The marketing term netbook identified small and inexpensive laptops that were sold from 2007 to around 2013; these were generally low-performance. While the name has fallen out of use, machines matching their description remain an important part of the market for laptops running Microsoft Windows.[citation needed] Similarly, most lower-end Chromebooks run on hardware which would have been described as "Netbooks" when the term was current, and inexpensive tablets (running either Windows or Android) when used with an external keyboard are functionally equivalent to netbooks.

Netbook
TypeLaptop computer
Inception2007
A low-cost Craig netbook with Android.
A HP Mini 1000 netbook computer, a type of netbook computer

At their inception in late 2007[1] as smaller-than-typical notebooks optimized for low weight and low cost[2]—netbooks began appearing with the omission of certain features (such as an optical drive), featuring smaller screens and keyboards, and a reduction of computing power when compared to a full-sized laptop. Over the course of their evolution, netbooks have ranged in size from below 5" screen diagonal to 12". A typical weight is 1 kg (2.2 pounds). Often significantly less expensive than other laptops,[3] by mid-2009, netbooks began to be offered by some wireless data carriers to their users "free of charge", with an extended service-contract purchase.[4]

Soon after their appearance, netbooks grew in size and features, and converged with smaller laptops and subnotebooks. By August 2009, when comparing two Dell models, one marketed as a netbook and the other as a conventional laptop, CNET called netbooks "nothing more than smaller, cheaper notebooks", noting: "the specs are so similar that the average shopper would likely be confused as to why one is better than the other", and "the only conclusion is that there really is no distinction between the devices".[5] In an attempt to prevent cannibalizing the more lucrative laptops in their lineup, manufacturers imposed several constraints on netbooks; however this would soon push netbooks into a niche where they had few distinctive advantages over traditional laptops or tablet computers (see below).[6]

By 2011 the increasing popularity of tablet computers (particularly the iPad)—a different form factor, but with improved computing capabilities and lower production cost—had led to a decline in netbook sales.[7] At the high end of the performance spectrum, ultrabooks, ultra-light portables with a traditional keyboard and display have been revolutionized[when?] by the 11.6-inch MacBook Air, which made fewer performance sacrifices albeit at a considerably higher production cost.[8][9]

Capitalizing on the success of the MacBook Air,[10] and in response to it, Intel promoted Ultrabook as a new high-mobility standard, which some analysts have hailed as succeeding where netbooks failed.[11][12][13] As a result of these two developments, netbooks of 2011 had kept price as their only strong point, losing in the design, ease-of-use and portability department to tablets (and tablets with removable keyboards) and to Ultrabook laptops in the features and performance field.[14]

By the end of 2012 few machines were marketed as "netbooks".[15] Many netbook products were replaced on the market by Chromebooks, a hardware- and software-specification in the form of a netbook and a variation on the network-computer concept. HP re-entered the non-Chromebook netbook market with the Stream 11 in 2014,[16] although the term "netbook" is seldom in use anymore. Some specialised computers have also been released more recently[when?] with form factors comparable to netbooks, such as the GPD Win and its successor, the GPD Win 2.

HistoryEdit

 
An Asus Eee PC 700, the first mass-produced netbook, which used a 7-inch screen.

While Psion had unrelated netBook line of machines, the use of the broad marketing term "netbook", began in 2007 when Asus unveiled the Asus Eee PC. Originally designed for emerging markets, the 23 cm × 17 cm (9.1 in × 6.7 in) device weighed about 0.9 kg (2 lb) and featured a 7 in (18 cm) display, a keyboard approximately 85% the size of a normal keyboard, a solid-state drive and a custom version of Linux with a simplified user interface geared towards consumer use.[17] Following the Eee PC, Everex launched its Linux-based CloudBook; Windows XP and Windows Vista models were also introduced and MSI released the Wind—others soon followed suit.

