Onur Air (Turkish: Onur Air Taşımacılık AŞ, often styled OnurAir or Onurair) was[2] a low-cost airline with its headquarters in the Technical Hangar B at Istanbul Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy, Istanbul, Turkey.[3] It operated mostly domestic scheduled services, as well as charter flights out of its base at Istanbul Airport.[4] As of December 2021, it was forced to suspend all operations until further notice[1] and was declared bankrupt in April 2022.[2]

Onur Air
Onur Air logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
8Q OHY ONUR AIR
Founded14 April 1992
Ceased operations
  • December 2021 (suspended)[1]
  • April 2022 (bankruptcy)[2]
Hubs
Frequent-flyer programOnurExtra
Fleet size33
Destinations6 (scheduled)
HeadquartersIstanbul, Turkey
Key people
Employees1,000 - 5.000
Websiteonurair.com

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

 
A former Onur Air McDonnell Douglas MD-88 in 2001
 
A former Onur Air Airbus A300B2 in 2002

Onur Air was established on April 14, 1992 and started revenue operations using a wet-leased Airbus A320 with a flight to Ercan in North Cyprus on 14 May of that year.[5] "Onur" means proud, self-esteem in Turkish. Over the next years, the Onurair fleet grew, so that by the end of 1995, it included nine aircraft.[5] Previously its head office was in Florya, Bakırköy, Istanbul.[6]

In 1996, Ten Tour acquired ownership of the airline. By 1997 McDonnell Douglas MD-80 twin-jet airliners had been added to the fleet. Due to a recession,[specify] Onur Air had to reduce the size of its fleet to 13 in 1998, and then to nine in 1999. Since then the airline has expanded again. Onur Air also carried out special full charter flights (tourist flights, guest worker flights) for sister tour operators such as Nazar Reisen in Germany and Nazar Travel in Turkey.[5]

Development since the 2000sEdit

In May 2005 the airline was withdrawn from the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, as serious defects on the Onur Air aircraft had been discovered. As a counter-reaction, Turkey then withdrew the German airlines' landing permits. After protests by the Foreign Office, the entry ban for German aircraft was lifted again. On May 14, the airline's entry permit was withdrawn by the Swiss and French aviation safety authorities. Up until then, Onur Air had been awarded a total of nine certificates by Airbus and Boeing for their maintenance procedures. In the period from July 4 to 6, 2005, the review of the airline was provisionally concluded with a so-called "final meeting" at the home airport of Onur Air in Antalya, in accordance with the requirements from the re-issue of the entry permit.[citation needed]

As of 6 April 2019 all of Onur Air's flights from their former base at Atatürk Airport had been relocated to the new Istanbul Airport.[7]

In August 2019, Onur Air established a new, partly-owned subsidiary named Holiday Europe for leisure flights between Europe and destinations around the Mediterranean. Onur Air provides aircraft and crews for the new brand.[8] In October 2021, the operational license of Holiday Europe has been revoked.[9]

In December 2021, the Turkish aviation authorities did not renew the airline's operational license, suspending all of Onur Air's operations. Beforehand negotiations to regain financial stability in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic failed.[1]

In February 2022, Onur Air's last remaining airworthy aircraft had been taken back by its lessor, leaving the airline without a usable fleet.[10] In April 2022, a Turkish court declared the airline bankrupt after legal proceedings of a former employee.[2]

DestinationsEdit

As of September 2021, prior to the suspension of its licence, Onur Air offered scheduled flights (excluding charter services) to the following destinations:[11]

Country City Airport Notes Refs
Germany Cologne/Bonn Cologne Bonn Airport
Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwait International Airport
Turkey Antalya Antalya Airport
Istanbul Istanbul Airport Hub
Ukraine Odessa Odesa International Airport

FleetEdit

 
A former Onur Air Airbus A321neo, which was only operated for a brief period.

Current fleetEdit

As of September 2021, prior to the return of nearly the entire fleet to its lessors,[10] the Onur Air fleet consisted of an all Airbus fleet of the following aircraft:[12]

Onur Air fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
Airbus A320-200 9 180
Airbus A321-100 2 210
Airbus A321-200 11 220
Airbus A330-200 10 300
Total 33

Former fleetEdit

Onur Air has also operated the following aircraft types:[12][13]

Onur Air former fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A300B2 2 2001 2006
Airbus A300B4 5 1997 2006
Airbus A300-600R 8 2001 2013
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 1 2007 2009 Leased from Bestair
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 4 2005 2010
McDonnell Douglas MD-88 7 1997 2011

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 12 May 2005, Onur Air was denied access to Dutch airspace for a month. Several incidents were the cause of the suspension of the airline. Negotiations took place between the Dutch authorities and Onur Air and on 24 May 2005 Onur Air had permission to fly from and to the Netherlands again.[15]
  • On 20 August 2011, an Onur Air pilot forgot to contact Munich Air Traffic Control and caused the quick reaction air defence of both Germany and Austria to send four Eurofighter Typhoons to intercept the company's A321.[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c aviation.direct - "Onur Air faces definitive end" (German) 29 December 2021
  2. ^ a b c d "simpleflying.com - Bankruptcy Declared by Turkish Airline Onur Air". 15 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Map Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. "Head Office Atatürk Havalimanı B Kapısı Teknik Hangar Yanı 34149 Yeşilköy/İSTANBUL/TÜRKİYE"
  4. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 10 April 2007. p. 59.
  5. ^ a b c "OnurAir". Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Communication" () Onur Air. Retrieved on 17 February 2011. "Head Office Şenlikköy Mah. Çatal Sokak No. 3 34153 Florya – İstanbul/TÜRKİYE." Map Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Onur Air Relocation Announcement".
  8. ^ touristik-aktuell.de - "Holiday Europe plans fast growth" (German) 29 August 2019
  9. ^ "Suspension of an operating license of a Community air carrier № BG 1008-37 held by Holiday Europe OOD". caa.bg. 29 October 2021.
  10. ^ a b aviation.direct - "Last Onur Air aircraft cashed in by lessor" (German) 14 February 2022
  11. ^ onurair.com - Schedule retrieved 29 September 2021
  12. ^ a b "Onur Air".
  13. ^ "ATDB – Major events collected during September 2007". Air Transport Data Bank. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  14. ^ Onur Air runway overshot at Groningen Archived 4 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ News Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "Accidents/incidents for 2007". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  17. ^ BabyGirl08x. "aviation-safety.net". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  18. ^ "The Aviation Herald". Retrieved 10 July 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Onur Air at Wikimedia Commons