Open main menu

NJ Transit Rail Operations (reporting mark NJTR) is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines had an average weekday ridership of 306,892 from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016.[1] This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.

NJ Transit Rail Operations
NJT railmap infobox.svg
New Jersey Transit rail operations sampler.jpg
NJ Transit provides rail service throughout northern New Jersey, between Philadelphia and Atlantic City in southern New Jersey, and in the lower Hudson Valley west of the Hudson River.
Reporting markNJTR
LocaleNorth and Central Jersey, White Horse Pike corridor, Hudson Valley
Dates of operation1983–present
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification12.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
Headquarters1 Penn Plaza East
Newark, NJ 07105

Network and infrastructureEdit

NJTransit Rail Lines


As of 2012, NJ Transit's commuter rail network consists of 11 lines and 164 stations,[2] primarily concentrated in northern New Jersey, with one line running between Atlantic City and Philadelphia.

Current linesEdit

Operations are in two divisions:

Newark Division
Lines Terminals
Northeast Corridor Line New York – Penn Station Trenton
Princeton Branch Princeton Junction Princeton
North Jersey Coast Line
Raritan Valley Line
Atlantic City Line Philadelphia – 30th Street Station Atlantic City Rail Terminal
Hoboken Division
Lines Terminals
Main Line
Hoboken Terminal Suffern
Bergen County Line
Pascack Valley Line Spring Valley
Port Jervis Line Port Jervis
Meadowlands Rail Line Meadowlands
Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch Gladstone

Freight usageEdit

Although NJ Transit itself does not carry freight, NJTR allows freight service to be operated over its lines via trackage rights agreements with several railroads. Conrail (CSAO), CSX, Norfolk Southern (NS) and several short lines (Cape May Seashore Lines (CMSL), Morristown & Erie Railway (M&E), Chesapeake and Delaware, LLC and Southern Railroad of New Jersey (SRNJ)) currently have trackage rights contracts to operate freight service on NJ Transit lines. The Morristown & Erie Railway can only use NJT trackage to get between its owned trackage; it cannot serve customers on NJ Transit trackage. A similar situation exists for Conrail on the Atlantic City Line.

Below is a list of NJ Transit lines and freight lines that operate on them:

  • Morristown Line: NS, M&E
  • Montclair-Boonton Line: NS, M&E
  • Main Line: NS, M&E
  • Bergen County Line: NS, M&E
  • Pascack Valley Line: NS
  • Raritan Valley Line: CSAO
  • North Jersey Coast Line: CSAO
  • Atlantic City Line: CSAO, SRNJ

Non-passenger linesEdit

NJTR also owns several lines not used for regular passenger service. These lines were purchased by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the late 1970s for railbanking purposes, with ownership transferring to NJ Transit upon its creation in 1979. These lines are either leased for freight/tourist service, interim rail trail use, or remain derelict:


NJT owns most of its tracks, infrastructure, bridges, tunnels and signals. The exceptions are:

Yards and maintenanceEdit

NJ Transit's main storage and maintenance facility is the Meadows Maintenance Complex in Kearny, New Jersey. Other major yard facilities are located at Hoboken Terminal. Amtrak's Sunnyside Yard in Queens, New York serves as a layover facility for trains to New York Penn Station. Additional yards are located at outlying points along the lines. These include:[3]

  • Main and Bergen County Lines:
  • Montclair-Boonton Line:
  • Morris and Essex Lines:
  • North Jersey Coast Line:
    • Long Branch Yard
    • Bay Head Yard
  • Northeast Corridor:
  • Pascack Valley Line:
    • Woodbine Yard, Spring Valley, NY
  • Port Jervis Line:
    • Port Jervis Yard, Port Jervis, NY
  • Raritan Valley Line:
    • Raritan Yard

NJT has a fleet of maintenance crews and vehicles that repair tracks, spread ballast, deliver supplies and inspect infrastructure. There are eight non-revenue work diesels used for these purposes.

Movable bridgesEdit

NJT utilizes numerous moveable bridges:

  • Dock Bridge, Newark (Passaic River) – Northeast Corridor Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Portal Bridge, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Northeast Corridor Line (swing) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Newark Draw, Newark (Passaic River) – Morristown Line (swing)
  • Lower Hack Lift, Jersey City (Hackensack River) – Morristown Line (vertical lift)
  • Upper Hack Lift, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Main Line (vertical lift)
  • HX Draw, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Bergen County Line (bascule)
  • Lyndhurst Draw, Lyndhurst (Passaic River) – Main Line (swing)
  • River Draw, South Amboy (Raritan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Morgan Draw, Old Bridge (Cheesequake Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Oceanport Draw, Oceanport (Oceanport Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Shark River Draw, Belmar (Shark River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Brielle Draw, Brielle (Manasquan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Beach Bridge, Atlantic City (Beach Thorofare) – Atlantic City Line (swing)
  • Delair Bridge, Pennsauken (Delaware River) – Atlantic City Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Conrail)

Rolling stockEdit

Reporting marksEdit

All NJ Transit Rail Operations equipment in both revenue and non-revenue service carry AAR reporting marks of NJTR without exception. Equipment owned by Metro-North carries AAR reporting marks MNCW without exception.


