Oregon's at-large congressional district

Oregon's at-large congressional district is a former United States congressional district. During its existence, Oregon voters elected a Representative of the United States House of Representatives at-large from the entire state.

HistoryEdit

The district came into existence when the U.S. state of Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its first representative, La Fayette Grover, had been elected in June 1858 in anticipation of statehood, but since Congress delayed action until February 1859, Grover served only 17 days as Representative.[1]

The district ceased to exist after the 1890 U.S. census apportioned another representative to Oregon beginning with the 53rd United States Congress which convened on March 3, 1893. Binger Hermann was Oregon's last at-large Representative. He represented Oregon's 1st congressional district beginning in 1893.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Dates Cong
ress
Electoral history
Oregon statehood February 14, 1859
 
La Fayette Grover
Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected to the current term in 1858.
Retired.
 
Lansing Stout
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected to the next term in 1858.
Lost renomination.
 
Andrew J. Thayer
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
July 30, 1861
37th Elected November 6, 1860.
On July 30, 1861, the House ruled that this election was not valid and seated the winner of the June 4, 1860 election.[2]
George K. Shiel Democratic July 30, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Elected June 4, 1860 and seated July 30, 1861.[3]
Retired.
 
John R. McBride
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1862.
Lost renomination.
James H. D. Henderson Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864.
Lost renomination.
 
Rufus Mallory
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected in 1866.
Retired.
 
Joseph S. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Elected in 1868.
Retired.
 
James H. Slater
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Retired.
Joseph Gardner Wilson Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 2, 1873
43rd Elected in 1872.
Died.
Vacant July 3, 1873 –
November 30, 1873
 
James W. Nesmith
Democratic December 1, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Wilson's term.
Retired.
George Augustus La Dow Democratic March 4, 1875 –
May 1, 1875
44th Elected in 1874.
Died.
Vacant May 2, 1875 –
October 25, 1875
 
Lafayette Lane
Democratic October 25, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Elected to finish La Dow's term.
Lost re-election.
 
Richard Williams
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
Retired.
 
John Whiteaker
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Elected in 1878.
Lost re-election.
 
Melvin Clark George
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Retired.
 
Binger Hermann
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
District eliminated March 3, 1893

ReferencesEdit

General
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Specific

Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W / 44; -120.5