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Chhapra is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated near the junction of the Ghaghara River and the Ganges River.

Chhapra
Chhapra is located in Bihar
Chhapra
Chhapra
Location of Chapra in Bihar
Chhapra is located in India
Chhapra
Chhapra
Chhapra (India)
Chhapra is located in Asia
Chhapra
Chhapra
Chhapra (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274
StateBihar
DivisionSaran
DistrictSaran
Ward45 wards
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyChhapra Municipal Corporation
 • MayorPriya Devi
 • Deputy MayorAmitanjali Soni
Area
 • Urban
38.26 km2 (14.77 sq mi)
Elevation36 m (118 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City201,598
 • Urban
249,556
Demonym(s)Chaprahiya
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
841 301, 841 302
Area code(s)+91-6152
Vehicle registrationBR 04
Sex ratio900 (females per 1000 males)[3] /
Literacy78.30%
Lok Sabha constituenciesSaran
Vidhan Sabha constituenciesChapra (118)
Planning agencyNone
Avg. annual temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitesaran.bih.nic.in
chapra.biharurban.in

Chhapra grew in importance as a river-based market in the 18th century when the Dutch,[4][5] French, Portuguese, and English established saltpeter refineries in the area. It was recognized as a municipality in 1864.[citation needed] The city has major rail and road connections with the rest of India and a distance of few minutes from Uttar Pradesh by Train. There is a well known[6] shakti peeth temple in Chhapra named Ambika Bhavani.

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Thana Chowk
 
Rajendra Sarovar

Chhapra is located at 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274.[7] It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft).

India's biggest double-decker flyover is being constructed in Chhapra.[8] This 3.5 km long double-decker flyover from Gandhi Chowk to Nagarpalika Chowk,[9] is being constructed at the cost of 411.31 crore from the central road fund (CRF) under engineering procurement construction (EPC) mode by Bihar Rajya Pul Nirman Nigam Limited (BRPNNL).[10][11] It is longer than 1.8 km double-decker flyover in Santa Cruz–Chembur Link Road.[12] Chief Minister Nitish Kumar laid the foundation stone of this double-decker flyover in July 2018, which is set to be completed by June 2022.[13]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Chhapra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
35.1
(95.2)
35.0
(95.0)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91.0)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.22)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.18
(64.72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.51)
14.0
(0.55)
9.0
(0.35)
29.0
(1.14)
76.0
(2.99)
139.0
(5.47)
353.0
(13.90)
254.0
(10.00)
193.0
(7.60)
73.0
(2.87)
6.0
(0.24)
7.0
(0.28)
97.17
(3.83)
Source: Accuweather[14]

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 census, Chapra Urban Agglomeration had a population of 212,955.[15] Chapra Urban Agglomeration includes Chapra (Nagar Panchayat) and Sandha (Census Town).[16] Chapra Nagar Panchayat had a total population of 201,597, out of which 106,250 were males and 95,347 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population under five years was 27,668. The literacy rate of Chhapra was 81.30 per cent as 2011.[17]

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "CPRS Patna About Us". CRPS. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Chapra City Census 2011 data". www.census2011.co.in.
  4. ^ Heritage, Atlas of Mutual. "Atlas of Mutual Heritage". www.nationaalarchief.nl.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Heritage, Atlas of Mutual. "Atlas of Mutual Heritage". www.nationaalarchief.nl.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "जानिए बिहार के तीन शक्तिपीठों में से एक सारण की अंबिका भवानी की महिमा". 29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Chapra, India". www.fallingrain.com. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008.
  8. ^ "Chhapra to get Bihar's first double-decker flyover".
  9. ^ "Two-deck flyover cost: Rs 411cr".
  10. ^ "CM to open highway at Chhapra".
  11. ^ https://www.telegraphindia.com/1170413/jsp/bihar/story_146000.jsp
  12. ^ "Saran to beat Mumbai marvel".
  13. ^ "Flyover first on Lalu's once turf".
  14. ^ "Accuweather: Weather for Chhapra, India". Accuweather. 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved on 22 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  16. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  17. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.

External linksEdit