The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. is an American bank holding company and financial services corporation based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Its banking subsidiary, PNC Bank, operates in 27 states and the District of Columbia, with 2,629 branches and 9,523 ATMs. PNC Bank is on the list of largest banks in the United States by assets and is one of the largest banks by number of branches, deposits, and number of ATMs.
|Predecessor|| Pittsburgh National Corporation|
Provident National Corporation
|Founded||April 10, 1845|
Operational: January 28, 1852
Number of locations
|2,629 branches 60,000 automated teller machines (2021)|
|William S. Demchak|
(President and CEO)
|Products||Consumer banking, Corporate banking, Private banking, Financial analysis, Insurance, Investment banking, Mortgage loans, Private equity, Wealth management, Credit cards|
|Revenue||US$21.1 billion (2022)|
|US$7.9 billion (2022)|
|AUM||US$ 325 billion (2021)|
|Total assets||US$557 billion (2022)|
|Total equity||US$55.726 billion (2021)|
Number of employees
|Capital ratio||10.3% Tier 1 capital (2021)|
|Footnotes / references|
The company also provides financial services such as asset management, wealth management, estate planning, loan servicing, and information processing. PNC is one of the largest Small Business Administration lenders and one of the largest credit card issuers. It also provides asset–based lending to private equity firms and middle market companies. PNC operates one of the largest treasury management businesses and the second largest lead arranger of asset–based loan syndications in the United States. Harris Williams & Co., a subsidiary of the company, is one of the country's largest mergers and acquisitions advisory firms for middle-market companies. Midland Loan Services, a division of PNC Real Estate based in Overland Park, Kansas and founded in 1991, is ranked by Mortgage Bankers Association as the second largest master and primary servicer of commercial bank and savings institution loans.
The name "PNC" is derived from the initials of both of the bank's two predecessor companies: Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation, which merged in 1983. PNC Mortgage (formerly National City Mortgage) is credited with funding the first mortgage in the United States and has offices across the country.
PNC Financial Services traces its history to the Pittsburgh Trust and Savings Company which was founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on April 10, 1845. Due to the long recovery from the Great Fire of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Trust and Savings was not fully operational until January 28, 1852. It originally opened offices at Liberty Avenue and 12th Street. The bank was renamed The Pittsburgh Trust Company in 1853. In 1858, the company located its corporate offices to the corner of Fifth Avenue and Wood Street in Pittsburgh, where they remain to this day. The bank changed its name to First National Bank of Pittsburgh in 1863 after it became the first bank in the country to apply for a national charter as part of that year's National Banking Act. It received the 48th charter on August 5, 1863, with other later banks receiving charters sooner due to paperwork problems and the fact that the bank was already in business.
In 1946, First National merged with Peoples-Pittsburgh Trust Company, with whom it had worked closely since the 1930s, to form Peoples First National Bank & Trust. In 1959, Peoples First merged with Fidelity Trust Company to form Pittsburgh National Bank. At this time, the bank adopted the first version of its present logo – a stylized triangle representing the city's Golden Triangle. In 1969, the bank reorganized as a holding company, Pittsburgh National Corporation.
In 1982, Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation, both with PNC as their abbreviations, merged into a new entity named PNC Financial Corporation. It was the largest bank merger in American history at the time and created a company with $10.3 billion in assets. Between 1991 and 1996, PNC purchased more than ten smaller banks and financial institutions, including the $30 billion dollar merger of Midlantic Bank of Edison New Jersey in 1996, that at the time, was one-third the size of PNC. That broadened its market base from Kentucky to the New York metropolitan area.
|Total Revenue||$ 14,480||$ 15,252||$ 16,190||$ 16,839||$ 16,901||$ 19,211||$ 21,120|
|Net Income||$ 3,456||$ 4,598||$ 4,558||$ 4,591||$ 3,003||$ 5,725||$ 6,113|
|Assets||$ 366,380||$ 380,768||$ 382,315||$ 410,295||$ 466,679||$ 557,191||$ 557,263|
|Loans||$ 210,833||$ 220,458||$ 226,245||$ 239,843||$ 241,928||$ 288,372||$ 326,025|
|Deposits||$ 257,164||$ 265,053||$ 267,839||$ 288,540||$ 365,345||$ 457,278||$ 436,282|
In 2000, the company adopted a new brand image and changed its name to PNC Financial Services Group.