The OLPC project followed the same market goals laid down by the eMate 300 eight years earlier.[18][19] Known for its innovation in producing a durable, cost- and power-efficient netbook for developing countries, it is regarded as one of the major factors that led more top computer hardware manufacturers to begin creating low-cost netbooks for the consumer market.[20]

When the first Asus Eee PC sold over 300,000 units in four months, companies such as Dell and Acer took note and began producing their own inexpensive netbooks. And while the OLPC XO-1 targets a different audience than do the other manufacturers' netbooks, it appears that OLPC is now facing competition. Developing countries now have a large choice of vendors, from which they can choose which low-cost netbook they prefer.[21]

 
Netbook market popularity within laptops in second half of 2008 based on the number of product clicks in the Laptop Subcategory per month by PriceGrabber[3]

By late 2008, netbooks began to take market share away from notebooks.[22] It was more successful than earlier "mini notebooks," most likely because of lower cost and greater compatibility with mainstream laptops.

Having peaked at about 20% of the portable computer market, netbooks started to slightly lose market share (within the category) in early 2010, coinciding with the appearance and success of the iPad.[23] Technology commentator Ross Rubin argued two and a half years later in Engadget that "Netbooks never got any respect. While Steve Jobs rebuked the netbook at the iPad's introduction, the iPad owes a bit of debt to the little laptops. The netbook demonstrated the potential of an inexpensive, portable second computing device, with a screen size of about 10 inches, intended primarily for media consumption and light productivity."[24] Although some manufacturers directly blamed competition from the iPad, some analysts pointed out that larger, fully fledged laptops had entered the price range of netbooks at about the same time.[25]

The 11.6-inch MacBook Air, introduced in late 2010, compared favorably to many netbooks in terms of processing power but also ergonomics, at 2.3 pounds being lighter than some 10-inch netbooks, owing in part to the integration of the flash storage chips on the main logic board.[26] It was described as a superlative netbook (or at least as what a netbook should be) by several technology commentators,[27][28][29] even though Apple has never referred to it as such, sometimes describing it—in the words of Steve Jobs—as "the third kind of notebook."[28] The entry level model had a MSRP of $999,[28] costing significantly more than the average netbook, as much as three or four times more.[24]

In 2011 tablet sales overtook netbooks for the first time, and in 2012 netbook sales fell by 25 percent, year-on-year.[30] The sustained decline since 2010 had been most pronounced in the United States and in Western Europe, while Latin America was still showing some modest growth.[31] In December 2011, Dell announced that it was exiting the netbook market.[32] In May 2012, Toshiba announced it was doing the same, at least in the United States.[33] An August 2012 article by John C. Dvorak in PC Magazine claimed that the term "netbook" is "nearly gone from the lexicon already", having been superseded in the market place largely by the more powerful (and MacBook Air inspired) Ultrabook—described as "a netbook on steroids"—and to a lesser extent by tablets.[13] In September 2012 Asus, Acer and MSI announced that they will stop manufacturing 10-inch netbooks.[34] Simultaneously Asus announced they would stop developing all Eee PC products, instead focusing on their mixed tablet-netbook Transformer line.[34]

With the introduction of Chromebooks, major manufacturers produced the new laptops for the same segment of the market that netbooks serviced. Chromebooks, a variation on the network computer concept, in the form of a netbook, require internet connections for full functionality. Chromebooks became top selling laptops in 2014. The threat of Google Chrome OS based Chromebooks prompted Microsoft to revive and revamp netbooks with Windows 8.1 with Bing. HP re-entered the non-Chromebook netbook market with the Stream 11 in 2014.[16].

 
A Samsung N130, manufactured in 2010. Although Windows XP was in the process of being supplanted by its successors, Windows Vista and Windows 7, some netbook manufacturers offered the operating system alongside its successors.

