Pag (pronounced [pâːɡ]; Latin: Pagus, Italian: Pago, German: Baag) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea. It is the fifth-largest island of the Croatian coast, and the one with the longest coastline.
Pag island landscape
|Area||284.56 km2 (109.87 sq mi)|
|Length||58.25 km (36.195 mi)|
|Width||2–10 km (1.2–6.2 mi)|
|Coastline||269.2 km (167.27 mi)|
|Highest elevation||349 m (1,145 ft)|
|Highest point||Sveti Vid|
|Largest settlement||Pag (pop. 3,846)|
|Pop. density||26.13 /km2 (67.68 /sq mi)|
In the 2011 census, the population of the island was 9,059. There are two towns on the island, Pag and Novalja, as well as many smaller villages and tourist places. Pag is the only Croatian island that is administratively divided between two counties. Its northern part belongs to Lika-Senj County, while the central and southern parts belong to Zadar County.
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Pag belongs to the north Dalmatian archipelago and it extends northwest-southeast along the coast, forming the Velebit channel. The island has an area of 284.56 square kilometres (109.87 sq mi) and the coastline is 269.2 kilometres (167.27 mi). It is around 60 kilometres (37 miles) long (from northwest to southeast), and between 2 and 10 kilometres (1.2 and 6.2 miles) wide.
The southwestern coast of the island is low (including the Pag Bay with the large Caska cove), and the northwestern is steep and high (including Stara Novalja Bay). Most of the island is rocky; smaller areas are covered with Mediterranean shrubs. The southeast of the island contains karst lakes Velo Blato and Malo Blato. The island's highest peak, at 349 metres (1,145 feet), is Sveti Vid (St Vitus).
Grapes, vegetables and fruit are grown in the valleys and fields. The northern area of the Lun peninsula is mostly under olive groves. Most communities on the island are connected by a road. A 300 m (980 ft)-long arch Pag Bridge connects the southern part of the island to the mainland. The Prizna–Žigljen ferry connects the northern part of the island to the mainland. The island has two towns, Pag and Novalja, and many smaller villages and communities, including Lun, Stara Novalja, Gajac, Kolan, Metajna, Dinjiška, Povljana and others. The island is divided between two counties, with Novalja, Stara Novalja, Lun and Metajna being part of the northern Lika-Senj County, and the remainder of the island south of an isthmus at Gajac, including the town of Pag, being part of the southern Zadar County.
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The earliest settlers on the island were an Illyrian tribe that came to the region in the Bronze Age; traces of their settlement can still be seen around Pag. In the 1st century BC, the Romans took possession, and have left numerous archeological and cultural artifacts.
The Croats arrived in the 7th century along with the great migration and settled in the area. The island was for some time under the rule of the Croatian kingdom. Yet the island was always fought over, and in the 11th and 12th centuries was divided between the communities of Rab (Arbe) and of Zadar (Zara).
From the 12th to 14th centuries, Pag, along with other Dalmatian islands and towns, was fiercely contested between the Republic of Venice and the Croatian-Hungarian rulers. For four centuries from the start of the 15th century, it was held by Venice, until Venice lost its independence in 1797. Austria and France then fought over Dalmatia with victory going to the Austrians.
The island passed from Austria-Hungary to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I, and then to the Independent State of Croatia (1941–45), under whose rule the island served as a concentration camp, primarily for Serbs but also Jews, Roma, and Croatian anti-fascists.
The first Croatian wind farm was constructed on Pag island, just northeast of Pag town. The 5.95 MW "Vjetroelektrana Ravna 1" wind farm is composed of seven Vestas V52 wind turbines and has operated since 2004.
Throughout its history, Pag has been connected with salt production, a traditional activity that has been practiced for more than a thousand years. While the earliest historical records of salt production on the island date to 999, it is believed salt was produced on Pag in Roman times. The origin of the town of Pag is connected with the exploitation of natural suitably shallow coves within the closed bay (the so-called Valle di Pago) for salt manufacturing.
- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Faričić 2003, p. 47.
- Lončar 2009, p. 5.
- d.o.o., Arto Galactinus. "Adria Wind Power: VE Ravna 1". www.adriawindpower.hr.
- Portada, Josip (28 April 2011). "Proizvodnja soli ovisi o suncu, vjetru i tržištu". Zadarski list (in Croatian). Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- Faričić, Josip (June 2003). "Otok Pag na starim kartografskim prikazima" [Pag Island on Old Cartographic Presentations] (PDF). Geoadria (in Croatian). 8 (1): 47–126. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Lončar, Nina (June 2009). "Geomorfološka regionalizacija srednjeg i južnog dijela otoka Paga" [Geomorphologic regionalization of the central and southern parts of Pag island] (PDF). Geoadria (in Croatian and English). 14 (1): 5–25. Retrieved 27 March 2017.