Owensboro is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Daviess County, Kentucky, United States. It is the fourth-largest city in the state by population. Owensboro is located on U.S. Route 60 about 107 miles (172 km) southwest of Louisville, and is the principal city of the Owensboro metropolitan area. The 2017 population was 59,643.[not in citation given] The metropolitan population was estimated at 116,506.
Historic District in downtown Owensboro
|Nickname(s): BBQ Capital of the World|
|Motto(s): "Progress 1817"|
Location of Owensboro in Daviess County, Kentucky.
|Settled (as Yellow Banks)||1797|
|Established (as Owensborough)||1817|
|• Mayor||Tom Watson|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Bob Glenn|
|• City Manager||William Parrish|
|• City||20.4 sq mi (52.9 km2)|
|• Land||19.1 sq mi (49.5 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2) 6.47%|
|Elevation||394 ft (120 m)|
|• Estimate (2017)||
59,643[not in citation given](Kentucky: 4th)
|• Density||3,057/sq mi (1,180.4/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
|Area code(s)||270 & 364|
|GNIS feature ID||0500082|
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Evidence of American Indian settlement in the area dates back 12,000 years. Following a series of failed uprisings with British support, however, the last Shawnee were forced to vacate the area before the end of the 18th century.
The first European descendant to settle in Owensboro was frontiersman William Smeathers or Smothers in 1797, for whom the riverfront park is named. The settlement was originally known as "Yellow Banks" from the color of the land beside the Ohio River. The Lewis and Clark Expedition wintered at what is today's Owensboro prior to departing on their famous travels. In 1817, Yellow Banks was formally established under the name Owensborough, named after Col. Abraham Owen. In 1893, the spelling of the name was shortened to its current Owensboro.
In August 1864, Owensboro was subject to a raid by a band of Confederate guerrillas from Tennessee led by Captain Jack Bennett, an officer in Stovepipe Johnson's Partisan Rangers. Bennett's men rode into Owensboro, tried and failed to rob a local bank, took 13 Union soldiers of the 108th Colored Infantry prisoner, executed them, burned the bodies on a supply boat, and escaped back to Tennessee, having covered a total of 300 miles (480 km) on horseback in six days. Another major battle occurred 8 miles (13 km) south of Owensboro and is today signified by a monument marking the battle located beside US Highway 431.
Several distillers, mainly of bourbon whiskey, have been in and around the city of Owensboro. The major distillery still in operation is the Glenmore Distillery Company, now owned by the Sazerac Company.
On August 14, 1936, downtown Owensboro was the site of the last public hanging in the United States. A 26 year old African American man, Rainey Bethea, was convicted and sentenced for the rape and murder of 70-year-old Lischa Edwards in a very short time (only 37 days lapsed between the crime and the execution). A carnival atmosphere was in place with vendors selling hotdogs, attended by a large crowd including children and many reporters. The execution was presided over by a woman sheriff, Florence Shoemaker Thompson, who gained national media attention for her role in the process, although she declined to spring the trap, which was instead released by a mob. Before Bethea was dead, the crowd had already begun to tear at his clothes and even his body for souvenirs. The Kentucky General Assembly quickly abolished public executions after the embarrassment this caused.
The end of the Second World War brought civil engineering projects which helped turn Owensboro from a sleepy industrial town into a modern, expanding community by the turn of the 1960s. Many of the projects were set in motion by Johnson, Depp & Quisenberry, a firm of consulting engineers then engaged in a runway redesign at the County Airport; the "Depp" in question was a member of an old and prominent Kentucky family which includes the town's most famous son, actor Johnny Depp.
The Owensboro Wagon Company, established in 1884, was one of the largest and most influential wagon companies in the nation. With eight styles or sizes of wagons, the company set the standard of quality at the turn of the 20th century.
Frederick A. Ames came to Owensboro from Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1887. He started the Carriage Woodstock Company to repair horse-drawn carriages. In 1910, he began to manufacture a line of automobiles under the Ames brand name. Ames hired industrialist Vincent Bendix in 1912, and the company became the Ames Motor Car Company. Despite its product being called the "best $1500" car by a Texas car dealer, the company ceased production of its own model in 1915. The company then began manufacturing replacement bodies for the more widely sold Ford Model T. In 1922, the company remade itself and started to manufacture furniture under the name Ames Corporation. The company finally sold out to Whitehall Furniture in 1970.
