Nutbush City Limits

"Nutbush City Limits" is a semi-autobiographical song written by Tina Turner which commemorates her rural hometown of Nutbush, Tennessee. Originally released as a single on United Artists Records in August 1973,[2] it's one of the last hits that husband-wife R&B duo Ike & Tina Turner released together.

"Nutbush City Limits"
Ike tina turner-nutbush city limits s 2-1-.jpg
Single by Ike & Tina Turner
from the album Nutbush City Limits
B-side"Help Him"
ReleasedAugust 1973 (1973-08)
Format7-inch single
RecordedBolic Sound (Inglewood, CA)
GenreFunk rock[1]
Length2:57
LabelUnited Artists
Songwriter(s)Tina Turner
Producer(s)Ike Turner
Ike & Tina Turner singles chronology
"Work On Me"
(1973)
"Nutbush City Limits"
(1973)
"Sweet Rhode Island Red"
(1974)
"Nutbush City Limits (Live)"
Tina Turner - Nutbush City Limits (Live).jpg
Single by Tina Turner
from the album Tina Live in Europe
B-side"Overnight Sensation" (live), "Legs" (live)
ReleasedMarch 16, 1988 (1988-03-16)
Format7" single / 12" single / CD single
GenreRock
Length3:30
LabelCapitol
Songwriter(s)Tina Turner
Producer(s)John Hudson
Tina Turner singles chronology
"Afterglow"
(1987)
"Nutbush City Limits (Live)"
(1988)
"Addicted to Love (Live)"
(1988)
"Nutbush City Limits
(The 90s Version)"
Nutbush91.jpeg
Single by Tina Turner
from the album Simply the Best
B-side"The Best"
ReleasedOctober 14, 1991 (1991-10-14)
Format7" single / 12" single / CD single
GenreDance-pop
Length3:42
LabelCapitol
Songwriter(s)Tina Turner
Producer(s)Chris "C. J." Mackintosh,
Dave Dorrell
Tina Turner singles chronology
"It Takes Two"
(1990)
"Nutbush City Limits
(The 90s Version)
"
(1991)
"Way of the World"
(1991)
Music video
"Nutbush City Limits" on YouTube

In the years since, "Nutbush City Limits" has been performed by a number of other artists, most notably Bob Seger and The Silver Bullet Band, and Turner herself has re-recorded several different versions of the song. In Australia, this song is often played at weddings and community events, and people dance the Nutbush.

As an unincorporated rural community, Nutbush does not have official city limits; rather, its general boundaries are described by signs reading "Nutbush, Unincorporated" which are posted on the local highway.[3]

RecordingEdit

Produced by Ike Turner, "Nutbush City Limits" was recorded at the Turners' Bolic Sound recording studio in Inglewood, California in May 1973. The song is characterized by inventive guitar sounds, a clavinet, a substantial Moog synthesizer solo by Ike,[4] and a funky brass section.

Typical of the period, none of the session musicians who contributed to "Nutbush City Limits" were given specific mention in the song credits. It has been rumored for years that Marc Bolan, frontman for the glam rock band T. Rex, played guitar on the track.[5] Gloria Jones, his girlfriend at the time—who herself provided backing vocals for Ike & Tina Turner during the 1960s—asserted that this was the case in the 2007 BBC4 documentary Marc Bolan: The Final Word.[verification needed] This claim is bolstered by the fact that Bolan toured the U.S. extensively and resided in the Los Angeles area during the mid-1970s, and is also acknowledged to have played on the Ike & Tina Turner singles "Sexy Ida (Part 2)" and "Baby—Get It On".[citation needed] However, a 2008 Ebony magazine article about Ike Turner's death identified James "Bino" Lewis, then a member of Ike & Tina's backing band Kings of Rhythm, as the guitarist.[6] It has also been suggested that James Lewis is the guitarist on "Baby—Get It On". But there are two guitars on that track: fuzz rhythm centre pan (which could be Bolan), with wah-wah guitar in the right channel, very typical of Afro-American playing like Lewis's.

Reception and awardsEdit

Cash Box (August 11, 1973): "Proud Mary" was the single that brought this dynamic group to national attention. Well, here's one that leaves all of their prior efforts in the dust. Absolutely sensational is the only way this future smash can be described. Has to go top 20."[2]

The single was a hit in various countries, peaking at No. 11 on the Billboard R&B singles chart, No. 22 on the Billboard Hot 100, and No. 4 on the UK Singles Chart.[7][8][9] It also reached No. 1 in Austria, and No. 2 in Switzerland and Germany.[10] In Australia, the single peaked at No. 14, spent 52 weeks in the top 100,[11] and is still a party staple among Generation X and Y where it is accompanied by a dance of the same name.

The song was the lead single from album Nutbush City Limits, released in November 1973, which peaked at No. 22 on the Billboard R&B albums chart.[12]

In 1973, the single was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for selling a quarter of a million units.[13] In 1974, the Turners received the first ever Golden European Award for selling more than one million records of "Nutbush City Limits" in Europe.[14]

1988 live versionEdit

Following the couple's split, the song became a staple of Tina's live show where she reworked the funky studio version into a hard-driving rock and roll showstopper. A live recording of "Nutbush City Limits" from Turner's 1986–1987 Break Every Rule Tour was released as the lead single to promote the 1988 double album Tina Live in Europe, but it was in fact a different recording than the one that appeared on the official concert album. While this version did not manage to register much of an impact on any charts, the single is notable for being one of the very first by Turner to be released on compact disc, at that time a relatively new format, in addition to 7" and 3-track 12" vinyl editions.