Educational UseEdit

In Australia, the New South Wales Department of Education and Training, in partnership with Lenovo, provided Year 9 (high school) students in government high schools with Lenovo S10e netbooks in 2009, Lenovo Mini 10 netbooks in 2010, Lenovo Edge 11 netbooks in 2011 and a modified Lenovo X130e netbook in 2012, each preloaded with software including Microsoft Office and Adobe Systems' Creative Suite 4. These were provided under Prime Minister Kevin Rudd's Digital Education Revolution, or DER. The netbooks ran Windows 7 Enterprise. These netbooks were secured with Computrace Lojack for laptops that the police can use to track the device if it is lost or stolen. The NSW DET retains ownership of these netbooks until the student graduates from Year 12, when the student can keep it. The Government of Trinidad and Tobago—Prime Minister Kamla Persad Bisseser—is also providing HP laptops to form 1 Students (11-year-olds) with the same police trackable software as above.

Greece provided all 13-year-old students (middle school, or gymnasium, freshmen) and their teachers with netbooks in 2009[35] through the "Digital Classroom Initiative". Students were given one unique coupon each, with which they redeemed the netbook of their choice, up to a €450 price ceiling, in participating shops throughout the country. These netbooks came bundled with localised versions of either Windows XP (or higher) or open source (e.g. Linux) operating systems, wired and wireless networking functionality, antivirus protection, preactivated parental controls, and an educational software package.

TrademarksEdit

In 1996 Psion started applying for trademarks for a line of netBook products that was later released in 1999.[36] International trademarks were issued (including U.S. Trademark 75,215,401 and ) but the models failed to gain popularity[37] and are now discontinued (except for providing accessories, maintenance and support to existing users).[38] Similar marks were recently rejected by the USPTO citing a "likelihood of confusion" under section 2(d).[39][40][41]

Despite expert analysis that the mark is "probably generic",[42] Psion Teklogix issued cease and desist letters on 23 December 2008.[43][44][45] This was heavily criticised,[46][47][48] prompting the formation of the "Save the Netbooks" grassroots campaign which worked to reverse the Google AdWords ban, cancel the trademark and encourage continued generic use of the term.[37] While preparing a "Petition for Cancellation" of U.S. Trademark 75,215,401 they revealed[49] that Dell had submitted one day before[50] on the basis of abandonment, genericness and fraud.[51] They later revealed Psion's counter-suit against Intel, filed on 27 February 2009.[52]

It was also revealed around the same time that Intel had also sued Psion Teklogix (US & Canada) and Psion (UK) in the Federal Court on similar grounds.[53] In addition to seeking cancellation of the trademark, Intel sought an order enjoining Psion from asserting any trademark rights in the term "netbook", a declarative judgment regarding their use of the term, attorneys' fees, costs and disbursements and "such other and further relief as the Court deems just and proper".[54]

On June 2, 2009, Psion announced that the suit had been settled out of court. Psion's statement said that the company was withdrawing all of its trademark registrations for the term "Netbook" and that Psion agreed to "waive all its rights against third parties in respect of past, current or future use" of the term.[55]

HardwareEdit

 
Samsung NC10 motherboard featuring the Intel Atom processor

Netbooks typically have less powerful hardware than larger laptop computers and do not include an optical disc drive that contemporaneous laptops often had. Netbooks were some of the first machines to substitute a solid-state storage devices instead of a hard drive,[56] as these were smaller, required less power, and were more shock-resistant. Unlike modern solid state drives, these early models often did not offer better performance.

Almost all netbooks supported Wi-Fi and some supported Mobile broadband.[57] Some also include ethernet and/or modems.

Most netbooks used x86 processors. Most early networks used processors from the Intel Atom line, but some used competing processors from AMD, including Fusion netbook processors,[58][59] or VIA Technologies, including the C7 and Nano. Some very low cost netbooks use a system-on-a-chip Vortex86 processor meant for embedded systems.[60][61][62][63] A few netbook used non-x86 processors based on ARM or MIPS architectures.[64][65]