The start of the Kentucky Electrical Lamp Company, a light bulb manufacturing company was in 1899; it eventually was acquired by Kentucky Radio Company (Ken-Rad) in 1918 and later acquired by General Electric in 1945 and in 1987 acquired by MPD, Inc., created the light bulbs that illuminated the first night game in the history of Major League Baseball on May 24, 1935, between the Reds and Phillies at Cincinnati's Crosley Field. The Owensboro plant was a major part of General Electric's vacuum tube manufacturing operations, producing both receiving types and military/industrial ceramic types. In 1961, engineers at the General Electric plant in Owensboro introduced a family of vacuum tubes called the Compactron.
In June 1932, John G. Barnard founded the Modern Welding Company in a small building located near the Ohio River at First and Frederica Streets where the Commonwealth of Kentucky office building sits today. Today, Modern Welding Company has nine steel tank and vessel fabrication subsidiaries located throughout the United States, and five welding supply stores located in Kentucky and Indiana. The company is the country's largest supplier of underground and aboveground steel storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids. The company celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2007.
Texas Gas Transmission Corporation was created in 1948 with the merger of Memphis Natural Gas Company and Kentucky Natural Gas Corporation and made its headquarters in Owensboro. Since that time, Texas Gas changed ownership four times. The company was bought by CSX Corp. in 1983, by Transco Energy Corp. in 1989, by Williams in 1995, and by Loews Corporation in 2003.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Owensboro has a total area of 20.4 square miles (52.9 km2), of which 19.1 square miles (49.5 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 6.47%, is water.
Owensboro has a humid subtropical climate which is characterized by hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters. Day-to-day temperature differences can be high during the winter. Summers, in comparison, are much more stable. Severe weather, including the threat of tornadoes, is not uncommon throughout much of the year, with several notable events occurring throughout the city's history.
|Climate data for Owensboro, Kentucky|
|Average high °F (°C)||41.2
|Average low °F (°C)||23.2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.3
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2012, there were 58,083 people and 23,380 households within the city. The population density was 2,999.1 people per square mile (1,198.4 per km2). There were 26,072 housing units at an average density of 1,394.7 per square mile (538.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 7.3% African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.
There were 23,380 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,289, and the median income for a family was $41,333. Males had a median income of $33,429 versus $21,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,183. About 12.2% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.
According to Owensboro's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Owensboro Medical Health System Hospital||4,125|
|2||U.S. Bank Home Mortgage||2,120|
|3||Owensboro Public Schools||778|
|5||Specialty Foods Group||600|
|8||City of Owensboro||481|
|9||Commonwealth of Kentucky||471|
Arts and cultureEdit
Owensboro was named an All-American City in 2013. Owensboro placed fourth on Area Development's Top 20 Southern Cities, with a 9th-place ranking for its "recession busting factors" among the Top 25 Small Cities.
In 1937, Pope Pius XI established the Roman Catholic Diocese of Owensboro, which spans approximately the western third of the state. It includes 32 counties and covers approximately 12,500 square miles (32,000 km2). Though the area has been considered by many to be predominately Catholic, evangelical denominations such as Southern Baptists have increased dramatically over the past several decades. The Kentucky Baptist Convention has many churches in the area. Owensboro is also home to Temple Adath Israel, which is among the oldest synagogues in the United States.
Events of interestEdit
- Owensboro is the "BBQ Capital of the world"; it holds its International Bar-B-Q Festival and competition every second weekend in May.
- Each summer, Owensboro hosts the Big O Music Fest, a large country music festival. Some of the artists who have played at the festival include Jason Aldean, Blake Shelton, Dierks Bentley, Jake Owen, and Gary Allan. The one-day event, dubbed "The Party of the Year", draws an estimated 12,000 people from across the country. The Big O Music Fest is held at Reid's Orchard.
