The following events occurred in November 1934:
November 1, 1934 (Thursday)Edit
- Winston Churchill warned Britain that Germany was re-arming "secretly, illegally and rapidly." He expressed astonishment at the government's attitude "when we consider the character of the present German government, the rapidly darkening European scene, and the obligations which ministers repeatedly are declaring we have in Europe."
- Born: Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born Italian industrialist and politician, in Lausanne (d. 2004)
November 2, 1934 (Friday)Edit
- The League of Nations defused a potential war between Colombia and Peru over the disputed Leticia region.
- A team of American baseball stars including Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig arrived in Japan to begin a tour of exhibition games against Asian teams. Over the next five weeks the American stars would play games in Japan, China and the Philippines.
- Born: Ken Rosewall, tennis player, in Sydney, Australia
- Died: Edmond James de Rothschild, 89, French member of the Rothschild banking family
November 3, 1934 (Saturday)Edit
- Charles Kingsford Smith concluded the first eastward air crossing of the Pacific Ocean (from his native Brisbane) with the first eastward flight from Hawaii to North America, landing his Lockheed Altair Lady Southern Cross in San Francisco.
- Hermann Göring urged Germany's hunters to donate one week's bag of game to the Winterhilfswerk program.
- Died: Sir Robert McAlpine, 87, British builder and businessman
November 4, 1934 (Sunday)Edit
November 5, 1934 (Monday)Edit
November 6, 1934 (Tuesday)Edit
- Attempted exclusion of Egon Kisch from Australia: The Austrian-Czechoslovak Jewish communist Egon Erwin Kisch arrived in Fremantle, Western Australia aboard the RMS Strathaird but was refused entry as an "undesirable". Kisch was allowed to remain in the ship and travel on to Melbourne.
- The United States midterm elections were held. The incumbent Democratic Party increased its seat count in the House of Representatives.
- Born: Barton Myers, architect, in Norfolk, Virginia
November 7, 1934 (Wednesday)Edit
November 8, 1934 (Thursday)Edit
November 9, 1934 (Friday)Edit
- Australian Attorney-General Robert Menzies said that Egon Kisch would not be allowed into the country, explaining that the Commonwealth had the right to protect itself from revolutionaries.
- Lord Chief Justice Hewart dismissed contempt of court charges against four London newspapers. They were accused of prejudicing a fair trial for four Fascists charged with assault and breaching the peace by reporting that they wore brass knuckles in court.
- Born: S. Henry Cho, taekwondo instructor, in Korea (d. 2012); Carl Sagan, astronomer and science communicator, in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1996)
November 10, 1934 (Saturday)Edit
- College football star Abe Mickal was made a Louisiana State Senator in a special meeting convened by Huey Long, who arranged for the appointment in order to mock Governor Oscar K. Allen's failure to set an election to fill the vacancy left by Jared Y. Sanders, Sr..
- Born: Norm Cash, baseball player, in Justiceburg, Texas (d. 1986); Joanna Moore, actress, in Parrott, Georgia (d. 1997)
- Died: Ion Farris, 56, American politician and attorney
November 11, 1934 (Sunday)Edit
November 12, 1934 (Monday)Edit
- The German cruiser Admiral Scheer was launched.
- Abe Mickal declined to take his seat as a Louisiana senator. "Our good friend Abe needed to stay in his dormitory and study", Huey Long explained.
- The Strathaird arrived in Melbourne where Egon Kisch was greeted by numerous supporters, whom he acknowledged from the deck by raising his fist.
- Born: Charles Manson, cult leader and criminal, in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2017)
November 13, 1934 (Tuesday)Edit
- The 10 millionth Chevrolet was produced. It was donated to the city of Flint, Michigan for police safety patrol duties.
- Ralph Bowman of the St. Louis Eagles scored the first penalty shot goal in NHL history. It was also the first goal of Bowman's NHL career.
- All teachers in Italy were ordered to wear the Fascist uniform during school hours.
