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The Oroch language is spoken by the Oroch people in Siberia. It is a member of the southern group of the Tungusic languages and is closely related to the Nanai language and Udege language. It is spoken in the Khabarovsk Krai (Komsomolsky, Sovetskaya Gavan, and Ulchsky districts). The language is split into three dialects: Tumninsky, Khadinsky, and Hungarisky. At the beginning of the 21st century, a written form of the language was created.

Native toRussia
RegionRussian Far East
Ethnicity600 Orochs (2010 census)[1]
Native speakers
8 (2010 census)[1]
  • Southern
    • Oroch Group
      • Oroch
Language codes
ISO 639-3oac



А а Б б В в Г г Д д Е е Ё ё Ж ж
З з И и Й й К к Л л М м Н н Ӈ ӈ
О о П п Р р С с Т т У у Ф ф Х х
Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ Ъ ъ Ы ы Ь ь Э э
Ю ю Я я


Front Central Back
Close i iː u uː

ʊ ʊː

Mid ə əː ɔ ɔː
Open æː a aː
Bilabial Alveolar Lateral Palatal Velar
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless s x
voiced v ɣ
Affricate voiceless
voiced dʒ~ʒ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Liquid r l
Approximant j



  1. ^ a b Oroch at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Oroch". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Avrorin & Boldyrev (2001)
  4. ^ Avrorin (2001)


  • Abramova, G. S. (2002). Illustrated Dictionary of the Oroch Language. Saint Petersburg, Russia: Drofa. (In Russian)
  • Альбина Гирфанова (1994). "Орочский язык". Контактологический энциклопедический словарь-справочник: Северный регион. Языки народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока в контактах с русским языком. М. (1). (in Russian)

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