Pabianice

Pabianice [pabʲaˈɲit͡sɛ] is a town in central Poland with 64,757 inhabitants (2019).[1] Situated in the Łódź Voivodeship, it is the capital of Pabianice County. It lies about 10 kilometres (6 miles) southwest of Łódź and belongs to the metropolitan area of that city. It is the third largest city in the Łódź Voivodeship by population. The area of the city covers 32.9 square kilometres (12.7 sq mi) being the 10th largest in Łódź Voivodeship.

Pabianice
Zamkowa Street
Zamkowa Street
Flag of Pabianice
Flag
Coat of arms of Pabianice
Coat of arms
Pabianice is located in Poland
Pabianice
Pabianice
Pabianice is located in Łódź Voivodeship
Pabianice
Pabianice
Coordinates: 51°39′N 19°23′E / 51.650°N 19.383°E / 51.650; 19.383
Country Poland
Voivodeship Łódź
CountyPabianice County
GminaPabianice (urban gmina)
Establishedbefore 10th century
Town rights1297
Government
 • MayorGrzegorz Mackiewicz
Area
 • Total32.99 km2 (12.74 sq mi)
Highest elevation
203 m (666 ft)
Lowest elevation
174 m (571 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2019)
 • Total64,757 Decrease[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
95–200
Area code(s)+48 42
Car platesEPA
Websitehttp://www.um.pabianice.pl

According to data from 2009[2] Pabianice covers 32.99 km2 (13 sq mi) with following split: agricultural land: 53%, forests: 9%. The city covers 6.70% of Pabianice County.

Neighbour administrative divisions: gmina Dobroń, gmina Ksawerów, miasto Łódź, gmina Pabianice, gmina Rzgów.

TransportationEdit

 
Planned S8 route to Warsaw
 
Church of Our Lady in Pabianice
 
Enders' Palace

Pabianice has seen major infrastructural changes over the past few years amidst increased investment and economic growth. The city has a much improved infrastructure with new roads. Pabianice now has a good circular road system. Pabianice bypass (express road S14) opened in May 2012. However, parts of S8 are currently under construction and to be completed within 2012.

Near Pabianice there is an international airport: Łódź Władysław Reymont Airport (IATA: LCJ, ICAO: EPLL) located just 11 kilometres (7 miles) from the city centre.

Public transport in Pabianice includes buses, trams (streetcars), as of 2013 commuter railway Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna [3] and regional rail PKP Przewozy Regionalne. The regional rail and light rail is operated by Polish State Railways (PKP). There are also some suburban bus lines run by private operators. Bus service covers the entire city. Currently, the Miejskie Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne (City Transport Company) company runs line number 41 which connects Pabianice with Łódź City.

See alsoEdit

DemographyEdit

Before World War II, Pabianice had a substantial Jewish population, comprising about a quarter of all residents of the town. Jews had been living in the town since the 1700s. Under the German occupation, beginning in 1939, nearly the entire Jewish population was murdered. Some were murdered in the town, several thousand were sent to the Chelmno camp where they were immediately gassed, and others were expelled to Lodz and to labor camps in the area. Only about 150 survived of the 9000 Jews thought to be living in Pabianice at the start of the war. For more on the wartime experience see Megargee.[4]

More recently, the population of Pabianice has been steadily decreasing. Between 2002 and 2016 it fell from 72,444 to 66,265 (a decrease of about 400 people every year).[5]

UnemploymentEdit

According to source data from 2009[6] average income per capita was on the level of 1844,96 PLN. According to source data from October 2011[7] average unemployment rate in Pabianice is on the level of 15,6%

ArchitectureEdit

 
Old, monumental, Neo-Gothic weaving mill of Krusche & Ender's.
 
Pabianice Railway Station
 
Jewish cemetery in Pabianice
  1. Church of St. Matthew the Evangelist in Pabianice
  2. Fortified manor house of Cracovian Chapter
  3. Weaver houses (Domy tkaczy)
  4. "Krusche-Ender" cotton factory buildings
  5. Old offices "Krusche-Ender" with "prządki" sculpture
  6. Old palace of Enders' family
  7. Lutheran Church of St. Peter and St. Paul
  8. Neo-Gothic kościół Najświętszej Marii Panny
  9. Christian cemeteries
  10. Railway station
  11. Jewish Cemetery
  12. Synagogue (destroyed)
  13. Renaissance Revival pentecostal chapel near Ludwik Waryński St. (ruins)
  14. Maria Konopnicka Special Education School Complex
  15. Pabianicki Harvard Heureka Private Schools

Quarters and administrative subdivisionsEdit

Centrum, Bugaj, Piaski, Stare Miasto, Karniszewice, Klimkowizna, Jutrzkowice, Wola Zaradzyńska Nowa, J. Salwy, Marii Konopnickiej, Jana Pawła II, Mikołaja Kopernika, Dąbrowa, Rypułtowice, Czyryczyn (formerly Sereczyn), Karolew, Zatorze.

Notable peopleEdit

SportEdit

Club Sport Founded League Venue Head Coach
Language School Pabianice[8] Basketball 1946 First League MOSiR, ul. Grota-Roweckiego 3, Pabianice Sylwia Wlaźlak
Włókniarz Pabianice Football 1946 Łódzka Klasa Okręgowa MOSiR, ul. Grota-Roweckiego 3, Pabianice Jacek Włodarczewski
PTC Pabianice Football 1906 Łódzka Klasa Okręgowa Stadium, ul. Stefanii Sempołowskiej 6, Pabianice Jan Rykała

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Pabianice is twinned with:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 4 July 2020. Data for territorial unit 1008021.
  2. ^ "Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2010 r". www.stat.gov.pl (in Polish). Główny Urząd Statystyczny. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
  3. ^ pl:Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna
  4. ^ Megargee, Geoffrey (2012). Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos. Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Press. p. Volume II, 88-89. ISBN 978-0-253-35599-7.
  5. ^ Central Statistical Office (Poland): Demographics Database. (data for 2012-present)
  6. ^ "Główny Urząd Statystyczny". www.stat.gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2011-12-20.
  7. ^ "Wojewódzki Urząd Pracy". wup.lodz.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  8. ^ "PTK Pabianice". www.ptk.pabianice.com.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  9. ^ "Miasta partnerskie Pabianic". um.pabianice.pl (in Polish). Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 May 2005. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2008.

Coordinates: 51°40′N 19°22′E / 51.667°N 19.367°E / 51.667; 19.367