Łódź Voivodeship

Łódź Voivodeship (also known as Lodz Province,[3] or by its Polish name Województwo łódzkie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ˈwut͡skʲɛ]) is a province-voivodeship in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced [wut͡ɕ].

Łódź Voivodeship

Województwo łódzkie
Flag of Łódź Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Łódź Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Łódź): 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433Coordinates: 51°40′N 19°26′E / 51.667°N 19.433°E / 51.667; 19.433
Country Poland
CapitalŁódź
Counties
Government
 • VoivodeTobiasz Bocheński (PiS)
 • MarshalGrzegorz Schreiber (PiS)
Area
 • Total18,219 km2 (7,034 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)
 • Total2,454,779 Decrease
 • Urban
1,530,967 Decrease
 • Rural
923,812 Increase
GDP
 (nominal; 2014)[1]
 • Total€25 billion
 • Per capita€10,000
ISO 3166 codePL-10
Vehicle registrationE
HDI (2017)0.853[2]
very high · 7th
Websitewww.lodzkie.pl
*further divided into 177 gminas

Łódź Voivodeship is bordered by six other voivodeships: Masovian to the north and east, Świętokrzyskie to the south-east, Silesian to the south, Opole to the south-west, Greater Poland to the west, and Kuyavian-Pomeranian for a short stretch to the north. Its territory belongs to three historical provinces of Poland – Masovia (in the east), Greater Poland (in the west) and Lesser Poland (in the southeast, around Opoczno).

Cities and townsEdit

The voivodeship contains 44 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 31 December 2019):[4]

  1. Łódź (679,941)  
  2. Piotrków Trybunalski (73,090)  
  3. Pabianice (64,757)  
  4. Tomaszów Mazowiecki (61,960)  
  5. Bełchatów (56,973)  
  6. Zgierz (56,190)  
  7. Skierniewice (48,089)  
  8. Radomsko (45,843)  
  9. Kutno (43,911)  
  10. Sieradz (41,953)  
  11. Zduńska Wola (41,686)  
  12. Łowicz (28,224)  
  13. Wieluń (22,269)  
  14. Aleksandrów Łódzki (21,739)  
  15. Opoczno (21,060)  
  16. Ozorków (19,311)  
  17. Konstantynów Łódzki (18,206)  
  18. Rawa Mazowiecka (17,324)  
  19. Łask (17,143)  
  20. Głowno (14,119)  
  21. Łęczyca (13,971)  
  22. Koluszki (12,928)  
  23. Brzeziny (12,501)  
  24. Wieruszów (8,517)  
  25. Żychlin (8,109)  
  26. Zelów (7,541)  
  27. Poddębice (7,374)  
  28. Tuszyn (7,255)  
  29. Pajęczno (6,662)  
  30. Sulejów (6,177)  
  31. Działoszyn (5,810)  
  32. Krośniewice (4,322)  
  33. Drzewica (3,826)  
  34. Przedbórz (3,513)  
  35. Stryków (3,478)  
  36. Rzgów (3,371)  
  37. Złoczew (3,363)  
  38. Warta (3,242)  
  39. Biała Rawska (3,151)  
  40. Uniejów (3,000)  
  41. Kamieńsk (2,753)  
  42. Wolbórz (2,328)  
  43. Błaszki (2,085)  
  44. Szadek (1,902)  

Administrative divisionEdit

 
Palace in Wola-Chojnata

Łódź Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 177 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).[4]

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(31 December 2019)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Łódź 293 679,941   1
Piotrków Trybunalski 67 73,090   1
Skierniewice 33 48,089   1
Land counties
Zgierz County
powiat zgierski
854 166,113   Zgierz Ozorków, Aleksandrów Łódzki, Głowno, Stryków 9
Pabianice County
powiat pabianicki
491 119,291   Pabianice Konstantynów Łódzki 7
Sieradz County
powiat sieradzki
1,491 117,674   Sieradz Złoczew, Warta, Błaszki 11
Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
powiat tomaszowski
1,026 116,519   Tomaszów Mazowiecki 11
Bełchatów County
powiat bełchatowski
969 112,779   Bełchatów Zelów 8
Radomsko County
powiat radomszczański
1,443 112,644   Radomsko Przedbórz, Kamieńsk 14
Kutno County
powiat kutnowski
886 96,569   Kutno Żychlin, Krośniewice 11
Piotrków County
powiat piotrkowski
1,429 91,353   Piotrków Trybunalski * Sulejów, Wolbórz 11
Łowicz County
powiat łowicki
987 78,099   Łowicz 10
Wieluń County
powiat wieluński
928 76,256   Wieluń 10
Opoczno County
powiat opoczyński
1,039 76,106   Opoczno Drzewica 8
Łódź East County
powiat łódzki wschodni
499 72,179   Łódź * Koluszki, Tuszyn, Rzgów 6
Zduńska Wola County
powiat zduńskowolski
369 66,380   Zduńska Wola Szadek 4
Pajęczno County
powiat pajęczański
804 51,220   Pajęczno Działoszyn 8
Łask County
powiat łaski
617 49,918   Łask 5
Łęczyca County
powiat łęczycki
774 49,747   Łęczyca 8
Rawa County
powiat rawski
647 48,592   Rawa Mazowiecka Biała Rawska 6
Wieruszów County
powiat wieruszowski
576 42,105   Wieruszów 7
Poddębice County
powiat poddębicki
881 41,108   Poddębice Uniejów 6
Skierniewice County
powiat skierniewicki
756 38,174   Skierniewice * 9
Brzeziny County
powiat brzeziński
359 30,833   Brzeziny 5
* seat not part of the county