- Owensboro also hosts ROMP, "River of Music Party", a bluegrass festival. ROMP has grown to 20,000 visitors a year. Some artists include Sam Bush, Doc Watson, Ricky Skaggs, Earl Scruggs, Merle Haggard, Vince Gill, and Old Crow Medicine Show. ROMP won the Governor's Award for Community Arts in 2013.
- Lanham Brothers Jamboree is an event held every second Saturday from April through September at the Diamond Lake Resort Theater in Owensboro. The jamboree was started by Randy Lanham and Barry Lanham. All shows are videotaped and broadcast on KET KY, Kentucky Educational Television.
- During the summer, the city offers Friday After 5, a free 16-week series of outdoor concerts on the downtown riverfront. The festival includes live bands, events for families, and entertainment every Friday from 5:00 pm till 10:00 pm. An estimated 55,000 people attend the events.
- The Owensboro PumpkinFest is held each September at the Sportscenter/Moreland Park complex. The festival includes food vendors, crafts people, carnival rides, children and adult activities and games, and contests using pumpkins. Each year, the festival hosts a weekend-long concert series featuring some of the area's top bands, such as the Velvet Bombers, Sundown, Bad Kitty, and Mr. Nice Guy, to name a few. The event was started by the Glenmary Sisters as a way to raise awareness and funds for their mission work in the southeastern United States. The festival was handed over to New Beginnings Rape Crisis Center in October 2009.
- Owensboro is home of a unique annual fundraiser: Men Who Cook – Celebrity Chefs Gala & Auction. The first Men Who Cook was held in 2007 through the collaboration of Richard Remp-Morris, Deputy Chief David Thompson with the Owensboro Police Department, and many dedicated volunteers. Men Who Cook features amateur chefs who display their culinary talents in a friendly competition for coveted Silver Spoon Awards. All proceeds from the event support the mission work of the Glenmary Sisters, who since 1941 have supported the poorest of Americans living in the rural South and Appalachia.
- During the summer, Owensboro is home of the Owensboro Oilers, a baseball team in the collegiate wood-bat Ohio Valley League. The Oilers were the KIT League's 2008 playoff champions and the 2006 KIT League season champions. The team is named for the baseball minor league farm team "Owensboro Oilers" which existed in the 1940s.
- In February 2013, Owensboro hosted indoor football games of the Owensboro Rage. The Rage, who relocated from Evansville, Indiana, played in the Continental Indoor Football League.
Points of interestEdit
- Ben Hawes Golf Course and Park
- Owensboro Bridge
- International Bluegrass Music Museum
- Largest sassafras tree (located on Frederica Street next door to the Daviess County Public Library)
- Owensboro Museum of Science and History
- RiverPark Center
- Smothers Park
- Temple Adath Israel, one of the oldest synagogue buildings still standing in the United States
- Western Kentucky Botanical Garden
- William H. Natcher Bridge
Owensboro has operated under a City Manager form of government since 1954. Citizens elect a mayor and four city commissioners who form the Board of Commissioners. The Board of Commissioners is the legislative body of the city government and represents the interests of the citizens. The Board of Commissioners hires a city manager who administers the day-to-day operations of the city.
The mayor is elected for a term of four years. Each city commissioner is elected for a term of two years. The term of the city manager is indefinite and based on performance.
Owensboro is home to two private, four-year colleges, Brescia University (Catholic) and Kentucky Wesleyan College, and one public community college, Owensboro Community and Technical College. A campus of Daymar College is also located in Owensboro, and Western Kentucky University has a regional campus there.
In 2006, plans were announced for a research center operated by the University of Louisville to be located at the Mitchell Memorial Cancer Center, a part of the Owensboro Medical Health System, to study how to make the first ever human papilloma virus vaccine, called Gardasil, from tobacco plants. U of L researcher Dr Albert Bennet Jenson and Dr Shin-je Ghim discovered the vaccine in 2006. If successful, the vaccine would be made in Owensboro.
