Nikola Kljusev

Nikola Kljusev (Macedonian: Никола Кљусев) (October 2, 1927 – January 16, 2008) was a Macedonian academician and politician. Kljusev served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (now North Macedonia) from January 27, 1991 until August 17, 1992, following the country's independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.[1][2]

Nikola Kljusev
Никола Кљусев
Nikola Kljusev.jpg
Nikola Kljusev as prime minister promoting the first Macedonian currency in 1992
1st Prime Minister of Macedonia
In office
27 January 1991 – 17 August 1992
PresidentKiro Gligorov
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byBranko Crvenkovski
Personal details
Born2 October 1927
Štip, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
DiedJanuary 16, 2008(2008-01-16) (aged 80)
Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
(now North Macedonia)
Political partyNon-partisan (while in office)
VMRO-DPMNE

Early lifeEdit

Nikola Kljusev was born in Štip, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, on October 2, 1927.[2] He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Economics in 1953, before obtaining his doctorate in economics at the same university in 1964.[2] Kljusev's doctoral thesis was "Criteria and Methods for Assessment of Economic Effectiveness of Investments".[3]

EconomicsEdit

Kljusev began his career in economic academia as an assistant at the Institute for Industrial Scientific Research.[3] He later served as a researcher and director of the Economics Institute in Skopje.[2] Kljusev also served as a professor and dean of the Skopje Faculty of Economics.[2] Kljusev was elected to the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences (MANU) in 1988 and remained at the organization until his death in 2008.[3]

PoliticsEdit

Nikola Kljusev served as the first Prime Minister of Macedonia for 19 months in 1991 and 1992 after the split of the Federation.[2] Kljusev is credited with ushering Macedonia through a largely peaceful transition to full inpendendence.[2] Macedonia's independence was in sharp contrast to the violent wars that engulfed other nations of the former Federation such as Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, during the 1990s.

Under Kljusev's leadership (and background in economics), the denar was introduced as Macedonia's new national currency.[2] He also headed the difficult negotiations to withdraw the Army military of the Federation from Macedonia as Prime Minister.[2]

Kljusev was a non-partisan prime minister, and, thus, was not a member of any political party while in office. He later joined VMRO-DPMNE, a major Macedonian political party, after leaving office. He was elected President of the Council of the VMRO-DPMNE in 1997.

Nikola Kljusev returned to public office later as the Defence Minister, from 1998 until 2000.[2]

DeathEdit

Nikola Kljusev died in Macedonia on January 16, 2008. His death was announced by the Macedonian Academy of Science and Arts (MANU).[2][3]

Kljusev was buried in the Alley of the Greats at Butel cemetery in Skopje, Macedonia following a funeral officiated by the head of the Macedonian Christian Church, Archbishop Stephen of Ohrid.[1] The government of Macedonia declared January 18, 2008, as a national day of mourning.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Macedonia bids farewell to its first prime minister Kljusev". Makfaxonline.com. 2008-01-18. Archived from the original on 2008-01-21. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "From the Associated Press: Nikola Kljusev obituary". Associated Press. Legacy.com. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
  3. ^ a b c d "First Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Kljusev passed away Kljusev". Macedonian Radio Television. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
Political offices
New title Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia
1991-1992
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Defense
1998-2000
Succeeded by