Active revenueEdit

These locomotives carry NJTR reporting marks for revenue service. Not included are the EMU cars, which are technically locomotives, but are listed in the Passenger Cars roster below.

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Type Power Notes
EMD GP40PH-2   4100–4112 1968 1983
(inherited at inception)
Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Former CNJ GP40P units; rebuilt by Conrail 1991–1993.
  • Unit 4109 is painted in CNJ livery.[4]
  • Being retired from revenue service and entering an in-house rebuild program by NJ Transit for mechanical conversion to standard GP40-2s for non-revenue service.[citation needed]
EMD GP40PH-2B   4200–4219 1965–1969 1993–1994 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Ex-Penn Central.
  • Replacements for the GE U34CHs.
  • Unit 4219 is former GP40PH-2A 4148 rebuilt following an accident in Secaucus.
  • Some units used as work engines.
  • To be replaced by additional ALP-45DP units.[5]
Bombardier ALP-46   4600–4628 2001–2002 Electric 7,100 hp (5,294 kW)
Alstom PL42AC   4000–4032 2005–2006 Diesel 4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,680 hp (2,744 kW) available for traction
  4629–4664 2010–2011 Electric 7,500 hp (5,593 kW)
  • Delivery started in 2010; the first units entered service on June 2, 2010.[6] All units currently in service.
  4500–4534, 4535-4551
2010–2011, 2018-Present Dual-mode
(electric and diesel)
Electric mode
5,365 hp (4,001 kW)

Diesel mode
4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,000 hp (2,237 kW) available for traction
  • Capable of running using wire or under diesel mode.[7]
  • 35 purchased in original order; options for 17 more exercised in December 2017.[8]
  • Additional units under construction, with delivery set to begin in November 2019.

Retired revenueEdit

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Retired Type Power Notes
EMD F40PH-2CAT   4113–4129 1981 1981 2014
2018 (see notes)
Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Originally ordered as F40PH-2, later rebuilt as F40PH-2CAT by Conrail between 1997 and 1998.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
    • 4119 & 4120 remain in work service
    • During the summer of 2018, the units were used on the Pascack Valley Line, Montclair-Boonton Line, and the Main Line to supplement Comet V cab cars undergoing PTC installation.
GE U34CH   3351, 3360, 3366-3368, 3370-3373, 3376, 3380-3381, 4151-4183 1970–1971 1976 1994 Diesel 3,600 hp (2,700 kW)
  • Ex-Conrail.
  • Replaced by GP40PH-2A and GP40PH-2B.
    • 3372 is preserved.
EMD GP40FH-2   4130–4144 1966–1967 1987 2012 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Rebuilt by Morrison-Knudsen with the frame of a standard GP40 and cowl of an F45.
  • 4130-4134 rebuilt into MP20B-3 switchers in 2005.
  • Remaining units replaced by ALP-45DP.
    • Sold to various operators.
EMD GP40PH-2A   4145–4150 1967–1971 1992–1993 2014 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Replacements for the GE U34CHs.
  • 4148 was wrecked in 1996 and was rebuilt as GP40PH-2B 4219 by Conrail 1997.
  • Replaced by ALP-45DP.
GE P40DC   4800-4803 1993 2007 2015 Diesel 4,250 hp (3,170 kW)
ABB ALP-44O   4400–4414 1989 1990 2011 Electric 7000 hp (5.2 MW)
  • Replacements for the GE E60CHs.
  • Replaced by ALP-46 and ALP-46A.
ABB ALP-44E   4415–4419 1995 1995 2012 Electric 7000 hp (5.2 MW)
ABB ALP-44M   4420–4431 1996 1996 2011 Electric 7000 hp (5.2 MW)
GE E60CH 958-973 1973 1984 1998 Electric 6,000 hp (4.5 MW)
  • Ex-Amtrak.
  • Replaced by ALP-44.
    • 958 is preserved.
GE/Altoona Works GG1   4972-4884 1934-1943 N/A 1983 Electric 4,620 hp (3,450 kW)-8,500 hp (6,300 kW)
  • Ex-Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • Replaced by E60.
    • 4876, 4877, 4879, and 4882 are preserved.
EMD F7 417-418, 420, 422-425 1949-1993 N/A 1984 Diesel 1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
  • Ex-CNW
EMD E8   4320,4322-4328, 4330-4334 1949-1954 N/A N/A Diesel 2,250 hp (1,678 kW)
EMD F40PH 270, 274, 293, 302, 311, 400 1975-1992 N/A 2006 Diesel 3,000–3,200 hp (2.2–2.4 MW)
  • Ex Amtrak
    • Leased from Railworld.
  • Returned in 2006.


