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Oregon's at-large congressional district

Oregon's at-large congressional district is a former United States Congressional District. During its existence, Oregon voters elected a Representative of the United States House of Representatives at-large from the entire state.

HistoryEdit

The district came into existence when the U.S. state of Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its first representative, La Fayette Grover, had been elected in June 1858 in anticipation of statehood, but since Congress delayed action until February 1859, Grover served only 17 days as Representative.[1]

The district ceased to exist after the 1890 U.S. census apportioned another representative to Oregon beginning with the 53rd United States Congress which convened on March 3, 1893. Binger Hermann was Oregon's last at-large Representative. He represented Oregon's 1st congressional district beginning in 1893.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Dates Electoral history
Oregon statehood February 14, 1859
  La Fayette Grover Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
Retired
  Lansing Stout Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lost renomination
  Andrew J. Thayer Democratic March 4, 1861 –
July 30, 1861
Lost election contest
  George K. Shiel Democratic July 30, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Won election contest
Retired
  John R. McBride Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1864
James H. D. Henderson Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Lost renomination
  Rufus Mallory Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Retired
  Joseph S. Smith Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Not a candidate for reelection in 1870
  James H. Slater Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Not a candidate for reelection in 1870
Joseph Gardner Wilson Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 2, 1873
Died before Congress assembled
Vacant July 3, 1873 –
November 30, 1873
  James W. Nesmith Democratic December 1, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Wilson's term
  George Augustus La Dow Democratic March 4, 1875 –
May 1, 1875
Died before Congress assembled
Vacant May 2, 1875 –
October 25, 1875
  Lafayette Lane Democratic October 25, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Elected to finish La Dow's term
  Richard Williams Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Not a candidate for reelection in 1878
  John Whiteaker Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
Lost re-election
  Melvin Clark George Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Not a candidate for reelection in 1884
  Binger Hermann Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
Became 1st district representative
District eliminated March 3, 1893

ReferencesEdit

General
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Specific
  1. ^ "Legislative Assembly". Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-10.

Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W / 44; -120.5