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New York City Pride March is an event celebrating the LGBTQ community; it is one of the largest annual Pride marches in the world, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.[4][5] The route of the Pride march through Lower Manhattan traverses south on Fifth Avenue, through Greenwich Village, passing the Stonewall National Monument,[6] site of the June 1969 riots that launched the modern movement for LGBTQ+ rights. The March is among the largest components of NYC Pride, together with the Rally, PrideFest, and Pride Island events. The largest NYC Pride March to date coincided with the Stonewall 50 – WorldPride NYC 2019 festivities, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the riots at the Stonewall Inn, with 150,000 participants and five million visitors to Manhattan on Pride weekend;[7] an estimated four million attended the parade.[8]

NYC Pride March
Facade of the Stonewall Inn, adorned in numerous rainbow flags for the announcement of the site being designated a National Monument.
The Stonewall Inn located in Greenwich Village was the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots. That event in New York City's queer history has served as a touchstone for various social movements, as well as the catalyst for Pride parades around the world.[1][2][3]
Frequencyannually, last Sunday in June
Location(s)New York City
InauguratedJune 28, 1970 (1970-06-28), as part of Christopher Street Liberation Day
Organized byHeritage of Pride, since 1984
Stonewall 50 – WorldPride NYC 2019
Millions of spectators gather every June for the New York City Pride March.

OriginsEdit

 
Button promoting the second annual pride march in 1971.

Early on the morning of Saturday, 28 June 1969, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people rioted, following a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar at 53 Christopher Street in Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan. This riot and further protests and rioting over the following nights were the watershed moment in the modern LGBT rights movement and the impetus for organizing LGBT pride marches on a much larger scale. Veterans of the riot formed a group, the Stonewall Veterans Association, which has continued to drive the advancement of LGBT rights from the rioting at the Stonewall Inn, to the present day. Five hundred people gathered in July 1969 for a "Gay Power" rally in Washington Square Park, followed by a candlelight vigil in Sheridan Square.[9][better source needed]

On November 2, 1969, Craig Rodwell, his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, and Linda Rhodes proposed the first pride march to be held in New York City by way of a resolution at the Eastern Regional Conference of Homophile Organizations (ERCHO) meeting in Philadelphia.[10]

"That the Annual Reminder, in order to be more relevant, reach a greater number of people, and encompass the ideas and ideals of the larger struggle in which we are engaged-that of our fundamental human rights-be moved both in time and location.


We propose that a demonstration be held annually on the last Saturday in June in New York City to commemorate the 1969 spontaneous demonstrations on Christopher Street and this demonstration be called CHRISTOPHER STREET LIBERATION DAY. No dress or age regulations shall be made for this demonstration.


We also propose that we contact Homophile organizations throughout the country and suggest that they hold parallel demonstrations on that day. We propose a nationwide show of support.[11][12][13][14]

All attendees to the ERCHO meeting in Philadelphia voted for the march except for Mattachine Society of New York, which abstained.[11] Members of the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) attended the meeting and were seated as guests of Rodwell's group, Homophile Youth Movement in Neighborhoods (HYMN).[15]

Meetings to organize the march began in early January at Rodwell's apartment in 350 Bleecker Street.[16] At first there was difficulty getting some of the major New York City organizations like Gay Activists Alliance (GAA) to send representatives. Craig Rodwell and his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, Michael Brown, Marty Nixon, and Foster Gunnison of Mattachine made up the core group of the CSLD Umbrella Committee (CSLDUC). For initial funding, Gunnison served as treasurer and sought donations from the national homophile organizations and sponsors, while Sargeant solicited donations via the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop customer mailing list and Nixon worked to gain financial support from GLF in his position as treasurer for that organization.[17][18] Other mainstays of the organizing committee were Judy Miller, Jack Waluska, Steve Gerrie and Brenda Howard of GLF.[19] Believing that more people would turn out for the march on a Sunday, and so as to mark the date of the start of the Stonewall uprising, the committee scheduled the date for the first march for Sunday, June 28, 1970.[20] With Dick Leitsch's replacement as president of Mattachine NY by Michael Kotis in April, 1970, opposition to the march by Mattachine ended.[21] By 1973, the original Gay Liberation Front disbanded [22].