All non-revenue locomotives are diesel-powered and legally carry the same "NJTR" AAR reporting marks as all other equipment without exception. As these locomotives lack HEP, they do not haul trains in passenger service unless performing a rescue.

Model Numbers Year(s) Notes
EMD GP40-2 4300–4303 1965–1968 Ex-Conrail and New York Central.
EMD GP40PH-2 4102-4104, 4106, 4108 1968 Modified starting in 2014. The HEP motor was removed, unlit number boards were drilled in, the rear ladder was replaced with steps, and LED markers were applied to the rear end replacing their original tri-color class lights. Units are now mechanically standard GP40-2s.
MotivePower MP20B-3 1001–1005 2008 Rebuilt from 1967 EMD GP40FH-2s 4130–4134.
EMD F40PH-2CAT 4119-4120 1979–1981, 2018-present Regulated to work service since 2013. Recently reactivated in place of cab cars during shortage due to PTC installation.

Passenger carsEdit

NJ Transit has a fleet of over 1,000 passenger cars. The fleet and examples are described below.

Except for the Comet II (which are all trailers), all examples shown are cab cars leading or on the tail end of trains.

Car groupings are, except for the Arrow III MUs, arranged in the following order: cab cars, trailers with lavatories, and trailers without lavatories, where applicable.

Single Arrow III MU's are GE Model MA-1J, married pairs are GE Model MA-1H. NJ Transit also leased 10 MARC Train coaches in 2018 to alleviate an equipment shortage.[9]

and model
Photo Numbers Total Built Rebuilt
Arrow III
  • 30 single cars
    (no lavatory)
  • 200 paired cars
    (lavatory in odd cars)
1977 1992–1995
  • Self-propelled cars.
  • 160 cars are in revenue service.
    • Some units sold to USDOT for testing.
    • To be phased out in 2020
Comet II
  5300–5396, 5441–5458, 5460
  • 116 trailers
    (no lavatories)
1982–1983 1999–2003
  5397–5440, 5459
  • 45 trailers
    (no lavatories)
Comet IV
  5011–5031, 5235–5264, 5535–5582
  • 21 cab cars
  • 30 trailers
  • 48 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • No door at the engineer's position.
  • 5019 and 5025 are retired.
  • Cab cars are now used exclusively as trailers and will no longer be leading/ending the train since the cab controllers have been deactivated.
Comet V
  6000–6083, 6200–6213, 6500–6601
  • 84 cab cars
  • 14 trailers
  • 102 trailers
    (no lavatory)
MultiLevel Coach
  7000–7051, 7200–7298, 7500–7677
  • 52 cab cars
  • 99 trailers
  • 178 trailers
    (no lavatory)
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach II   7052–7061, 7678–7767
  • 10 cab cars
  • 90 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • A 100 car base order was announced on July 14, 2010.[13] It was finalized and awarded to Bombardier on September 1, 2010.
  • The order includes an additional 79 car option.[14][15] 54 of these options exercised by MARC to obtain 54 cars with quick turnaround, leaving 25 unexercised options.
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach III ?
  • 58 powered trailers[16]
  • 33 unpowered cab cars[16]
  • 22 unpowered trailers (6 with lavatory)[16]
  • NJ Transit awarded Bombardier a $670 million contract for the construction of an initial 113-car order in December 2018, with deliveries expected to begin in late 2022 and entry into service scheduled for mid-2023.[16] The contract includes options for up to 636 more cars.[16]


NJ Transit provides passenger service on 12 lines at total of 165 stations, some operated conjunction with Amtrak and Metro North (MNCW).[17]


  1. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  2. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance Fiscal Year 2012" (PDF). NJ Transit. March 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Rouse, Karen (November 16, 2012). "NJ Transit's rail fleet hit hard by storm". The Record. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Rail Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  6. ^ Bombardier hands over first ALP-46A
  7. ^ Bombardier Press release
  8. ^ "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Rail Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  9. ^ "NJ Transit leasing cars from Maryland" (Press release). News 12 New Jersey. May 1, 2018.
  10. ^ "First Multilevel Train Debuts on Northeast Corridor" (Press release). NJ Transit. December 11, 2006. Retrieved January 13, 2007.
  11. ^ "NJ Transit Orders 45 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars" (Press release). NJ Transit. June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
  12. ^ NJT Purchases 50 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars
  13. ^ Transit approves capital and operating budgets Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  14. ^ News - Media Centre - Bombardier
  15. ^ "NJ Transit pays $267M to purchase 100 new rail cars". Associated Press. September 2, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c d e "NJ Transit orders double-deck EMUs from Bombardier". Railway Gazette International. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  17. ^ "New Jersey Transit At A Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2015.

External linksEdit