Newport Courtybella railway station

Newport Courtybella railway station (also known as Court-y-Bella[1] and Cwrt-y-Bella[2]) was a temporary station opened by the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company in central Newport, Wales.

Newport Courtybella
Site of Courtybella Junction, Newport (geograph 2042534).jpg
Station site in August 2010.
LocationNewport, Newport
Wales
Coordinates51°34′40″N 2°59′58″W / 51.5779°N 2.9995°W / 51.5779; -2.9995Coordinates: 51°34′40″N 2°59′58″W / 51.5779°N 2.9995°W / 51.5779; -2.9995
Grid referenceST308870
Platforms?
Other information
StatusDisused
History
Original companyMonmouthshire Railway and Canal Company
Key dates
23 December 1850 (1850-12-23)Opened
4 August 1852Closed

HistoryEdit

A part of Monmouthshire at the time, the station was opened on 23 December 1850 as the temporary southern terminus of the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company's Western Valleys line to Blaina.[1][3] The station was sited 1 mile (1.6 km) from Newport at Court-y-bella, a little to the west of the junction where the tramroad diverged to Dock St/Llanarth St and Pillgwenlly.

Courtybella station was built by the contractors Rennie and Logan who provided platforms and an engine shed.[4] The initial service consisted of two daily passenger trains each way with a total journey time of 1¾ hours.[5] The service was extended to Ebbw Vale on 19 April 1852.[5] An extra train was added to the timetable, so that services ran at 7.00am, 12.00pm and 4.45pm from Newport, and at 9.00am, 2.15pm and 6.45pm in the other direction.[6] The train divided en route at Aberbeeg, with one half continuing to Ebbw Vale via Cwm and Victoria, while the other half proceeded to Blaina via Abertillery.[7] At the time, the line had a 4 ft 4 in (1,321 mm) gauge.[8]

The temporary station at Courtybella was closed on 4 August 1852 when Newport Dock Street railway station was brought into use.[7][1][3][9] In 1857, the wooden sheds and stone buildings at Courtybella were taken down and the material reused to provide carriage and wagon repair workshops at the Eastern and Western Valleys workshop in Bolt Street, Newport.[10]


Preceding station   Disused railways   Following station
Bassaleg Junction
Line and station closed
  Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company   Terminus

PresentEdit

All traces of the passenger station had disappeared by 1960, with the site marked only by a zero milepost from which the distances into the Western Valley were measured.[11] The line through Courtybella was singled in 1971[12] the section west to Park Junction on the Western Valleys line closing in 1981[13] The line east to Dock Street remained open until 26 January 1991[14] following the cessation of coal traffic to the distribution centre at Dock Street.[12] The track was then lifted back to Courtybella Crossing, although in recent years a short section was relaid as a run-round loop for trains from Newport Docks which need to proceed west, in particular for coal trains to Aberthaw.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Butt (1995), p. 170.
  2. ^ Byles (1982), p. 33.
  3. ^ a b Quick (2009), p. 290.
  4. ^ Byles (1982), pp. 29–30.
  5. ^ a b Byles (1982), p. 32.
  6. ^ Byles (1982), pp. 32–34.
  7. ^ a b Byles (1982), p. 34.
  8. ^ Byles (1982), p. 1.
  9. ^ Clinker (1988), p. 101.
  10. ^ Byles (1982), p. 59.
  11. ^ Skillern (1960), p. x.
  12. ^ a b c Caston (2010), p. 31.
  13. ^ Page (1988), p. 163.
  14. ^ Hurst (1991), p. 79, note 3496.

SourcesEdit

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Byles, Aubrey (1982). The History of the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company. Cwmbran: Village Publishing. ISBN 0-946043-00-0.
  • Caston, Ray (November 2010). "Courtybella - a mystery solved?". The Welsh Railways Archive. The Welsh Railways Research Circle. V (2): 31.
  • Clinker, C.R. (1988) [1978]. Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England, Scotland and Wales 1830–1980 (2nd ed.). Bristol: Avon-Anglia Publications & Services. ISBN 978-0-905466-91-0. OCLC 655703233.