Although no television stations are based in the city, it is part of the Evansville television market, which is the 100th-largest in the United States, according to Nielsen Media Research. However, in early 2007, WFIE-TV opened a bureau in Owensboro which covers news on the Kentucky side of the market. Many of the local television stations often promote themselves as serving Evansville, Indiana, Owensboro, Kentucky, and Henderson, Kentucky.
US 60 and US 431 serve Owensboro, with US 431 terminating at the former US 60 Bypass (now signed US 60). US 231 and US 60 form a partial beltway around Owensboro. KY 81, KY 56, KY 331, KY 298, KY 54, and KY 144 also serve the city.
Future Interstates/Interstate spursEdit
- Interstate 565, a proposed north-south interstate link between Dale, In and Bowling Green, Ky that will pass through Owensboro. I-565 would use the recently constructed Natcher bridge to Kentucky in Owensboro, as well as the existing Natcher parkway and Owensboro By-pass, to connect with I-65 near Bowling Green, Ky.
- Interstate 69 Spur. Today known as the Audubon Parkway, this spur is to be numbered Interstate 369.
The Owensboro Transit System (OTS) offers bus transit to residents, and the Green River Intra-County Transit System (GRITS) offers specialized bus services to residents with disabilities who are not able to ride fixed-route public transportation buses.
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Owensboro, Kentucky". Accessed 18 September 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States -- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area (GCT-PEPANNRES)". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Owensboro-Daviess County History".
- "After 75 years, last public hanging haunts Kentucky city (photos)". New Haven Register. August 11, 2011.
- "Lynchings & Hangings". Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "F.A. Ames Company, 1911-1941; Ames Body Corporation, 1915-1922; Owensboro, Kentucky". www.coachbuilt.com.
- Leonard Rex, "The seizure of the Ken-Rad Plant-1944". Daviess County Historical Quarterly, April 1984, pp 27–31
- Suzi Bartholomy, "Thackers mark anniversary of landmark baseball game", Messenger-Inquirer, Owensboro, Ky. Wednesday, May 26, 2010
- "Modern Welding Company | About Us". Modweldco.com. 2008-12-07. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "Texas Gas - History". Txgt.com. 2005-11-15. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "Swedish Match - Swedish Match Owensboro Factory". www.swedishmatch.com.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Owensboro city, Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Owensboro, KY, Kentucky, USA: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data - Climate (Average Weather) Data". Climate-Charts.com. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "City of Owensboro CAFR" (PDF).
- Inc., Red Pixel Studios,. "Diocese of Owensboro". Diocese of Owensboro.
- "Home". ROMP Fest 2018 - June 27–30, 2018.
- "Lanham Brothers Jamboree - Fun, Family, Entertainment".
- "Friday After 5". Downtown Owensboro, Inc. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Owensboro PumpkinFest". Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Glenmary Sisters". Glenmary Home Mission Sisters of America. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
-  Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
-  Archived May 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Glenmary Sisters - Catholic Ministry". www.glenmarysisters.org.
- "Owensboro's Sassafras Tree". visitowensboro.com. Owensboro-Daviess County Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Mark W. Gordon, "Rediscovering Jewish Infrastructure: Update on United States Nineteenth Century Synagogues", American Jewish History 84.1 (1996) 11–27
- "Two at UofL help invent vaccine – Courier Journal".
- "Messenger-Inquirer Website". Messenger-Inquirer. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Nielsen Media Research Local Universe Estimates" (PDF). Audience Research & Development. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "I-66/65 Spur: Greater Owensboro Chamber of Commerce". gotransportation.net. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- "I-69 Spur: Greater Owensboro Chamber of Commerce". gotransportation.net. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- "Online directory: Kentucky, USA". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Owensboro, Kentucky.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Owensboro.|
- City of Owensboro official website
- Owensboro-Daviess County Convention and Visitor Bureau
- Entry about Owensboro from the Kentucky Atlas and Gazetteer, a University of Kentucky website
- Greater Owensboro Chamber of Commerce
- 1821 Advertisement for an auction for land around Owensboro, Kentucky, from the Library of Congress
- A Kentucky City Reinvents a Faded Downtown, Owensboro, Ky.—NY Times November 15, 2011
- Daviess County PVA