- Egon Kisch jumped from the Strathaird onto Melbourne's concrete dock, breaking his leg. Kisch held the mistaken belief that he would be arrested and detained on Australian soil if he set foot in the country. Instead, authorities carried him back onto the ship as it sailed for Sydney.
- Born: John Gowans, 16th General of the Salvation Army, in Blantyre, Scotland (d. 2012)
November 14, 1934 (Wednesday)Edit
- England and Italy played a famously violent and contentious football match called the Battle of Highbury that England won 3–2.
- Salvador Dalí and his wife Gala arrived in New York City aboard the ocean liner SS Champlain. Dalí emerged to greet the American media conspicuously holding a two-and-a-half metre long loaf of bread, with the intention of distributing it among them "as Saint Francis did with his birds." To his disappointment, however, none of the reporters asked him about it.
November 15, 1934 (Thursday)Edit
November 16, 1934 (Friday)Edit
- Australian High Court Justice H. V. Evatt ordered Egon Kisch discharged from detainment aboard the Strathaird. Kisch was removed from the ship and then immediately taken to a police station where customs officials subjected him to a dictation test in Gaelic. Although Kisch knew 11 languages, he refused to take the test and was deemed to have failed. Kisch was charged with being a prohibited immigrant and then taken to hospital for his broken leg. Kisch would take his case to the High Court of Australia.
- Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg met with Benito Mussolini in Rome.
- Bob Olin won the world light heavyweight boxing championship by decision over Maxie Rosenbloom at Madison Square Garden in New York.
- Died: Alice Liddell, 82, English inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland; Carl von Linde, 92, German scientist, engineer and founder of The Linde Group
November 17, 1934 (Saturday)Edit
November 18, 1934 (Sunday)Edit
November 19, 1934 (Monday)Edit
- The New York Daily News ran a famous headline exposing the secret of professional wrestling: "Londos and Marshall Meet at Garden Tonight for the 26th Time. Score – Londos 26, Marshall 0." Promoter Jack Pfefer exposed wrestling's predetermined nature to exact revenge on his former business associates, and he got the result he wanted when pro wrestling attendance immediately plummeted.
- German Labour Front leader Robert Ley decreed that time clock punching would be abolished and replaced with bugle calls.
- Born: Jackie Hudson, Dominican sister and anti-nuclear activist, in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 2011)
November 20, 1934 (Tuesday)Edit
- Retired U.S. Marine Corps officer Smedley Butler caused an uproar when he gave testimony before a House of Representatives committee on un-American activities in which he alleged a conspiracy among Wall Street interests to overthrow the Roosevelt Administration and replace it with a fascist dictatorship. This alleged conspiracy would come to be known as the Business Plot.
- King George V opened a new session of British parliament with a throne speech appealing for the maintenance of world peace.
- Georges Theunis became Prime Minister of Belgium for the second time.
November 21, 1934 (Wednesday)Edit
- The Cole Porter musical Anything Goes premiered at the Alvin Theatre on Broadway.
- Seventeen-year-old Ella Fitzgerald made her singing debut at Harlem's Apollo Theater, winning first prize in the venue's famous amateur contest.
- The New York Yankees obtained the rights to 19-year-old Joe DiMaggio from the minor-league San Francisco Seals in exchange for players to be named later and cash.
- Born: Laurence Luckinbill, actor, in Fort Smith, Arkansas
November 22, 1934 (Thursday)Edit
November 23, 1934 (Friday)Edit
- Piano Concerto no. 1 by Darius Milhaud was first performed in Paris.
- The films The Painted Veil starring Greta Garbo and Anne of Green Gables starring Dawn O'Day was released.
- Born: Lew Hoad, tennis player, in Glebe, Australia (d. 1994)
- Died: Arthur Wing Pinero, 79, English actor, dramatist and stage director
November 24, 1934 (Saturday)Edit
- Samuel Insull and 16 former business associates were found not guilty of mail fraud in Chicago federal court.