Operating systemsEdit

WindowsEdit

Microsoft announced on April 8, 2008 that, despite the impending end of retail availability for the operating system that June, it would continue to license low-cost copies of Windows XP Home Edition to OEMs through October 2010 (one year after the release of Windows 7) for what it defined as "ultra low-cost personal computers"—a definition carrying restrictions on screen size and processing power.[66][67] The move served primarily to counter the use of low-cost Linux distributions on netbooks and create a new market segment for Windows devices, whilst ensuring that the devices did not cannibalize the sales of higher-end PCs running Windows Vista.[68] In 2009, over 90% (96% claimed by Microsoft as of February 2009) of netbooks in the United States were estimated to ship with Windows XP.[69][70]

For Windows 7, Microsoft introduced a new stripped-down edition intended for netbooks known as "Starter", exclusively for OEMs. In comparison to Home Premium, Starter has reduced multimedia functionality, does not allow users to change their desktop wallpaper or theme, disables the "Aero Glass" theme, and does not have support for multiple monitors.[71][72]

For Windows 8, in a ploy to counter Chrome OS-based netbooks and low-end Android tablets, Microsoft began to offer no-cost Windows licenses to OEMs for devices with screens smaller than 9 inches in size. Additionally, Microsoft began to offer low-cost licenses for a variant of the operating system set up to use Microsoft's Bing search engine by default.[16][73][74][75]

Windows CE has also been used in netbooks, due to its reduced feature set.[76]

AndroidEdit

Google's Android software platform, designed for mobile telephone handsets, has been demonstrated on an ASUS Eee PC and its version of the Linux operating system contains policies for mobile internet devices including the original Asus Eee PC 701.[77] ASUS has allocated engineers to develop an Android-based netbook.[78] In May 2009 a contractor of Dell announced it is porting Adobe Flash Lite to Android for Dell netbooks.[79] Acer announced Android netbooks to be available in Q3/2009.[80] In July 2009, a new project, Android-x86,[81] was created to provide an open source solution for Android on the x86 platform, especially for netbooks.

Chrome OSEdit

In 2011, Google introduced Chrome OS, a Linux-based operating system designed particularly for netbook-like devices marketed as "Chromebooks". The platform is designed to leverage online services, cloud computing, and its namesake Chrome web browser as its shell—so much so that the operating system initially used a full screen web browser window as its interface, and contained limited offline functionality.[82][83] Later versions of Chrome OS introduced a traditional desktop interface[84] and a platform allowing "native" packaged software written in HTML, JavaScript, and CSS to be developed for the platform.[85]

OtherEdit

Netbooks have sparked the development of several Linux variants or completely new distributions, which are optimized for small screen use and the limited processing power of the Atom or ARM processors which typically power netbooks. Examples include Ubuntu Netbook Edition, EasyPeasy, Joli OS and MeeGo. Both Joli OS and MeeGo purport to be "social oriented" or social networking operating systems rather than traditional "office work production" operating systems. Netbook users can also install other UNIX-based operating systems such as FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, and Darwin.[86]

Since 2010, major netbook manufacturers no longer install or support Linux in the United States. The reason for this change of stance is unclear, although it coincides with the availability of a 'netbook' version of Windows XP, and a later Windows 7 Starter and a strong marketing push for the adoption of this OS in the netbook market. However, companies targeting niche markets, such as System76 and ZaReason, continue to pre-install Linux on the devices they sell.

The Cloud operating system attempts to capitalize on the minimalist aspect of netbooks. The user interface is limited to a browser application only.

Mac OS X has been demonstrated running on various netbooks as a result of the OSx86 project,[87] although this is in violation of the operating system's end-user license agreement.[88] Apple has complained to sites hosting information on how to install OS X onto non-Apple hardware (including Wired and YouTube) who have reacted and removed content in response.[89] One article nicknamed a netbook running OS X a "Hackintosh." The Macbook Air can be considered an expensive netbook.

UseEdit

A June 2009 NPD study found that 60% of netbook buyers never take their netbooks out of the house.[90]

Special "children's" editions of netbooks have been released under Disney branding; their low cost (less at risk), lack of DVD player (less to break) and smaller keyboards (closer to children's hand sizes) are viewed as significant advantages for that target market. The principal objection to netbooks in this context is the lack of good video performance for streaming online video in current netbooks and a lack of speed with even simple games. Adults browsing for text content are less dependent on video content than small children who cannot read.

