more capable aircraft the Chengdu J-7.

VariantsEdit

  • Type 56 - pre-service designation for the J-5.[1]
  • Dongfeng-101 - original service name for the J-5.[1]
  • Shenyang J-5 - (Jianjiji-5 - fighter) Chinese production aircraft re-designated in 1964. 767 built, all single seat variants.[1]
  • Shenyang J-5A - licence production of the Radar-equipped Mig-17PF. The total production figure for this variant was over 300. J-5As were still in service with PLAAF when J-6A & J-6B were phased out.[1]
  • Chengdu JJ-5 - (Jianjiji Jiaolianji - fighter trainer) A twin-seat trainer version of the J-5 designed and developed by Chengdu Aircraft Corporation. Combined the J-5 airframe, J-5A airbrakes and the tandem twin-seat cockpit section of the JJ-2 (MiG-15UTI).[1] Export versions designated FT-5.
  • Shenyang J-5 torpedo bomber - A single aircraft modified to carry a single torpedo under the fuselage centreline. Central cannon was removed, as was some fuel storage capacity. Trials showed performance degradation was too great and further work was abandoned.[1]

OperatorsEdit

Current operatorsEdit

  People's Republic of China
  North Korea
  • North Korean Air Force — 107 F-5's with another 135 FT-5 trainers remain in service.[4] However, reports of dire levels of serviceability suggest an airworthiness rate of less than 50%.[5]

Former operatorsEdit

  Albania
  • Albanian Air Force — Shenyang J-5 jets were among the first Chinese military aid to Albania, but the Albanian Air Force's deployment against the Yugoslav air incursion was relatively unsuccessful due to its subsonic speed, and the aircraft were soon reassigned once Shenyang J-6s became available. Remaining J-5s are retired and in storage with the Albanian military.
  Bangladesh
  Cambodia
  • Khmer Air Force — Ten Shenyang J-5 jets were delivered to the then Royal Khmer Aviation (AVRK) in 1965 as military aid. Only six were operational by 1970, only to be lost in January 1971 when the Cambodian Air Force was almost entirely destroyed on the ground by a North Vietnamese Army (NVA) "Sapper" attack.
  Pakistan
  • Pakistan Air Force — Retired 5 January 2012. PAF's No. 1 Fighter Conversion Unit (FCU) operated 25+ FT-5 trainers from 1975 to 2012, replaced in service by Pakistani-built K-8P Karakorum.[6][7]
  Sri Lanka
  • Sri Lankan Air Force — J-5s were used as jet familiarisation trainers for Sri Lankan Air Force pilots.
  Sudan
  • Sudanese Air Force — The Sudanese Air Force J-5s have been used for ground attack missions against rebels with limited air defences. Both MiG-17s and J-5s once flew with the Sudanese Air Force.
  Somalia
  • Somali Air Corps — like most aircraft in the Somali Air Corps inventory, the majority of the J-5s were lost during the Ogaden War, in which more than 75% of the Somali Air Force was destroyed by the Cuban supported Ethiopian Air Force.
  Tanzania
  United States
  • United States Air Force — In the 1980s, the United States purchased a number of J-5 aircraft, along with J-2 aircraft from China via the Combat Core Certification Professionals Company. These aircraft were employed in a "mobile threat test" program at Kirtland Air Force Base, operated by 4477th "Red Hats" Test and Evaluation Squadron of the United States Air Force, and are now believed to be in storage.
  Vietnam
  • Vietnamese Air Force — The Vietnamese Air Force used J-5s alongside the Soviet supplied MiG-17s for interception missions until the 1990s when they were retired, along with the remaining MiG-19s, being replaced with newer MiG-21s and Su-27s.
  Zimbabwe

Specifications (J-5)Edit

Data from Chinese aircraft : China's aviation industry since 1951[8]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 {JJ-5 - 2)
  • Length: 11.09 m (36 ft 5 in)
J-5A 11.36 m (37.3 ft)
JJ-5 11.5 m (38 ft)
  • Wingspan: 9.628 m (31 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 22.6 m2 (243 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,939 kg (8,684 lb)
J-5A 4,151 kg (9,151 lb)
JJ-5 4,080 kg (8,990 lb)
  • Gross weight: 6,000 kg (13,228 lb)
JJ-5 6,125 kg (13,503 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wopen WP-5 turbojet engines, 25.5 kN (5,700 lbf) thrust 33.8 kN (7,600 lbf) with afterburning
JJ-5 1x 22.27 kN (5,010 lbf) WP-5D non afterburning turbojet

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 1,130 km/h (700 mph, 610 kn) at 5,000 m (16,000 ft)
J5A 1,145 m (3,757 ft)
JJ-5 1,048 km/h (651 mph; 566 kn)
  • Range: 1,424 km (885 mi, 769 nmi) with drop tanks at 10,000 m (33,000 ft)
J5A 1,730 km (1,070 mi; 930 nmi)
JJ-5 1,230 km (760 mi; 660 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 16,500 m (54,100 ft)
J5A 16,600 m (54,500 ft)
JJ-5 14,300 m (46,900 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 65 m/s (12,800 ft/min) at 5,000 m (16,000 ft)
JJ-5 27 m/s (5,300 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns:
1 x Type 37 37 mm (1.457 in) aircraft cannon.
2 x Type 23-1 23 mm (0.906 in) aircraft cannon.
J5A 3 x Type 23-1 23 mm (0.906 in) aircraft cannon.
JJ-5 1 x Type 23-1 23 mm (0.906 in) aircraft cannon.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. Chinese Aircraft. Hikoki Publications. Manchester. 2008. ISBN 978-1-902109-04-6
  2. ^ "Designations of Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft and Missiles". Designation-systems.net. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  3. ^ Eriksson, Sören (2013). Clusters and Economic Growth in Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 174. ISBN 9780-8579-3008-8.
  4. ^ "Flight Global World Air Forces 2014" (PDF). Flight Global. December 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  5. ^ "The AMR Regional Air Force Directory 2012" (PDF). Asian Military Review. February 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "PAF grounds ageing trainer aircraft". Dawn. January 6, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  7. ^ "Pakistan Air Force retires last FT-5". AirForces Monthly. Key Publishing (289): 32. April 2012. ISSN 0955-7091.
  8. ^ Gordon, Yefim; Komissarov, Dmitry (2008). Chinese aircraft : China's aviation industry since 1951 (1st ed.). Manchester: Hikoki Publications. pp. 24–31. ISBN 978-1-902109-04-6.

Bibliography

External linksEdit