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Northolt is a town in West London, England, spread across both sides of the A40 trunk road. It is 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross and is one of the seven major towns that make up the London Borough of Ealing. It had a population of 30,304 at the 2011 UK census.
Northolt Green and the clock tower
|Population||30,304 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||11 mi (18 km) ESE|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The earliest record of Northolt is in 872 as the Anglo Saxon norð healum,:63 where norð is North and healum (or hale) is a nook, corner, or retreat, :102. By 1610, the Name Northolt appears, with in this case, holt having no relationship with 'wood', but an evolution of hala, hale, hal, hall, halle and holt.:63
Archaeological evidence suggests that the settlement's origin was an 8th-century Saxon village close to Northolt Manor behind the present Court Farm Road. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Northala, part of the Elthorne Hundred in the historic county of Middlesex, England. In 1066 the lord was Esger the constable, and in 1086 was Geoffrey de Mandeville. Northolt Manor itself was built in the fourteenth century and provides much of the archeological information of the area from its excavations in the 1950s and onward. A Tudor barn built in 1595 from Smith's farm in Northolt was moved to Chiltern Open Air Museum and is now on display there. In the early part of the 18th century farmland was enclosed in order to provide hay for the City of London, alongside more traditional crops such as peas and beans. Up to late Victorian times, the area was rural with predominantly arable crops being grown.
1795 saw parliamentary approval for construction of Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal. The route from Hayes to Paddington passes through Northolt, opening on 10 July 1801. The Great Central Railway line (now the Chiltern Line) opened in 1906, passing through Northolt on its way from Marylebone to High Wycombe. However, it wasn't until 1926 that a station opened at Northolt Park. 1906 also saw the Great Western Railway's New North Main Line pass through south of Great Central Railway on its way to Birmingham. The following year Northolt Halt opened on it, eventually becoming Northolt station. In 1948 an extension to the Central line, transformed it into Northolt tube station.
Suburban development began in the 1920s. Most of the housing north of the Western Avenue was built in the 1920s–1930s, and is in the private housing sector. Most of the housing built to the south of the Western Avenue was built in the 1960s–1970s, and is in the social housing sectors, particularly along the Kensington and Ruislip Roads.
In the 21st century, a new large private housing development was built on the former site of the Taylor Woodrow company, adjacent to the Grand Union Canal. This development is known as "Grand Union Village" and incorporates a new canal boat marina.
- St Mary the Virgin church (14th century) stands on the hill overlooking the old village. The Welsh poet Goronwy Owen was briefly a curate here. Bishop Samuel Lisle is buried here.
- In the centre of the village is a freestanding clock tower erected to commemorate the coronation of George VI in 1937.
- The White Hart public house is on the site of an old coaching inn. The roundabout immediately south of it is on the junction of the A312 (Church Road and Hayes Bypass) with the A4180 (Ruislip Road and West End Road). The Yeading Lane also joins the roundabout. (Now closed)
- Willow Cottages on the village green are said to have been built of bricks from the old manor house, which once stood behind the parish church.
- The two towers of the disused RAF radio station north of the town are situated in the Wood End wireless station recreation ground, which is bordered on all sides by housing (Bayshill Rise, Lancaster Road, Blenheim road). The location is now home to a National Air Traffic Control base.
- Northala Fields is a large area alongside the A40 road which has been redeveloped as an extension to the Northolt and Greenford Country Park. The development consists of four large, man-made conical hills (built of rubble from the first Wembley Stadium), which act as a sound barrier to block traffic noise from the Western Avenue. Behind the mounds are new ponds and a visitor centre.
- The Larkspur Rovers F.C. clubhouse is in Rowdell Road, Northolt. It received funding from Ealing Council and an Olympic legacy grant of £50,000 from Sport England's Inspired Facilities Fund.
- There is a village community centre building in Ealing Road, opposite St Mary's church, which incorporates an open-air miniature railway.
- A leisure centre, incorporating a pool, a fitness centre, a community hall and a library was built on the site of the former Swimarama swimming pool at the junction of Mandeville Road and Eastcote Lane North, and opened in 2010.
- Down Barns Moated Site, a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Northolt is in the north-western corner of Ealing, bordering the boroughs of Harrow and Hillingdon. The centre of Northolt lies at an elevation of about 130 feet (40 m) above sea level. It is hillier in the north (up to about 200 feet (60 m)) whereas the south is lower, about 115 feet (35 m). The town is mainly suburban, with some industrial land to the east (by the Grand Union Canal), large green parts such as Lime Tree Park and Rectory Park, and semi-rural land to the west
Northolt is located 3.3 miles (5.3 km) from Hayes; 2.4 miles (3.9 km) from Southall; 1.4 miles (2.3 km) from Greenford; 3.1 miles (5.0 km) from Wembley; 2.7 miles (4.3 km) from Harrow; 2.8 miles (4.5 km) from Ruislip; and 4.5 miles (7.2 km) from Uxbridge.
