Olib (pronounced [ɔ̌lib]; Italian: Ulbo) is an island in northern Dalmatia, located northwest of Zadar, southwest of Pag, southeast of Lošinj and just east of Silba with an area of 26.14 km2.[2] The population is 140.[3]

Olib
Olib3.jpg
Port of Banjve on Olib
Croatia - Olib.PNG
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
CoordinatesCoordinates: 44°22′N 14°46′E / 44.367°N 14.767°E / 44.367; 14.767
Area26.14 km2 (10.09 sq mi)
Highest elevation74 m (243 ft)[1]
Highest pointKalac[1]
Administration
Croatia
CountyZadar
Demographics
Population140 (2011)
Pop. density5.3/km2 (13.7/sq mi)

HistoryEdit

Greek geographer Strabo mentions a settlement named Aloip, which was inhabited by the Liburnians. During the Roman rule, Aloip was rebuilt in a different location, in the island's south-west.[4]

Croats colonized the island from mid-7th to late 8th century. Another wave of Croatian inhabitants arrived in the mid to late 15th century, from Vrlika in the Cetinska Krajina, fleeing the Ottoman invasions.[5] The Chakavian dialect of Croatian is spoken on Olib. Residents call themselves Olibljani.

The island has many historic buildings and ruins. Among these are the Parish Church Assumption of Mary with its collection of antiquities including Glagolitic codices dating back to the 17th century (housed in the treasury of the parish rectory), the stone Tower or "Kula" built for protection from pirates, and the ruins of St. Paul's Church and Monastery which was abandoned in the 13th century.

Modern-day OlibEdit

The traditional products of Olib include wine, olive oil, and cheese. Most of the food is consumed locally rather than being sold in the market.[6]

There is no water supply network on Olib so all homes on the island are built with cisterns to capture rainwater. During the summer months, the island receives an additional supply of water carried by ships if needed.[7]

Although the year-round population only hovers around 100, that number is much larger during the summer months when both descendants of the island's native population as well as international tourists come to visit.

Olib is connected to the mainland by ferry to Zadar via the islands of Silba and Premuda. The journey to the mainland takes approximately two hours on a catamaran and up to three and a half hours by ferry. Cars are forbidden to be used for transport on the island, instead have to be parked in a designated area adjacent to the harbor.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Magaš & Faričić 2002, p. 37.
  2. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. doi:10.15291/geoadria.127. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  3. ^ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2017 (PDF) (in Croatian and English). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2017. p. 45. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  4. ^ Magaš & Faričić 2002, pp. 39–40.
  5. ^ Magaš & Faričić 2002, p. 41.
  6. ^ Magaš & Faričić 2002, pp. 49–50.
  7. ^ Magaš & Faričić 2002, p. 39.

BibliographyEdit