Netbooks are a growing trend in education for several reasons. The need to prepare children for 21st-century lifestyles, combined with hundreds of new educational tools that can be found online, and a growing emphasis on student centered learning are three of the biggest contributing factors to the rising use of netbook technology in schools.[citation needed] Dell was one of the first to mass-produce a ruggedised netbook for the education sector, by having a rubber outlay, touchscreen and network activity light to show the teacher the netbook is online.

Netbooks offer several distinct advantages in educational settings. First, their compact size and weight make for an easy fit in student work areas. Similarly, the small size make netbooks easier to transport than heavier, larger sized traditional laptops. In addition, prices ranging from $200–$600 mean the affordability of netbooks can be a relief to school budget makers. Despite the small size and price, netbooks are fully capable of accomplishing most school-related tasks, including word processing, presentations, access to the Internet, multimedia playback, and photo management.[91]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ComputerWorld, "What was the first netbook?" May 11, 2009". Archived from the original on January 30, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  2. ^ "Cheap PCs Weigh on Microsoft". The Wall Street Journal. Business Technologies blog. December 8, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Netbook Trends and Solid-State Technology Forecast (PDF). pricegrabber.com. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
  4. ^ Vance, Ashlee; Richtel, Matt (April 1, 2009). "Light and Cheap, Netbooks Are Poised to Reshape PC Industry". The New York Times. AT&T announced on Tuesday that customers in Atlanta could get a type of compact PC called a netbook for just 50 US$ if they signed up for an Internet service plan...—'The era of a perfect Internet computer for 99 US$ is coming this year,' said Jen-Hsun Huang, chief executive of Nvidia, a maker of PC graphics chips that is trying to adapt to the new technological order.
  5. ^ Ogg, Erica (August 20, 2009). "Time to drop the Netbook label". CNN. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  6. ^ Charles Arthur (December 31, 2012). "Sayonara, netbooks: Asus (and the rest) won't make any more in 2013". The Guardian. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  7. ^ Caulfield, Brian (November 28, 2011). "The NetBook Is Dead, The iPad Killed It, Don't Buy One". Forbes. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  8. ^ Apple MacBook Air review (11-inch, Summer 2012), "Remember Netbooks and ultraportable laptops? Those 10- and 11-inchers were all the rage a few years ago, but thanks to the rise of larger-screened Ultrabook laptops and smaller-screened tablets, they've been disappearing from the computer landscape. One significant 11-incher still remains: the 11-inch MacBook Air. When it debuted in late 2010, it was the answer to the Netbook Generation. Now it stands alone, not only as a speedy ultraportable, but as one of the few 11-inch Ultrabook-class laptops around. The closest Windows equivalent we've reviewed recently, the Dell XPS 13, is larger and heavier."
  9. ^ Life with the MacBook Air: The netbook I've been waiting for, TechRepublic
  10. ^ MacBook Air vs. Ultrabooks, PC Magazine
  11. ^ Enterprise Mobility: Ultrabooks Will Succeed Where Netbooks Failed: 10 Reasons Why, eWeek
  12. ^ The Ultrabook Revolution, PC World, Aug 21, 2012
  13. ^ a b Where Did All the Netbooks Go? by John C. Dvorak, August 23, 2012, PC Magazine.
  14. ^ iPad vs ultrabook vs netbook: Which is right for you? Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine, CNET UK.
  15. ^ Asus (and the rest) won't make any more in 2013. The Guardian
  16. ^ a b c Andrew Cunningham (December 6, 2014). "Don't call it a netbook (or a "Chromebook killer")—HP's $200 Stream 11 reviewed". Ars Technica.
