Katihar is a city situated in the eastern part of the state of Bihar in India. It is the regional headquarter of Katihar district. It is one of the important cities of Bihar. Also it's a main route of Delhi - Guwahati railway line.

Katihar
City
Katihar Junction
Katihar is located in Bihar
Katihar
Katihar
Location in Bihar
Katihar is located in India
Katihar
Katihar
Location in India
Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DistrictKatihar
Urban AgglomerationKatihar
Government
 • BodyKatihar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorBinod Kumar
Area
 • Total33 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total240,565
 • Rank117
Demonym(s)Katiharites
Languages
 • MainHindi, English, Maithili, Surjapuri, Bengali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
854105 (Katihar)[2]
Vehicle registrationBR-39
Lok Sabha constituencyKatihar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKatihar
Websitekatihar.bih.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Katihar is a part of the Mithila region.[3] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[4]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[5] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajjika League, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[6]

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

Katihar is connected through road network to the neighbouring cities of Bihar. Interstate bus services are not available. A highway   NH 131A, however, connects it to Purnia, from where   NH 27,   NH 231 and   NH 31 passes through or starts through.

AirEdit

The nearest airport is located at Purnia Airport near Purnea (30 km), but it is a airforce station. The nearest commercial airport is located at Bagdogra Airport (160 km) near Siliguri (West Bengal). However, recently the government has announced to open an air force base airport in Chunapur, Purnea to be allowed to use for commercial use. However, it is not operational yet.

RailEdit

Katihar Junction is a major strategic Railway Junction under Northeast Frontier Railways which connects North East India with the rest of India.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

 
Katihar Ramakrishna Mission

Katihar has many education institutions, including:

Government colleges
Other important institutes

DemographicsEdit

As per the 2011 census, Katihar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 240,565.[24] Katihar Urban Agglomeration includes Katihar (municipal corporation plus outgrowth) and Katihar Railway Colony (outgrowth).[25] Katihar Municipal Corporation had a total population of 225,982, out of which 119,142 were males and 106,840 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 31,036. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.87 per cent.[26] Katihar is at 193th rank in terms of its population among the top 200 cities of India as per the 2011 census.

ReligionEdit

Religion in Katihar city (2011)
Religion Percent
Hinduism
76.90%
Islam
22.10%
Others
1.00%

Hinduism is major religion in Katihar city with 185.196 Hindus (76.9%), 53.213 Muslims (22.1%). Other religions includes 794 Christians (0.33%), 373 Sikhs (0.15%), 221 Jains (0.09%), 70 Buddhists (0.03%) and 960 (0.4%) did not stated.[27]

ClimateEdit

The climate of Katihar is nearly moderate with widespread rainfall during the monsoons sometimes bringing flood to the adjoining rural areas of the Katihar District.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KATIHAR". Cseindia.org. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  2. ^ Katihar
  3. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2020: BJP eyes winning push from Mithila | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  4. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  5. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  6. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  7. ^ https://theboffoschool.com/. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Colonels Acadamey – Every Child has Potential". Colonelsacademy.in. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Home". Isei.in. 29 April 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  10. ^ "JNV Katihar". Nrj7017.github.io.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Manipal Public School, Katihar - Reviews, Address, Fees and Admissions 2022". Icbse.com.
  14. ^ "Welcome to S.B.P. Vidya Vihar S.B.P. Vidya Vihar Katihar,". Spvidyaviharkatihar.com. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  15. ^ "Welcome to Scottish Public School". Scottishpublicschool.in. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  16. ^ "dspgcollege.org". 12.dspgcollege.org. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "เว็บหวยที่จ่ายแพงที่สุด พันทิป". Mjmmahilacollege.com. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  20. ^ "Welcome to Sita Ram Chamaria Degree College Katihar | Sita Ram Chamaria Degree College". Srcdcollege.com. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  21. ^ "Katihar Medical College". Katihar Medical College. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  22. ^ "Suryadeo Law College, Katihar | Law College in Katihar | Law College in Bihar". Suryadeolawcollege.com. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  23. ^ "Welcome To Maharshi Menhi Homoeopathic Medical College And Hospital". Mmhmch.org. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  24. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  25. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  26. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  27. ^ "Katihar City Population 2022 - Sex Ratio, Population Density, Literacy". www.indiacensus.net. Retrieved 11 July 2022.

External linksEdit