Brenda Howard, a bisexual activist, is known as the "Mother of Pride" for her work in coordinating the march, and she also originated the idea for a week-long series of events around Pride Day which became the genesis of the annual LGBT Pride celebrations that are now held around the world every June.[23][24] Additionally, Howard along with the bisexual activist Robert A. Martin (aka Donny the Punk) and gay activist L. Craig Schoonmaker are credited with popularizing the word "Pride" to describe these festivities.[25][26][27] Bisexual activist Tom Limoncelli later stated, "The next time someone asks you why LGBT Pride marches exist or why [LGBT] Pride Month is June tell them 'A bisexual woman named Brenda Howard thought it should be.'"[28][29]

There was little open animosity, and some bystanders applauded when a tall, pretty girl carrying a sign "I am a Lesbian" walked by. – The New York Times coverage of Gay Liberation Day, 1970[30]

Christopher Street Liberation Day on June 28, 1970 marked the first anniversary of the Stonewall riots with the march, which was the first Gay Pride march in U.S. history, and covered the 51 blocks to Central Park. The march took less than half the scheduled time due to excitement, but also due to wariness about walking through the city with gay banners and signs. Although the parade permit was delivered only two hours before the start of the march, the marchers encountered little resistance from onlookers.[31] The New York Times reported (on the front page) that the march extended for about 15 city blocks.[30] Reporting by The Village Voice was positive, describing "the out-front resistance that grew out of the police raid on the Stonewall Inn one year ago".[32] There was also an assembly on Christopher Street.

OrganizersEdit

The first March in 1970 was organized by the Christopher Street Liberation Day Committee.[33] Since 1984 the parade and related LGBT pride events in New York City have been produced and organized by Heritage of Pride (HOP), a volunteer spearheaded, non-partisan, tax-exempt, non-profit organization.[34] HOP welcomes participation regardless of age, creed, gender, gender identification, HIV status, national origin, physical, mental or developmental ability, race, or religion. HOP does not use qualifiers for participation.

BroadcastEdit

After many years where NY1 broadcast the March locally to Time Warner customers, in 2017 WABC-TV broadcast the NYC LGBT Pride March live for the first time regionally and made the stream available to all parts of the globe where such content is accessible.[35][36] WABC7 continues to broadcast the first three hours of each years March (which has had an actual run time over nine hours in 2017 and 2018). Both the 2017 and 2018 broadcasts were Emmy nominated programs.

SchismsEdit

Over the course of nearly five decades, various groups have accused the NYC Pride March of losing its political, activist roots and becoming a venue for corporate pinkwashing, rainbow capitalism, and assimilation of queer identities.[37] Such critiques have given rise to various independent events conducted without permits or police. The Dyke March has been held annually since 1993 on the Saturday prior.[38] Since 1994 the New York City Drag March has been held annually on the Friday prior; it began as a protest against the ban on leather and drag during the 25th anniversary of Stonewall.[39][40] Coinciding with the 50th anniversary of Stonewall in 2019, the Reclaim Pride Coalition will hold a Queer Liberation March on Sunday morning hours before the NYC Pride March.[41][42]

SizeEdit

The first march, in 1970, was front page news in The New York Times reporting the march extended for about fifteen city blocks.[30] The march had thousands of participants with organizers “who said variously 3,000 and 5,000 and even 20,000.”[30] The variance could be due, in part, that although the march started with over a dozen homosexual and feminist contingents, parade spectators were encouraged to join the procession.[30] Currently Heritage of Pride requires preregistration of marchers, and sets up barricades along the entire route discouraging the practice.[43]

Although estimating crowd size is an imprecise science, the NYC March is consistently considered the largest Pride parade in the U.S., with 2.1 million people in 2015, and 2.5 million in 2016.[44] In 2018 attendance was estimated around two million.[45] In 2019, as part of Stonewall 50 - WorldPride NYC, up to five million people took part over the final weekend of the celebrations,[46][47][48] with an estimated four million in attendance at the parade.[49][50] The twelve-hour parade included 150,000 pre-registered participants among 695 groups.[51] It was the largest parade of any kind in the city’s history and four times as large as the annual Times Square Ball on New Year's Eve.[52]

Grand MarshalsEdit

 
Rainbow striped crosswalk at the corner of 7th Ave. and Christopher St.
 