  17. ^ Bajarin, Tim (September 12, 2008). "Netbooks vs. Notebooks". PCMagazine.
  18. ^ Edwards, Benj (December 21, 2012). "The Forgotten eMate 300 -- 15 years later". MacWorld.
  19. ^ "Apple eMate 300 Quick Fact Sheet". Apple. 1996.
  20. ^ OLPC: The History Of One Laptop Per Child Archived 2011-11-17 at the Wayback Machine, techradar.com
  21. ^ Kraemer et al.: "One Laptop Per Child: Vision vs. Reality", Communications of the ACM, June 2009.
  22. ^ Ian Lamont (October 4, 2008). ""Netbooks" Move Up In Notebook Rankings". Slashdot. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  23. ^ Apple's iPad nabs Netbook market share
  24. ^ a b Switched On: The Netbook Legacy By Ross Rubin, Jul 8th 2012, Engadget
  25. ^ Are Netbooks Finally Dead? by Tim Bajarin, January 30, 2012 'PC Magazine
  26. ^ Apple 11-inch MacBook Air Review, by Mark Spoonauer on October 21, 2010, Laptopmag.
  27. ^ Air – my new favourite netbook by Chris Nuttall, Financial Times
  28. ^ a b c MacBook Air a great Windows Netbook, for a price Archived 2011-04-23 at the Wayback Machine, CNET
  29. ^ MacBook Air 11-inch: What a netbook should look like, ZDNet
  30. ^ Netbooks plummet while tablets and smartphones soar, says Canalys, The Guardian
  31. ^ Are Netbooks Dead? The Prognosis Is Grim Netbook sales are declining precipitously. By Loyd Case, PC World, Feb 21, 2012]
  32. ^ Dell Abandons Netbooks in Favor of Ultrabooks by Melanie Pinola, PCWorld, Dec 16, 2011
  33. ^ Fingas, Jon. "Toshiba bows out of netbooks in the US, sees Ultrabooks as the wave of the future". Engadget.com. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  34. ^ a b Intel may need to adjust roadmap for PC-use Atom processors, Monica Chen, Joseph Tsai, DIGITIMES, 3 September 2012
  35. ^ "Digital Aid S.A". Digitalaid.gr. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  36. ^ Psion netbook news release. Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ a b Save the Netbooks: fighting a trademark on extinct hardware
  38. ^ Psion Teklogix Discontinued Products. Archived 2007-05-17 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ U.S. Trademark 77,527,311 for 'G NETBOOK' rejected 31 October 2008.
  40. ^ U.S. Trademark 77,580,272 for MSI's 'WIND NETBOOK'
  41. ^ U.S. Trademark 77,590,174 for Coby Electronics' 'COBY NETBOOK' rejected 13 January 2009.
  42. ^ How To Lose A Trademark: “Netbook” Is Probably Generic Patent Hands Archived 2012-03-24 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ Netbook enthusiast web sites getting C & D using term “netbook”
  44. ^ [1] Archived June 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ Psion threatens netbook sites over trademarks
  46. ^ ‘Netbook’ trademarked already, we’re all doomed Archived March 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  47. ^ Using the Word 'Netbook' Could Get You Sued.
  48. ^ Cease and Desist: the netbook war of words. Archived 2009-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Dell accuses Psion of "fraud" over netbook claims.
  50. ^ Dell fights back against Psion netBook trademark rampage.
  51. ^ Dell Goes 'Nuclear' Over Netbook Trademark. Archived 2009-02-23 at the Wayback Machine
  52. ^ Newsflash: Intel counter-sued by Psion in "netbook" trademark lawsuit; jury trial demanded Save the Netbooks. Archived 2009-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  53. ^ Intel Wants 'Netbook' Trademark Canceled.
  54. ^ Complaint for Injunctive Relief, Declaratory Judgment & Cancellation of Federal Trademark.
  55. ^ Psion, Intel settle 'Netbook' trademark dispute.
  56. ^ What is a Netbook computer?
  57. ^ Ganapati, Priya (December 15, 2008). "The Next Netbook Trend: Cellphone-Like Contract Deals". Wired. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
  58. ^ mehboob (March 12, 2010). "AMD plans to launch Netbooks Processors next year". Processor Discussions. smartbooktalk.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  59. ^ Patrizio, Andy (March 10, 2010). "AMD to Introduce Netbook Chip in 2011". Hardware Central. internet.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  60. ^ Gateway LT3103u review, CNET>
