Nazarali Khan Shahsevan

Nazarali Khan Shahsevan was the khan of the Ardabil Khanate from c. 1757 to 1792.

Nazarali Khan Shahsevan
Khan of Ardabil
Reignc. 1757 – 1792
PredecessorBadr Khan
SuccessorNasir Khan Shahsevan
Bornc. 1735
Sarikhanlu, Safavid Iran
Died12 December 1792(1792-12-12) (aged 56–57)
Ardabil, Ardabil Khanate
ClanSarikhanbayli
DynastyShahsevan
FatherBadr Khan Shahsevan
ReligionIslam

Early lifeEdit

He was born to Badr Khan c. 1735 in Sarikhanlu. However, according to German-Russian explorer Gustav Radde, he was Badr Khan's brother ruling in Ardabil.[1]

ReignEdit

He was attacked by Panah Ali Khan of Karabakh, who captured and installed his relative Dargahqoli beg Javanshir on Ardabil. He forced Nazarali's sister Shahnisa to marry his son Ibrahim in 1749.[2] Being a member of Sarikhanbayli branch of Shahsevans, he was confirmed as the khan of Ardabil by Karim Khan Zand sometime during his reign.[3]

After Karim Khan's death in 1779 he was attacked by Hedayat-Allah Khan of Gilan, who imprisoned him in Bandar-e Anzali. However, he was later freed from captivity when population rose against Hedayat Khan.[4] Taking advantage, Nazarali Khan gathered his troops and captured Rasht, forcing Hedayat Khan to flee on 17 May 1780. He was restored by the help of Amir-Guna Khan, ruler of Khalkhal Khanate and Ali-Morad Khan Zand. Nazar Ali Khan meanwhile went over to Karabakh Khanate.[5]

Fatali Khan of Quba, constantly striving to expand his possessions, soon undertook a campaign to the south. In the spring of 1784, having gathered a significant army, he crossed the Aras and in August captured the cities of Ardabil and Meshgin,[6] expelling Nazar Ali Khan; appointed Tala Hassan Khan of Javad as governor in Ardabil, and certain Khodaverdi Bey in Meshgin.[7] However, soon later Nazar Ali returned with combined forces of Ibrahim Khalil of Karabakh and Ahmad Khan Donboli of Khoy in 1785 and expelled the Quba puppets.

He died on 12 December 1792 was succeeded by his son Nasir Khan.[8]

FamilyEdit

His second son Farajulla (d. 1830) was married to his own cousin Bakhshi Khanum, daughter of Ibrahim Khalil.[9] His third son was named Kuchek Khan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Radde, Gustav (1886). Reisen an der Persisch-Russischen Grenze : Talysch und seine Bewohner (in German). Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus AG. p. 444.
  2. ^ Qarabaghi, Jamal Javanshir; Qarābāghī, Jamāl Javānshīr; Bournoutian, George A. (1994). A History of Qarabagh: An Annotated Translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh-e Qarabagh. Mazda Publishers. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-56859-011-0.
  3. ^ Tapper 1997, p. 116.
  4. ^ Tapper 1997, p. 119.
  5. ^ Report of Alexander Suvorov on 30 June 1780: Nazar Ali Khan, who owned the city of Rasht after the departure of Hedayat Khan, having heard about the approach of the army sent from Isfahan from Ali Morad khan Sardar, taking the best estate from the inhabitants of Rasht, set out from the city to the Mugan steppe, and now, according to the latest news, roams in the land of his relative Ibraim Khan Shoshinsky. Before leaving Rasht, he burned many houses and gardens.
  6. ^ Leviatiov, Vadim Nikolayevich (1948). Очерки из истории Азербайджана в XVIII веке [Essays from the history of Azerbaijan in the 18th century] (in Russian). Baku: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. p. 144.
  7. ^ Tapper 1997, p. 120.
  8. ^ Dalili, Huseyn (1974). "Шаһсевән тајфалары вә онун Азәрбајҹанын сијаси һәјатында мөвгеји" [Shahsevan Tribes and its role in political life of Azerbaijan]. News of Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences. 4: 23–30.
  9. ^ Ismayilov, Eldar (2014-01-01). "The Khans of Karabakh: The Elder Line by Generations". The Caucasus & Globalization.

SourcesEdit

Preceded by Khan of Ardabil
c. 1757 - 1792
Succeeded by