- The ANZAC War Memorial in Sydney, Australia was unveiled.
- The Sarnia Imperials defeated the Regina Roughriders 20–12 to win the Grey Cup of Canadian football.
- Born: Alfred Schnittke, composer, in Engels, Volga German ASSR, Soviet Union (d. 1998)
November 25, 1934 (Sunday)Edit
- In the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, Wilhelm Furtwängler published an article strongly defending fellow composer Paul Hindemith, who had been labeled a degenerate artist by the Nazi regime. That evening at the Berlin State Opera, Furtwängler received a 20-minute standing ovation before his performance.
November 26, 1934 (Monday)Edit
- Turkish President Mustafa Kemal changed his name to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk as the Turkish government abolished nicknames, pious titles and titles of nobility. "Atatürk" means "father of the Turks" and use of the surname by anyone else was forbidden by Turkish parliament.
- University of Bonn professor Karl Barth was ordered suspended and tried in court for refusing to swear the oath of loyalty to Hitler.
November 27, 1934 (Tuesday)Edit
- The Battle of Barrington: U.S. federal agents killed the notorious criminal Baby Face Nelson in a gunfight in Barrington, Illinois. Two FBI agents were also killed.
- Bolivian President Daniel Salamanca Urey was overthrown by a military coup due to the country's disastrous performance in the Chaco War.
- All communist organizations were banned in Romania.
- Born: Ammo Baba, footballer and coach, in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2009); Gilbert Strang, mathematician, in Chicago, Illinois
- Died: Samuel P. Cowley, 35, American FBI agent (shot); Herman Hollis, 31, American law enforcement official (shot); Baby Face Nelson, 25, American criminal (shot by FBI agents)
November 28, 1934 (Wednesday)Edit
- Winston Churchill gave a speech to the House of Commons calling on the government to increase its defence spending, because Germany's munitions factories were already working "under practically war conditions."
- Lord Ashley was granted a divorce from wife Sylvia. Spectators packed the courtroom hoping to hear lurid details of Sylvia's affair with the American actor Douglas Fairbanks, but were disappointed when the legal proceedings lasted only ten minutes.
- The musical comedy Revenge with Music opened at the New Amsterdam Theatre on Broadway.
- The dramatic play Gold Eagle Guy premiered at the Morosco Theatre on Broadway.
November 29, 1934 (Thursday)Edit
November 30, 1934 (Friday)Edit
- King Fuad of Egypt suspended the constitution after nationalist riots.
- Lázaro Cárdenas took the oath of office as President of Mexico. In his inaugural address before 60,000 people he said his administration would focus on unemployment and social inequality.
- London and North Eastern Railway steam locomotive Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman became the first officially to exceed 100 miles per hour (160.9 km/h) on test in England.
- The musical film Babes in Toyland starring Laurel and Hardy was released.
- The British comedy-drama film The Private Life of Don Juan starring Douglas Fairbanks was released.
- Born: Lansana Conté, 2nd President of Guinea, in Dubréka, French Guinea (d. 2008)
- Died: Hélène Boucher, 26, French pilot (plane crash)
- "British Warned Against German "War Machine"". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 2, 1934. p. 8.
- "Chronology 1934". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Babe Ruth's Visit to Japan in 1934". Misc. Baseball. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Fitts, Rob. "1934 Tour of Japan Schedule and Results". Rob Fitts. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii". Hawaii Aviation. State of Hawaii. 2015-03-24. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
- "Nazis Asks Hunters to Give Bag of Game for the Needy". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 4, 1934. p. 18.
- "Ranji Trophy 1934/35". CricketArchive. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Hitler Appoints Leipzig Mayor Price Dictator". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 6, 1934. p. 7.
- "Great Moments in Law and Politics: Egon Kisch". Bytes Daily. December 14, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "1934". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Infanta Beatriz of Spain to Wed Italian Prince". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 8, 1934. p. 17.
