Meshgin Shahr (Persian: مشگين شهر, also Romanized as Meshgīn Shahr; also known as Meshkīn Shahr or simply Mishgin; formerly Khiav (Persian: خياو), also Romanized as Kheyāv, Khīāv, Khiov, Khīyāv, and Khiyov)[2] is a city and capital of Meshgin Shahr County, in Ardabil Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 74,109, in 21,906 families.[3]

Meshgin Shahr
مشگين شهر
Arshoq Castle, a.k.a. Kohneh Qaleh ("old castle") in Meshgin Shahr. Mount Sabalan is in the background
Arshoq Castle, a.k.a. Kohneh Qaleh ("old castle") in Meshgin Shahr. Mount Sabalan is in the background
Meshgin Shahr is located in Iran
Meshgin Shahr
Meshgin Shahr
Coordinates: 38°23′56″N 47°40′55″E / 38.39889°N 47.68194°E / 38.39889; 47.68194Coordinates: 38°23′56″N 47°40′55″E / 38.39889°N 47.68194°E / 38.39889; 47.68194
CountyMeshgin Shahr
 • Total12 km2 (5 sq mi)
 (2016 Census)
 • Total74,109 [1]
 • Density5,683/km2 (14,720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Meshginshahr at GEOnet Names Server


The 14th-century author Hamdallah Mustawfi mentioned the city, as Khiyāv, as one of the seven cities in the tuman of Pishkin, or Mishkin.[4] He distinguished between the cities of Khiyav and Pishkin — according to him, Khiyav lay to the south of Mount Sablan and had a warm climate, while Pishkin (which he said had formerly been called "Varāvī") was to the north of Mount Sablan and had a damp climate because the mountain shielded it from the sun.[4] Both cities drew their water from the streams coming down from the mountain.[4] The district of Pishkin, he wrote, grew both grain and fruit in abundance, while Khiyav mostly grew grain.[4] Pishkin was assessed for a tax value of 5,200 dinars, while Khiyav was assessed at 2,000.[4] Mustawfi wrote that Pishkin's population was mostly Shafi'i Sunnis, with Shi'i and Hanafi Sunni minorities.[4] He said nothing about Khiyav's religious makeup, but instead described its population as mostly "boot-makers and cloth-workers".[4]


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Meshginshahr can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3074756" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Hamdallah Mustawfi (1919). Le Strange, Guy (ed.). The Geographical Part of the Nuzhat-al-Qulub. p. 85. Retrieved 10 October 2022.


  • Frye, Richard Nelson; Skjærvø, Prods Oktor (1996). "The Middle Persian Inscription from Meshkinshahr". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. 10: 53–61. JSTOR 24048886. (registration required)

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