PAC Super Mushshak
The PAC Super Mushshak (Urdu: سپر مشاق, lit. 'Proficient') is a primary trainer aircraft, which is a more advanced and upgraded variant of the MFI-17 Mushshak. It was designed by and is being manufactured at the Aircraft Manufacturing Factory (AMF), Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Kamra, Pakistan.
|The Super Mushshak on display at the IDEAS 2008 defence exhibition in Pakistan.|
|Manufacturer||Pakistan Aeronautical Complex|
|Primary users||Pakistan Air Force|
Turkish Air Force
Royal Saudi Air Force
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
|Developed from||PAC MFI-17 Mushshak|
The MFI-15 Safari and MFI-17 Supporter were created from Saab's adaptation of the MFI-9 Junior for basic training for civil and military operators. In 1968 Saab began work on its MFI-15, based on the MFI-9 but with some design changes. Foremost of the changes in the Saab built MFI-15 prototype was the 120 kW (160shp) Lycoming IO-320 piston engine. Like the MFI-9, the MFI-15 retained the unusual braced, mid-mounted and slightly forward-swept wing and rearward-hinged canopy, offering good all-around vision. The prototype made its maiden flight on June 11, 1969. Follow-up testing of the MFI-15 resulted in a more powerful IO-360 engine, while the horizontal tail was relocated to prevent it being damaged by thrown up debris. The first flight of this modified form was in February 1971.
Sold as the MFI-15 Safari, most went to civil customers, however Sierra Leone and Norway took delivery of Safaris for military pilot training. To improve the Safari's military market appeal, Saab developed the MFI-17 Supporter, fitted with six underwing hardpoints for light and practice weaponry, giving it weapons training and light COIN capabilities. First flight was on July 6, 1972. Important were Denmark and Zambia. Production ended in the late 1970s after about 250 Safaris and Supporters had been built, mostly for civil customers.
Pakistan has taken delivery of 18 Supporters, while 92 have been assembled locally by PAC from knocked down kits and a further 149 were built locally by PAC. It is named Mushshak ("Proficient") in Pakistani service. In 1981, Pakistan acquired sole manufacturing rights of the Supporter. The development of the MFI-395 in 1995 initiated by the then-managing director of AMF, Air Cdr Muhammad Younas. The aircraft was built by upgrading the MFI-17 with an advanced 260 hp engine, electrical instruments, dual flight control systems and a Bendix RSA fuel injection system.
Fitted with an American 260 hp engine, cockpit air conditioning, electrical instruments, and electric/manual elevator and rudder trim, the aircraft has been developed to meet FAR part 23 certification in normal, utility and aerobatics categories. It has a spacious side-by-side cockpit allowing good contact between the pilot and the co-pilot/observer or between the student and the instructor.
- Nigerian Air Force – 10 delivered as of January 2018. Nigeria temporarily operated four Pakistani Air Force Super Mushshaks for early training. 
- Approximately 300 operational with the Pakistan Armed Forces
- Uni Group Holdings (Pvt) Ltd - 1
Specifications (Super Mushshak)Edit
- Crew: two-three (student, instructor and optional passenger)
- Length: 7.15 m (23.5 ft)
- Wingspan: 8.85 m (29 ft)
- Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 0.5 in)
- Wing area: 11.9 sq m (128 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 760 kg (1,676 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 1,250 kg (2,755 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Textron Lycoming IO-540 V4A5 horizontally opposed 6 cylinder, 194 kW (260 hp)at 2700 RPM (ISA conditions)
- Propellers: 1× Mccauley or Hartzell, 3 or 2 blade propeller
- Never exceed speed: 363 km/h (196 knots, 226 mph)
- Maximum speed: 268 km/h (145 knots, 166 mph) at sea level
- Cruise speed: 240 km/h (130 knots, 149 mph)
- Stall speed: 96 km/h (52 knots, 60 mph) (flaps down)
- Range: 814 km (440 nmi, 506 mi)
- Endurance: 4 hr 15 min
- Service ceiling: 6,705 m (22,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 8.6 m/s (1,220 ft/min)
- Up to 300 kg (660 lb) external load carrying capability (including pylons).
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Grob G-120
- Aermacchi SF.260
- Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
- ENAER T-35 Pillan
- Fuji T-3
- Lasta 95
- PAC CT/4 Airtrainer
- Socata TB-31 Omega
- Valmet L-70 Vinka
- Scottish Aviation Bulldog
- Saab 91 Safir
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- Jackson 2003, pp. 325–326.