Osaka Higashi Line
This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Osaka Higashi Line (おおさか東線 Ōsaka-Higashi-sen) (Literally: Osaka East Line) is a railway line in Osaka, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR-West). The line connects Shin-Osaka Station in northern Osaka with Kyūhōji Station in Yao, forming an arc around the northern and eastern suburbs of the city. Before being named on August 23, 2007, the line was constructed with the tentative name "Osaka Outer Loop Line (大阪外環状線 Ōsaka-soto-kanjōsen)".
|Osaka Higashi Line|
A 201 series EMU on a "Local" service in February 2011
|Opened||March 15, 1929 (as Katamachi Freight Branch Line)|
March 15, 2008 (as Osaka Higashi Line)
|Owner||Osaka Soto-Kanjo Railway Co., Ltd.|
|Rolling stock||201 series EMU|
207 series EMU
321 series EMU
|Line length||20.2 km (12.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
The line is constructed and owned by the Osaka Soto-Kanjo Railway Co., Ltd. (大阪外環状鉄道株式会社 Ōsaka Sotokanjō Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha) as a Category-3 railway business under the Railway Business Act of Japan. JR-West and JR Freight operate trains as Category-2 railway business. The Kita-Umeda extension will open in 2023, replacing the above-ground Umeda Freight Line.
Conceived in the 1950s during Japan's explosive postwar economic growth, it was planned as a grand "outer loop" of the city, using existing freight lines to link Amagasaki with Shin-Osaka, Suita, Awaji, Hanaten, Kami, Uriwari and Sugimotochō, with a newly constructed segment into Osaka's (then primarily industrial) Nankō Port Town. However, with JNR's financial situation deteriorating catastrophically (culminating in its privatization) and continuing issues surrounding land acquisition and squatting by local residents on railway property, the plan was cut back to Shin-Osaka and Kami, terminating at Kyūhōji in the south. (The Hanwa Freight Line, which would have carried the southern segment from Kami to Sugimotochō, was officially abandoned by JR Freight in 2009.) The line connects Shin-Osaka Station in northern Osaka with Kyūhōji Station in Yao, forming an arc around the northern and eastern suburbs of the city.
The southern part opened on March 15, 2008. But because of problems with the illegal occupation of a site, construction of the northern part was delayed. Construction of the northern segment started in 2011 and the section between Shin-Osaka and Hanaten has opened on March 16, 2019.
- ● : Direct Rapid service stop
- | : Direct Rapid service non-stop
- Tentative name.
- 201 series
- 207 series (used for rapid services since March 12, 2011)
- 321 series (used for rapid services)
- 103 series (until 2018)
- 223-6000 series (used for rapid services from March 15, 2008 until March 11, 2011)
The 103 and 201 series trains are based at Nara Depot, the 207 series trains are based at Aboshi Depot, while the 223-6000 series trains were based at Miyahara Depot.
- JR-West Press Release (December 20, 2007)[permanent dead link] (in Japanese)
- "JRおおさか東線、北ヤード乗り入れ、18年度までに開業、150億円追加投資。" (in Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2009-01-31.[dead link]
- "2019年 春ダイヤ改正について" (Press release). 西日本旅客鉄道. 2018-12-14. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "直結！おおさか東線". jr-odekake.net. 2019-03-16. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- Osaka Soto-Kanjo Railway Co., Ltd. (in Japanese)