Moment during the 2011 NYC Pride march.
 
Moment during the 2015 NYC Pride march.

2019Edit

2018Edit

2017Edit

2016Edit

2015Edit

2014Edit

2013Edit

2012Edit

  • Cyndi Lauper
  • Chris Salgardo, CEO of Kiel's Since 1851.
  • Connie Kopelov & Phyllis Siegel, New York City's first legally married same-sex couple.[59]

2011Edit

2010Edit

2009: Stonewall 40Edit

2009 marked the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in New York City. Accordingly, HOP in conjunction with NYC local government promoted the event for people from around the world to attend. Grand Marshals that year were:

2008Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Julia Goicichea (August 16, 2017). "Why New York City Is a Major Destination for LGBT Travelers". The Culture Trip. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  2. ^ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "Stonewall Inn Named National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  3. ^ "Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  4. ^ "Revelers Take To The Streets For 48th Annual NYC Pride March". CBS New York. June 25, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017. A sea of rainbows took over the Big Apple for the biggest pride parade in the world Sunday.
  5. ^ Dawn Ennis (May 24, 2017). "ABC will broadcast New York's pride parade live for the first time". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved September 26, 2018. Never before has any TV station in the entertainment and news media capital of the world carried what organizer boast is the world’s largest Pride parade live on TV.
  6. ^ Riley, John (2019-03-20). "NYC Pride announces route for WorldPride NYC 2019/Stonewall 50 Pride March". Metro Weekly. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  7. ^ About 5 million people attended WorldPride in NYC, mayor says Accessed July 3, 2019.
  8. ^ O’Doherty, Cahir (July 4, 2019). "Irish march at historic World Pride in New York City". IrishCentral.com. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  9. ^ "Celebrate at the Stonewall 50 Commemoration". WorldPride 2019 Guide. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  10. ^ Sargeant, Fred. "1970: A First-Person Account of the First Gay Pride March." The Village Voice. June 22, 2010. retrieved January 3, 2011.
  11. ^ a b Carter, p. 230
  12. ^ Marotta, pp. 164–165
  13. ^ Teal, pp. 322–323
  14. ^ Duberman, pp. 255, 262, 270–280
  15. ^ Duberman, p. 227
  16. ^ Nagourney, Adam. "For Gays, a Party In Search of a Purpose; At 30, Parade Has Gone Mainstream As Movement's Goals Have Drifte." New York Times. June 25, 2000. retrieved January 3, 2011.
  17. ^ Carter, p. 247
  18. ^ Teal, p. 323
  19. ^ Duberman, p. 271
  20. ^ Duberman, p. 272
  21. ^ Duberman, p. 314 n93
  22. ^ https://libcom.org/library/brief-history-gay-liberation-front-1970-73
  23. ^ Channel 13/WNET Out! 2007: Women In the Movement Archived January 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ The Gay Pride Issue: Picking Apart The Origin of Pride Archived July 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Dynes, Wayne R. Pride (trope), Homolexis Archived July 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Donaldson, Stephen (1995). "The Bisexual Movement's Beginnings in the 70s: A Personal Retrospective". In Tucker, Naomi (ed.). Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, & Visions. New York: Harrington Park Press. pp. 31–45. ISBN 1-56023-869-0.
  27. ^ 22-05-2019 (2019-05-22). "Why Is It Called Pride?". Msn.com. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  28. ^ In Memoriam – Brenda Howard
  29. ^ Elyssa Goodman. "Meet Brenda Howard, "The Mother of Pride" and a Pioneering Bisexual Activist". Them.us. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  30. ^ a b c d e Fosburgh, Lacey (June 29, 1970). "Thousands of Homosexuals Hold A Protest Rally in Central Park", The New York Times, p. 1.
  31. ^ Clendinen, pp. 62–64.
  32. ^ LaFrank, p. 20.
