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Ali-Morad Khan Zand

Ali-Morad Khan Zand (died 1785) the sixth Shah of the Zand dynasty, reigned from March 15, 1781, until February 11, 1785.

Ali-Morad Khan Zand
Ali Murad Khan Zand.png
Shah of Iran
Reign1781–1785
PredecessorSadeq Khan Zand
SuccessorJafar Khan
Bornc. 1720
Died11 February 1785
Zand Palace, Shiraz
IssueAhmad Morad Khan
DynastyZand dynasty
FatherAllah Morad Khan
MotherBay Agha II
ReligionShia Islam

LifeEdit

After the death of Karim Khan Zand, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar who was a hostage—in light of preventing an outbreak of war between the Qajar tribes in the northern Persia and the Zands—escaped promptly and reached Mazandaran. Subsequently, he took command of his tribe in Astrabad, and declared independence from the Zand Shah. Therefore, Zaki Khan Zand dispatched the Persian army under the command of his nephew, Ali Murad Khan against the Qajar lord.

Ali-Morad Khan Zand was given power over the Persian army to destroy Qajar tribes in the north, but he betrayed Abol-Fath Khan Zand, and left him defenseless in capital to be slain by Sadeq Khan Zand. Ali Murad then captured Isfahan. He levied high taxes on the people, and tortured and slew whoever refused. Finally on March 14, 1781, he captured Shiraz, and slew Sadiq Khan, and sat on the throne. Murad continued the war with Agha Mohammad Khan and raised an army allowing his cousin Rustam to command it. Rustam took this army to the province of Mazandaran where he fought against a Qajar army under the command of Ja'far Quli Khan. However Rustam quickly lost the battle and was forced to retreat back to the south.[1]

Ali Murad Khan ruled until 1785, when he was overthrown by Sadiq's son Jafar.

SourcesEdit

  • Hambly, Gavin R.G (1991). "Agha Muhammad Khan and the establishment of the Qajar dynasty". The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 104–144. ISBN 9780521200950.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Avery, P.; Fisher, William Bayne; Hambly, G. R. G.; Melville, C. (10 October 1991). "The Cambridge History of Iran". Cambridge University Press – via Google Books.
Ali-Morad Khan Zand
Born: 1720 Died: 11 February 1785
Iranian royalty
Preceded by
Sadiq Khan Zand
Shah of Persia
1781–1785
Succeeded by
Jafar Khan Zand