Olpe (district)

Olpe (German pronunciation: [ˈɔlpə]) is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Märkischer Kreis, Hochsauerland, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Altenkirchen, Oberbergischer Kreis.

Olpe
Flag of Olpe
Coat of arms of Olpe
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionArnsberg
CapitalOlpe
Area
 • Total710.7 km2 (274.4 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020)[1]
 • Total133,362
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationOE
Websitehttp://www.kreis-olpe.de

HistoryEdit

The district was created in 1817 as Kreis Bilstein, in 1819 the capital was set to be Olpe. During the reorganization of the districts in 1969 several of the municipalities in the district were merged to become cities, however the district itself was only modified minimally, and also in the second reorganization 1974 it stayed nearly in the same borders as in 1817.

GeographyEdit

Geographically it covers the south-western part of the Sauerland mountains, which make the district rich in forests. The main river through the district is the Lenne.

SchützenbundEdit

The Kreisschützenbund Olpe performs the Kreisschützenfest.[2]

Coat of armsEdit

The left half of the coat of arms show the cologne cross, as the Olpe area belonged to the bishops of Cologne. The right side show the sign of the Lords of Fürstenberg, who were governors for the bishops in this area.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

 
Towns and municipalities in Kreis Olpe
Towns Municipalities
  1. Attendorn
  2. Drolshagen
  3. Lennestadt
  4. Olpe
  1. Finnentrop
  2. Kirchhundem
  3. Wenden

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Vereine im Kreisschützenbund Olpe". Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-07-22.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kreis Olpe at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°05′N 8°00′E / 51.08°N 8.0°E / 51.08; 8.0