Protected areasEdit

Protected areas in Łódź Voivodeship include seven Landscape Parks, as listed below.

EconomyEdit

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 26.7 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 6.0% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 19,800 euros or 66% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was also 66% of the EU average.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Łódź Voivodeship 1921–1939

The capital of the Łódź Voivodeship has always been Łódź, but the area of land which it comprises has changed several times. The first was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Second Polish Republic in the years 1921–1939. In 1938 some western counties were ceded to Greater Poland Voivodeship (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

After the change, Łódź Voivodeship's area was 20,446 square kilometres (7,894 sq mi), and its population (as for 1931) was 2,650,100. It consisted of 15 powiats (counties):

The largest cities of the voivodeship were (population according to the 1931 census):

  • Łódź (pop. 604,600),
  • Piotrków Trybunalski (pop. 51,300),
  • Pabianice (pop. 45,700),
  • Tomaszów Mazowiecki (pop. 38,000),
  • Zgierz (pop. 26,600),
  • Kutno (pop. 23,400),
  • Radomsko (pop. 23,000).

Source: Mały rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakładem Glownego Urzędu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

The next incarnation existed from 1945 until 1975 (although the city of Łódź was excluded as a separate City Voivodeship). This Łódź Voivodeship was then broken up, superseded by Łódź (see below), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and partly Płock Voivodeships.

 
Łódź Voivodeship 1975–1998

Łódź Voivodeship, also known as Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship (województwo miejskie łódzkie), existed from 1975 until 1998, after which it was incorporated into today's Łódź Voivodeship. Until 1990, the mayor of the city of Łódź was also the voivodeship governor.

As of 1995, major cities and towns in Łódź Metropolitan Voivodeship included (with their 1995 populations):

Culture and educationEdit

 
The Rector's Office of the Lodz University of Technology

The basic cultural activities in the Łódź Region are: monitoring activities of seven regional self-government cultural institutions, i.e.: the Arthur Rubinstein Łódź Philharmonic, Museum of Art in Łódź (having one of the biggest modern art collections in Europe), the Opera House, Stefan Jaracz Theater, the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, the Józef Piłsudski Regional and Municipal Public Library in Łódź, the Chamber of Culture in Łódź but also: supporting NGO’s, protection of monuments, awarding scholarships to young artists and rewards for the prominent artists. What is more, infrastructural projects are being undertaken. Among the most important investments are: the creation of four regional scenes in Stefan Jaracz Theatre, opening the new section of the Museum of Art in Łódź - ms² or the reconstruction of medieval settlement in Tum in the vicinity of Łęczyca. The major universities in Łódź Voivodeship are:

There are also dozens of other schools and academies, but for the last four years the best students in Łódź Voivodeship (according to the prestigious contest "Studencki Nobel") have been studying at the University of Łódź - in 2009 the regional laureate was Piotr Pawlikowski, in 2010 - Joanna Dziuba, in 2011 and 2012 - Paweł Rogaliński.[6][7]

The excellent scientific staff of the higher education establishments in Łódź is complemented by Łódź’s scientists from the Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) and scientific ministerial institutes working within the field of the occupational medicine, textile, paper and leather industries. The number of students in the higher education establishments in Łódź is still growing. Currently, they educate 113,000 students from Poland and other countries.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2016-02-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  4. ^ a b "Local Data Bank". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 2012-06-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) History of the contest "Studencki Nobel" (in Polish)
  7. ^ "Młody dziennikarz znów pretenduje do Nobla! (in Polish)". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2010-05-29.

External linksEdit