Oberbergischer Kreis

The Oberbergischer Kreis (Kölsch: Boverbärjische Kreiß) is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.

Oberbergischer Kreis
Flag of Oberbergischer Kreis
Coat of arms of Oberbergischer Kreis
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionCologne
CapitalGummersbach
Area
 • Total918.53 km2 (354.65 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020)[1]
 • Total271,699
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitehttp://www.oberbergischer-kreis.de

NameEdit

The district was named after the region known as Bergisches Land, which belonged to the County of Berg for most of the medieval era. What is called "Oberbergisch" ("upper Bergian") lies in the southeast of that earldom. By 1740, descriptions of the area distinguished between "Niederbergisch", which was north of the river Wupper, and "Oberbergisch" to its south.

In 1816, after the entire Rhineland was annexed to Prussia, the districts of Waldbröl, Homburg, Gimborn, Wipperfürth, and Lennep were created within the area now covered by the district. In 1825 the districts Gimborn and Homburg were merged into the district Gummersbach. In 1932 it was merged with the district of Waldbröl, and the region became known as Oberbergischer Kreis. The restructuring of 1969/75 created the current boundaries of the district.

GeographyEdit

The Oberbergischer Kreis covers the hills west of the Sauerland and north of the Westerwald. It constitutes the eastern part of the Bergisches Land nature reserve. Situated at an altitude of 100–520 meters above sea level, it is rich in wood and water (numbering ten artificial lakes) and thus a recreational area for citizens from Cologne, the Ruhr area and the Netherlands.

The prevailing rock is greywacke, which was and in places still is mined in large stone quarries.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is a combination of the heraldic signs of the territories the district belonged to. The red-white bar in the top symbolizes the County of Mark and the lion that of Berg. Homburg Castle (near Nümbrecht) was the seat of the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

PoliticsEdit

 
Gummersbach - Kreishaus 13 ies

Nazi EraEdit

Robert Ley, a Nazi politician who helped organize the recruitment of slave labor during World War II, and published an anti-Semitic newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter, was born in Niederbreidenbach,[2] a town in Oberbergischer Kreis.

District AdministratorEdit

  • 1945-1951: Dr. August Dresbach, CDU
  • 1951-1952: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1952-1956: Wilhelm Henn, CDU
  • 1956-1961: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1961-1964: Reinhard Kaufmann, CDU
  • 1964-1969: Dr. Heinrich Schild, CDU
  • 1969-1989: Hans Wichelhaus, CDU
  • 1989-1994: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 1994-1999: Herbert Heidtman, SPD

Since the October 1st, 1999 there is only one (directly elected) District Administrator who at the same time is head of management:

  • 1999-2004: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 2004-2015: Hagen Jobi, CDU
  • 2015-today: Jochen Hagt, CDU

District Administrator for the managementEdit

  • 1946-1979: Dr. Friedrich-Wilhelm Goldenbogen, CDU
  • 1979-1987: Dr. Dieter Fuchs, CDU
  • 1987-1994: Dr. Gert Ammermann, CDU
  • 1995-1999: Heribert Rohr, SPD

EconomyEdit

The district's economy is marked by small and middle-sized industry, particularly in the areas of plastic and metal processing.

Places of interestEdit

 
Homburg Castle

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

 
Towns and municipalities in Oberbergischer Kreis
Towns Municipalities
  1. Bergneustadt
  2. Gummersbach
  3. Hückeswagen
  4. Radevormwald
  5. Waldbröl
  6. Wiehl
  7. Wipperfürth
  1. Engelskirchen
  2. Lindlar
  3. Marienheide
  4. Morsbach
  5. Nümbrecht
  6. Reichshof

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Robert Ley, German politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2 June 2021.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Oberbergischer Kreis at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°02′N 7°31′E / 51.033°N 7.517°E / 51.033; 7.517