In 2005, PNC acquired Riggs National Corporation of Washington, D. C. Riggs had been fined after aiding Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in money laundering. PNC became one of the largest banks in the Washington metropolitan area.
In August 2006, PNC got back into the credit card business by marketing and issuing credit cards under the MasterCard brand in partnership with U.S. Bancorp (U.S. Bank) . After the National City merger (see below) in 2008, the U.S. Bancorp (U.S. Bank) products were converted to PNC Bank products.
On October 24, 2008, during the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the National City acquisition by PNC for $5.2 billion in stock was completed. The acquisition was financed with preferred stock sold to the United States Treasury as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program implemented as part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. The stock issued to the U.S. Treasury was repurchased in 2010. PNC then became the 5th largest bank in the United States by deposit and fourth largest by branches.
On August 14, 2009, PNC took over Dwelling House Savings & Loan and its only branch location in Pittsburgh's Hill District after Dwelling House suffered from bank failure and was placed under receivership by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Dwelling House had been known in Pittsburgh to provide loans to low–income African Americans that other banks would deny. The branch was closed and accounts were transferred to the existing PNC branch in the Hill District.
In July 2010, PNC sold its Global Investment Servicing (GIS) subsidiary to The Bank of New York Mellon to repay funds from the Troubled Asset Relief Program, which had been used for the National City acquisition (see above) in 2008. GIS, established in 1973 and with 4,700 employees, was the second–largest full–service mutual fund transfer agent in the U.S and the second–largest full–service accounting and administration provider to U.S. mutual funds. GIS serviced $1.9 trillion in total assets and 58 million shareholder accounts. It was known as PFPC until July 2008.
In 2012, PNC acquired RBC Bank from Royal Bank of Canada for $3.45 billion. RBC Bank had a 426 branches in southern Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. Prior to the acquisition, PNC had slipped (due to mergers and growth in other firms) from its ranking following the 2008 National acquisition; this 2012 acquisition made PNC the fifth largest bank by branches behind Wells Fargo, Bank of America, Chase, and U.S. Bank and the sixth largest by total assets behind the aforementioned four banks and Citibank.
In September 2014, PNC acquired Solebury Capital Group, a capital markets advisory firm, for $50 million.
On October 2, 2015, the bank opened Tower at PNC Plaza, its new headquarters on the corner of Fifth Avenue and Wood Street in downtown Pittsburgh. It was first announced in 2011. The building, owned by PNC and designed by Gensler, won awards for its environmentally friendly features.
In 2018, the company acquired Fortis Advisors, which provides post–merger shareholder services. The company ranked one hundred sixty fifth on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by revenue.
In 2018, PNC began opening "Solution Centers", a hybrid between traditional bank branches and ATM–only services, mostly serving new markets. Through this method, PNC expanded its retail footprint into Boston, Denver, Kansas City, Nashville, and several markets in Texas including Austin, Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio. Two of PNC's "Big Four" competitors, Bank of America and Chase Bank, have both also been expanding into new markets through this method, including into PNC's home market of Pittsburgh.
In August 2019, PNC launched a Fintech incubator subsidiary called "numo" that functions as an internal startup. Its first development included indi, an instant payment and mobile banking company for gig workers.
On June 1, 2021, PNC acquired BBVA USA for $11.6 billion in cash. The acquisition significantly boosted its presence in Colorado and Texas, complemented its presence in Alabama and Florida, and introduced the bank to the Arizona, California, and New Mexico markets.
In 2021, PNC originated nearly 95,000 mortgages worth $34.8 billion. This is a 23% increase vs prior year and stands as their highest origination volume to date.