  61. ^ Gateway LT3103u Review by Michael A. Prospero on August 19, 2009, Laptopmag
  62. ^ Gateway LT3103u review, by Cisco Cheng, PC Magazine
  63. ^ Gateway LT3103u Review By Catharine Smith, reviewed August 26, 2009, Computer Shopper US
  64. ^ Rubin, Ross (December 22, 2008). "Switched On: Alpha 400 pays a high price for low cost". Engadget. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  65. ^ h3rman (May 21, 2009). "The Loongson-2 MIPS Lemote Yeeloong Netbook". OSNews. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  66. ^ "Microsoft to keep Windows XP alive—but only for Eee PCs and wannabes". ComputerWorld. IDG. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
  67. ^ "Microsoft Extends XP Through 2010 for Ultra-Low-Cost Laptops". PC World. IDG. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
  68. ^ "Microsoft to limit capabilities of cheap laptops". ITWorld. IDG. May 11, 2008. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  69. ^ Gralla, Preston (March 3, 2009). "Think Linux Rules on Netbooks? Think Again". PC World. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  70. ^ McDougall, Paul (April 6, 2009). "Microsoft: 96% Of Netbooks Run Windows". InformationWeek. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  71. ^ "All Windows 7 Versions—What You Need to Know". ExtremeTech. February 5, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  72. ^ "Windows 7: Which Edition is Right For You?". PCWorld. February 3, 2009. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
  73. ^ "Microsoft making Windows free on devices with screens under 9 inches". The Verge. April 2, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  74. ^ "Microsoft combats Chromebooks by cutting Windows licensing fees by 70 percent". The Verge. February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  75. ^ "Helping our hardware partners build lower cost Windows devices". Windows Experience Blog. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  76. ^ "Windows CE takes on Linux in low-end netbooks". Windows for Devices. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013.
  77. ^ Krzykowski, Matthäus & Hartmann, Daniel (January 1, 2009), "Android netbooks on their way, likely by 2010", SocialBeat
  78. ^ Culpan, Tim (February 20, 2009), "Google Android May Run Asus Netbook, Rival Microsoft (Update1)", Bloomberg
  79. ^ "Bsquare to Port Adobe Flash Lite on New Google Android Netbook for Del", FierceWireless, May 6, 2009, archived from the original on May 13, 2009
  80. ^ "Acer to sell Android netbook PCs in Q3". Reuters. June 2, 2009.
  81. ^ Android-x86 project
  82. ^ Smith, William. "8 Things You Need to Know About Chrome OS". MaximumPC. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  83. ^ Sherr, Ian (May 11, 2011). "Google to launch Chrome Laptops in June". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  84. ^ Lardinois, Frederic (April 9, 2012). "Google's Chrome OS Will Soon Look More Like Windows Than A Browser". Techcrunch. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
  85. ^ Samson, Ted (May 16, 2013). "Google entices Chrome OS developers with prospect of native-like apps". InfoWorld. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  86. ^ NetBSD Foundation (July 7, 2011). "See NetBSD in Action". Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  87. ^ Mac OS X Netbook Compatibility Chart (Updated)
  88. ^ It Lives! Gadget Lab's Netbook Running OS X Leopard
  89. ^ Gadget Lab Video: Running OS X on a Netbook Archived 2009-03-13 at the Wayback Machine
  90. ^ "NPD Finds Consumer Confusion about Netbooks Continues". Npd.com. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  91. ^ Descy, D. (2009), "Netbook: Small but Powerful Friends", Tech Trends, 53 (2): 9–10, doi:10.1007/s11528-009-0256-z, S2CID 60084224

External linksEdit