Padrauna is a city and district headquarter of Kushinagar in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Its ancient name was Pava where Buddha took his last meal. It is the place where Rama spent a few days of his life. After passing from Padrauna, Rama reached at Ramkola where he made a hut with his wife Sita and younger brother Lakshman to stay. Padrauna is also the place of ancient Malla Kshatriyas who were following a democratic form of government from their Santhagara. It is situated 21 kilometers east of Kushinagar town.

Padrauna
City
Darbar dwar
Main Gate of the Palace
Nickname(s): 
PAVA
Padrauna is located in Uttar Pradesh
Padrauna
Padrauna
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°54′N 83°59′E / 26.9°N 83.98°E / 26.9; 83.98Coordinates: 26°54′N 83°59′E / 26.9°N 83.98°E / 26.9; 83.98
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictKushinagar district
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodyMunicipal board
Population
 (2011)
 • Total49,723
 • Rank300+
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
274304
Telephone code05564
Vehicle registrationUP-57
Sex ratio950 (approx.) /
Websitewww.kushinagar.nic.in

ConnectivityEdit

The town is connected to many important cities through National Highway 28B[1] and State Highway No. 64. One of the Shatabdi bus daily runs from Padrauna to Kanpur. Also, Janrath bus connects Padrauna to Lucknow. Padrauna Railway Station is on a broadgauge railway that connects to major cities of the country. Currently, trains run for cities like Chhapra, Gorakhpur, Lucknow, Siddharthnagar, Delhi, Katihar, Jalandar, Delhi and other important cities. It is expected to be a part of the proposed Kushinagar International Airport. The proposed Buddha Expressway between Kushinagar and Sarnath will provide connectivity with south eastern cities in the state like Varanasi, Allahabad, Azamgarh as well as Kolkata through National Highway 2 in Varanasi.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Padrauna mainly consists of Agriculture followed by Services and a little contribution is made by Industrial sector. There are many family run businesses, shops, vendors, hawkers, etc., in Padrauna. A number of small and mid-size hotels exist in Padrauna. Earlier there were few industries (Kanpur Sugar Works, sugar factory for example) which are no more operational. The shutting down of factories led to poverty and backwardness of this region. The backwardness is further soared by the power shortage in this region.

Landmarks and geographyEdit

 
Sugar Factory in dis use

Notable landmarks are: Subhash Chowk, Tilak Chowk, Ambay Chowk, Chawani, Ravindra Nagar, Nahar, Rajdarbar, Gudaribajar, Lajpat Nagar, Durgamandir, Jataharoad, Belawan chungi, Bawali Chowk Sugar Factory etc. Though Padrauna is a district headquarter yet almost all the offices like Kutchery, Vikas Bhavan, Income Tax Office, Collectorate, District Hospital etc. are situated in Ravindra Nagar Dhoos. It lies in the Great Plains and is Terai area, very close to piedmont plains of Himalayas, and is very close to borders of Nepal and Bihar. It is located on the bank of river Bansi, a Ganges tributary originating in Nepal. The town presents characteristics distinct from natural features of the western districts of Uttar Pradesh. This difference is due primarily to the relative proximity of the Himalayas, the outermost foothills of which are only a few kilometres from the northern borders. The peak of Dhaulagiri, some 8,230 meters above sea-level, is visible under favourable climatic conditions as far south as Padrauna itself. Below the outer hills is a dry boulder-strewn tract, corresponding to the Bhabar of Kumaun and Garhwal and here the bulk of the moisture contributed by the rainfall and the small streams is absorbed by the soil, to reappear through seepage in the damp and unhealthy tract, known as the terai. The climate is extreme temperate climate, with soaring temperatures in summer crossing 40 degrees and in winters temperatures as low as 3 to 4 degrees.

There are a number of cinemas and malls and supermarkets in Kanhaiya Takij, Krishna Takij, Sahu Palace, Unik Bazar, V2, City Cart, and V Mart. A city mall which was under construction for the last few years is now functioning, bringing new brands and stores to the town.

EducationEdit

 
Udit Narayan Inter College

The town has several schools like Vivekanand Inter College, Kendriya Vidyalaya Navodaya Vidyalaya, Goswami Tulsi Das Intermediate college, Tulsi vidya niketan, Udit Narayan Intermediate College, JDS International School, (Affiliate to CBSE) Kiddy's Corner School, D.D.N. Public School, Midas School of Learning, Geeta International Public School, Udit Narayan Post Graduate College, Bhartiya Intermediate College, St. Therese's School (affiliated to ICSE), Summer Field Public School, Hanuman Intermediate College, Real Paradise Academy School, ITI, Tapesawari Vidya Mandir, HIIT institute, Shree Ganga Public School, St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School (affiliated to CBSE), Seth M R Jaipuria School, Post Graduate Colleges affiliated to DDU Gorakhpur

Literacy rate is relatively low as compared to the UP state average 69.72 and 63% of its residents are literate.[2] After pursuing 10th and 12th standard from Padrauna, students travel to other cities like Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi and sometimes up to New Delhi as well. Students from here are primarily interested in government sector jobs and secondary preference is private jobs. Students from Padrauna got selected in JEE, IAS, PCS, IPS, and other government services and also became software engineers to serve top level companies in UK, Europe, Australia, UAE, Russia, and USA as well.[citation needed]

 
Two men enjoying an Elephant ride in Market Street

Radio stationsEdit

Radio Pragya 90.4 MHz is a community radio station in Padrauna, Kushinagar district.

DemographicsEdit

The majority is Hinduism while other religions with dominant position are Islam, Sikhism and small population of Buddhism and Christianity exists in Padrauna. Padrauna is also known for garh of Saithwar. RPN Singh belong to this community.

St. Therese's school is considered the best school in the whole area.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_files/india/Final%20PPT%202011_chapter6.pdf

External linksEdit