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High Wycombe railway station is a railway station in the town of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. The station is on the Chiltern Main Line between Beaconsfield and Saunderton stations. It is served by Chiltern Railways.

High Wycombe National Rail
2015 at High Wycombe station - main building.JPG
High Wycombe station in 2015
Location
PlaceHigh Wycombe
Local authorityDistrict of Wycombe
Grid referenceSU869930
Operations
Station codeHWY
Managed byChiltern Railways
Number of platforms3
DfT categoryC1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase 2.583 million
2014/15Increase 2.750 million
2015/16Increase 2.813 million
2016/17Increase 2.910 million
2017/18Increase 3.000 million
– Interchange Increase 86,580
History
Original companyWycombe Railway
Pre-groupingGW&GCJR
Post-groupingGW&GCJR
1854Terminus station opened
1864Through station opened. Original terminus becomes a goods shed
1906Through services along GW&GCJR begun
1970Services to Bourne End withdrawn
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at High Wycombe from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The remains of the 1854 station

The original terminus station was built in 1854 after an original design by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

The station had one platform and a train shed that covered two broad gauge tracks, on one side of the train shed was a single road engine shed and to the platform side a booking office and waiting rooms (on the Birdcage Walk side). The walls of the train shed, an engine shed and offices were constructed from brick and knapped flint with slate roofs. This building remained as a station in use until 1864 when it became a goods shed. Between the 1880s and 1940 various additions were made to the fabric of the old station. The building received grade two listing in 1999 due to being one of only six remaining GWR train sheds. Since listing most of the later additions were removed restoring the building to its original footprint, the only addition is the flat roof second floor extension added in 1940.

The dimensions and general design of the train shed, engine shed and office accommodation was repeated at Thame with only the building materials different, Wycombe being built with brick and knapped flint wall while Thame was timber.

A second through station was opened on the current location in 1864 with a second platform and later a footbridge. For two years prior to this date, after the extension to Thame had been made, all through trains had to reverse in and out of the old station which was not located on the new through lines. The design of the office accommodation on the second station was a copy of the office accommodation on the first, with a canopy covering the platform rather than the train shed. The building was extended as least once at its west end.

With the building of the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway in 1906 the station was again rebuilt to the design that is in use today with four lines between two staggered platforms and a subway.

The station was originally the terminus of the Wycombe Railway line from Maidenhead, which was later extended to Aylesbury and Oxford, and then in 1867 was taken over by the Great Western Railway.[citation needed]

In 1906 the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway line was opened through High Wycombe, linking London with the two companies' lines to the north. Much of the current Chiltern Main Line is formed from this joint line.[citation needed]

British Rail closed the original branch line to Maidenhead on 2 May 1970 and subsequently the track was lifted.[1]

The station was transferred from the Western Region of British Rail to the London Midland Region on 24 March 1974.[2]

In November 2005 a fire in the ticket office gutted the roof of the building.[3] The restored station building reopened in September 2007.[4]

In April 2015 the Northbound platform was lengthened.[5] The subway was closed and has now been replaced with a footbridge with a lift at each end.[6]

ServicesEdit

 
A Class 168 going to London calls at High Wycombe as a northbound service approaches

All trains are operated by Chiltern Railways. The current off-peak services are:[7]

High Wycombe has a bay platform, Platform 1, from which additional peak-hour local services run to and from London Marylebone. It is also used by a terminating weekdays only parliamentary service from West Ealing via the Greenford line.[8] Until December 2018 it operated from London Paddington via the Acton-Northolt line.[9]

FutureEdit

High Wycombe is to gain further rails links north of Aylesbury to Winslow and Milton Keynes by 2030 as part of the East West Rail project.[10]

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Saunderton   Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Main Line

  Beaconsfield
Bicester Village   Chiltern Railways
London Marylebone — Oxford

  London Marylebone
South Ruislip   Chiltern Railways
Greenford line (limited service)
Monday - Friday only
  Terminus
Disused railways
Terminus   Great Western Railway
Wycombe Railway
Until 1970
  Loudwater

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Post-Beeching Era". Local History. Marlow — Maidenhead Passengers' Association.
  2. ^ Slater, J.N., ed. (May 1974). "Notes and News: Transfer of Marylebone-Banbury services". The Railway Magazine. London: IPC Transport Press Ltd. 120 (877): 248. ISSN 0033-8923.
  3. ^ "Station blaze disrupts journeys". BBC. 27 November 2005.
  4. ^ "High Wycombe station restored after fire". Chiltern Railways.[dead link]
  5. ^ https://www.chilternrailways.co.uk/high-wycombe-upgrade
  6. ^ https://twitter.com/chilternrailway/status/774141996998897665?lang=en
  7. ^ http://www.chilternrailways.co.uk/download-our-timetable
  8. ^ 2M27 1147 West Ealing to High Wycombe Real Train Times 10 December 2018
  9. ^ 2M29 1135 London Paddington to High Wycombe Real Train Times 7 December 2018
  10. ^ East West Rail: train services

External linksEdit