  33. ^ Stryker, Susan. "Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day: 1970". PlanetOut. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  34. ^ "About Heritage Of Pride". Nyc Pride. Archived from the original on 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2013-12-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  35. ^ "NYC Pride March makes its way through streets of Manhattan". ABC7 New York. 2017-06-25. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  36. ^ "New York City Pride March to be broadcast by TV network for first time". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  37. ^ Gaffney, Emma. "Reclaiming the Revolutionary Spirit of Stonewall at the Queer Liberation March". The Indypendent. The Indypendent. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  38. ^ "Herstory". NYC Dyke March. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  39. ^ "Hundreds of Drag Queens Fill the NYC Streets Every Year for this Drag March". HuffPost. 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  40. ^ Maurer, Daniel (2018-06-25). "This Year's 'Magical, Strengthening' Drag March". Bedford + Bowery. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  41. ^ "Two marches set to highlight New York City's Pride events". Washington Blade. 2019-05-15. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  42. ^ "'Queer Liberation March' sets stage for dueling NYC gay pride events". NBC News. 2019-05-15. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  43. ^ Merelli, Annalisa (June 27, 2019). "There is a radical new alternative to the NYC Pride march that rejects corporate influence". Quartz. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  44. ^ "The World's Biggest Pride Parades". The Active Times. 2018-06-04. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  45. ^ Passy, Charles. "NYC Pride March Tries New Route to Prepare for Next Year's Event". WSJ. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  46. ^ Allen, Karma; Katersky, Aaron (July 2, 2019). "Millions more attended WorldPride than expected". ABC News. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  47. ^ Caspani, Maria; Lavietes, Matthew. "Millions celebrate LGBTQ pride in New York amid global fight for equality: organizers". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  48. ^ Cannon, Sophie (2019-06-12). "New York City to unveil largest rainbow pride flag in city's history". New York Post. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  49. ^ O’Doherty, Cahir (July 4, 2019). "Irish march at historic World Pride in New York City". IrishCentral.com. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  50. ^ Lynch, Scott. "Photos: Massive Turnout For Euphoric NYC Pride March: Gothamist". Gothamist. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  51. ^ Burnett, Richard (July 9, 2019). "Cost, corporatization: Fierté Montréal preps bid for 2023 WorldPride". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2019-07-10.
  52. ^ Ford, James (June 28, 2019). "How the NYPD will keep Pride, the largest NYC public event ever, safe". WPIX 11 New York. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  53. ^ "The Cast of 'Pose' Named Grand Marshals of NYC Pride March". www.out.com. 2019-04-11. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  54. ^ Zeigler, Cyd (2018-03-30). "Billie Jean King named New York City Pride Grand Marshal". Outsports. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  55. ^ "NYC Pride March: This year's Grand Marshals announced". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  56. ^ "The March - NYC Pride". Retrieved 2016-06-27.
  57. ^ "From Brenda Howard to J. Christopher Neal: Bisexual Leaders and Pride". Human Rights Campaign. 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  58. ^ "Opinion: My late wife is thanking you, too". CNN.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  59. ^ "Heritage of Pride announces Grand Marshals for the 43rd annual LGBT Pride March" (PDF). March 14, 2012.
  60. ^ "Judy Shepard to Make final official Pride Appearance & Serve as Grand Marshal of the 41st Annual NYC LGBT Pride March" (PDF). April 2011.
  61. ^ Bolcer, Julie (2010-04-13). "McMillen Named NYC Gay Pride Grand Marshal". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  62. ^ "Senator Charles Schumer Marches in NY Gay Pride Parade | PressPhoto International". Pressphotointernational.wordpress.com. 2008-06-29. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  63. ^ Celebrating Gay Pride and Its Albany Friend

External linksEdit