- "A German Undesirable". The Northern Times. Carnarvon, Western Australia. November 14, 1934. p. 3. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "A British Judge Hits Blow for Press Freedom". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 10, 1934. p. 13.
- "Huey 'Elects' Gootball Star State Senator". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 11, 1934. p. 1.
- "Germany Puts New Warship into Service". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 13, 1934. p. 8.
- "Huey's Show Flops as Grid Star Runs Out". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 13, 1934. p. 1.
- Gunnell, John (2011). Standard Catalog of Chevrolet, 1912–2003. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-4402-3051-6.
- "Trivia: First NHL Penalty Shot Goal". Greatest Hockey Legends. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Maguire, Liam (2012). Next Goal Wins!: The Ultimate NHL Historian's One-of-a-Kind Collection of Hockey Trivia. Randome House Canada. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-307-36340-4.
- Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- Scalmer, Sean (2002). Dissent Events: Protest, the Media, and the Political Gimmick in Australia. University of New South Wales. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-86840-651-0.
- "Dalí in New York". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Descharnes, Robert; Néret, Gilles (2013). Dalí. Taschen. p. 226. ISBN 978-3-8365-4492-4.
- "Dig U Ancient Carthage; Life of City Bared". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 16, 1934. p. 1.
- "Egon Kisch Arrives in Sydney". Goulburn Evening Penny Post. Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia. November 15, 1934. p. 5.
- "Landing of Kisch". The Newcastle Sun. Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. November 16, 1934. p. 7.
- "Egon Kisch Released". Western Argus. Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. November 20, 1934. p. 20.
- "Il Duce Greets Chief of Austria; Throngs Cheer". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 17, 1934. p. 7.
- "Bob Olin". BoxRec. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Tatam, Harold (November 18, 1934). "Paraguay Takes Bolivia's Main Fort in Chaco". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 4.
- "Tageseinträge für 18. November 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Huey Long to Run for Presidency on Third Party in 1936". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 19, 1934. p. 5.
- Boness, Kenneth R. (2002). Pile Driver: The Life of Charles "Midget"Fischer. Xlibris Corporation. p. 603. ISBN 978-1-4628-0470-2.[self-published source]
- "Germany Bans Time Clock Punching in Favor of Bugle Calls". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 20, 1934. p. 1.
- "'Plot U.S. Coup'; Gen. Butler". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 21, 1934. p. 1.
- Steele, John (November 21, 1934). "parliament is Opened by King with Peace Plea". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
- Schwartz, Charles (1979). Cole Porter: A Biography. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-306-80097-9.
- Bunyan, Patrick (1999). All Around the Town: Amazing Manhattan Facts and Curiosities. New York: Fordham University Press. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-8232-1941-4.
- "Joe DiMaggio". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Countess Wins Divorce from Earl Russell". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 23, 1934. p. 13.
- Kinsley, Philip (November 25, 1934). "Insull and 16 Aides Freed". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Biography of Atatürk". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Nüfus Hüviyet Cüzdanı. (24.11.1934)". Iste Atatürk. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Refuses to Take Oath to Hitler; Ordered to Trial". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 27, 1934. p. 1.
- "Tageseinträge für 27. November 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Steele, John (November 29, 1934). "Fairbanks' Love Trysts are Told in British Court". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 12.
- "Revenge with Music". Playbill Vault. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Gold Eagle Guy". Playbill Vault. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Royal Pair Wed in London". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 29, 1934. p. 1.
- "New President Promises to Aid Mexican Worker". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 1, 1934. p. 8.
- "No. 4472 Flying Scotsman". The Heritage Trail. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2014-11-30.
- "Calendar of Current Releases". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc. December 25, 1934. p. 25.
- Slowik, Michael (2014). After the Silents: Hollywood Film Music in the Early Sound Era, 1926–1934. Columbia University Press. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-231-16582-2.