Legal issues Edit
Overcharging of Black and Hispanic borrowers by National City Edit
In December 2013, the Department of Justice and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced that they had reached an agreement with National City Bank to resolve allegations that the bank had charged Black and Hispanic borrowers higher prices for mortgages between 2002 and 2008, before the acquisition by PNC. Regulators claimed that National City had violated the Fair Housing Act and Equal Credit Opportunity Act by charging more than 75,000 borrowers higher loan rates based on their race or ethnicity rather than their risk level. National City's lack of pricing guidelines resulted in black borrowers being charged an average of $159 more in extra upfront fees or higher interest than white borrowers. Black borrowers also paid an average of $228 more annually over the life of the loan than white borrowers. Hispanics paid $125 more upfront and $154 more annually than white borrowers. Under the terms of the settlement, PNC was required to pay victims $35 million.
Retailer breach forced PNC to reissue customer cards Edit
In March 2006, PNC and other large banks were forced to reissue hundreds of debit cards to customers after card numbers were disclosed by a breach at an unknown retailer.
Lawsuit from Military Channel Edit
Also in March 2006, PNC Bank was sued by Paul Bariteau, an investor in the Military Channel. Bariteau claimed PNC let the chairman of the Military Channel make unauthorized withdrawals of millions of dollars from the company's account for personal use.
Securities fraud settlement Edit
In June 2003, PNC Bank agreed to pay $115 million to settle federal securities fraud charges after one of its subsidiaries fraudulently transferred $762 million in bad loans and other venture capital investments to an AIG entity in order to conceal them from investors.
Overtime claim by loan officers Edit
National Prearranged Services fraud Edit
According to a lawsuit, funds entrusted to National Prearranged Services (NPS), a St. Louis–based company that sold prepaid funerals, were diverted and embezzled. PNC Bank is the successor to Allegiant Bank, which served as a trustee for NPS from 1998 to 2004. In 2015, a jury ordered PNC to pay $391 million. In 2017, a federal judge overturned the decision.
Municipal bonds disclosure violations Edit
Funding of mountaintop removal mining Edit
Beginning in 2010, until it changed its policy in February 2015, PNC was the subject of protests by the Earth Quaker Action Team, led by George Lakey, and the Rainforest Action Network due to its funding of companies engaged in mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia. The protests included political demonstrations at branches and offices and the annual general meeting, fasting, and boycotts.
Cancelling MxM News Financial Accounts Edit
On Mar 2, 2023, Donald Trump Jr., cofounder of news aggregator MxM News, tweeted that PNC had abruptly cancelled all financial services for MxM without explanation. Trump and cofounder Taylor Budowich alleged that PNC disapproved of Trump’s political leanings since no reason was given for the closure. PNC claimed it was a “good faith error” and reopened the account.
Notable corporate buildings Edit
- The Tower at PNC Plaza in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (current corporate headquarters)
- One PNC Plaza in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Two PNC Plaza in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Three PNC Plaza in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- U.S. Steel Tower in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (PNC is a major tenant)
- PNC Bank Building at 1600 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- PNC Bank Building in Columbus, Ohio
- PNC Bank Building in Toledo, Ohio
- PNC Bank Building in Washington, D.C.
- PNC Center in Cincinnati, Ohio
- PNC Center in Cleveland, Ohio (former headquarters of National City Corp.)
- PNC Center and Hyatt Regency Indianapolis in Indianapolis, Indiana
- PNC Center in Troy, Michigan
- PNC Plaza in Louisville, Kentucky
- PNC Plaza in Raleigh, North Carolina
- PNC Tower in Cincinnati, Ohio
- PNC Tower in Louisville, Kentucky (PNC is a major tenant)
- One Tampa City Center in Tampa, Florida (PNC holds the naming rights and is a major tenant)
- PNC Plaza in Dallas, Texas
Naming rights and sponsorships Edit
- PNC Park a ballpark in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, home of the MLB's Pittsburgh Pirates.
- PNC Arena an indoor arena in Raleigh, North Carolina, home of the North Carolina State University men's basketball team and the NHL's Carolina Hurricanes.