Northolt is covered by two electoral wards of the London Borough of Ealing. Northolt Mandeville ward covers the main area of Northolt. Northolt West End ward covers the area south of the A40 road, including housing that is contiguous from Yeading directly to the south.
|Ward||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments|
|Northolt West End||3.0%||26.4%||17.4%||53.1%|
The median house price as of 2014 was £300,000 in Northolt Mandeville and £226,111 in Northolt West End. The population who are from BAME (Black, Asian and minority Ethnic) background was 51.7% and 55.1% respectively. The median age was 34 years and 32 years respectively.
While Northolt remained a rural, agricultural area in the 19th century, its population growth remained slow:
The rapid growth of the population in the mid-20th century can be explained by Northolt's growth as a dormitory town for nearby Ealing, and the construction in 1935 of the A40 road through the area. Modern family homes were built in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1950s and 1960s, predominantly local authority rented housing was constructed. 3,423 council houses had been built in Northolt by 1963. Northolt tube station was opened in 1948 to serve the growing population of the area.
Anti-social behaviour has recently been the most common reported crime, followed by violent and sexual offences. Crime levels notably increased, by up to 50% between 2013 and 2014.
The Royal Air Force station is situated in neighbouring South Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Most early RAF airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt Junction, (now South Ruislip).
Northolt was famous for the pony racing which took place in Northolt Park. A one-and-a-half-mile (2.4 km) racecourse was constructed by Sir William Bass and Viscount Lascelles, and opened in 1929 by the Earl of Harewood and his wife the Princess Royal.
During the Second World War, the land was taken over and used as an army depot and prisoner of war camp. Despite numerous attempts to revive pony racing after the war the land was given over to housing construction. The Racecourse Estate was constructed between 1951 and 1955 in order to solve a severe housing shortage within the borough. The gates of the original racecourse remain in Petts Hill, and a section of the track can be observed as a long, flat stretch of land alongside Mandeville Road.
Northolt is made up of two electoral wards (Northolt Mandeville and Northolt West End), as well as part of the electoral ward of North Greenford, which elect councillors to Ealing Council. As of 6 May 2010 the area is represented by five Labour councillors (three in West End and two in Mandeville) and one Conservative councillor.
At the same election Labour took control of Ealing Council from the Conservatives with a major swing against the Tories, which conflicted with the nationwide swing in the General Election.
Political status on Ealing Council:
- Labour: 53 seats
- Conservative: 12 seats
- Liberal Democrats: 4 seats
- Jimmy Canning, IRA member, lived undercover in Northolt from 1991 to 1993; he had wooed local Audrey Lamb and moved into her house at 15 Islip Gardens, using it as a weapons and bomb storage depôt. He and Lamb were arrested in 1992 following police surveillance.
- Michael Colclough, Canon Pastor at St Paul's Cathedral and Deputy Priest in Ordinary to The Queen, was Archdeacon of Northolt 1992–4.
- Alton Ellis (1938–2008), musician, "Godfather of Rocksteady", lived in Northolt.
- Paul Gardiner (1958–1984), musician, bass guitar player in Gary Numan's Tubeway Army, died in Northolt.
- Stanley Green (1915–1993), a human billboard, lived in Northolt.
- Paul Kidby, artist, known for his association with author Terry Pratchett's Discworld, was born in Northolt.
- Jerome Okimo, footballer with Stevenage FC, was born in Ealing and grew up in Northolt.
- Steve Perryman, footballer with Tottenham Hotspur, was born in Ealing and grew up in Northolt.
Northolt on televisionEdit
- The popular BBC comedy series My Hero, produced between 2000 and 2006, and featuring Ardal O'Hanlon and Emily Joyce, was set in Northolt.
- An episode of the popular CBBC series Tracy Beaker had scenes filmed in the old Swimarama swimming pool.
- A faux documentary titled Ghostwatch, aired on Halloween in 1992, was filmed in Northolt. Ghostwatch, the tale of a single mother haunted in her Northolt home by a mysterious figure called "Pipes"
- Northolt is made up of 2 wards in the London Borough of Ealing: Northolt Mandeville, and Northolt West End. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Gover, J. E. B. (1922). The Place Names of Middlesex. London, UK: Longmans, Green and Co. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
- The archaeology of Greater London : an assessment of archaeological evidence for human presence in the area now covered by Greater London. [London]: Museum of London Archaeology Service. 2000. ISBN 1-901992-15-2.
- "Northolt". opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
- "Northolt Barn". Chiltern Open Air Museum. Chiltern Open Air Museum. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- "A brief history of the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal". UK Waterways Guide. UK Waterways Guide. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "Facility improvement projects". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1001978)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "Neighbourhood statistics". Office for National Statistics.
- Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- http://www.ealing.gov.uk/services/leisure/tourism/northolt/ ealing.gov
- Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pgs. 320-28.
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