The Acton–Northolt line (ANL), historically known as the New North Main Line (NNML), is a railway line in West London, England. Built between 1903 and 1906, it runs from the Great Western Main Line at Old Oak Common TMD to the Chiltern Main Line at South Ruislip, alongside the West Ruislip branch of the London Underground Central line, for a distance of around 11 miles (18 km). At present, it is little used.
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
It opened in 1903 as part of a joint project by the Great Central Railway (GCR) and the Great Western Railway (GWR) to improve their termini's access from London to the Midlands and North of England, especially relative to the London and North Western Railway (LNWR). It begins at Old Oak Junction on the Great Western Main Line (GWML) from Paddington and runs via Greenford to join what is now the Chiltern Main Line at Northolt Junction, southeast of South Ruislip.
The line joined the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway between West Ruislip and Denham station in 1906. Its original name was "Denham – Junction for Uxbridge" as it was planned to be a stop on the shuttle service between Gerrards Cross and Uxbridge High Street. The latter was closed in 1964 and later demolished.
In the past it carried many trains to the northwest, and it was heavily used in the 1960s when electrification work restricted capacity on the West Coast Main Line (WCML); but when that project was completed, express services from London to Birmingham on the GWR/GCR route were discontinued as part of the Beeching cuts. All local trains on the route were diverted to Marylebone via Sudbury in 1963, and Greenford station on the New North Main Line was closed.
In the early 1990s the New North route was reduced to a single-track layout between Old Oak Common and Park Royal and between Greenford and South Ruislip. No improvement work has been carried out on the line since then.
Plans at this date to close Greenford East signal box and its semaphore signals, with upgraded signalling controlled by Slough and Marylebone signalling centres, were postponed indefinitely as decline of rail traffic controlled by Greenford East did not justify the cost.
As described, the Central line has largely replaced its business.
Until December 2018 it was used for goods trains carrying refuse from London and was a diversionary route when the normal lines to Marylebone or Paddington were closed.. Chiltern Railways operated a token service to and from Paddington on weekdays; the 10:57 from South Ruislip and 11:35 return which continued forward from South Ruislip, terminating at High Wycombe. It was replaced by service to West Ealing via the Greenford line.. The line From Greenford to Park Royal is still used for goods trains carrying refuse from London.
For operational reasons such as balancing wheel wear, trains including those of Heathrow Express which were affected by tight track at Heathrow Junction have been turned using the London end of the NNML, its triangular junction with the Greenford Branch Line and the GWML through Ealing. At weekends between 2008 and 2011 when major engineering works were taking place on the West Coast Main Line, it was also used by Virgin Trains' London Euston to Birmingham International Blockade Buster service, which ran via Willesden, Acton Main Line, Ealing Broadway, Greenford, High Wycombe, Banbury and Coventry using Super Voyager sets up to 15 carriages long. At other times it was used by Chiltern Main Line services when the route to Marylebone was blocked; or by GWML services (via Banbury and Didcot) if the line through Reading is blocked.
The route is also used for testing out new trains and for the training of new drivers.
Ruislip Waste TransferEdit
Old Oak Common station is proposed for the combined part of the route with the GWML, for connections to and from the Elizabeth line. Additional tunnelling under the New North Main Line will keep the line free for other potential passenger services, as in the April 2013 published decision by High Speed 2 and the Department for Transport to recommend further bore tunnelling under the 5.6 miles (9.0 km) of the 'Northolt Corridor' within the London Borough of Ealing.
The tunnel will minimise traffic and noise blight which a surface route would otherwise have caused. The further bore tunnelling will link up the tunnels already planned beneath South Ruislip and Ruislip Gardens and Old Oak Common to North Acton. HS2 Ltd found in a study it had undertaken that bore tunnelling this stretch of the HS2 route would take 15 months less than constructing a surface HS2 route through this area and be at least cost-neutral. Cost neutrality flows from avoiding 20 bridge replacements, particularly 3 1⁄2 years to replace road over rail bridges at the Hanger Lane Gyratory System, amenity disruption, the construction of intermediate tunnel portals and the likelihood of substantial compensation payments. The tunnelling will mean the New North Main Line is severed twice. It has not been decided whether the line will be restored once construction is complete.