- PNC Field a ballpark in Moosic, Pennsylvania, home of the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders the Triple-A minor league baseball Affiliate of the New York Yankees.
- PNC Bank Arts Center an outdoor amphitheatre in Holmdel Township, New Jersey.
- PNC Music Pavilion an outdoor amphitheatre in Charlotte, North Carolina.
- PNC Sports Complex at the Knott Arena in Emmitsburg, Maryland home of the Mount St. Mary's Mountaineers men's basketball and women's basketball teams.
- PNC Plaza at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, Texas, home of the NBA's Dallas Mavericks, and NHL's Dallas Stars.
PNC is a sponsor of the following:
- American Airlines Center – Official Partner of the American Airlines Center.
- Carolina Hurricanes – Official Bank of the Carolina Hurricanes.
- Chicago Bears – Official Bank of the Chicago Bears.
- Chip Ganassi Racing – Primary sponsor on the No. 9 Dallara DW12-Honda of driver Scott Dixon in the NTT IndyCar Series.
- Cincinnati Reds – Official Bank of the Cincinnati Reds.
- Dallas Stars – Official Partner of the Dallas Stars.
- North Carolina State University – Official Bank of North Carolina State.
- Pittsburgh Penguins – Official Bank of the Pittsburgh Penguins.
- Pittsburgh Pirates – Official Bank of the Pittsburgh Pirates.
- Pittsburgh Steelers – Official Bank of the Pittsburgh Steelers.
- Sesame Street – Official Partner of Sesame Street.
- Washington Nationals – Official Bank of the Washington Nationals.
- Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins – Official Bank of the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins.
Chief executives Edit
- William S. Demchak April 23, 2013 – present
- James E. Rohr CEO May 1, 2000 – April 23, 2013, Chairman May 2001 –April 2014
- Thomas H. O'Brien CEO of PNC April 1, 1985 – May 1, 2000
- Robert C. Milsom CEO of Pittsburgh National 1985 – December 31, 1989
- Merle E. Gilliand November 1968 – April 1, 1985
See also Edit
- "The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. 2020 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- "MBA Releases 2017 Year-End Commercial/Multifamily Servicer Rankings" (Press release). Mortgage Bankers Association. February 11, 2018. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- "Corporate Profile" (PDF). PNC Bank.
- "PNC Solution Centers Provide a Space to Blend Physical and Digital Banking". PNC Bank.
- Thurston, George Henry (January 1, 1888). Allegheny County's Hundred Years. A. A. Anderson & Son. Retrieved 12 April 2017 – via Internet Archive.
- Thurston, George H. (1888). Allegheny county's hundred years. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, Digital Research Library. p. 258.
- "An Important Anniversary". Pittsburgh Press. January 29, 1909 – via Google.
- White, Edward (1903). A century of banking in Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, Digital Research Library. p. 19.
- "Corporate History". PNC. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
- Sabatini, Patricia (August 10, 1999). "Obituaries: Ex-bank executive and hospital trustee". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. C6 – via Google.
- "PNC Predecessor Banks: Provident National Corporation". Archived from the original on 2019-02-16. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
- "Banking Mergers Flourish". The New York Times. November 3, 1982.
- "The merger of two bank holding companies was announced". United Press International. April 19, 1982.
- "Financial Information". The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. Retrieved 2023-02-16.
- "PNC Christmas Price Index".
- Murray, Matt (August 21, 1998). "PNC Bank to Buy Hilliard-Lyons For $275 Million in Cash and Stock". The Wall Street Journal.
- "PNC's sale of Hilliard Lyons completed". Pittsburgh Business Times. April 1, 2008.
- "COMPANY NEWS; Metris To Buy $1 Billion In Credit Card Loans From PNC". The New York Times. Bloomberg News. September 9, 1998.
- "COMPANY NEWS; MBNA Ix Buying PNC Bank's Credit Card Operations". The New York Times. Dow Jones. December 24, 1998.
- "Battle of the banks: Key dates in PNC and Dollar's history". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. July 16, 2002.
