High Wycombe railway station
High Wycombe railway station is a railway station in the town of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. The station is on the Chiltern Main Line between Beaconsfield and Saunderton stations. It is served by Chiltern Railways.
High Wycombe station in 2015
|Local authority||District of Wycombe|
|Managed by||Chiltern Railways|
|Number of platforms||3|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections|
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Original company||Wycombe Railway|
|1854||Terminus station opened|
|1864||Through station opened. Original terminus becomes a goods shed|
|1906||Through services along GW&GCJR begun|
|1970||Services to Bourne End withdrawn|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at High Wycombe from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
The original terminus station was built in 1854 after an original design by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
The station had one platform and a train shed that covered two broad gauge tracks, on one side of the train shed was a single road engine shed and to the platform side a booking office and waiting rooms (on the Birdcage Walk side). The walls of the train shed, an engine shed and offices were constructed from brick and knapped flint with slate roofs. This building remained as a station in use until 1864 when it became a goods shed. Between the 1880s and 1940 various additions were made to the fabric of the old station. The building received grade two listing in 1999 due to being one of only six remaining GWR train sheds. Since listing most of the later additions were removed restoring the building to its original footprint, the only addition is the flat roof second floor extension added in 1940.
The dimensions and general design of the train shed, engine shed and office accommodation was repeated at Thame with only the building materials different, Wycombe being built with brick and knapped flint wall while Thame was timber.
A second through station was opened on the current location in 1864 with a second platform and later a footbridge. For two years prior to this date, after the extension to Thame had been made, all through trains had to reverse in and out of the old station which was not located on the new through lines. The design of the office accommodation on the second station was a copy of the office accommodation on the first, with a canopy covering the platform rather than the train shed. The building was extended as least once at its west end.
With the building of the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway in 1906 the station was again rebuilt to the design that is in use today with four lines between two staggered platforms and a subway.
The station was originally the terminus of the Wycombe Railway line from Maidenhead, which was later extended to Aylesbury and Oxford, and then in 1867 was taken over by the Great Western Railway.
In 1906 the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway line was opened through High Wycombe, linking London with the two companies' lines to the north. Much of the current Chiltern Main Line is formed from this joint line.
All trains are operated by Chiltern Railways. The current off-peak services are:
- 5 trains per hour to London Marylebone, of which:
- 1 train per hour to Birmingham Moor Street.
- 1 train per hour to Aylesbury.
- 1 train per hour to Banbury.
- 1 train per hour to Oxford calling at Bicester Village.
High Wycombe has a bay platform, Platform 1, from which additional peak-hour local services run to and from London Marylebone. It is also used by a terminating weekdays only parliamentary service from West Ealing via the Greenford line. Until December 2018 it operated from London Paddington via the Acton-Northolt line.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Chiltern Main Line
|Bicester Village||Chiltern Railways
London Marylebone — Oxford
|South Ruislip||Chiltern Railways
Greenford line (limited service)
Monday - Friday only
|Terminus||Great Western Railway
- "The Post-Beeching Era". Local History. Marlow — Maidenhead Passengers' Association.
- Slater, J.N., ed. (May 1974). "Notes and News: Transfer of Marylebone-Banbury services". The Railway Magazine. London: IPC Transport Press Ltd. 120 (877): 248. ISSN 0033-8923.
- "Station blaze disrupts journeys". BBC. 27 November 2005.
- "High Wycombe station restored after fire". Chiltern Railways.[dead link]
- 2M27 1147 West Ealing to High Wycombe Real Train Times 10 December 2018
- 2M29 1135 London Paddington to High Wycombe Real Train Times 7 December 2018
- East West Rail: train services