In a summary report by Network Rail which was released in 2017 proposed that by 2043 that there should be a new terminal at Old Oak Common. This would mean an upgrade of the line to allow regular trains to once again run to the GWML replacing the current parliamentary service which runs from High Wycombe to West Ealing. Up to 4 trains per hour could run to Old Oak Common by 2043. The proposed upgrade would see redoubling of the line to a two-track railway with the possibility of line speed improvements into the one or more platforms that could be provided at ‘Old Oak Common’ for the Chiltern Main Line. The number of platforms would depend on the number of services.
The line's former stations and sidingsEdit
Ruislip Gardens tube stationEdit
The tracks through the station were laid by the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway with services starting on 2 April 1906, although there was no station at Ruislip Gardens at that time. The station opened on 9 July 1934.
As part of the 1935–40 New Works Programme, Central line services were projected westwards from a new junction, west of North Acton on the line to Ealing Broadway. The original intention was to extend the service as far as Denham, but work was delayed by World War II and the terminus of the extension was cut back to West Ruislip, with services starting on 21 November 1948.
Mainline services calling at Ruislip Gardens ceased in 1958 and the mainline station closed, the Central line station remaining open. Until recently the entrance to a passenger stairwell was visible on the London-bound side of the Network Rail tracks.
Northolt goods yard and carriage sidingsEdit
These served several local businesses and were also used to store spare British Rail and London Underground stock on occasion. They were abandoned in the early 1990s.
Northolt Halt and stationEdit
Northolt Halt, located alongside the current Northolt tube station, was opened by the GWR in 1907. It was later renamed "Northolt (for West End) Halt", before gaining station status under its original shorter name. It was closed in 1948 following the extension of the Central line to West Ruislip, the current tube station opening on 21 November 1948.
British Bath Company sidingEdit
This siding served the British Bath Company factory beside the Paddington Branch of the Grand Union Canal. It was lifted when the factory closed in the late 1970s, and the area is now occupied by Fairway Industrial Estate.
Kelvin Construction sidingEdit
This siding served the Kelvin Construction factory, next to that of the British Bath Company. The area is now occupied by Kelvin Industrial Estate.
Aladdin Industries sidingEdit
This siding served the Aladdin lamp factory, a short distance south of the British Bath Company and Kelvin factories. It was lifted when the factory closed in the early 1980s (although the main factory building is still extant), and the area is now occupied by a business park.
A Rugby Cement Terminal was immediately to the west of the former Greenford station up platform. This closed in about 1990.
The present station, adjacent to the original, was built as part of the Central line extension of the 1935-40 New Works Programme of the London Passenger Transport Board. It opened on 30 June 1947 after delay due to World War II. Service at the original station was gradually reduced and it was closed in 1963.
Greenford freight sidingsEdit
These served several local businesses, but were closed in the 1990s.
Perivale GPO sidingsEdit
These served the local Royal Mail distribution centre and sorting office, but were closed in the early 2000s.
Perivale Halt railway stationEdit
The Great Western Railway opened "Perivale Halt" on 2 May 1904. It closed on 15 June 1947, after the extension of the Central line to Ruislip. It had long wooden platforms and pagoda shelters, on an embankment reached by sloping paths west of Horsenden Lane South. The steam "push-and-pull" passenger service ran to Paddington; the line (the last main line to be built before High Speed 1) was shared with freight and with express trains to Birmingham (2 hours non-stop). Until the late 1920s, Perivale was entirely rural, despite its proximity to Ealing.
A Lens of Sutton photograph of the station is on page 77 of The forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E. Connor and B.L. Halford (Connor and Butler) (ISBN 0947699 17 1). There was a similar halt at South Greenford before it was modernised by Network SouthEast.
The current London Underground station was opened on 30 June 1947.
Sanderson & Sons sidingsEdit
Hanger Lane facilitiesEdit
Twyford Abbey Halt and Brentham stationEdit
Twyford Abbey Halt, located just to the east of the current Hanger Lane tube station, was opened by the GWR on 1 May 1904. It was closed on 1 May 1911 and replaced by Brentham station, located to the west. This station, later renamed "Brentham (for North Ealing)", was closed between 1915 and 1920 due to World War I economies, and closed altogether in 1947 when the Central line was extended to West Ruislip. The current tube station, which opened on 30 June 1947, was called Hanger Lane as it was near that road.
Hanger Lane sidingsEdit
These few sidings were used by both London Underground and local businesses. They have now been mostly removed and the remaining one was heavily overgrown as of 2008.