- "PNC sells mortgage division". Pittsburgh Business Times. February 1, 2001.
- "PNC buys United National Bancorp". Pittsburgh Business Times. January 2, 2004.
- O'Hara, Terence (February 11, 2005). "Riggs, PNC Reach New Merger Agreement". The Washington Post.
- "PNC: Acquired Companies". Archived from the original on 2017-03-10. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
- Killian, Erin (September 15, 2005). "Wells Fargo, PNC partner in local home-mortgage venture". Washington Business Journal.
- Sabatini, Patricia (August 29, 2006). "PNC tries new credit cards, old strategy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Fitzpatrick, Dan (October 10, 2006). "PNC buying Maryland bank in $6 billion deal". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "The PNC Financial Services Group Completes Acquisition of Mercantile Bankshares Corporation" (Press release). PNC Financial. March 2, 2007.
- "PNC Completes Acquisition Of Yardville National Bancorp" (Press release). PNC Financial. October 26, 2007.
- "Institution History for Laurel Main Street Branch (229427)". Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.
- "PNC Completes Acquisition of Sterling Financial Corporation" (Press release). PNC Financial. April 4, 2008.
- Dash, Eric (October 24, 2008). "PNC Gets National City in Latest Bank Acquisition". The New York Times.
- Fitzpatrick, Dan; Enrich, David; Paletta, Damian (October 25, 2008). "PNC Buys National City in Bank Shakeout". The Wall Street Journal.
- "PNC to Repay TARP Money After Sale of Unit". The New York Times. February 2, 2010.
- "PNC to Acquire National City" (Press release). PNC Financial. October 24, 2008 – via PR Newswire.
- Gordon, Paul (June 22, 2010). "National City conversion to PNC is complete". Journal Star. Peoria, Ill.
- Boselovic, Len (August 14, 2009). "PNC to take over troubled Dwelling House". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Grant, Tim (August 18, 2009). "Dwelling House accounts moved to PNC". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "BNY Mellon Completes Acquisition of PNC's Global Investment Servicing Business" (Press release). PNC Financial. July 1, 2010 – via PR Newswire.
- "PFPC Becomes PNC Global Investment Servicing" (Press release). PNC Financial. July 14, 2008 – via Business Wire.
- Harrington, Jeff (January 31, 2011). "PNC enters Tampa Bay market, buying 19 BankAtlantic branches". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- Sharma, Abhinav (January 31, 2011). "BankAtlantic to sell 19 branches to PNC Bank". Reuters.
- Peters, Andy (July 26, 2011). "PNC Completes Deal for Flagstar's Atlanta Branches". American Banker.
- "PNC Bank to acquire 27 metro ATL Flagstar branches". Atlanta Business Chronicle. July 26, 2011.
- "PNC Announces Agreement to Acquire 27 Branches from Flagstar" (Press release). PNC Financial. July 26, 2011 – via PR Newswire.
- Delano, Jon (June 20, 2011). "PNC To Acquire RBC's United States Unit". CBS News.
- "PNC to Buy R.B.C. Unit for $3.5 Billion". The New York Times. June 19, 2011.
- Bansal, Paritosh (June 19, 2011). "PNC to buy RBC unit for $3.45 billion". Reuters.
- "PNC Bank Expands ATM Access to 191 Harris Teeter stores" (Press release). PNC Financial. July 30, 2012 – via PR Newswire.
- "PNC Bank adds ATMs in 191 Harris Teeter stores". Washington Business Journal. July 30, 2012.
- Tascarell, Patty (September 30, 2014). "PNC buying IPO consulting firm". Pittsburgh Business Times.
- Belko, Mark (October 1, 2015). "PNC shows off tower, its crown jewel". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "PNC Announces Plans For World's Greenest Skyscraper" (Press release). PNC Financial. May 23, 2011.
- Berg, Nate (July 15, 2016). "Award: The Tower at PNC Plaza". Architect.
- "ECN Capital Completes Sale of US Equipment Finance Business to PNC" (Press release). Marketwired. April 3, 2017.