Both the CD and 12" singles featured a 10-minute 57-second live rendition of ZZ Top's song "Legs" from their 1983 album Eliminator, which was not included on the Tina Live in Europe album. A shorter version of "Legs", recorded during Turner's 1993 What's Love? Tour, would later appear on her 1994 CD box set The Collected Recordings - Sixties to Nineties.

  • "Nutbush City Limits" (live) – 3:30
  • Tina Live in Europe album track – 3:43

1991 remixesEdit

Turner re-recorded "Nutbush City Limits" in a modern dance style—subtitled "The 90s Version"—for inclusion on her 1991 compilation album Simply the Best. Upon its release as a single, the song peaked at No. 23 on the UK Singles Chart and was a Top 20 hit in several other European countries. A different rendition, entitled "Nutbush City Limits ('91)", appeared alongside "The 90s Version". This funkier yet more laid-back arrangement is actually the one for which Turner recorded new vocals that were later remixed by producers Chris "C. J." Mackintosh and Dave Dorrell to become "The 90s Version". The 12" single also featured an extended six-minute version of the dance remix, and a limited-release promotional DJ edition from the UK included still another take, "A Little Bit o' Bush". The corresponding music video for "The 90s Version" shows Turner recording the song in studio, intercut with footage of the various landmarks mentioned.

  • "Nutbush City Limits (The 90s Version)" – 3:43
  • "Nutbush City Limits ('91)" – 4:16
  • "Nutbush City Limits (Nutbush City '91)" – 6:00
  • "A Little Bit o' Bush" – 5:01

1993 re-recordingEdit

In 1993, Turner re-recorded the track as a re-working of the original studio arrangement for the What's Love Got to Do with It soundtrack album.

Chart performanceEdit

Other versionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henry Epps. Great Achievements by African-American Women vol II. Lulu.com. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-300-13855-6.
  2. ^ a b "Singles Reviews" (PDF). Cash Box: 18. August 11, 1973.
  3. ^ Machnitzki, Thomas R. (October 11, 2004). "Nutbush, TN 38063 Tina Turner's Childhood Home in Tennessee". Retrieved November 21, 2007. Photographic documentation of contemporary Nutbush.
  4. ^ Nick Hasted (February 9, 2018). "The Story Behind The Song: Tina Turner's Nutbush City Limits". Classic Rock.
  5. ^ Lesley-Ann Jones. Ride a White Swan: The Lives and Death of Marc Bolan. pp. 287–288.
  6. ^ Christian, Margena A. (October 2008). Monroe, Bryan (ed.). "The Last Days of Ike Turner". Ebony. Chicago, IL: Johnson Publishing. 63 (12): 94–100. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  7. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (November 3, 1973). "Billboard Hot Soul Singles". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (44): 30. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013. Listed a total of 15 weeks, entering at #79 the week ending August 25, 1973, and reaching peak position at #11 the week ending November 3, 1973.
  8. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (November 17, 1973). "Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (46): 64. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013. Listed a total of 15 weeks, entering at #89 the week ending September 8, 1973, and reaching peak position at #22 the week ending November 17, 1973.
  9. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (October 20, 1973). "Billboard Hits of the World: Britain". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (42): 61. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013. Listed a total of 13 weeks, entering at #47 the week ending September 15, 1973, and reaching peak position at #4 the week ending October 20, 1973, where it remained for two weeks.
  10. ^ "Ike & Tina Turner - Nutbush City Limits". Dutch Charts.
  11. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 314. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  12. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (February 16, 1974). "Billboard Soul LPs". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 86 (7): 25. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013. Listed a total of 13 weeks, entering at #49 the week ending December 15, 1973, and reaching peak position at #21 the week ending February 16, 1974.
  13. ^ "They're The Limit!" (PDF). Record World: 27. January 5, 1974.
  14. ^ "Golden First For The Turner's" (PDF). Cash Box: 116. December 28, 1974.
  15. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Tina Turner - Top Titel" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  17. ^ a b "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Nutbush City Limits". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  18. ^ "Hit Parade Italia - Indice per Interprete: T". Hit Parade Italia.
  19. ^ Top 40, Stichting Nederlandse. "Ike & Tina Turner - Nutbush City Limits". Top40.nl (in Dutch).
  20. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". www.flavourofnz.co.nz. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  21. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website - SA Charts 1965 - 1989 Songs (M-O)". www.rock.co.za.
  22. ^ "Latin American Hit Parade: Spain" (PDF). Record World: 53. June 1, 1974.
  23. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  24. ^ a b "Tina Turner: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  25. ^ "Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard: 64. November 17, 1973.
  26. ^ "Hot Soul Singles" (PDF). Billboard: 30. November 3, 1973.
  27. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 Singles" (PDF). Cash Box: 4. November 24, 1973.
  28. ^ "R&B Top 70" (PDF). Cash Box: 36. November 3, 1973.
  29. ^ a b "The Singles Chart" (PDF). Record World: 29. November 24, 1973.
  30. ^ "Ultratop.be – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  31. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 35, 1978" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  32. ^ "Tina Turner - Top Titel" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  33. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  34. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  35. ^ "Ultratop.be – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  36. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. October 26, 1991. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  37. ^ "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 8 no. 45. November 9, 1991. p. 36. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  38. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 45, 1991" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  39. ^ "Charts.nz – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  40. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  41. ^ "Top Selling Singles for 1973". Sounds. London, England: Spotlight Publications: 4. January 5, 1974.
  42. ^ "Jahreshitparade Singles 1974" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  43. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts 1974" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  44. ^ "Swiss Year-end Charts 1974". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  45. ^ "Single Top 100 Van 1978" (PDF) (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  46. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
  47. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1991" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
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  49. ^ "Nutbush City Limits single". iTunes Australia. December 4, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2019.

External linksEdit