Park Royal facilitiesEdit
Park Royal West HaltEdit
This halt was open between 1932 and 1947. It was located just to the east of the bridge carrying the London Underground Piccadilly line.
Park Royal Guinness brewery and sidingsEdit
In 2004, the multinational company Diageo agreed to build extra Central line platforms at Park Royal tube station, as part of its First Central business park, built on the site of the former Guinness brewery. As of 2010, this had not yet happened.
Park Royal stationEdit
Park Royal station opened with the line in 1903, and closed in 1937. It should not be confused with the current station of the same name on the Piccadilly line, which opened in 1931.
British Can Company sidingsEdit
These sidings served the Acton factory of the British Can Company (later taken over by Metal Box & Printing Industries), as well as the adjacent Walters' Palm Toffee factory. They were lifted in the mid-1960s, although the bridge that carried them over the Central line is still extant.
The Fiat (England) sidingEdit
Long since closed.
Long since closed.
The Marcon Topmix stone terminal sidingsEdit
North Acton tube stationEdit
The joint New North Main Line (NNML) of the Great Central and Great Western opened in 1903 and its North Acton Halt followed in 1904 however this only remained open until 1913. A new station opened in 1923 concurrent with the Central London Railway station but closed on 30 June 1947 when local services on the line were withdrawn.
|“||On 18 August 1911, the Central London Railway abandoned its policy of no through running with any other railway, and secured powers to build a short extension from Wood Lane to connect with the intended Ealing & Shepherds Bush line of the Great Western Railway, over which it proposed to exercise running powers.||”|
North of the Central line tracks were two freight lines, removed in the 1960s, running alongside the Central line as far as White City. To the north of those at a slightly higher level were the two tracks of the NNML. The footbridge to the NNML platforms is on the extreme left of this 1933 photograph.
The NNML platforms closed when the Central line was extended on new track from North Acton to Greenford station in 1947. Between South Ruislip station and Old Oak Junction, the GWR line was progressively run down, and in many places reduced to single-track, including the stretch running past the tube station. From May 2008 only freight trains and a token once-daily passenger service provided by Chiltern Railways used this stretch of line until closure in December 2018.
Old Oak Lane Halt railway stationEdit
Old Oak Lane Halt railway station was opened by the Great Western Railway in 1906 within the complex of lines at the south east end of the New North Main Line, a location with low potential for passenger traffic. It closed in 1947 without a replacement when the Central line of London Underground was extended from North Acton to West Ruislip alongside the NNML under the 1935-1940 New Works Programme delayed by World War II.
- "Timetable May 2018 (pp. 19 & 58)" (PDF). Chiltern Railways.
- 2V27 1057 South Ruislip to London Paddington Real Train Times 7 December 2018
- 2M29 1135 London Paddington to High Wycombe Real Train Times 7 December 2018
- "PSUL May 2018". Branch Line Society. Archived from the original on 23 July 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- Virgin operates 15-car Voyager The Railway Magazine issue 1295 March 2009 page 85
- Quail Track Diagrams, Book 3: Western, 2005.
- Brown, Joe, London Railway Atlas (Second Edition) (Ian Allan Publishing, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7110-3397-9
- "HS2 Ltd Recommends Tunnel Under Ealing and Northolt" (Press release). HS2 Ltd. 23 April 2013. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "HS2 Tunnel Victory for Ealing Residents". London Borough of Ealing. 23 April 2013. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Acton cut". Modern Railways. July 2013. p. 11.
- "London Mayor answers Assembly Member question on Crossrail". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "PSUL May 2018". Branch Line Society. Archived from the original on 23 July 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Central Line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
- Railway clearing house atlas of London. Ian Allan. 1935. ISBN 0-7110-2789-7.
- http://www.rfitzgibbon.co.uk/index_Greenford.htm[permanent dead link]
- S.K. Baker. O.P.C. rail atlas of Great Britain and Ireland. Oxford Publishing. ISBN 0-86093-553-1.
- North and West London light railway (NWLLR) / Brent Cross Railway (BCR) plan, London Campaign for Better Transport.
- "West London Orbital: 2008 Update – a summary" (PDF). West London Business. April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2011.
- "Wembley—Park Royal Fastbus" (PDF). Park Royal Partnership.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 May 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley page 72
- Transport for London: Central line facts Archived 14 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- North Acton station in 1933, London Transport Museum.