- Fleisher, Chris (September 29, 2014). "With acquisition, PNC set to enter IPO market". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.
- "PNC Bank Announces Definitive Agreement to Acquire The Trout Group, LLC" (Press release). PNC Financial. November 27, 2017 – via PR Newswire.
- Tascarella, Patty (November 27, 2017). "Why PNC reeled in Trout". Pittsburgh Business Times.
- "PNC Bank Announces Definitive Agreement To Acquire Fortis Advisors" (Press release). PNC Financial. December 20, 2017 – via PR Newswire.
- Tascarella, Patty (December 20, 2017). "PNC buying Fortis Advisors". Pittsburgh Business Times.
- "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Archived from the original on 2019-05-02. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- Groenfeldt, Tom (August 29, 2019). "PNC Launches A Fintech Startup Inside The Bank". Forbes. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
- Sabatini, Patricia (May 15, 2020). "PNC sells Blackrock stake for $14.4 billion". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "PNC to buy BBVA's U.S. banking arm for $11.6 billion in cash". Reuters. November 16, 2020.
- Cocheo, Steve (November 18, 2020). "PNC to Vault to #5 Ahead of U.S. Bank in BBVA Deal Embracing Branches". The Financial Brand.
- "PNC Bank Mortgages". Retrieved October 23, 2022.
- "CFPB and DOJ Take Action Against National City Bank for Discriminatory Mortgage Pricing" (Press release). Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. December 23, 2013.
- Kantor, Andrew (March 16, 2006). "USA Today Cyberspeak". USA Today.
- "BARITEAU V. PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. (W.D.KY. 10-30-2006)". casetext. October 30, 2006.
- "AIG Agrees to Settle Fraud Cases". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. November 24, 2004.
- Lee, Suevon (January 5, 2017). "APNC To Pay $16M To Settle Loan Officers' Wage Claims". Law360.
- Kurane, Supriya (March 10, 2015). "U.S. jury orders PNC Bank to pay $391 million in funeral scam case". Reuters.
- Patrick, Robert (August 17, 2017). "Federal appeals court overturns $491 million jury award in prepaid funeral company fraud". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
- "SEC Sanctions 22 Underwriting Firms for Fraudulent Municipal Bond Offerings" (Press release). Securities and Exchange Commission. September 30, 2015.
- "Quaker group, walking from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, protests in front of PNC Bank". The Patriot-News. May 7, 2012.
- Sorkin, Andrew Ross (March 10, 2015). "A New Tack in the War on Mining Mountains". The New York Times.
- "Donald Trump Jr Twitter account". March 2, 2023.
- "PNC Bank reopens Donald Trump Jr's MxM News app account, blames 'good faith error'". March 3, 2023.
- Bernstein, Rachel (August 21, 2011). "PNC Gets Naming Rights for Mount St Mary's Sports Complex". Daily Record. Baltimore.
- "Stars, American Airlines Center, PNC Bank announce multi-year partnership" (Press release). National Hockey League. December 1, 2020.
- Marcinek, Laura (February 15, 2013). "PNC Names Demchak to Succeed Rohr as Bank's CEO". Bloomberg News.
- Lansner, Jonathan (March 22, 1985). "Pittsburgh National Bank gets new management team". Pittsburgh Press – via Google.
- "O'Brien Named Chairman". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 11, 1988 – via Google.
- Sabatini, Patricia (February 18, 2000). "O'Brien retiring, Rohr to lead PNC". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. Archived from the original on August 8, 2022. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
- "Pittsburgh National Chairman Announces Retirement". Beaver County Times. December 22, 1989. Retrieved March 23, 2022 – via Google.
- "Annual Dinner Schedule for Industrial Realtors". Leader-Times. Kittanning, Pennsylvania. November 9, 1968. p. 13. Retrieved March 23, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
- "Merle E. Gilliand, 76, Chairman Who Led Growth of PNC Bank". The New York Times. December 11, 1998 – via Google.
- Official website
- Business data for PNC Financial Services: